Zovala Zapadera za Peru

Mkazi wodzichepetsa ku Peru

Dzikoli limadziwika ndi malo ake, nyimbo zake, magule ake, utoto wake, anthu ake komanso, mosakaika konse, zovala zake. Zovala sizimangokhala m'badwo kapena nyengo, imakhalanso mbali ya dziko kapena dera. El chipewa cha peruvian ndi chitsanzo chomveka cha izi.

Peru ndi dziko lokhala ndi zigawo zingapo, lokhala ndi zikondwerero zosawerengeka, ndi dziko momwe anthu ake ndi okoma kusakaniza zosakaniza ndi mafuko, mzinda uliwonse uli ndi umwini wake koma osataya chisakanizo cha mitundu ndi zonunkhira. Zonsezi zimawonetsedwa osati muzakudya zawo zokha, komanso zovala zomwe zili m'tawuni iliyonse komanso zikondwerero zake. Tiyeni tidziwe zambiri za chipewa cha ku Peru ndi zovala zaku Peru.

Zovala ku Peru

Zovala za m'mapiri ndizodziwika ndi mtundu wa masiketi ndi ma ponchos awo, makamaka m'madipatimenti a Arequipa, Cusco, Cajamarca, Ayacucho, Puno komanso m'mizinda ina m'mapiri, ngakhale masitayelo azovala ndizosiyana pali china chomwe chimadziwika iwo mofananamo, amapangidwa ndi vicuña ubweya kapena zina mwazabwino zomwe mapiri athu ali nazo, kuteteza okhala m'dera lino la Peru ku chimfine iwo amavala chullo, yomwe ili ngati chisoti cha ubweya chomwe chimakwirira makutu. Osewera a Scissor amakongoletsa zovala zawo ndi magalasi ndi kukongoletsa mulungu wawo kumbuyo.

Pamphepete mwa nyanja, ma ponchos ake ndi masiketi amapangidwa ndi thonje, ngakhale kuvina marinera, thonje lidalowedwa m'malo ndi silika kwa azimayi. Masuti amunawa nthawi zambiri amavala chipewa chopangidwa ndi maudzu kuti atetezedwe ku dzuwa.

Zovala za akazi ku Peru

M'nkhalango, amuna ndi akazi a mafuko ena amavala mkanjo wosokedwa m'mbali ndi wokongoletsedwa ndi zithunzi ndi utoto wa kuderalo, mkanjo umenewo umatchedwa kushma.

Ichi chakhala chiyambi chachifupi chokhudza zovala za ku Peru, koma tsopano ndikufuna kuti ndifufuze pang'ono za mutuwu kuti mudziwe bwino za izi.

Anthu aku Peruvia ndi akatswiri amisiri

Phwando ku peru ndi zovala wamba

Anthu aku Peruvia ndi akatswiri amisiri, zovala zawo ndizopangidwa zokha ngakhale pano m'zaka zathu za XNUMXst ndipo titha kuyamika ngati kuti zinali zovala zachikhalidwe zaka mazana zapitazo. Ku Peru anthu ake amavala ma ponchos, madiresi, zofunda, masiketi, masiketi odula, malaya, zipewa, chullos ndi zovala zina zakomweko.. Zovala zachikhalidwe ku Peru ndizokongola kwambiri komanso zowala, ndizokongola komanso zoyambirira ngakhale zovala ndizokwera. Alendo amasilira kukongola kwa zovala zopangidwa ndi manja ndipo nthawi zonse amatenga zovala zokumbutsa m'misika yaku Peru, ndipo sizosadabwitsa!

Mbiri yaying'ono yokhudza Peru

Peruvia ndi mbuzi

Dziko la Peru lakhala ndi mbiri yakale ndipo ndichopatsa chidwi. Dzikoli linagonjetsedwa ndi Ufumu wa Spain mzaka za m'ma XNUMX. Ogonjetsa aku Spain adakhudza chikhalidwe cha ku Peru koma anthu ake adakwanitsa kusunga chikhalidwe chawo ndi miyambo yawo, zikhulupiriro zawo.

Chimodzi mwazinthu zazikulu mdziko lino ndikuti anthu aku Peru ndi amisiri abwino kwambiri. Zogulitsa zake zimalemekezedwa m'maiko ena. Wokaona aliyense amasilira kukongola kwa zovala zopangidwa ndi manja ndipo akufuna kugula kanthu m'misika yamitundu yaku Peru.

Zovala zochokera ku Peru zimakhala ndi mawonekedwe osangalatsa monga kuti ndizofunda (chifukwa ku Andes kumazizira ndipo kumakhala nyengo yosintha chaka chonse) ndipo imapangidwa yokha. Zinthu zazikulu zopangira zovala ndi ubweya wa alpaca. Kuphatikiza apo, zovala zimakhala ndi mawonekedwe amtundu komanso mitundu yowoneka bwino yomwe imawapangitsa kukhala apadera komanso osabwereza.

Zovala za amuna ku Peru

Zovala zaana wamba ku Peru

Amuna nthawi zambiri amavala zovala ngati mawonekedwe a diamondi, yomwe ndi poncho yomwe imakhala ndi mitundu yowala komanso yotentha. Ndi chidutswa chachikulu chotsegula pakati kuti alowetse mutu. Pali mitundu yosiyanasiyana (zimatengera dera) ndipo amagwiritsidwa ntchito kutengera cholinga chawo. Ngakhale pali amuna omwe amaigwiritsa ntchito tsiku ndi tsiku, mwachizolowezi ndikuigwiritsa ntchito pazochitika zapadera.

Tiyeneranso kukumbukiridwa kuti amuna ku Peru amavala zipewa ndi magulu apadera otchedwa "centillo". Zimakhala zokongola komanso zosangalatsa, ngakhale chipewa chotchuka kwambiri ndi chullo. Chullo ndi chinthu chopangidwa ndi manja, choluka, chokhala ndi zikopa zamakutu ndi ngayaye, chimapangidwa ndi alpaca, llama, vicuña kapena ubweya wa nkhosa.

Mathalauzawo ndiosavuta ndipo malaya amapangidwa ndi alpaca, llama kapena ubweya wa nkhosa. Zoluka zimakhala zotentha ndipo nthawi zambiri zimakhala ndi zokongoletsera zajambulidwe ndi kapangidwe kanyama.

Zovala zazimayi zaku Peru

Mkazi waku Peru wokhala ndi mbuzi

Gawo lalikulu la zovala za azimayi mdziko muno ndi awa: ma ponchos, madiresi, zofunda, masiketi, malaya ndi zipewa. Suti kapena chovala chilichonse chimasiyana mosiyanasiyana dera lililonse, chifukwa mwanjira imeneyi amatha kuwonetsa zodziwika bwino mumzinda kapena tawuni iliyonse. Mwachitsanzo, anthu amatha kudziwa ngati mkazi ndi wochokera mtawuni kapena mzinda poyang'ana chipewa chake kapena ngati akuchokera ku banja lolemera kapena losauka.

Amayi nthawi zambiri amavala nsalu zapamapewa, zomwe ndi nsalu zamakona anayi. Ndi gawo lachikhalidwe ndipo manda iyi imayikidwa pamapewa ndikuyimitsidwa poyiyendetsa pamphumi ndikuyipaka kutsogolo kwa chifuwa. Amayi nawonso anali ndi zopangira zopangidwa ndi manja zotchedwa "tupu" kapena tupo "ndipo amakonda kukongoletsedwa ndi miyala yamtengo wapatali. Masiku ano nthawi zambiri amagwiritsa ntchito zotsekemera. Nsalu zamapewa zomwe akazi amagwiritsa ntchito zimatchedwa: lliclla, k'eperina, awayu ndi unkuna ndipo amasiyanitsidwa ndi izi:

  • Llicla Ndi nsalu yodziwika kwambiri ya abambo yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito m'midzi.
  • K'eperina Ndi nsalu yayikulu yomwe nthawi zambiri imagwiritsidwa ntchito kunyamula ana ndi katundu kunyamula kuchokera kumalo kupita kwina.
  • Kutali Imafanana ndi lliclla koma ndi yayikulu komanso yoluka ndipo imagwiritsidwanso ntchito kunyamula ana ndi katundu.
  • Unkuna Ndi nsalu yomwe imanyamula koma yaying'ono ndipo imagwiritsidwa ntchito kunyamula chakudya.

Gulu la akazi a peruvia

Masiketi ndi jekete amavala pansi pa nsalu paphewa. Zovala zoluka nthawi zambiri zimakhala zopangidwa komanso zimakhala ndi utoto wambiri. Ma jekete amapangidwa ndi nsalu zaubweya ndipo amatchedwa "juyuna" ndipo nthawi zambiri amakongoletsa thupi la mayiyo.

Masiketi azimayi aku Peruvia amatchedwa "polleras" kapena "melkkhay"Ndipo amadulidwa mu gulu lachikuda lotchedwa" puyto ". Zapangidwa ndi manja ndipo zimapangidwa ndi ubweya waubweya. Nthawi zambiri amakhala atadzikongoletsa komanso atavala.

Amuna ndi akazi onse amagwiritsa ntchito ma ajotasi (nsapato zopangidwa ndi matayala amgalimoto obwezerezedwanso) omwe amapangidwa kunyumba ndipo ndiotsika mtengo kwambiri.

Chipewa cha ku Peru

Chipewa cha ku PeruNdi mwambo womwe wakopa chidwi cha iwo omwe amapita kudzikoli, chifukwa amasungabe mawonekedwe apadera omwe amakopa chidwi cha omwe amawasilira. Kawirikawiri, chipewa omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito, mtundu kapena momwe amapangidwira umalumikizidwa ndi kuthekera kwachuma, monga zikuwonekeratu, miyambo iyi imasiyanasiyana mzigawo, kuwonjezera pa zipewa zomwezo zimachitanso chimodzimodzi, popeza zimasinthasintha kutengera zosowa za anthu amchigawochi.

Tsopano tikambirana za zipewa zomwe zimapezeka ku Peru kokongola.

Chitipa

Izi zipewa zimapangidwa ndi masamba a kanjedza omwe amakhala padzuwa lamphamvu kwa nthawi yayitali, kuti atenge mawonekedwe oyera, kenako ndikupatsabe mawonekedwe a Chipewa cha ku Peru nthawi zambiri chimakongoletsedwa ndi maliboni akuda.

Dzinali limachokera ku Pirua, komwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi zambiri chifukwa cha magombe okongola akumpoto.

Ayacucho

Chipewa cha Ayacucho

Ndi Chipewa cha ku Peru chogwiritsa ntchito zachikhalidwe, zomwe amayi amakonda kugwiritsa ntchito nthawi ya tchuthi, ndizochepa ndipo zimakhala ndi chikomokere pang'ono. Nthawi zambiri amakongoletsa ndi maluwa kapena zinthu zina zokongola zomwe zimakhudza diso. Amapangidwa ndi ubweya wa nkhosa.

Ku Quispillata, anyamata nthawi zambiri amagwiritsa ntchito popanda zokongoletsa, kapena nyengo yozizira.

Huancavelica

Chipewa cha Huancavelica

Pamalo awa, zipewa wamba zimagawidwa pakati pa abambo ndi amai.

Amunawo, nthawi zambiri amawoneka ovala zipewa zopangidwa ndi ubweya wa nkhosa, zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito Lamlungu; kwa tchuthi, izi zimasinthidwa pomwe phiko lakumphumi lidzakwezedwe, kuwonjezera pakukongoletsedwa ndi duwa

Akazi mbali inayo amanyamula zipewa zofiirira, zotuwa kapena zakuda, yomwe idzapangidwa ndi nsalu ya ubweya wa nkhosa. Atsikana achichepere osakwatiwa nthawi zambiri amakongoletsa zipewa izi ndi maluwa okongola okongola ndipo nthawi zina amagwiritsa ntchito maluwa enieni.

Junín

Chipewa cha junín cha ku Peru

Apa, zipewa zazikulu ndizomwe ali ndi chikho chochepa, yomwe idzapangidwa ndi nsalu yaubweya wa nkhosa. Zomwe zimasunga imvi, yakuda, yolocha pang'ono komanso yakuda. Chimene chidzakongoletsedwa ndi riboni yomwe imawadutsa mozungulira.

Ancash

Chipewa cha Ancash ku Peru

Amayi nthawi zambiri amavala zipewa zopangidwa ndi ubweya ndi udzu, zomwe zimakongoletsedwa ndi maliboni ndipo izi ziphikidwa kupanga ma rosettes (maliboni).

Amuna, mosiyana ndi akazi, adzakhala ndi zipewa zomwe zimatha kupangidwa ndi zida zosiyanasiyana, imodzi mwa iyo ndi ubweya ndi udzu, inayo ndi ubweya wa nkhosa womwe ungakhale wofiirira. Izi zidzakongoletsedwa ndi zingwe zaubweya zamitundu yambiri.

Kumumasula iye

Chipewa cha Peruvia La liberta

M'dera lino lodziwika ndi alimi akuluakulu. Zipewa zomwe zidzakhale zazikulu mu izi ndizopangidwa ndi ulusi wamasamba: Chikhatho, liwiro ndi shawl.

Apa, utsogoleri wolowezana ukhoza kusiyanitsidwa, chifukwa amene ali ndi mphamvu pa ogwira ntchito nthawi zambiri amapita pamahatchi, kuphatikiza kuvala chipewa chokongola ndi mulomo wokulirapo, womwe upangidwe ndi kanjedza.

Moquegua

Chipewa cha Peruvia Moquegua

Mu Malo a Moquegua, zovala zimadziwika Pokhala amodzi mwapachiyambi kwambiri komanso modzionetsera, mderali zipewa zitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito ndi azimayi komanso abambo, momwe zipewa zokongoletsedwa ndi maluwa ndi ma sequin oonekera, omwe adzagwiritsidwe ntchito pokondwerera.

Dziko la Peru ndi malo olemera pachikhalidwe, ndipo popita nthawi nthano zake zachepa, zomwe zapangitsa kuti zovala zake zichepe, koma chifukwa cha miyambo yomwe idakhazikika mwa anthu ake, awa amagawidwa ndikulangizidwa ku mibadwo yatsopano. Mosakayikira, zipewa zaku Peru ndizo zomwe zimadziwika kuti ndizoyambira komanso zokongola.

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  1.   Berne anati

    Ndikufuna kudziwa zambiri mayina amtundu uliwonse

  2.   Carmen anati

    Zovala zaku Peruvia sizovala zosavuta, ndi chikhalidwe chomwe chimatsagana ndi nyimbo, magule, misonkhano yamabanja, ndi zina zambiri. mkati mwa banja lililonse komanso magulu azikhalidwe m'mayikowa. Pali nkhani yonse kumbuyo kwa utoto uliwonse. MOYO!

  3.   Eleanor anati

    Pepani, ndiyenera kudziwa momwe bulawuzi wa kavalidwe ka oyendetsa sitima ya Ayacuchana ilili, makamaka khosi lomwe chifukwa chovala sichimandilola kuti ndiwone ngati lili ndi khosi kapena lalikulu. Zikomo kwambiri, ndikudikirira thandizo lanu ndipo ndalipempha mwachangu.