Zoyendera ku Hanoi

Vienam Ndi amodzi mwamayiko akumwera chakum'mawa kwa Asia omwe amakopa alendo odzaona malo chifukwa cha kukongola kwawo kwachilengedwe komanso gawo lawo m'mbiri yazaka za zana la XNUMX. Ndani sanawonepo kanema wonena za nkhondo ya Vietnam kapena nthawi yomwe malowa anali nzika zaku France?

Dziko laling'ono lalikulu, ndi zomwe Vietnam ili, ndipo pokhapokha mutalowa m'dziko loyandikira, chizolowezi ndikufika pa eyapoti ku Hanoi, likulu lake. Tiyeni tiwone kenako zomwe tingadziwe pano. Omwe ali zokopa alendo ku Hanoi?

Hanoi

Kupumula m'mbali mwa Mtsinje Wofiira ndi ndi mzinda wachiwiri wofunika kwambiri mdzikolo chifukwa woyamba ndi Ho Chi Minh wotchuka. Kuyambira kumapeto kwa zaka za zana la XNUMX mpaka kumapeto kwa nkhondo yachiwiri yapadziko lonse Unali likulu la ulamuliro wachikoloni ku France, Indochina, chifukwa chake nyumba zakale kwambiri komanso zachikhalidwe zidakokedwa ndi zomangamanga zakumadzulo. Chamanyazi Komanso, kuyambira '40 mpaka '45, idalandidwa ndi aku Japan kotero tawuniyi yakumana ndi zinthu zambiri zoyipa munthawi yochepa.

Kuyambira 1976, chaka chokumananso, wakhala likulu la dzikolo. Ndi mzinda wa nyengo yozizira ndi nyengo zinayi. Zachidziwikire, ndikosavuta kupewa chilimwe chotentha kwambiri (kuyambira Meyi mpaka Ogasiti), komanso ndi mvula yambiri. Ndikosavuta kuyambira Novembala mpaka Januware.

Zomwe muyenera kuwona ku Hanoi

Choyamba, a Mzinda wakale. Ndi malo omwe amateteza misewu yoyambirira komanso zomangamanga za Hanoi wakale zosakanikirana ndi zomangamanga zaku France. Apa pali malo ogulitsira kujambula zojambula zodziwika bwino, kupanga zaluso zamanja mu nsungwi ndi mapepala achikuda, masitolo omwe amagwiritsa ntchito luso lakale lacquering, blacksmithing, amalonda a silika, akalipentala, mwachidule, pang'ono chabe.

Quarter Yakale ndi mtima wa hanoi, mng'oma wa anthu m'misewu ndi misewu, ndi malo omwera, odyera, malo ogulitsira mumsewu, mabwalowa, mabwalo amilandu, moyo womwewo zaka chikwi zapitazo. Kuyenda mozungulira kuno, kutayika, ndichimodzi mwazomwe zimachitikira mzindawu.

Mbali inayi Kachisi wa Zolemba imakhala ndi yunivesite yoyamba yaku Vietnam. Inamangidwa m'zaka za zana la XNUMX ndipo chaperekedwa kwa Confucius. Mumazipeza mu Thang Long Imperial Citadel ndipo ili ndi maholo, ziboliboli ndi mahema angapo. Ili ndi gawo lalikulu la 54 mita lalikulu ma mita ndipo imaphatikizanso paki, nyanja ndi malo ogulitsira ambiri. Polankhula za nyumba yokongolayi, mumayipeza pakatikati pa mzindawu ndipo sichinthu china kupatula gawo lomwe banja lachifumu limakhala.

Inamangidwa m'masiku a Lý Dynasty, mu 1010, ndipo idakulitsidwa ndi mafumu ena pambuyo pake. Ndi kuwukira kwa France kumapeto kwa zaka za zana la 2010, nyumba zambiri zidavutikira ndipo zina zidasowa chifukwa atsamunda adaziwononga. Munali m'zaka zana lino la XNUMX pomwe zofukula mwatsatanetsatane zidayamba ndipo mu XNUMX momwe gawo lapakati Inalengezedwa kuti ndi World Heritage Site ndi UNESCO.

La Mtsinje wa Hanoi Ndi chimodzi mwazizindikiro za mzindawu ndipo ndi gawo la World Heritage. Ili ndi zochulukirapo kuposa Kutalika kwa 33 mita, anafika 41 ndi mbendera, ndipo inamangidwa mu 1812 monga malo oyang'anira nyumbayi. Ndikofunikira chifukwa idapulumutsidwa ku chiwonongeko chomwe aku France adatulutsa kumapeto kwa zaka za XNUMXth ndipo atha kuyendera lero.

Mutha kuchezanso ku Hanoi the Pilar Pagoda, kachisi pankhaniyi wachi Buddha. Kachisi uyu adamangidwa mu 1028 ndikukonzanso kangapo. Amatchedwa choncho chifukwa amamangidwa ndi mtengo wokhala ndi chipilala chimodzi cha 1.25 mita m'mimba mwake ndi mita inayi kutalika komwe kwajambulidwa ngati mphukira ya lotus, chizindikiro chachi Buddha choyera. Zachidziwikire, siwotchulidwa kale popeza udawonongedwa mzaka za m'ma 50, pankhondo, ndikumangidwanso patapita zaka.

El Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum Inamangidwa kuyambira 1973 mpaka 1975 ndipo ikufanana kwambiri ndi a Lenin ku Moscow. Ndi ku Ba Dinh Square ndipo kuchokera pano Ho Chi Minh adalengeza ufulu wadzikolo mu 1945. Atamwalira mu 1969 thupi lake lidakonzedwa ndi a Soviet ndipo mausoleum adamangidwa ndikusamutsidwira kuno kwamuyaya.

Chowonadi ndichakuti ndi nyengo yamvula iyi zomera ku Hanoi ndizodabwitsa kotero kujambula zithunzi zamaluwa ndi minda kwakhala kotchuka kwambiri. Ngati mumakonda mtundu uwu wa zithunzi ndiye awa ndi malo omwe simungaphonye:

  • Munda wa Nhat Tan, Munda wa Ngoc truc, Phu Young Garden: Amakonda kudzaza ndi ojambula ku Tet Party, phwando lomwe limalandira Chaka Chatsopano, chifukwa paliponse pali masamba ndi maluwa kulikonse.
  • Chigwa cha Maluwa: ndi pamphambano ya Nhat Chieu Street ndi Water Park. Mudzawona mamitala mazana angapo amitundu yamaluwa okongola ndipo kumapeto kwa chaka ndi malo okongola kwambiri, paradaiso wamaluwa woona yemwe, ngakhale ndiwopangidwa, ndi wokongola.
  • Thanthwe la Red River: Ndi malo omwe anthu amakonda kupita nawo kujambula kumapeto kwa chaka. Palinso mlatho wowoneka bwino wamatabwa kutsidya la nyanjayo, makina amphepo ndi malo kotero kuti ndi zithunzi zokongola.
  • Msika Wamaluwa wa Quang Ba: kumapeto kwa chaka kugulitsa maluwa kukukwera kwambiri ku Vietnam ndipo malo abwino kugula ndi msika uwu pomwe mudzaone maluwa zikwizikwi ndi mitundu yambirimbiri.
  • Nyanja ya Hoan Kiem ndi Quarter Yakale: pankhani yazithunzi, malowa amapereka makonda okongola. Ganizirani kuti pakakondwerera Chaka Chatsopano cha Lunar nyanjayi ndikuzungulira malo amakongoletsedwa ndi magetsi, maluwa ndi mbendera zamitundu.
  • Long Brien Bridge: ndi yokongola makamaka pamadyerero achi Tet.

Pomaliza, ngakhale kulibe mumzinda wa Hanoi sitingapewe Halong Bay. Ndi makilomita 170 kum'mawa kwa mzindawo ndipo malo ake achilengedwe ndi okongola. Pali zilumba zoposa XNUMX ndi zilumba zazing'ono zamiyala zomwe zimachokera ku malo obiriwira obisalapo ndipo zikuwoneka ngati dziko lina, losangalatsa, ngati muwonjezera mapanga ndi stalagmites ndi stalactites ndi mapanga ndi grottos mozungulira.

Zachidziwikire kuti kupita ku Vietnam sikungayambike ndikutha ku Hanoi, koma ngati mungadutse mzindawo ndi zomwe simungaphonye.

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