Zvokudya zvemuSpain

Paella

ari Zvokudya zvakajairika zveSpain vane mukurumbira pasi rose. Uyezve, isu tichakuudza kuti gastronomy yenyika yedu ine tarisiro yepasirese. Muchokwadi, sezvamunoziva, mashefu mazhinji ekuSpain anonakidzwa nemukurumbira usina kana shanje kune weFrench. Saka manje France ndiyo yaive muzinda wehaute cuisine.

Nekudaro, chakajairika chikafu cheSpanish chine midzi mu tsika uye zvakanyanya kukonzerwa zvinovaka muviri zvinodiwa. Madzitateguru edu aifanira kudya zvinonaka kuti awanezve simba pashure pemazuva akaoma ebasa muminda. Nekuda kweizvozvo, gastronomy yaive se caloric seyainaka yakabuda, ine ndiro dzave zviratidzo zvechokwadi zvinoumba zvakajairwa chikafu cheSpain. Tiri kuzokuratidzai mamwe acho.

Iyo mbatatisi omelette, chiratidzo chezvakajairwa chikafu cheSpain

Omelette

Omelette yembatatisi

Zvichida, chikafu ichi, chiri nyore sezvachinonaka, ndicho chinonyanya kuzivikanwa pasi rose chegastronomy yedu. Asi mavambo ayo haana kujeka. Thanks kune Makoronike eIndia, tinoziva kuti vose vakundi nevagari vemo vakatodya omelette yezai.

Kune chikamu chayo, mbatatisi ichubhu kubva kuSouth America iyo Hispanics yaiziva nekuda kweIncas. Asi kutaurwa kwekutanga kwakanyatsojeka kwechikafu ichi kunobva ku1817. Iri gwaro rakanyorerwa kuCortes de Navarra umo zvinonzi varimi vanozvidya. Kune rimwe divi, imwe ngano inotaura kuti omelette yembatatisi yakagadzirwa nemukuru weCarlist Zumalacarregui kuti apedze nzara yemauto ake, akanga akakomba Bilbao.

Zvisinei zvingave zvakadaro, rudzi urwu rwe tortilla rwakagadzirirwa muSpain yose uye inonaka kune vagari vemo nevekunze. Sezvinoratidzwa nezita racho, ine mazai, mbatatisi uye, kuwedzera, hanyanisi. Saizvozvo, mamwe akasiyana anobva mairi, senge Tortilla Paisana, iyo inosanganisira chorizo, tsvuku tsvuku uye peas.

The paella

The paella

ndiro ye paella

Zvechokwadi chikafu ichi ndicho chinonyanya kufarirwa, sechikafu chekudya cheSpain, kunze kwenyika. Kutaura zvazviri, inofungidzirwa zvikuru pasi rose nezve gastronomy yedu. Inowanikwa munharaunda yeLevantine, nyika inorimwa mupunga. Mabviro eiyi resipi yakatokura kupfuura ayo embatatisi omelette, sezvo ivo vachitendwa kuti vane hukama nekusvika, chaizvo, yemupunga kuIberian Peninsula muzana ramakore rechisere nemaArabu.

Chero zvazvingava, ruzivo rwepaella rwakatonyorwa zvakapararira muzana remakore rechiXNUMX, kunyange zvazvo rakadanwa panguva iyoyo Valencian mupunga. Yakanga yatove yakakurumbira, nekuti zvakare panguva iyoyo yakadzokororwa mune mamwe matunhu ane akasiyana. Ndizvo chaizvo imwe yendiro ine zvakawanda reworkings. Hatifanire kukududza hove, huku kana nyama paella, kungopa mienzaniso mitatu chete.

Nekudaro, iwe unofanirwa kuziva kuti iyo Valencian paella, inova yekutanga, haina chero yezvigadzirwa izvi. Recipe yaro iri nyore uye ine huwandu hukuru hwemuriwo wezvigadzirwa. Pakazara, inogadzirwa nezvipfumbamwe zvakakosha: mupunga, tsuro, huku, bhinzi bhinzi, matomatisi, mafuta omuorivhi, safoni, munyu nemvura. Zvisinei, zvimwe zvakadai segariki, paprika, artichoke, rosemary uye kunyange hozhwa dzinobvumirwawo.

Asturian bhinzi yakabikwa

Asturian bhinzi muto

Asturian bhinzi stew, chimwe chezvikafu zveSpain

Ichi chikafu chekuchamhembe chinozivikanwawo pasi rose. Sezvatakambokuudza iwe, resipi yaro inofanirwa chaizvo kune iyo caloric zvinodiwa yevaAsturian vekare, vakajaira kutonhora kwakadzika uye basa rakaoma rekurima.

Kunyangwe kudyiwa kwebhinzi yakakura ("Fambas") muAsturias inotangira muzana remakore rechiXNUMX, fabada yakazvarwa, maererano nedzimwe nyanzvi, muzana remakore rechiXNUMX, kunyange zvazvo pasina humbowo hunoratidza. Kutanga kunyorwa kutaurwa kunowanikwa mupepanhau reGijón El Comercio muna 1884. Nokuda kwechikonzero ichi, mamwe gastronome anofunga kuti ndiro yakazvarwa pakupera kwezana remakore rechiXNUMX.

Chero zvazvingava, ndiyo nzira yakasimba kwazvo yatakaona kusvika ikozvino. Nokuti haisi chete ine bhinzi yakakura, paprika, garlic, hanyanisi nemvura, asiwo yakakurumbira compago. Iyi, iyo yakabikwa nebhinzi pachayo, inoumbwa nechorizo, pudding yakasviba, pork shoulder uye bacon yakawanda.

Sekuda kuziva, tichataura kuti uchenjeri hwakakurumbira hunoti bhinzi inonaka zviri nani zuva rinotevera. Izvi zvinoreva kuti, kana ikasiiwa kuti izorore kwemaawa makumi maviri nemana, ndiro ichave yakanyanya tastier. Uye iyi resipi yakawanawo mukurumbira wepasirese uye yakaburitswa munzvimbo zhinji dzepasi. Somuenzaniso, muMexico mune zvakafanana idiots uye muBrazil feijoada.

Gazpacho, chimwe chiratidzo chechikafu cheSpanish chikafu

a gazpacho

Gazpacho, chimwe chiratidzo pakati pezvakajairwa chikafu cheSpain

Icho chimwe chezvikafu zvepasi rose zveSpanish cuisine. Munyaya yako, inobva Andalusia, kwaangangodaro akasvika nevaMuslim. Kutaura zvazviri, zvinozivikanwa kuti yakanga yatopedzwa mukati Al Andalus muzana remakore rechisere. Nekudaro, iyo resipi yakanga isiri yakafanana neyazvino. Ramba uchifunga kuti chimwe chezvinonyanya kushandiswa ikozvino imatomatisi. Uye izvi zvakabva kuAmerica mushure mekukunda.

Pamwe chete nazvo, mhiripiri, gariki, chingwa, mafuta omuorivhi, vhiniga, munyu nemvura zvinogadzira soup inonaka inotonhora. Asi magaka nehanyanisi zvinowedzerwawo kwairi. Kune rimwe divi, chikafu ichi chine hukama zvakare neakasarudzika idiosyncrasies yenzvimbo. Hazvinei nebasa revagari varo, asi ne kupisa kwakanyanya izvo zvinoitika muAndalusia muzhizha. Kurwisana nayo, iyi recipe yakagadzirwa muto unotonhora uye unozorodza.

Kufanana nemidziyo yapfuura, gazpacho yakapararirawo pasirese. Haisi chete misiyano inogadzirwa mune mamwe matunhu mazhinji eSpain akadai seCastilla La Mancha, Extremadura uye kunyange Aragón, asiwo kune dzimwe nyika. Somuenzaniso, muMexico morelian gazpacho, iyo inogadzirirwa nemichero yakajairika kubva munzvimbo ye Morelia, guta redunhu reMikoacán.

Cod al pil pil

Cod ine pil pil muto

Cod al pil pil

Kwemazana emakore, cod ndiyo chete hove dzaidyiwa munzvimbo dziri mukati menyika yeSpain. Chikonzero chaiva chokuti, munguva isina mafiriji, yakanga yakanyatsochengetedzwa mumunyu uye yaigona kuendeswa kunzvimbo dziri kure dzemhenderekedzo yegungwa.

Nekudaro, iyi resipi inofananidzwa neiyo Basque chikafu, kubva kwayakapararira muSpain yose nehafu yenyika. Muchokwadi, pakati pezvakajairwa chikafu cheSpain chakagadzirwa ne hove, ndiyo inonyanya kufarirwa uye zvakare ndiyo inonyanya kuzivikanwa resipi yeyakanakisa gastronomy yeEuskadi.

Muchiitiko chake, mavambo anosanozivikanwa. Muna 1835, mutengesi weBilbao anonzi Simon Gurtubay akaisa odha yekodha dzemhando yepamusoro dzine zana kana zana namakumi maviri. Zvisinei, vakamutumira zvidimbu zvisingasviki miriyoni. Haana kukwanisa kuvadzosa, saka akashaya mari kana kuti akarodza njere dzake. Kuti asunungure chigadzirwa, akagadzira recipe iri nyore uye inonaka iyo yaizova iyo cod al pil pil. Yakabudirira zvekuti Gurtubay yakapfuma.

Uyewo sekuda kuziva, tichakuudza kuti zita rendiro iyi onomatopoeic. Pil pil inobereka kuvhuvhuta kunonzwika kana mafuta emuorivhi abatana nehove gelatin. Pamwe chete nezvinhu zviviri izvi, resipi yacho inosanganisira garlic, mhiripiri uye chillies.

Saizvozvo, iyi yechinyakare cod resipi yakabikwa mu a crockpot iyo yaishandiswawo kuishandira, chaizvo, nemuto unotubuka.

Madrid stew

Madrid stew

A Madrid stew

Inogona kunge isingave yakakurumbira kunze kwenyika seyakapfuura, asi hapana mushanyi anobva kuMadrid asina kuyedza uye, pasina kupokana, iri pakati pezvikafu zveSpain. Chinhu chayo chikuru ndeye nhokwe, izvo zvimwe zvakatosumwa kuIberian Peninsula nevaCarthaginians.

Zvisinei, kushandiswa kwayo kune stews kunotevera. Inonzi ndiyo yekutanga yavo iyo Sephardic adafina, iyo yaiperekedza nhokwe nenyama yegwayana. Asi iyo nhoroondo yepamberi yeMadrid stew, sekureva kwenyanzvi, inogona kunge iri hari yakaora kubva kuLa Mancha. Iyi ndiro, iyo yakanga yatove yakabikwa muMiddle Ages, yaisanganisira nyemba (munyaya iyi, nyemba tsvuku) uye nyama dzakasiyana.

Kune rumwe rutivi, chikafu cheMadrid chinoumbwa nehuckpeas, miriwo inogadzirirwa zvakasiyana uye kuwedzerwa kwenyama. Pakati peizvi, chorizo, dema pudding uye pork bacon, huku uye veal shank. Nekudaro, mune kwayakatangira, Madrid stew yaive yakakurumbira ndiro uye, nekudaro, yakazvininipisa.

Zvingava muzana remakore rechiXNUMX apo ndiro yakatanga kuonekwa pamamenu eMadrid restaurants. Kunyanya, panguva iyoyo yaipihwa neresitorendi yakasarudzika lhardy Kubva kuguta guru. Nokudaro, makirasi epamusoro akazoziva chikafu ichi chinonaka icho nhasi chiratidzo chekudya cheMadrid.

Mukuwedzera, isu tinofanirwa kukuudza kuti, zvinoshamisa, Madrid stew ndeimwe yemidziyo yakatsemuka kuita maviri kana matatu, kana nyama ichidyiwa zvakasiyana. Kare muzana remakore rechiXNUMX, muto wekubika wakatanga kubudiswa mune inonzi "primer overturn" uye a. chiremwaremwa nayo inopedzwa isati yazvibika pachayo.

keke yeSantiago

keke yeSantiago

Keke raSantiago

Haugone kupotsa iyo inotapira mune iyi mharidzo yezvokudya zvakajairika kubva kuSpain zvatiri kukuitira. Tinogona kutaura newe nezvazvo casadiellas Asturian, we pestiños yeAndalusia neExtremadura, ye nougat Levantine kana ye zunzana Cantabrians. Asi isu takasarudza kuzviita ivo Keke raSantiago, kubva Galicia.

Kunyange zvazvo kare muzana remakore rechiXNUMX pane hurukuro ye keke rehumambo Nezvishandiso zvakafanana, mabikirwo ekutanga akanyorwa eiyi inotapira anodzokera kuzana ramakore rechi XNUMX. Zvakare, kurekodha kwe Muchinjikwa weSantiago pamusoro payo inotova ichangopfuura. Yaive pfungwa yeCompostela Casa Mora muna 1924.

Chinhu chikuru cheSantiago cake is maamanda. Uye, pamwe chete navo, shuga, mazai, sinamoni uye ndimu kana orange peel. Neresipi iri nyore iyi, imwe yemasiwiti anonaka kwazvo munyika inogadzirwa.

Mukupedzisa, takupa iwe zvimwe zveanomiririra ndiro dze Zvokudya zvakajairika zveSpain. Asi, zvisingadzivisiki, takasiya muinki vamwe vakafanana mafufu mumarudzi ayo akasiyana ematunhu, the Yakakangwa Peppers Saladi yeCatalonia, iyo Castilian neAragonese gwayana rinoyamwa (inonzi ternasco), iyo Salmorejo kana the hake mune muto muto. Kutaurwa kwakakosha kunokodzera Jamon, asi iyi haisi resipi asi chigadzirwa. Hauna kunzwa kuda kudziravira here?

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