Kunyanya kunaka zviteshi zvezvitima muSpain

Toledo station

Vakawanda ve yakanakisa zviteshi zvechitima muSpain ndezvenguva apo njanji yaive iyo nzira huru yekufambisa. Iri simba, rinopindirana pamwe nechekupedzisira chechitatu chezana remakore rechiXNUMX nehafu yekutanga yeXNUMX, rakaita kuti zvive zvakakodzera kuvaka zvivakwa zvikuru zvevafambi nemakonikoni.

Asi avo vaitarisira zvivakwa izvi havana kugutsikana nekuita kuti zvishande. Yakanga iri nguva apo, mukuwedzera, vakatsvaka kuenda own artistic label. Somugumisiro, zviteshi zvezvitima zvakaisvonaka zvikuru muSpain zvakasara, izvo zviri zvishamiso zvekuvaka zvechokwadi pasina kurasikirwa nebasa rayo. Tiri kuzokuratidzai mamwe acho.

Canfranc chiteshi

Canfranc chiteshi

Canfranc, imwe yeakanakisa zviteshi zvechitima muSpain

Tinotanga rwendo rwedu pane chimwe chezviteshi chiratidzo chikuru yeSpain, iyo, uyezve, nhasi inongoshandiswa kune vafambi masevhisi. Nekudaro, iyo yakavakwa kuti ive yekupedzisira kumira pamutsetse uyo yaizobatanidza Madrid nayo France kuburikidza Aragon uye kwaari Somport tunnel, pahupamhi hwemamita zviuru zviviri.

Yakatangwa muna 1928 uye ine hukuru hukuru. Sechiteshi chemubhodha, chaifanira kuva nemayadhi enjanji ezviyero zviviri zvakasiyana, panoturika zvinhu, uye pokugara kwevashandi nemhuri dzavo. Asi yaifanirawo kuve netsika, nhepfenyuro dzemapurisa, mapositi nemamwe mabasa.

Naizvozvo, chivakwa chine 241 metres pakureba uye rectangular chirongwa chakakamurwa kuita miviri mishanu. Inopindura kune maitiro e French palace architecture kubva muzana ramakore rechi XNUMX ine predominance yemhando dzemhando yepamusoro, asiwo nezvinhu zvezvivakwa zveindasitiri zvakaita sesimbi nekongiri. Uye, semutero kudzimba dziri munharaunda, ine denga resimbi.

Pasina kupokana, Canfranc ndeimwe yeakanakisa zviteshi zvechitima muSpain, zvekuti yanga iri nzvimbo yevamwe. novel nemafirimu (kune kunyange ngano kuti mamwe mapikicha Chiremba Zhivago) Parizvino iri kugadziriswa kuti igare Aragon Railway Museum uye kupa hotera uye kushandiswa kwevashanyi. Inorongwawo kuvaka dzimba nenzvimbo dzakasvibira.

Toledo station

Toledo station

Chiteshi chakanaka cheToledo

Zvinoshamisa zve neomudejar architecture Yakatangwa muna 1919. Nokuda kweichi chikonzero, yakaziviswawo nzvimbo yefariro yetsika uye yakadzorerwa makore mashomanene apfuura. Magadzirirwo ayo anokonzerwa nemugadziri Narciso Claveria, uyo akakanganwa nezvekushanda kugadzira basa rechokwadi reunyanzvi.

Inovhara anenge zviuru gumi nezvitatu zvemamita emamita uye ine muviri wepakati uye maviri ezasi mapapiro elateral. Iyo façade yakashongedzwa neyakavharika arches uye mirwi. Muchokwadi, iyo yese seti yakanyanya yakashongedzwa neMudejar arches, tile mosaics, latticework nezvimwe zvinhu zvemupfumi wegoridhe wekuToledo.

Asi zvichida chiratidzo chayo chikuru ndicho clock tower, iyo inobuda kubva mumuviri wechivakwa uye inewo Mudejar grillwork. Parizvino, chiteshi ichi chakanaka chinoshandira mutsara wekumhanya La Sagra-Toledo, inova yeimwe kubva kuMadrid kuenda kuSeville. Pasina kupokana, ichi chivakwa mumiriri akakodzera kuti akugamuchire iwe kana uchizowana zvinoshamisa zvinoshamisa zvezvinonzi. "Guta reTsika nhatu".

Valencia North Station

Valencia station

Valencia North Station

Valencia ine zviteshi zvechitima zvakati wandei, asi yakanakisa ndiyo iri mumugwagwa weJátiva, padyo nenzvimbo inokwirirwa mabhuru uye iri padyo neTown Hall. ndiye mukuru Maodzanyemba chiteshi kana Valencia-Term chiteshi uye rakavakwa pakutanga kwezana ramakore rechi1917 kuti rizovhurwa muna XNUMX.

Chivakwa chine zviuru gumi nezvishanu zvemamita emamita uye chakagadzirwa nemugadziri Demetrius Ribes. Zvisinei, yavo denga guru resimbi, iyo inenge mamita makumi maviri neshanu kureba, inokonzerwa Enrique Grasset. pindura ku yazvino maitiro uye inoratidzira neo-Gothic uye pre-rationalist pesvedzero kubva kune mukuru weAustria mugadziri Otto wagner. Iyo yakakamurwa kuita zvikamu zviviri: kune rumwe rutivi, chivako chevatakuri neU-shaped plan uye, pane imwe, hangar huru iyo denga rinotsigirwa nematanho esimbi anotsanangurwa.

Saizvozvowo, iyo huru façade ndeyemhando horizontalist uye ine mitumbi mitatu yakamira uye yakashongedzwa neshongwe. Mukushongedza kwayo, mavara ejasi remaoko eValencia anogadzirwazve uye, pamusoro pezvose, anojairika motifs yemumunda wemichero weLevantine semaranjisi uye maruva eorenji. Kwaari vakashandiswa glazed ceramics, mosaics, marble uye girazipamwe ne wrencadís saka anodiwa kuCatalan neValencian modernism. Sezvaunoziva, inosanganisira kusanganisa mataira madiki emavara akasiyana akabatanidzwa nedhaka (chaizvoizvo, wrencadís inogona kushandurwa se "yakachekwa").

France, Barcelona zvakare ine imwe yeakanakisa zviteshi muSpain

France station

Aerial maonero echiteshi cheFrance

Mukushanya kwedu kwezviteshi zvezvitima zvakanakisa muSpain, isu tasvika Barcelona, kunyanya kudunhu re guta rekare, kuziva France station. Yakatangwa muna 1929 pachiitiko che Universal exposition yakarongwa gore iroro neBarcelona. Panguva iyoyo, yakabatanidza kufambira mberi kwehunyanzvi senge magetsi anovharira, hydraulic buffers uye pasi pevhu corridors kufambisa zvinhu.

Asi zvakanyanya kufadza kubva pakuona kwekuvaka. Chirongwa chemudhorobha chakaitwa na Eduardo Marystany, uyo akagadzira chivako chakaita U-chakarembera kaviri uye musuo wakakombama kumakwara. Yaivawo nemapavilions maviri padivi pemugwagwa akabatana nechepakati payo. Ichi chivakwa chevafambi chakagadzirwa ne Pedro Muguruza, uyo akawedzera kushongedza kwakanyanyisa. Nekuda kwechikonzero ichi, yakapihwa basa rekuvandudza izvi Raymond Duran y pelayo martinez.

Zviyero zvechiteshi cheFrance zvinokatyamadza. Building inopeta makwara muchimiro cheU uye mahangari atataura akafukidzwa nawo canopies 195 metres kureba uye 29 metres kureba. Zvakare, iyo huru lobby ine dzimba nhatu huru. Muchidimbu, ndiyo imwe yezviteshi zvinokatyamadza muSpain.

Zamora station

Zamora station

Chiteshi cheZamora icho, nechimiro chayo cheNeoplateresque, chimwe chezviteshi zvezvitima zvakanakisa muSpain

Iyo Zamora zvakare inomira kunze kwehukuru hwayo, sezvo iyo huru façade ine 90 metres pakureba. Asi, pamusoro pezvose, ndiyo imwe yezviteshi zvakanakisa muSpain nekuda kwayo neoplateresque style. Kuvakwa kwayo kwakatanga muna 1927, kunyange zvazvo yaisazogadzwa kutozosvikira muna 1958. Basa racho rakapiwa kuti Marcelino Enriquez panzvimbo iri munharaunda yeLas Viñas.

Pachivako chakashandiswa ibwe regoridhe reVillamayor, izvo zvakaita kuti rinakidze zvakanyanya. Iyo façade ine zvikamu zvitatu uye yakawanda pasi, ine mana mativi shongwe. Saizvozvo, mutambi wepakati anomira kunze kwemapapiro kune ake terrace ine triangular pediment yakashongedzwa nenhoo mbiri newachi. akanaka cresting Inofemerwa neMonterrey de Salamanca palace, inopedzisa kushongedza. Uye pasi repasi rine Renaissance arches achigadzira magaraji.

Aranjuez station

Aranjuez station

Aranjuez station

Pamwe unoziva kuti kufona Nzvimbo Yemambo yeAranjuez chishamiso chikuru. Chaungasaziva ndechekuti matombo ayo ekuvaka anotangira pachiteshi chechitima pachacho. Muchokwadi, guta diki raikosha pakutanga kweiyi nzira yekufambisa munharaunda yeSpanish.

Yechipiri njanji yakagadzirwa munyika yedu ndiyo yakabatana Madrid naAranjuez. Kare, iyo yakabatana Barcelona naMataro. Nekudaro, sekuda kuziva, isu tichakuudza kuti chitima chekutanga chaivepo mukati merudzi rweSpain chakavakwa mukati. Kiyuba. Kunyanya, yakabatanidza Havana neguta reGüines muna 1837.

Asi, kudzokera Aranjuez stationHazvisi zvechinyakare. Iyo yaunogona kuona nhasi yakavakwa pakati pa1922 na1927 uye yakafanana neiri muToledo, neo-mudejar style. Inosanganisira kureba rectangular nave pakati payo. Chikamu chekunze cheichi chaive chakashongedzwa negable chakashongedzwa nematanho matatu nemahwindo egirazi. Pamusoro pechivako chinokwira a clock tower.

Iyo façade zvakare inomira kunze kweiyo zvidhina zvitsvuku ndiyo yakashandiswa pakuvaka kwayo. Yakaiswa padombo refu uye yakashongedzwa nayo tiles. Mukati, zvakare, mune akasiyana-siyana mosaics kushongedza kwakagadzirwa neItaly Mario Maragliano. Kune chikamu chavo, mapuratifomu akafukidzwa nemacanopies anotsigirwa pamakoramu esimbi.

Concordia station

Concordia station

Concordia chiteshi muBilbao

Tinopedzisa rwendo rwedu rwezviteshi zvezvitima zvakanakisa muSpain mune ino ye Bilbao, zvinoshamisa chazvino uno. Ndiwo ekare pane aya atataura, kubvira payakatangwa muna 1902 kuti igamuchire zvitima zvaibva. Santander. Basa racho rakanga rakonzerwa nainjiniya Valentin Gorbena uye mugadziri Severino Achucarro.

Inomira mukati mayo façade yayo yepakati yakashongedzwa mavara ane mavara akajeka uye ceramics izvo zvinosiyana nesimbi yemagadzirirwo ayo. Asi, pamusoro pezvose, zvichabata pfungwa dzako hwindo rerose kubva kumusoro kwayo. Kana chiri chikamu chayo chemukati, chayo misoro yematare namaberere edare. Asi, pamusoro pezvose, iwe uchashamiswa ne nzvimbo yekumirira, iyo inogadziriswa se maonero pamusoro penzvimbo yenhoroondo yeguta. Uku ndiko kushomeka mukuvaka njanji uye kunoita kuti chiteshi ichi chakanaka ive nzvimbo yakasarudzika.

Mukupedzisa, takuratidza imwe ye yakanakisa zviteshi zvechitima muSpain. Asi, zvisingadzivisiki, takasiya vamwe vari mupombi. Semuenzaniso, iyo ye Atocha muMadrid, iyo parizvino ine bindu rinopisa; izvo zve Almería, nemaitiro ayo echiFrench nemahwindo ayo; izvo zve Jerez de la Frontera, iyo inosanganisa Renaissance, Mudejar uye regionalist zvinhu, kana chiteshi chakazvininipisa che Puebla de Sanabria, in Zamora, nemaitiro ake akakurumbira. Shinga kusangana navo.

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