Fez, ke litoropo tse tharo tse makatsang ho o le mong

Motse oa Fez

Fez, toropo ea borena ea Morocco, hape ke motse-moholo oa bolumeli le setso sa naha ea Alhauite ho tloha Qarawiyn, mosque le univesithi ea Koranic, e thehiloe lekholong la XNUMX la lilemo.

Matlo a borena, litempele, madrasa le mabota a paka tsa nako e fetileng e khanyang ea Fez, e leng toropo eo ho eona batho ba limilione tse XNUMX ba seng ba ntse ba phela. E phatlalalitse Sebaka sa Bohlokoa ba Lefatše, medina ea Fez e bolokiloe e le joalo ka lebaka la General Lyautey, ea hanetseng ho aha kahare.

E fumaneha lik'hilomithara tse 200 ka bochabela ho Rabat, Fez ke sebaka se hantle sa ho lahleha le ho fumana Morocco ea 'nete. Mohlomong e batla e koahetsoe ke litoropo tse kholo tsa naha joalo ka Marrakech, Casablanca kapa Rabat, 'nete ke hore Fez e boloka lineano le mekhoa ea eona ea bophelo hantle, e leng ntho e hemeloang literateng tsa eona.

Toropo e arotsoe likarolo tse tharo tse bonts'ang nalane ea eona. Fez el Bali (toropo ea khale e thehiloeng ka 789 ke Idrís I) Fez el Jedid (e hahiloeng lekholong la boXNUMX la lilemo ke Merinids) le New City (e hahiloeng ke Mafora le tsela ea Hassan II e le eona ntho e ka sehloohong.)

Lilemong tsa morao tjena, ho hlophisitsoe lenaneo la ho khutlisa medina, ho kenyeletsoa le nchafatso ea literata, mabota, liemahale le marokho, kaha matlo a mang a adobe a ile a senyeha mme libakeng tse ling lithōle le maloanlahla a bokellaneng literateng, a sa faneng ka setšoantšo se setle ho motse o bohlokoa joalo ka Fez. Hape, merusu e meng (matlo a jareteng a setso) a fetoloa lihotele tsa maemo a holimo ha bohahlauli bo ntse bo hola.

Fez ehlile ke litoropo tse tharo ho o mong o mabopong a linoka tsa Zitu le Fez.

Fez el Bali

Heke ea Bab Bou Jeloud

Heke ea Bab Bou Jeloud

 

Ke medina e bolokiloeng hantle ka ho fetesisa lefats'eng la Maarabia le sefika se seholo ka ho fetesisa sa ho phela Morocco. Marangrang ana a maholohali a literata tse moqotetsane ke a lekholong la boXNUMX la lilemo mme a totobatsa 'mala o moputsoa oa cobalt oa heke ea Bab Bou Jeloud eo o fihlelang karolong ea khale ka ho fetisisa ea toropo.

Ho e tšela ke ho nka leeto la ho khutlela morao ka nako, moo ho se nang sephethe-phethe, sekontiri kapa litora tsa meaho. Kamora ho e tšela, mokhabiso o fetola 'mala' me lithaelese li tala. Mmala o emelang thabo ho Islam bakeng sa se fumanoang kahare ho matlo, mamosque kapa meaho ea bohlokoa.

Ntho ea bohlokoa ka ho fetisisa ke ho hira lits'ebeletso tsa tataiso ho tseba ka botebo liphiri tsohle tsa Fez. Ntle le moo, ha ho tšoane ho tsamaea ntle le morero literateng tsa eona tsa labyrinthine ho feta ho tataisoa ke motho ea tsebang hantle hore na ke libaka tse khahlisang ka ho fetesisa medina.

Mulay Idris Mausoleum

Mulay Idris Mausoleum

Toropo e thehiloe ho pota 807 AD ha lesika la Idrisid le fallisetsa motse-moholo oa Volubilis mona. Ka hare Fez el Bali ke moahooleum o nehetsoeng Mulay Idris, mothehi oa toropo. E le bohelehele, ho fihlela haufinyane, literata tse haufi le mausoleum li ne li thibetsoe ho bao e seng Mamoseleme ka lebaka la semelo sa bona se halalelang.

Libaka tsa mantlha tsa bohahlauli ba toropo li sebakeng sa medina: likolo tsa Koranic, li-souks tse kholo, libaka tsa Nejjarine le Seffarine, Setereke se Halalelang le yunivesithi ea khale le laeborari lefatšeng.

Madrasa Medersa Bou Inania

Madrasa Medersa Bou Inania

Mona o ka etela madrasa ea Medersa Bou Inania, sebaka se khutsitseng se nang le tora ea eona e nang le lithaelese tse botala bo khanyang le mabota a ka hare a majabajaba. E ile ea khakoloa ka 1350.

Sebaka sa ho phethela ketelo ea hau ho Fez se tsoa holimo, sebakeng se tsejoang ka hore ke Borj Sur. Ho tloha sebakeng sena u na le pono e ntle ea Fez moo 'mala o motala oa meaho ea bohlokoahali joalo ka mamosque, univesithi kapa Mulay Idris mausoleum e hlahelletseng.

Fez ea Jedid

Ntlo ea borena ea Dar el- Makhzen

Ntlo ea borena ea Dar el- Makhzen

Le ha Fez el Jedid e bitsoa medina e ncha ea Fez, 'nete ke hore ha se letho haese ho atolosoa ha medina ea pele E entsoe lekholong la boXNUMX la lilemo ke Benimerines, lesika la bohlokoa ka ho fetisisa la Berber Afrika Leboea, le ileng la kenya motse-moholo oa lona Fez bohareng ba lekholo la boXNUMX la lilemo. Se totobalitsoeng ke Fez el Jedid ke Royal Quarter (moo ntlo ea borena ea Dar el-Makhzen e leng teng, e nang le Setsi sa pokello ea mesebetsi ea matsoho le lintho tsa khale), kotara ea Bajode ea lekholo la boXNUMX la lilemo (Mellah), lisokisi tsa eona, mamoske, lirapa le mabenkele a mesebetsi ea matsoho.

Ville Nouvelle

Toropo e Ncha ea Fez

La Ville Nouvelle kapa toropo e ncha E thehiloe ke Mafora lilemong tsa bo-20 kahoo karolo ena ea Fez e na le setaele se fapaneng haholo sa Europe le medina ea khale. Malapa a ruileng haholo a Moroccan le bajaki ba lula mona.

Litsela le literata tse pharalletseng li tletse mabenkele, lihotele tse majabajaba le likhefi moo o ka latsoang tee e monate ea koena. Mmila o moholo ke tsela ea Hassan II mme ntlha ea eona ea bohlokoahali ke mateano a litsela le Mohammed V boulevard, kaha liofisi tsa Banka ea Morocco le Plaza de Florencia li teng mona.

E le bohelehele, ho bohlokoa ho bolela hore libakeng tse ncha tsa litoropo tsohle tsa naha ho na le literata tse peli tse nang le mabitso a Hassan II le Mohammed V ho hlompha marena a bohlokoahali a Moroccan a lekholo la boXNUMX la lilemo.

La Ville Nouvelle e na le meaho e mengata ho tloha mehleng ea bokolone hammoho le Instituto Cervantes kapa French Lyceum. Le mosque oa Imam Malik, o mong oa e meholohali toropong, le kereke ea San Francisco.

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