Yintoni onokuyibona eSigüenza nakwiindawo ezingqongileyo

sigenza

Ngaba uza kuya kwiphondo lase Guadalajara kwaye uyamangalisa into onokuyibona eSigüenza kunye neendawo eziyingqongileyo? Ndwendwela le dolophu ikwi kummandla weSerranía Kuthetha ukuthatha uhambo umva ngexesha elidlulileyo layo laseCeltiberian, lamaRoma, amaVisigothic kunye nama-Arabhu.

Ngenxa yembali yayo, sinokukuxelela malunga ne ukulandela ixesha eliphakathi ehlala ne Ukuhlaziya kunye baroque, ngokunjalo, nesixeko sale mihla. Ukongeza, le villa intle ye ICastilla-La Mancha, eyabhengezwa njengesakhiwo sobugcisa bembali ngo-1965, ikunika a imekobume yendalo emangalisayo. Kuyo yonke le nto, ngoku siza kukubonisa into omawuyibone eSigüenza nakwindawo eziyingqongileyo, idolophu ekwinqanaba elinye nezinye iialcarreña ezintle ngokulinganayo. Umzekelo, UMolina de Aragon, esele sikuxelele ngayo.

Inqaba yaseSigüenza

Inqaba yaseSigüenza

Inqaba, enye yezikhumbuzo eziphambili zokuzibona eSigüenza kunye neendawo ezingqongileyo

Enye yeesimboli ezinkulu zedolophu iyamangalisa inqaba eyinqaba yakhiwa ngenkulungwane ye-XNUMX kwintsalela yangaphambili. Emva koko, kongezelelwa izakhiwo ezitsha, njengesango elikhuselwe ziinqaba ezimbini ezingamawele ezijonge esi sixeko nesuka kwinkulungwane ye-XNUMX. Kodwa yayiyiyo UKhadinali Mendoza owayijika yaba libhotwe lokwenene kwiminyaka elikhulu kamva.

Ukusukela oko imvelaphi yayo yayiyeyoobhishophu baseSegundino, ababezinkosi zale dolophu. Noko ke, yasebenza njengendawo yokuhlala kookumkani abaninzi xa babedlula eSigüenza. Abanye babenethamsanqa elincinci. Enqabeni wayevalelwe UDoña Blanca waseCastile, umfazi UPeter I Ukhohlakele.

Sele ngexesha le Imfazwe yeNkululeko yehlelwa ngumonakalo omkhulu owathi ekugqibeleni wayishiya phantse ingamabhodlo. Nangona kunjalo, kwiminyaka engamashumi asixhenxe kwinkulungwane yokugqibela yahlaziywa ngokupheleleyo ukuba isetyenziswe njenge ihostele yabakhenkethi.

ICahedral yaseSanta Maria

ISigüenza Cathedral

ICathedral yaseSanta Maria de Sigüenza

Mhlawumbi olunye uphawu olukhulu lweSigüenza bubungangamsha bayo Icawa yasesanta maria. Ukwakhiwa kwaqala phakathi kwinkulungwane ye-XNUMX ukuze kugqitywe kumashumi ambalwa eminyaka kamva. Ngoko, idibanisa i-Cistercian-impembelelo ye-Romanesque style kunye ne-Gothic yokuqala. Nangona kunjalo, kamva amagumbi amatsha ongezwa, njenge-cloister okanye i-sacristy. Elinye lamacala alo livula kwindawo ebukekayo Isikwere esikhulu kaSigüenza, ilitye elinqabileyo Ukuhlaziya yakhiwe ngomyalelo we UKhadinali Mendoza, emva koko ube ngubhishophu wedolophu.

Isicwangciso salo sibonisa i-nave ezintathu ezahlulwe ziintsika, ziwela yi-transept ebanzi kwaye ithweswe isithsaba nge-chancel ene-apses ehlayo ezintlanu. Ubungangamsha obukhethekileyo bune ifacade esentshona okanye inqununu, elinganayo yeyamaRoma, nangona, kamva iBaroque kunye nezinto ze-neoclassical zongezwa kuyo. Iqulathe iingcango ezintathu phakathi apho ume ngaphandle esembindini okanye yezoXolelo. Ngokunjalo, iinqaba ezimbini ezicekethekileyo zokuzikhusela, ekuqaleni, zazingavumelekanga ukuba ziwujikeleze. Bazi ezikaDon Fadrique kunye neLas Campanas, kodwa mhlawumbi uphawu olungakumbi lu Rooster Tower, eyakhiwa ekuqaleni kwenkulungwane ye-XNUMX nayo ngeenjongo zomkhosi.

Kodwa ukuba icawa yecathedral ibukeka kakuhle ngaphandle, ingaphakathi layo libukeka lihle kangako ngenxa yeevenkilasi ezineembambo, iintsika zayo ezinkulu kunye neecawa zayo ezibalaseleyo. Phakathi kokugqibela, sikucebisa ukuba ubone leyo yeSibhengezo, edibanisa izinto zePlateresque kunye nezinye zeMudejar; leyo yaseSan Marcos, eyiGothic kwaye, ngokulinganayo, iPlateresque okanye enye yeArce, egcina umfanekiso oqingqiweyo oxabisekileyo womngcwabo wabo badumileyo Sigunza intombi.

Ezinye iicawa zokubona eSigüenza nakwiindawo ezingqongileyo

IMonastery yeNenekazi Lethu leMiyezo

Indlu yeemonki yaseNuestra Señora de las Huertas eSigüenza

Kodwa i-cathedral ayisiyiyo kuphela itempile onokuthi uyindwendwele kwidolophu yaseCastilian. Ikwayinto entle kakhulu Icawa yaseSan Vicente, eyakhiwa ekuqaleni kwenkulungwane ye-XNUMX ngendlela yesiRomanesque nehlala kuyo uKristu wamaGoth wenkulungwane ye-XNUMX. Singakuxelela okuninzi malunga ne Icawa yaseSantiago, ukusuka kwixesha elifanayo, elivelele ngomnyango walo omkhulu kunye ne-archivolts.

Ngenxalenye yalo, i Icawa yase san francisco ikwi Indawo yaseSan Roque, eyayilulwandiso lwedolophu eyaphuhliswa ngenkulungwane yeshumi elinesibhozo. Lo ngumzekelo we-urbanism ekhanyisiweyo, enezitalato ezibanzi, ezithe tye kunye nezindlu ezinoyilo olufanayo. Itempile, njengommandla wonke, iphendula kwisitayela seBaroque. Kuyo kwakhona kufunyanwa i IHermitage yaseSan Roque, eyakhiwa ekuqaleni kwenkulungwane ye-XNUMX ilandela ii-neoclassical canons. Kwixesha elifanayo kunye nesimbo seso Icawa yaseSanta Maria.

Njengomphunga wendalo wengingqi yaseSan Roque, ukhanyiso lwadala ipromenade ye-mall, apho kukho ezinye izakhiwo ezibini ezibalaseleyo zonqulo. Sithetha nawe malunga ne Imvelaphi yeHumilladero, ukususela kwinkulungwane ye-XNUMX, edibanisa iimpawu zeRenaissance kunye nezinto zeGothic ezifana ne-polychrome vault. Kodwa, ngaphezu kwako konke, sibhekisa kwi IMonastery yeNenekazi Lethu leMiyezo, eyakhiwa ngenkulungwane ye-XNUMX kumabhodlo ecawa endala yamaVisigothic. Iphendula kwisitayile seGothic sasemva kwexesha, nangona isigqubuthelo sayo kunye nobuninzi bokuhlobisa kwayo kuyiPlateresque.

ICasa del Doncel kunye neBhotwe laseLuján

Indlu yeNtombi

Indlu yeDoncel de Sigüenza

Sele sikuxelele ngokudlulayo Sigunza intombi. Wayeyi-knight ye-Order yaseSantiago owafa ngobuqhawe kwi- Imfazwe yaseGrenada. Ekuqapheliseni kwakhe, i-villa yaziwa ngokuba "Isixeko sentombi". Ngokunjalo, ikhaya lakhe losapho lelinye lawona matye ezikhumbuzo amahle edolophini. Indlu Yentombi okanye Ibhotwe leMarquises yaseBedmar Sisakhiwo esihle seGothic sasekuhlaleni esivelele kwi-façade yaso ene-crenellated kunye neengubo zaso ezintle zengalo.

Ngenxalenye yalo, i Lujan Palace Yayilikhaya lalo bhishophu ukhankanywe ngasentla UFernando de Lujan. Lulwakhiwo lweRenaissance ukusuka kwinkulungwane ye-XNUMX eyathi kamva yayiyeyentsapho yakwaGamboa, eyabeka ikhaka labo le-heraldic kwi-façade. Okwangoku, likomkhulu le Imyuziyam yeDiocesan yoBugcisa baMandulo, enelifa elimangalisayo lobugcisa bonqulo elabakho phakathi kwenkulungwane ye-XNUMX neye-XNUMX. Phakathi kwezinto zakhe, unokubona imisebenzi UFrancisco Salzillo, UFrancisco Zurbanan o Louis de Morales.

Ibhotwe le-Episcopal kunye nezinye izikhumbuzo

Ibhotwe likaBhishophu

Ibhotwe le-Episcopal elimangalisayo

Ngenkulungwane yeshumi elinesihlanu, i-archdeacon UJuan Lopez waseMedina, exhaswa yi UKhadinali Mendoza, yasekwa eSigüenza i IYunivesithi yaseSaint Anthony yasePortacoeli. Kakade ngenkulungwane ye-XNUMX, i Bishop of Saints of Risoba wamakhela izakhiwo ezitsha. Phakathi kwabo, i IConciliar Seminary yaseSan Bartolomé kunye Ibhotwe le-Episcopal. Zombini enye kunye nenye zikwisitayile seBaroque kwaye zinamakhava amakhulu. Iyunivesithi yanyamalala ngenkulungwane ye-XNUMX, kodwa ngoku kukho izifundo ezivela eAlcalá de Henares ezifundiswa eSigüenza.

Kwelinye icala, i Isibhedlele saseSan Mateo Yakhiwa ngenkulungwane ye-XNUMX kwaye, sele ilungisiwe, yahlala indawo yokuhlala abantu abadala. I umgubo wokusila, ukususela ngenkulungwane ye-XNUMX, iye yaguqulelwa ekubeni yiholo yemiboniso. Kwaye i Ibhotwe leentsana Yakhiwa ngenkulungwane ye-XNUMX ngumyili wezakhiwo waseItali UBernasconi. Sisakhiwo se-baroque esinemigangatho emithathu esilungelelaniswe malunga nepatio enkulu ephakathi.

Yintoni onokuyibona malunga neSigüenza

Intlambo yomlambo omnandi

Ipaki yeNdalo yeBarranco del Río Dulce

Njengoko besinixelele ngaphambili, ukuba le dolophu yaseCastilian intle, indawo eyingqongileyo ayinjalo. Yiyo loo nto sithetha nawe malunga nokubona eSigüenza kunye neendawo eziyingqongileyo. Ngoku siza kokugqibela. Ummandla wayo uneedolophu ezincinci ezininzi ezigcwele umtsalane kunye neendawo ezimbini zendalo ezikhuselweyo.

Eyokuqala kwezi yi Ipaki yeNdalo yeBarranco del Río Dulce. Ibandakanya indawo engaphezulu kwamawaka asibhozo eehektare ejikeleze umwonyo omangalisayo womlambo owunike igama lawo. Ikwanjalo Indawo yoKhuselo oluKhethekileyo lweeNtaka y Indawo yokuBaluleka koLuntu. Ukubona imihlaba yayo emangalisayo, unazo ezininzi Iindlela zokunyuka intaba.

Ngaloo ndlela, leyo yaseAragosa-La Cabrera-Pelegrina, yeekhilomitha ezilishumi elinambini kunye nobunzima obuphantsi kuba ithe tyaba ngokupheleleyo. NAKUNYE leyo yeHoz de Pelegrina, ezine kuphela, nangona igubungela eyona ndawo ikhawulezayo. Enye yezona ndawo zinomdla kakhulu yiGollorio waterfall. Kwelakhe icala, enye yase-El Quejigar, oziikhilomitha ezintlanu ubude, unqumla ihlathi le-oki elihle. Kukwakho nekhilomitha enesiqingatha indlela yabangaboniyo eqala eLa Cabrera.

Enye indawo yendalo omele uyazi yi Indawo yoMdla woLuntu weNtlambo kunye neSalinas del Río Salado kunye ne-micro-reserve yaseLos Saladares. ifakiwe kwi Inethiwekhi yeNatura 2000, inolwandiso olumalunga neehektare ezingamawaka alishumi elinesibini kwaye ibandakanya iindawo ezininzi ezintle. Ngokomzekelo, yena Ribas de Santiuste massif, i eiincinares de santamera okanye eyabo iiflethi zetyuwa ezimanzi. Kodwa, ukugqiba inkcazo yethu yento emayibonwe eSigüenza nakwindawo ezisingqongileyo, kufuneka sikuxelele malunga nokunye. pueblos.

I-Palazuelos, iPelegrina okanye ezinye iidolophu

IiPalazuelos

Isango leVilla de Palazuelos

Imeko ye IiPalazuelos, idolophu encinane enqatyisiweyo egcina izitrato zamaxesha aphakathi. Enyanisweni, iindonga zayo enye yeeseti ezigcinwe kakuhle zolu hlobo kulo lonke España. Kwaye, inokuba njani ngenye indlela, ikwalawulwa ngumbono omangalisayo nqwelweni yakhiwa ngenkulungwane yeshumi elinesihlanu IMarquis yaseSantillana.

Ngokufanayo, sicebisa ukuba undwendwele kule villa Icawa yaseSan Juan Bautista. Yakhiwa ngenkulungwane ye-XNUMX ngaphezulu kwe-Romanesque yangaphambili apho isigqubuthelo sisele kwaye, ngaphakathi, inesilingi entle egciniweyo yempembelelo ye-Mudejar. Kodwa, njengoko besinixelele, yonke idolophu yasePalazuelos iyamangalisa.

Ewe umhambi ngezonqulo, nayo inobuhle obumangalisayo nqwelweni enyuka kwinduli elawula intlambo yomlambo iDulce. Ineplani yomgangatho wexande kwaye, ngaphezu kokugcina, inabanye abanesimo se-cylindrical. Nangona igcinwe kakubi kunangaphambili, kuyafaneleka ukutyelela. Kwaye, ngendlela, yiza kwi yecawa yecawa, isimbo esimangalisayo seRomanesque esakhiwa ngenkulungwane ye-XNUMX.

Ekugqibeleni ungene barbatona unendawo engcwele yeVirgen de la Salud; kwi ingqalutye nangaphakathi Santiuste ungabona kwakhona iinqaba ezimangalisayo; kwi Cincovillas, icawa yeRomanesque yaseSan Vicente, eyakhiwa ngenkulungwane ye-XNUMX, nakwi Torresaviñan, ngaphezu kokubona amandla ayo, unokulandela i Indlela kaDon Quixote.

Ukuqukumbela, sikubonisile into onokuyibona eSigüenza kunye neendawo eziyingqongileyo. Njengoko ubonile, into ebizwa ngokuba "yiSixeko seNtombikazi" ngummangaliso omkhulu kwaye indawo eyingqongileyo iyigugu lendalo. Yiba nesibindi sokutyelela le dolophu Guadalajara kwaye uyonwabele yonke into ekunika yona.

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