Cibeles curiosities

Umthombo weCibeles

Kwazise umdla weCibeles, umthombo odumileyo waseMadrid, kuthetha ukubuyela emva kwiinkulungwane ezidluleyo. Kungelo xesha apho iiprojekthi zasungulwa khona uhombise isixeko saseMadrid ngokwembono yobuhle be neoclassicism.

UCybele, kwintsomi yamaGrike, wayengunina wezithixo, kodwa wayekwaluhlobo oluthile Uthixokazi womhlaba. Kwaye ukususela kumaxesha amandulo yayimelwe kwinqwelo yokulwa etsalwa ziingonyama njengophawu lokuphakama kwendalo (nangona kunjalo, izilwanyana zibandakanya abanye abantu ababini basentsomini: i-hypomenes y Atalanta). Kwangexesha lamaRoma, yaba njalo embi o IMagna Mater (UMama Omkhulu), oku kuthetha ukuba, ekusebenzeni, kuphela ukuguqulwa kwegama, ekubeni isimboli salo saqhubeka sifana. Emva kokuba senze le ntshayelelo iyimfuneko, siza kukubonisa ezinye zezinto ezinomdla kwiCibeles.

Iimfuno zokwakhiwa kwayo

Iingonyama zaseCibeles

Iinkcukacha ngeengonyama zomthombo

Ukwakhiwa komthombo weCibeles kwaqala ngo-1777 njengenye yezinto eziza kuhombisa indalo engqongileyo. Isixeko saseJerónimos, indawo yangoku ye IPaseo del Prado. Kwakwiprojekthi enye, i IMyuziyam yeSayensi yeNdalo (okuthi namhlanje, ngokuchanekileyo, iPrado), i Igadi yeRotanical Garden kunye nezithuba ezininzi eziluhlaza.

Ishumi lamawaka eekhilogram ze ikhadinali ibhastile ukusuka kwiikwari ezimbini. Ezi yayizizo iiMontesclaros eToledo kunye ukubuyisela eMadrid. Ngokunjalo, umoya we-classicist welo xesha wabonisa ukwakhiwa kweminye imithombo emibini enemixholo yasentsomini, eya kuba abo baseNeptune kunye noApollo. Yonke loo ndawo, esele igqityiwe, yaziwa phakathi kwabantu baseMadrid njenge Prado Hall, kuba kulapho babesiya kubethwa ngumoya khona baze babe nolonwabo.

Nangona kunjalo, ngokutsho kwenye ingcamango, umthombo weCibeles wawumiselwe ukuhombisa iigadi zaseLa Granja de San Ildefonso, eSegovia. Kuyo nayiphi na imeko, yafakwa kwinto eyayibizwa ngoko Isikwere saseMadrid, iPlaza de Cibeles yangoku, ngowe-1782, nangona ayizange isebenze de kwaba yiminyaka elishumi kamva.

Utshintsho lwendawo

IiCIbele ezivela phezulu

Imbono yasemoyeni yomthombo weCibeles

Ngokuchanekileyo, enye yezinto ezinomdla kwiCibeles kukuba, ngokomgaqo, kwakungekho embindini wesikwere, kodwa. ecaleni kweBuenavista Palace. Kwakungowe-1895 xa yafuduselwa kuloo nxalenye yesitrato, ngoxa ezinye izinto zongezwa kuyo. Le yimeko yeqela eliqingqiweyo kwindawo engaphambili kunye neqonga elinamanyathelo amane eemitha ezintathu ukuphakama.

Kodwa kwakhona imifanekiso yebhere nenamba yasuswa, kwanomokozo ngokwawo apho aphuma khona amanzi. Ngenxa yokuba umthombo nawo wawunomsebenzi osebenzayo: yayiyindawo apho abathwali bamanzi kunye nabahlali bendawo beza kugcwalisa iitanki zabo. Ngendlela, le nkqubo yophuculo yaphakamisa a impikiswano ebalulekileyo ngexesha lakhe phakathi IHolo yaseKapa kunye I-Royal Academy yoBugcisa boBugcisa baseSan Fernando.

Nangona kunjalo, njengoko abantu baseMadrid baqhubeka befuna amanzi, omnye umthombo omncinci wakhiwa kwikona yesikwere, ngokukodwa kwiPosi. Kwakhawuleza kwabizwa umthombo kwaye yaba yinto ethandwa kakhulu, kangangokuba ingoma yanikezelwa kuyo ethi "amanzi avela eFuentecilla, eyona nto ingcono iMadrid isela ...".

Abadali bayo kunye nentsomi

IBhanki yaseSpain

IBhanki yaseSpain, kwiPlaza de Cibeles

Kwakhona inxalenye yezinto ezinomdla kwiCibeles kukuguquguquka abakhi bayo ababejongene nayo kunye neentsomi ezinxulumene nayo. Ngokuchanekileyo enye yezi ithi, kwimeko apho kuzanywa ukuphanga i IGold Chamber yeBhanki yaseSpain, ejongene nesikwere, amagumbi aya kuvalwa kwaye akhukuliswe ngamanzi avela kumthombo weCibeles.

Ngokuphathelele amagcisa abumba esi sikhumbuzo, uyilo lwaso lwenziwa ngumyili omkhulu UVentura Rodriguez. Ngokwenxalenye yawo, umfanekiso wesithixokazi wawungumsebenzi womkroli UFrancisco Gutierrez, ngelixa iingonyama zibangelwa amaFrentshi URobert Michael. Ngokubhekiselele kwimigangatho yenqwelwana, yeyeza UMiguel Jimenez, owafumana iireais ezingama-8400 XNUMX ngomsebenzi wakhe.

Kwangoko ngo-1791, UJuan de Villanueva ugunyazisiwe Alfonso Bergaz imifanekiso yebhere kunye nenamba eyayiza kurhoxiswa kamva. Zombini zinemibhobho yobhedu emilonyeni yazo apho kuphuma khona amanzi. Ngendlela, oku kwavela kuhambo lwamanzi okanye igalari engaphantsi komhlaba ukusuka kumaxesha amaSilamsi azisa kunye neepropati zokuphilisa zibangelwa kuyo. Kamva, iiputti ezimbini ezenziwe ngu UMiguel Angel Trilles y Antonio Parera. Bakwabeka imithombo yamanzi emininzi eyenza iingxangxasi kunye nezibane ezinemibala ezihombise ilitye lesikhumbuzo.

"Igutyungelwe kakuhle"

IiCibele ezinekhephu

Ikhephu eligqume umthombo

Ngexesha leMfazwe yombango, abasemagunyeni bawugubungela umthombo weCibeles ngeengxowa zodongwe ukuwukhusela kwibhombu. Ngenxa yesi sizathu, abantu abahlala behlakaniphile baseMadrid bambhaptiza njengo "Linda Covered". Enyanisweni, imi kumbindi wemithambo-luvo esixekweni. Imbombo nganye yesikwere ngasinye yeya indawo eyahlukileyo kunye nezitrato zibaluleke njenge leyo yeAlcalá kunye nePaseo del Prado.

Ikwajikelezwe zizakhiwo ezine ezikhulu eMadrid. Imalunga noku kuchazwe ngasentla IBhanki yaseSpain ze Iibhotwe zaseLinares, ezoNxibelelwano kunye neBuenavista. Le yokugqibela, ikomkhulu leNdlunkulu yoMkhosi, lulwakhiwo lwenkulungwane yeshumi elinesibhozo elineegadi zesiFrentshi ngenxa yoku kuchazwe ngasentla. UVentura Rodriguez.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, Unxibelelwano okanye Cibeles yinto emangalisayo yesimbo se-eclectic ebandakanya izinto zanamhlanje, iiplatelesque kunye ne-baroque. Yakhiwa ekuqaleni kwenkulungwane yama-XNUMX emva kweprojekthi ye Joaquin Otamendi y Antonio Palacios. Siyakucebisa ukuba ungaphoswa yi-lobby yayo entle kwaye, ngaphezu kwako konke, ukuya kwindawo entle imbono eyithwesa kwaye ikunika iimbono ezintle zombindi weMadrid.

Ngokuphathelele linares ibhotwe Lilitye elinqabileyo le-neo-baroque elakhiwa ekupheleni kwenkulungwane ye-XNUMX. Uyilo lwayo lubangelwa ngumyili weFrentshi Adolf Ombrecht, inoxanduva ngokulandelelana kwamanye amakhaya anobunewunewu njengebhotwe laseMarquis yasePortugal. Kwaye ikwagcina iintsomi ezininzi.

Imibhiyozo yebhola, enye yezinto ezinomdla kakhulu kwiCibeles

Umbhiyozo kwiCibeles

Umbhiyozo waseMadrid eCibeles

Mhlawumbi uyazi ukuba ifonti isetyenziswa ngabalandeli be real Madrid ukubhiyozela uloyiso lwabo kwezemidlalo. Endaweni yoko, enye iklabhu esixekweni, i Atletico, uyayenza Neptune's. Noko ke, esi sithethe sasingasoloko sinjalo.

Ukuza kuthi ga ngo-1991, omabini amaqela ayeneCibeles njengendawo yokumisela imibhiyozo yawo. Nangona kunjalo, ngaloo nyaka badibana kumdlalo wokugqibela Copa del Rey ke abalandeli be-Atlético bagqiba ekubeni bayitshintshe eyabo ngokuyifudusela kwiPlaza de Neptuno ekufutshane ukuze bahluke kumagama abo eMerengue.

Iinyikima emva kokunyamalala

Cibeles ebusuku

Umthombo okhanyayo ebusuku

Mhlawumbi awuyazi into yokuba umthombo weCibeles unawo ikopi ngqo kwisiXeko saseMexico. Yanikelwa ngabantu baseSpain abahlala kwilizwe lase-Aztec kwaye yasungulwa ngo-1980 kunye nobukho bosodolophu waseMadrid ngoko. UEnrique Tierno Galvan. Kodwa asiyiyo yodwa. Kwilali ekufutshane yase Getafe kukho omnye omncinci obhaptizwe njengo i-cibelinanangona ingachanekanga. Ijongeka ngakumbi njengaleyo ifakwe kumgama I-Peking, ikomkhulu le IRiphabhliki Yabantu YaseChina.

ukunyamalala

Cibeles kunye Palace of Telecommunications

Imboniselo yomthombo weCibeles kunye neBhotwe lezoNxibelelwano

Kwelinye icala, njengoko besinixelele, eli litye lesikhumbuzo liye lenziwa utshintsho oluninzi. Kwaye, phakathi kwezinto ezinomdla kwiCibeles zi ukunyamalala kwezinye zezinto ezasuswa kuloo misebenzi. Ngokomzekelo, ekupheleni kwenkulungwane ye-XNUMX, yabekwa isango ukuyikhusela, eyayiza kurhoxiswa ngohlaziyo ekupheleni kwenkulungwane yama-XNUMX. Kodwa akukho mntu waziyo apho i-grating ihambe khona. Kude kwafunyaniswa ukuba ibisetyenziselwe ukujikeleza ikomkhulu le-bugle kunye ne-drum band ye Amapolisa kaMasipala waseMadrid, kwi Ibhulorho yaseFransi.

Kwenzeka into efanayo kuqala umfanekiso webhere esele siyikhankanye. Xa yasuswa kwisakhiwo sesikhumbuzo, yanyamalala ngaphandle kokuba abantu baseMadrid bazi apho ikhoyo. Ekugqibeleni, kwafunyaniswa ukuba wayehombisa enye yeendlela zokuhamba I-Retiro Menagerie. Ngebhere, umbhobho oyintloko wasuswa, kwaye umzila wawulahlekile. Kwimeko yakhe, wavela ngaphakathi iigadi zeCasa de Cisneros, eseMadrid isikwere sedolophu.

Okwangoku, ibhere lingenile iigadi zeMyuziyam yeMvelaphi yaseMadrid, kunye neetritons kunye nereids ezazikweminye imithombo yekomkhulu, ngokukodwa kwi imithombo yePaseo del Prado. Ngendlela, sikucebisa ukuba undwendwele le myuziyam, evulwe ngonyaka ka-2000 kwaye ibekwe kwindawo Indlu yaseSan Isidro ukusuka ePlaza de San Andrés, kuba inomdla kakhulu.

Phakathi kweziqwenga zakhe kuphuma into ebizwa Ummangaliso Kakuhle kuba, ngokwentsomi, unyana kaSan Isidro wawela kuyo ngaphandle kokuzenzakalisa. Okuyinyani ngakumbi kukwakhiwa kwakhona kwe I-chapel yenkulungwane ye-XNUMX zingcwaliselwe ezingcwele nezixabisekileyo intendelezo yokuvuselela yeXVI. Kwaye, ecaleni kwabo, unokubona phantse amawaka amabini amaqhekeza ngezakudala ukusuka kwiPaleolithic ukuya kwi-Arab Madrid.

Ukuqukumbela, sikubonise ezinye umdla weCibeles, umthombo odumileyo we Madrid ngaphezu kwamakhulu amabini eminyaka yembali. Kodwa asinakuchasa ukukuxelela enye ngakumbi. Njengakwezinye izikhumbuzo ezinkulu, umdali wale nto uquka ububi obuncinci. Kwenye indawo apho isele elincinci eliqingqiweyo. Ukuba ufuna ukudlala, qhubeka kwaye uzame ukuyifumana.

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