I-Alsace kwiKrisimesi

IStrasbourg

Ukutyelela I-Alsace kwiKrisimesi kukwenza oko komnye wemimandla enamava anzulu ngeli xesha Europe. Zonke izixeko zayo ezinqabileyo amaziko embali yamaXesha Aphakathi, yonwabele imihombiso yeKrisimesi emangalisayo kwaye akukho ngaphantsi kweemarike zomlingo.

Ukusuka IStrasbourg phezulu Imibala, iindawo zalo mmandla womntla-mpuma we EFransi bhiyozela iKrisimesi ezele bumlingo nezithethe kwiimeko ezibonakala zithathiwe, ngokuchanekileyo, ukusuka kwi-a ibali lokufika. Kwimisebenzi yangaphambili, kuya kufuneka wongeze ukhuphiswano lwekwayala yeKrisimesi (ooNoelies) kunye namasiko amnandi e-gastronomic. Ukuze wenze isigqibo sokuhamba ukuya e-Alsace ngeKrisimesi, siya kuchaza yonke into le ndawo yaseGallic emngceleni wayo Alemania y ESwitzerland.

Izithethe ze-Alsace ngeKrisimesi

Kayserberg

Umoya weKrisimesi eKaysersberg

Sisanda kukhankanya ukuba iimarike zezinye zezithethe ezinkulu ze-Alsace kwiKrisimesi. Kodwa kukho ezinye ezinomdla kakhulu. Abalinganiswa quintessential Christmas are UHans Trapp y cristkindel. Nangona bengamanani amabini aphikisanayo, ngokuqinisekileyo uya kubabona kwimisitho yeKrisimesi kulo mmandla. Eyokuqala iba ngumbhalo wethu i-boogeyman kwaye woyikisa abantwana abangazange bathobele ngokuthatha ebhegini yakhe.

Kunoko, okwesibini luhlobo oluthile ingelosi elungileyo okanye intsomi ubapha izipho abancinane abaziphatha kakuhle. Umzobo weCristkindel waziswa ngu UMartin Luther kunye naye Uhlaziyo lwamaProtestanti ukunciphisa ukubalasela kwizithethe zamaKatolika. Kwaye, kwezinye iindawo, ichongiwe kunye ne Umntwana onguYesu. Kwindawo apho lo mmandla ungahlukanga kwezinye zaseYurophu kukungcamla kwayo imiboniso yokuzalwa okanye iibhedi. Kwaye, ngokunjalo, kwi ukukhanya kwesitalato ngezizathu ezifanelekileyo zale mihla.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, njengoko ingenakuba ngaphantsi, i-Alsace ineyakhe amasiko gastronomic ngeKrisimesi. Ziindlela zokupheka onokuzingcamla kuzo naziphi na iimarike zayo zeKrisimesi. Ngokuphathelele iziselo, i iwayini mulled. Ilungiselelwe ngeendlela ezimbini: ngewayini ebomvu, iziqhamo ze-citrus kunye nesinamoni encinci okanye ngewayini elimhlophe, i-anise kunye ne-nutmeg. Naye ijusi ye-apile Yinto eqhelekileyo kwimibhiyozo.

Ngokuphathelele ukutya, idla ngokuba nencasa kumalungiselelo afana namaqebengwana, iibhiskithi ezibizwa ngokuba iibrédalas o iibhanzi zobusi eziqholiweyo. Kodwa mhlawumbi ziqheleke ngakumbi manele, izibalo ezincinci zamadoda ezenziwe ngentlama ye-brioche. Ngokunjalo, kunye neeresiphi zeKrisimesi, unezinye zemveli ezivela kwindawo ezidliwa unyaka wonke, kwaye ngeli xesha. Umzekelo, kwizidlo ezininzi zeKrisimesi ikumkhi, quintessential Alsace isitya. Zingamagqabi ekhaphetshu eziye zavubela i-lactic fermentation kwaye zisikwa zibe yimicu emincinci. Singakuxelela okufanayo malunga baeckeoff, i-stew elungiselelwe ngamazambane, i-anyanisi kunye nemvana, ingulube kunye nenyama yenkomo ngaphambili ifakwe kwiwayini elimhlophe kunye namajikijolo omjunipha.

Kwakhona phakathi kwezithethe ze-Alsace ngeKrisimesi yi umhombiso womthi ngezinto ezahlukeneyo, phantse rhoqo evela kwi ubugcisa beceramic yendawo. Uya kufumana ngokuchanekileyo oku kunye nezinye izinto ezininzi kwiimarike zeKrisimesi zommandla.

Iimarike zaseStrasbourg

Isitalato saseStrasbourg

Izibane zeKrisimesi kwisitalato saseStrasbourg

Sesona sixeko sinabantu abaninzi eAlsace esinabemi abaphantse babe sisigidi. Ngenxa yobukhulu bayo, ayinayo imarike yeKrisimesi enye kuphela, kodwa ezininzi. Okanye kunoko, inemarike enye Iindawo ezahlukeneyo. Zonke zifumaneka kwindawo eyenziwe yi intle enkulu okanye iziko lembali elibhengezwe kwixesha eliphakathi Ilifa lehlabathi.

Kule marike unokufumana yonke into. Kodwa isixeko sikwakunika ezinye iimpawu zomhlaba. Ngoko, kwi Isikwere seKleber lowo ucingela ukuba ubekwe owona mthi wekrismesi mde ehlabathini. Nangona kunjalo, mhlawumbi i-nerve center yale mibhiyozo eStrasbourg ikwi Broglie square, apho i Christkindelsmärik o Imarike yoMntwana uYesu.

Kwelinye icala, ekubeni undwendwela isixeko sase-Alsatian, qiniseka ukubona izikhumbuzo zayo eziphambili. Uqale ngobuhle bakho I-Notre Dame Cathedral, umzekelo obalaseleyo weGothic eqaqambileyo, enewotshi yayo yeenkwenkwezi. Kwaye iyaqhubeka ngezinye iicawa ezifana neRomanesque UStephen oyiNgcwele Amaza ka UPetros oMdala oNgcwele, enezakhiwo ezintle zesibingelelo.

Kodwa kufuneka ubeke ingqalelo kwizitrato zedolophu endala, egcwele izindlu zamaxesha aphakathi kwiplanga elimnyama nelimhlophe eliqhelekileyo kule ndawo. Phakathi kwezi kugqame ukwakhiwa kwe Amasiko amadala kwaye, ngaphezu kwako konke, okumangalisayo Indlu yeKammerzell, edibanisa iindlela zeGothic kunye neRenaissance. Ekugqibeleni, ungayeki ukubukela Ibhotwe laseRohan, umzekelo wenkqubo yakudala yesiFrentshi; i isibhedlele sasekuhlaleni, Uhlobo lweBaroque, kunye IMyuziyam yoBugcisa boBugcisa, ngemizobo ye Goya, Veronese, Okokugqibela o iirubens.

Colmar, undoqo weAlsace ngeKrisimesi

Imibala

Intengiso yeKrisimesi eColmar

Le dolophu incinane enabemi abamalunga namawaka angamashumi asixhenxe iye yazigcina zonke undoqo wexesha eliphakathi, eyenza ibe yindawo efanelekileyo yeKrisimesi yaseAlsatian. Ngapha koko, kukwakho nezindlu ezininzi zamaplanga zeGothic kunye neRenaissance. Ide ibe nomlambo, i ULauch, ejikeleza ngemijelo emincinci ukwenza kwakhona imiboniso yeKrisimesi.

Iimarike zihanjiswa ngokwezinto abazithengisayo. Ngoko ke, kwenye ye Isikwere saseDominican uya kufumana izipho; kwi ekaJoan waseArc ukutya kunye nezinto zokuhombisa; kwi indawo yeSiko elidala, ubugcisa, kunye nakwi Indawo encinci yaseVenice, edume ngamajelo akhankanywe ngasentla, unemisebenzi yabantwana.

Kwelinye icala, ekubeni useColmar, ndwendwela eyakhe ICathedral yaseSaint Martin, kwisitayile seGothic, kwaye isondele kakhulu kuyo Umbutho waseGarde, isakhiwo seRenaissance esasisebenza njengendawo yokuhlala. Kuya kufuneka ubone kwakhona icawa yasedominican, eneefestile eziqaqambileyo zeglasi kunye nesibingelelo esimangalisayo UMartin Schongauer. Kodwa umdla ngakumbi uya kuba Indlu yeeNtloko, zihonjiswe ngemifanekiso yobuso engaphezu kwekhulu kwaye, ngaphezu kwayo yonke, i Indlu yePfister, enesitayile esihle seGothic. Ekugqibeleni, musa ukuyeka ukusondela Imyuziyam yase-Unterlinden, ezihlala amatye anqabileyo njenge-Altarpiece ye-Isemheim, ngenxa yokuba Matthias Grünewald.

I-Eguisheim

I-Eguisheim

Imarike ye-Eguisheim, iAlsace yokwenyani ngeKrisimesi

Iikhilomitha nje ezisibhozo ukusuka eColmar unenye idolophu entle enabemi abalishumi elinesihlanu. Ilungiselelwe kwizangqa ezigxininisiweyo ezijikeleze yakhe indawo yecawa, idweliswe njengenye ye iilali ezintle kakhulu eFransi. Ngokuchanekileyo kuloo ndawo ephakathi kukho imarike yeKrisimesi apho unokufumana phantse yonke into.

Kodwa, ukongeza, kuya kufuneka ubone e-Eguisheim yayo Icawa yaseSan Pedro neSan Pablo, eyakhiwa phakathi kwenkulungwane ye-XNUMX neye-XNUMX ilandela imigca yeRomanesque kade. Ngokunjalo, indlela yayo ephakathi kunye nezindlu zayo zemveli ukusuka ngelo xesha inika umdla. Kwaye naye bas inqaba kunye umthombo wokuvuselela ebekwe kwisikwere semarike kwaye ibambe udidi lwesikhumbuzo sembali.

Kodwa mhlawumbi iisimboli ezinkulu zedolophu zizo iinqaba ezintathu zamaxesha aphakathi yakhiwe ngelitye lentlabathi ebomvu. Njengomdla wokwazi, siya kukuxelela ukuba babengabosapho olunamandla olwatshiswa esibondeni ngexesha lokufowuna. Imfazwe yeSix Pence. Ukususela ngoko, baye baba kwiBhishophu yaseStrasbourg.

IMulhouse kunye namalaphu ayo eKrisimesi

Indawo yokuhlala

I-carousel yeKrisimesi eMulhouse

Isixeko saseMulhouse sidityaniswe neshishini lelaphu kangangeenkulungwane. Enyanisweni, ide ibe nayo Imyuziyam yoShicilelo lwelaphu. Yavulelwa uluntu ngo-1955 kwaye yahlala ngaphezu kwezigidi ezithandathu zamaqhekeza. Ukongeza kwimiboniso yethutyana, unokubona oomatshini kunye nemisebenzi eyiyo yobugcisa belaphu ukusuka kwinkulungwane ye-XNUMX neye-XNUMX.

Ke ngoko, ayizukumangalisa loo nto IKrisimesi ihonjiswe ngamalaphu kwesi sixeko esinabemi abamalunga nekhulu elinamashumi amabini anesihlanu amawaka. Kude kulungiselelwe ukhuphiswano ukuze kuboniswe owona msebenzi ubalaseleyo wamalaphu weKrismesi. Kwaye, ewe, ezi ziqwenga zikwiimarike zabo zeAdvent.

Kodwa kuya kufuneka undwendwele eMulhouse Icawa yaseSt, ummangaliso wohlobo lwesiGothic onenqaba onokuyinyuka. Ngokungathandabuzekiyo, iimbono ziyamangalisa. Sikwacebisa ukuba ubone ukwakhiwa kwe IHolo yaseKapa, eya kukumangalisa nge-pink façade yayo. Lulwakhiwo lweRenaissance apho ukungena kwalo kukwagqamile, kwenziwa ngezinyuko ezimbini ezilinganayo. Akukho nto inomtsalane kangako ngaphakathi kwayo. Ngoko ke, ukungena kuvunyelwe yonke imihla ngaphandle kweeholide.

Ngokufanayo, kwi isikwere sokuhlangana kwakhona, umbindi wemithambo-luvo wedolophu, unezakhiwo zeRenaissance ezifana ne indlu yam, eyakhiwa ngenkulungwane ye-XNUMX, nangona inqaba yayo isusela kwinkulungwane ye-XNUMX. Kwaye, ngasempuma, uya kufumana John's Chapel, eyakhiwe kwi-XIII yi umyalelo wemalta. Ekugqibeleni, ngaphandle kwesixeko unayo i I-Ecomuseum yase-Alsace, isampuli yoyilo lwendawo yasemaphandleni.

Imarike yeSelestat

USelestat

Idolophu entle yaseSélestat

Sigqiba ukhenketho lwethu lwe-Alsace ngeKrisimesi ngokundwendwela imakethi yaseSélestat. Le dolophu incinci yabemi abamalunga namashumi amabini amawaka inesithethe seAdvent esiqhayisa ngayo ufake umthi wokuqala weKrisimesi. Ubuncinci, yeyokuqala apho kukho irekhodi ebhaliweyo. Kuba uxwebhu oluvela ngowe-1521 sele luthetha ngalowo wabekwa ezitratweni zayo.

Ngokusengqiqweni, iSélestat inazo iimarike zeKrisimesi. Kodwa iminikelo yale dolophu kwi-Advent ayipheli apho. Ngaphantsi kweendonga zexabiso Icawa yeGothic yeSaint George kukho imithi eqokelela yonke imbali yokuhlobisa iKrisimesi. Kwaye, ngokunjalo, kwi Icawa yaseSainte Foy, unokubona i-chandelier ehlotshiswe nge-173 yeglasi ye-Meisenthal iibhola zeKrisimesi.

Kwelinye icala, malunga neekhilomitha ezilishumi ukusuka eSélestat, uya kufumana okunomtsalane Inqaba yaseHaut-Koenigsbourg, eyakhiwa malunga nonyaka we-1100. Njengembali, siya kukuxelela ukuba ngenkulungwane ye-XNUMX yasebenza njengekhusi labo babizwa ngokuba yi-anecdote. izihange, abawutshabalalisayo lo mmandla ngokuphanga kwabo.

Ukuqukumbela, sikubonise okona kulungileyo I-Alsace kwiKrisimesi. Noko ke, zonke iidolophu kule ndawo EFransi Banesithethe esikhulu seKrisimesi kunye neemarike. Ke ngoko, ungandwendwela i Obernayi, ekhanyiswa kakuhle ekutshoneni kwelanga; enye ye Kayserberg, izele livumba elimnandi; okanye enye ye eRibeauville, idolophu eneenqaba ezintathu. Qhubeka kwaye undwendwele i-Alsace ngeKrisimesi kwaye ujabulele umoya wayo wokwenyani.

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