Fumana iWindhoek, ikomkhulu laseNamibia

Windhoek

Isixeko sase Windhoek Ayikaziwa kakhulu ngabakhenkethi bamazwe ngamazwe. Nangona kunjalo, le dolophu, eyikomkhulu le Namibhiya, ngokuthe ngcembe ijoyina iisekethe zeeholide Afrika.

Inabemi abamalunga namawaka amane amawaka, imi kumbindi welizwe kwaye inamatye ezikhumbuzo amaninzi anika umdla. Kodwa ENamibia unokuya kwi-safari njengakwezinye iindawo zaseAfrika. Ukuba uhlala eWindhoek, ungalungiselela eyona ikufaneleyo. Kuyo nayiphi na imeko, ke siza kuthetha nawe ngembali yesixeko kunye noko unokukubona kuso.

Imbali yase Windhoek

Umbono we Windhoek

Jonga enye yeendawo zangoku zaseWindhoek

Le nto siyibiza ngokuba yiWindhoek namhlanje kungenxa yabemi baseJamani, abaseka le dolophu ngo-1890 ngokusekelwe kumandla ayo omkhosi. Noko ke, lo mmandla wawumiwe kudala ngaphambili. Ngenxa yemithombo yayo eshushu, yayiyenye yeedolophu eziphambili zombini amaHerero namaNama.

Kamva bazinza apho amakholoni maAfrika. Njengoko usazi, aba baseYurophu beza, ngaphezu kwakho konke, bevela kwi ENetherlands, eyaqalisa ukufika kumazantsi eAfrika ukususela ngenkulungwane ye-17 ukusa phambili. Ngokuchanekileyo, enye ye ietymology eyona yamkelwe kakhulu igama lesixeko ivela kulwimi lwaso, amaAfrikaans. Ngokwale nto, iWindhoek inokuthetha "ikona yomoya."

Nangona kunjalo, abanye abaphengululi bakhetha ukuthatha njengemvelaphi yegama elithi Iintaba zaseGroot Winterhoek ukusuka eMzantsi Afrika, apho abahlali baseDatshi babehlala khona. Kuyo nayiphi na imeko, emva kweMfazwe Yehlabathi I, lo mmandla wawela ezandleni zamaBritani de, ngowe-1990, wafumana inkululeko.

Kwelinye icala, ukuba uya eNamibia, kuya kufuneka wazi ukuba imali yayo idola yaseNamibia kwaye enye yeelwimi zayo ezisemthethweni isingesi. Ke ngoko, ukuba uyalwazi olu lwimi, awuyi kuba nangxaki yokunxibelelana nabemi baseWindhoek.

Yintoni onokuyibona kwikomkhulu laseNamibia

ICawa yaseSanta Maria

ISaint Mary's Cathedral, enye yezona tempile zintle kwikomkhulu laseNamibia

Emva kokuchaza kancinci ngembali yekomkhulu laseNamibia, siza kugxila kuyo izikhumbuzo kunye neendawo ezinomdla Inika ntoni. Phakathi kwazo, uneegadi ezintle apho abahlali bayo baya kwipikiniki, kodwa kunye neemyuziyam ezinomdla, iicawa kunye neenqaba zexesha lobukoloniyali. Ngokunjalo, kwezinye iimeko, ezi zizakhiwo ezisemthethweni ezisebenza njengekomkhulu lemibutho ekhokelayo yelizwe. Ngezantsi sikubonisa ezinye zezi zinto zinomtsalane.

Iigadi zeTintenpalast

I-Tintenpalast

Iigadi zeTintenpalast

Ngokuchanekileyo, ezi zitiya zezinye zeendawo apho abemi baseWindhoek baya kuba nepiknikhi. Zifumaneka kwiPalamente yelizwe okanye I-Tinterpalast, nto leyo eyinika igama layo. Ngokunjalo, apho unemifanekiso eqingqiweyo emininzi enikezelwe kumagorha okuzimela UHoseya Kutako, Hendrik Witbooi y Theophilus Hamutubangela.

Kodwa kwakhona ezigadini uya kufumana igcume lomnquma elihle kunye nebhowling eluhlaza ejikelezwe yi-bougainvillea. Ngokwenxalenye yayo, isakhiwo sePalamente, esikumntla weRobert Mugabe Avenue, sisakhiwo ukususela ekuqaleni kwenkulungwane yama-20. Umyili wayo wayengumyili wezakhiwo waseJamani UGottlieb Redecker kwaye ivelele kuyo neoclassical facade.

Isitiya seSizwe seZityalo

Zoo Park

Windhoek Zoo Park

Kunye neeGadi zePalamente, unezinye iindawo ezintle eziluhlaza eWindhoek. Yimeko ye Zoo Park, apho, ngokucacileyo, indlovu ye-prehistoric yafunyanwa kwaye ene- isikhumbuzo samajoni aseJamani bawa kwiimfazwe nxamnye nabemi bomthonyama.

I Isitiya seSizwe seZityalo, oya kuzifumana kwiSam Nujoma Avenue kwaye eneentlobo ezininzi ezingaqhelekanga. Lo ngomnye wemiphunga emikhulu yesixeko ngenxa yeehektare zayo ezilishumi elinambini kwaye, kwiindawo ezininzi, ikwimeko yayo yendalo, engaphuhliswanga. Ngapha koko, malunga neekhilomitha ezimbini ukusuka eWindhoek unayo I-Avis Dam yoLondolozo lweNdalo, apho unokuyonwabela indawo yasemaphandleni ngoxa ubukele iintaka.

Windhoek Christuskirche

eChristuskirche

Christuskirche okanye ibandla likaKristu

Ngeli gama, i ibandla likaKristu, eyona tempile ibalulekileyo yamaLuthere eWindhoek. Uya kuyifumana phambi kwe-Tintenpalast kwaye ikwangumsebenzi wale nto ikhankanywe ngasentla UGottlieb Redecker. Sisakhiwo sokuqala apho iifestile zayo zeglasi ezimibalabala zigqamile, ezazisipho esivela kumlawuli. UWilliam II.

Ukwakha Idibanisa izinto ze-neo-Gothic kunye ne-neo-Romanesque kunye nezinye izinto zesitayela se-art deco.. Inqaba yayo, emalunga neemitha ezingamashumi amabini anesihlanu ukuphakama, kunye neveranda yayo eyenziwe ngebhastile laseCarrara nayo itsala umdla.

Kwelinye icala, ungandwendwela ezinye iicawe ezintle eWindhoek. Yimeko ye Icawa yasesanta maria, ebalaseleyo kwiimilo zayo ze-neoclassical, iinqaba zayo ezimbini ezilinganayo kunye nombala we-ocher okhethekileyo we-façade yayo.

Inkululeko Avenue

Inkululeko Avenue

Ekunene, Windhoek's Independence Avenue

Ngowona mthambo uphambili wase Windhoek kwaye uhamba kuyo ukusuka emantla ukuya emazantsi. Njengoko uhamba kuyo, uya kubona ezininzi izindlu zesimbo sobukoloniyali, kunye nenye yezona zakhiwo zayo ezizodwa. Yinqaba encinane indawo yayo iphakamileyo kukho iwotshi. Ikwalikhaya kumyezo wezilwanyana esele sikuxelele ngawo kunye ne Sanlam Centre, apho sele kufakwe abameli abaninzi.

Esinye sezitalato ezinkulu eWindhoek si Robert Mugabe Avenue, esele ikhankanyiwe kwaye ziphi, phakathi kwezinye iindawo ezinomdla, ezikhankanywe ngasentla I-Tintenpalast kunye Alte Feste, esiza kuthetha nawe kamva. Kodwa kuqala siza kukubonisa iimyuziyam eziphambili eWindhoek.

Imyuziyam yesiKhululo sikaloliwe

Isikhululo sikaloliwe

Isikhululo sikaloliwe, esinemyuziyam kaloliwe

Isikhululo sikaloliwe esihle esi sixeko sisakhiwo esihle esakhiwa ngamaJamani ngo-1912. Isitalato saseBahnhof kwaye, ukongeza ekwenzeni umsebenzi wayo, izindlu umdla Uloliwe oyimyuziyam. Inoluhlu olubanzi lweemephu, amaxwebhu kunye nezinto ezifana netafile esetyenziswa kwiimoto zokutyela.

Kodwa isiqwenga sayo seenkwenkwezi si Ilocomotive yomphunga iZwillinge 1900. Ixhotyiswe ngamatanki angamawele, yajikeleza ilizwe de kwasekupheleni kweminyaka yoo-XNUMX, ithatha amakhulu amathandathu amawaka eekhilomitha. Kwelinye icala, isikhululo siyahamba Desert Express, efikelela kunxweme loMzantsi weAtlantiki kwaye ide ime ukuze abakhweli babone i-safari.

Iziko loBugcisa laseNamibia

ubugcisa baseNamibia

Imisebenzi yezandla yaseNamibia

Eli ziko linomlinganiswa owahluke kakhulu apho unokuxabisa, njengayo nayiphi na enye indawo, i ubugcisa bendawo. Ayiphelelanga apho, ineendawo zokuthengisela ezimalunga namashumi amane apho ungayithenga kwaye ubuye nesikhumbuzo sokuhlala kwakho eWindhoek.

Umzekelo, unokhetho lokuthenga UBushman kunye nobugcisa beHimba, eyenziwe ngamaqhekeza afana neengxowa zesikhumba ezinamaso amibalabala okanye izacholo ezenziwe ngamaqokobhe eqanda lenciniba. Kodwa kwakhona iziqwenga Upholstery kunye textiles ukusuka kwi izizwe zama okanye ibhasikithi kunye ne-embroidery owambo. Konke oku ngaphandle kokulibala amatye anqabileyo kunye nemithi evela kwimimandla ye okavango kunye Zambezi.

IMyuziyam yeSizwe yaseNamibia

Indlu yamaKoloniyali

Turnhalle, enye yezindlu zamathanga eWindhoek

Kule meko, ukuyindwendwela, kuya kufuneka uye kwiindawo ezininzi eWindhoek. Omnye wabo ngu Owela Exhibition Centre, esikwiSitrato saseLüderitz, esinendawo yenzululwazi yemyuziyam. Enye yi IThala leeNcwadi loLondolozo lweSizwe, ekwiRobert Mugabe Avenue. Ngokuchanekileyo, ibekwe phambi kwendlu Alte Feste, okubandakanya ukufakwa kwesithathu kwemyuziyam kwaye esiza kuthetha nawe ngezantsi.

Uya kuba nomdla wokwazi ukuba yeyona myuziyam indala kweli lizwe, ekubeni yafakwa ngamaJamani ngo-1907. Kwaye, phakathi kwamacandelo ayo, unokubona ezinikezelwe kwi-zoology, imbali kunye ne-archeology, kodwa, ngaphezu kwako konke, ine- ilifa elibalulekileyo le-ethnographic malunga nezizwe zomthonyama zaseNamibia.

Windhoek Festival

Alte Feste

I-Alte Feste, inqaba eyavelisa isixeko

IAlte Feste yinqaba yokuqala apho isixeko sanamhlanje saseWindhoek sathi sayilwa kwaye sakuxelela ngayo ekuqaleni. Ukwakhiwa kwayo kwakungenxa yomphathi UCurt von Francois, owayila ukuba igcine umkhosi wakhe wamakoloniyali. Ukwakhiwa kwaqala ngowe-1890, kodwa akuzange kugqitywe de kwangowe-1915.

Ngoko ke, sesona sakhiwo sidala esixekweni yaye sinentendelezo esembindini apho ahlala khona amajoni. Ekugqibeleni, iindonga eziphakamileyo neemboniselo ezine zaba nembopheleleko yokukhusela ezo nqaba.

Yathi yakuhluthwa ukusetyenziswa kwezomkhosi, yaba yihostele yesikolo samabanga aphakamileyo saloo dolophu. Kwaye, emva kohlaziyo olubanzi ngo-1963, namhlanje lelinye lamakomkhulu we IMyuziyam yeSizwe yaseNamibia.

I-Independence Memorial Museum

Inkululeko Museum

I-Independence Memorial Museum eWindhoek

Uya kufumana elinye iziko lomboniso kwi-Avenue yaseRobert Mugabe ekhankanywe ngasentla, ebekwe kanye phakathi kweAlte Feste kunye neChristuskirche. Inoyilo olungathandabuzekiyo ngenxa yenkampani yokwakha Iprojekthi yeMansudae Overseas nto leyo eyenze yabizwa ngokuba yi "coffee maker" kunye ne "molar tooth." Ngokunjalo, izikhumbuzo ezimbini ezisecaleni kwayo, ezinikezelwe kumongameli wokuqala welizwe, Sam Nujoma, nalowo ukhumbulayo ImbubhisoZombini zakhiwe yifemu enye.

Sisakhiwo esinemigangatho emihlanu esinemigangatho yeglasi kunye ne-elevator yangaphandle. Ngokubhekiselele kwisitayile sayo, iyangena Inyani yenyani yobusoshiyali baseNyakatho Korea kwaye, kumagumbi ayo, imbali yaseNamibia ijongwa kwakhona ukusuka ekupheleni kweMfazwe yeHlabathi yokuQala kude kube yinkululeko yelizwe. Indawo yokutyela enemibono yesixeko igqibezela iziko.

Ukuqukumbela, sikubonise iimbalasane onokuzibona kuzo Windhoek, ikomkhulu Namibhiya. Njengoko kunjalo nakwamanye amazwe kwi Afrika, umzekelo, Burkina Faso o Madagaska, oku kungaziwa kakhulu kubantu baseYurophu. Yiba nobuganga bokuyifumana.


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