Yintoni onokuyibona eSierra de Madrid

Iimbono zeSierra de Madrid

Ingaba ikhona imozulu entle? Ewe, kufuneka ube ngaphandle kwaye uyonwabele! Ewe, unokwenza into ukuba uhlala eMadrid, izixeko ezikhulu zinekona zokwenza, ngumcimbi wokuzazi nokwazi ukuba ungazisebenzisa njani na.

Iifowuni IiSierras zaseMadrid yenza udederhu lweentaba kufutshane nekomkhulu eligama lichanekileyo ISierra de Guadarrama kwaye namhlanje siza kubona ukuba ubone ntoni apha

ESierra de Madrid

Iidolophu zaseSierra de Madrid

Nangona wonke umntu ubiza oku uthotho lweentaba igama elichanekileyo yiSierra de Madrid. iintaba zinjalo ekwabelwana ngayo ngamaphondo ase-Ávila, uLuntu lwaseMadrid kunye neSegovia. Ukuba awufuni okanye ungaya kude eholideyini kwaye uthanda ukuba ngaphandle, ke le ndawo yokufikela ilungile.

Ungaqubha kwaye ube manzi kumachibi endalo, uthathe uhambo, ube nepikiniki nokunye okuninzi. Kwaye ngu indawo enkulu yokuya kwiintsapho kuba abantwana bathanda ukuhamba kakhulu. Ewe, kusenokwenzeka ukuba abantwana bakho abancinci baqhagamshelwe kakhulu kwizikrini zabo, ngoko ke ukubakhupha kancinci kungumbono olungileyo kakhulu.

Masihambe ngokwamacandelo: Igama elingafanelekanga elithi Sierra de Madrid inokwahlulwa ibe yiSierra Oeste, Sierra de Guadarrama kunye neSierra Norte.

ISierra de Guadarrama

Iimbono zeSierra de Guardarama

ISierra de Guadarrama yenye uthotho lweentaba ezenza inxalenye yesiqingatha esempuma seCentral System kumbindi wePeninsula yase-Iberia. Inabela kumaphondo we EMadrid, eAvila naseSegovia. Ziya kuba malunga neekhilomitha ze-80 ubude kwaye i-Peñalara yincopho yayo ephezulu kunye ne-2428 yeemitha ngaphezu kolwandle.

Isarha yahlula iDuero kunye neTagus izitya kwaye lilizwe elineentabalala zengca, iipayini zasendle neendawo ezinamatye. Oku iikhilomitha nje ezingama-60 ukusuka eMadrid kwaye yiyo loo nto kuxinene kakhulu. Inesiseko esilungileyo ukhenketho kunye nemidlalo yeentaba, ngoko kufuneka uhlale ulumkile ngokusingqongileyo. Apha kukho oovimba bendalo ababini: iCuenca Alta de Manzanares Regional Park, egubungela iihektare ezingama-47 kunye neBiosphere Reserve ukususela ngo-1991.

Le paki isecaleni koMlambo iManzanares kunye naseLa Pedriza. Enye ipaki Peñalara Summit, Cirque and Lagoons Natural Park. Ineehektare ezingama-768 kwaye isembindini weentaba. Kulapho sifumana incopho yePeñalara kunye neqela lamachibi anemvelaphi yomkhenkce njenge ILaguna Grande de Peñalara, iLaguna Chica, leyo yeeCarnations, leyo yeNtakas… Kukwakho ne Ipaki yeSizwe yase Guardarma, iprojekthi yokukhusela inkqubo yendalo.

Iimbono zeSierra de Guadarrama 2

I-Sierra ineendlela ezininzi "zokuhamba kweentaba", ezininzi ezinobude obungaphezulu kweemitha ezili-1800 kunye namanye amaziko amaninzi okhenketho. Oyena mdala ngu Izibuko laseFuenfria, eyayisele isetyenziswa ngamaRoma xa ayehamba kula mazwe. Sinokuyibiza igama IPuerto de Navacerreada, iPuerto de Cotos okanye iMorcuera, ukubalula nje ezimbalwa. Kwakhona kukho iingxangxasi, imilambo namadama.

Ngokucacileyo le intle yabona nayo Ineedolophu: La Hiruela, Patones de Arriba, Puebla de la Sierra, Pradena del Rincón, El Berrueco, Montejo de la Sierra. kunye nezinye. Kukho iidolophu ezinembali ezifana ISan Lorenzo de El Escorial o IMiraflores de la Sierra kunye neendawo ezibhengezwe njengelifa lendalo njengeLa Pedriza okanye iHayedo de Montejo. ILa Hiruela iqhelekile, ineendlela ezininzi ezinomdla zokukhwela intaba, Iifowuni Intle kakhulu kwaye ifotwe kakhulu, e-El Berrueco kukho indawo yokugcina amanzi e-El Atazar.

Iimbonakalo zomhlaba zeSierra de Guadarrama

Phakathi kwezinto esinokuthi sizenze apha kufutshane, umntu unakho kwakhona uyazi iibunkers zeMfazwe yombango, landela iNdlela yeArcipestre de Hita, tyelela i-El Escorial kwaye ungene kwisihlalo sikaFelipe II, uphinde unyuke iMonte Abantos okanye ukhwele i-burricleta eManzanares el Real.

eNtshona Sierra

Iingqungquthela zaseSierra Oeste

Ngomnye wemimandla yoLuntu lwaseMadrid kwaye ikumzantsi-ntshona. Apha kudlula imilambo iPerales neAlberche kwaye ikhona iindawo ezahlukeneyo kakhulu kuba ukuphakama kuyahluka ukusuka kwi-500 ukuya kwi-1500 yeemitha ngaphezu komphakamo wolwandle.

ISierra Oeste iphakathi kokugqibela kweSierra de Guardarama kunye namacandelo okuqala eSierra de Gredos. Nazi amahlathi e-coniferous kunye ne-chestnut, i-oki ye-cork kunye ne-holm oak, njengokuba. Imvula ina kakhulu unyaka wonke, nangona incinci ehlotyeni, kwaye ukuba uhamba ebusika, lungiselela ukubanda kunye neqabaka kunye nekhephu.

Intshona Sierra Lilizwe laseCenigentes, iAldea de Fresneo, iComelnar del Arroyo okanye iNavas del Rey., phakathi kwabanye oomasipala. Apha unokukhwela ibhayisekile nge-Alberche, umzekelo, okanye tyelela indawo yokugcina amanzi eSan Juan kwaye wenze imisebenzi, tyelela ii-wineries, ujabule kwi-Adventure Park e-Pelayos de la Presa, tyelela ibhuloho ephakathi yaseValdemaqueda, enhle. Ihlathi elinomtsalane eSan Martín de Valdeiglesias okanye iziko le-Nothingness eRobledo de Chavela.

Emantla eSierra

Umwonyo onomtsalane kwiSierra Norte

Ibekwe kwisiphelo esisemantla soLuntu lwaseMadrid kwaye inenani elipheleleyo Iikhilomitha ezi-1253 ezikwere koomasipala abangama-42. Umlambo iLozoya udlula apha, onayo amadama amahlanu kwaye ke ngowona mthombo wamanzi ungundoqo kuluntu. Ngaphakathi kule ntaba zininzi iintlambo (I-Lozoya Valley, i-Jarama Valley, iSierra de la Cabrera kunye nabanye).

Apha ukutya okuziinkozo, iminquma kunye nezidiliya ziyalinywa kwaye kukho ezintle ipine kunye nehlathi le-oki, i-hazelnut, i-elm, i-ash, ijuniper kunye ne-holm oak. Ibisoloko yaziwa ngokuba "yintaba embi", ezinikele kwezolimo kunye nemfuyo, kodwa ixesha elithile ngoku, ukhenketho luye lwaphuhliswa, lufumana ukubaluleka kunye nokukhuthazwa.

ESierra Norte unako ukuhlamba kwi Las Presillas Natural Pools, ndwendwela I-Santa Maria de El Paular Monastery, landela apha i Indlela yaseLos Robledos, ukwazi ihlathi laseFinland, i ingxangxasi yentlambululo-miphefumlo, thatha ibhayisekile ujikeleze i-Pinilla reservoir okanye ukhwele iphenyane.

Iimbonakalo zomhlaba zaseSierra Norte

Ufika njani eSierra Norte? Ukusuka eMadrid eyona ndlela iphambili yi-A1 motorway. Kumgama oziikhilomitha ezingama-50. I-Bilbaeo yi-300 kunye ne-Burgos yi-150. Njalo ngemoto, kodwa ungasebenzisa ibhasi. Inephepha lewebhu elilungileyo nelipheleleyo, ukuyindwendwela kwaye uthathe ingqalelo phambi kokuba uqalise uhambo.

Ekugqibeleni, ngaphaya kwezi ndawo ngaphakathi kwendawo ebizwa ngokuba yiSierra de Madrid, leyo, njengoko sesitshilo, ibizwa ngokuba ngokungalunganga, singakwazi. tyelela iindawo ezithile kumaphondo angabamelwane. Ndiyathetha I-Pedraza, enye yezona dolophu zintle eSegovia naseSpain,  Ukuskiya eLa Pinilla, yenza iNdlela yeedolophu ezimnyama zaseGuadalajara, yenza ukuhamba ngeenyawo  nokunye okuninzi

Inyani yeyokuba kufutshane neMadrid kukho iindlela ezininzi zokhenketho.

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