Yintoni onokuyibona eCordoba ngosuku olunye

Isikwere seCorredera

Akukho lula ukukhetha into oza kuyibona eCordoba ngosuku olunye. Ukukunika umbono, siya kukuxelela ukuba sisixeko sehlabathi enezihloko ezininzi zeLifa leMveli leHlabathi. Oko kukuthi, lelona linamatye ezikhumbuzo afumene loo mahluko.

Nangona kunjalo, utyelelo lweyure ezingamashumi amabini anesine kwesi sixeko sase Andalusia iya kukuvumela ukuba ufumane imimangaliso yayo ephambili, ebandakanya ukususela kumaxesha amaRoma ukuza kuthi ga ngoku. Nangona kunjalo, eyona ibalaseleyo yeyakhe ubukhazikhazi becaliphal ngexesha lamaSilamsi. Ukuze uzilungelelanise, siza kucebisa isicwangciso sethu sento emayibonwe eCórdoba ngosuku olunye.

I-mosque yaseCordoba

UMosque waseCordoba

Imbono yasemoyeni yemosque, ibalulekile phakathi kwezinto onokuzibona eCórdoba ngosuku olunye

Mhlawumbi yi-mosque uphawu olukhulu ukusuka kwisixeko saseAndalusi. Yakhiwa ekupheleni kwenkulungwane yesi-XNUMX, ngokucacileyo phezu kweentsalela ze Icawa yeVisigothic yaseSan Vicente Mártir, nangona inyusa kakhulu imilinganiselo yayo. Qaphela ukuba ezi zisachukumisa, kodwa zafikelela kumlinganiselo phantse amashumi amabini anesine amawaka square metres.

Emva kokoyisa komKristu kweso sixeko, waqalisa ukusebenza njenge Icawa enkulu. Kwaye, ngenkulungwane ye-XNUMX, a basilica Iimpawu zePlateresque. Nangona kunjalo, i-mosque ithathwa njengowona mzekelo ubalaseleyo Umayyad Hispano-Muslim art ecaleni IAlhambra yaseGranada. Ayilolize, yiNdawo yeLifa leMveli yeHlabathi kwaye yenye yezona zikhumbuzo zityelelwa kakhulu. España. Ke ngoko, kufuneka isoloko ibandakanyiwe kwisicwangciso sakho sento oza kuyibona eCórdoba ngosuku olunye.

Bekungayi kwenzeka ukuchaza ngokweenkcukacha esi sakhiwo simangalisayo. Nangona kunjalo, ngaphandle kukho izinto ezifana ne inqaba yentsimbi yokuvuselela, eyakhiwa ngokusetyenziswa kwe-minaret endala, kunye neefacade ezahlukeneyo, zonke zineengcango ezininzi. Kodwa, ngaphezu kwakho konke, kufuneka ubone Intendelezo yemithi yeOrenji, kunye nemithombo yaseSanta María neCinnamon.

Ngokwenxalenye yayo, ngokwemiqathango yangaphakathi, eyona nto idumileyo yinto ebizwa igumbi le-hypostyle, ethatha indawo eninzi kwaye ivelele kwii-arches zayo ezininzi kunye neentsika. Kodwa kufuneka kwakhona ingqalelo ikhanseli, kwisitayile seRenaissance, nangona isibingelelo sayo, siyilwe ngu Alonso Matias, uphendula kwindlela yokuziphatha kamva. Akukho zinomtsalane kangako Ikwayara, nezitulo zayo ezenziwe ngomthi we-mahogany, kunye ne ukubuyisela, yemigca yakudala. Ngokuphathelele iicawa, i-mosque inezinye ezintle njenge leyo kaVillaviciosa, edibanisa izinto zeMozarabic kunye neGothic; eyenyani, kwisitayela se-Mudejar, evelele ngenxa ye-plasterwork egqwesileyo kunye nokuhlobisa kwe-muqarnas; eSaint Ambrose, nesibingelelo sayo esixabisekileyo segolide, okanye leyo yeNenekazi lethu leMimba, nedome layo elihle.

Indawo endala yamaYuda

Indlu yaseSepharad

Igumbi lendlu yesikhungu kwiCasa de Sefarad

Ikufutshane kakhulu kwi-mosque unayo endala Ikota yamaJuda Ukusuka eCordoba. Yenziwe ngezitrato ezingaqhelekanga ezifana nezi Lo uneHafu okanye oneentyatyambo. Kuyo usenokundwendwela i kwindlu yesikhungu. Lilo kuphela ixesha layo eligcinwe kulo Andalusia kwaye enye yezintathu ezisekho kwiseti ye España (abanye ababini bangene Toledo). Iphendula kwisitayela seMudejar kwaye yakhiwe ngekhulu le-XNUMX.

Kufuneka kwakhona ubone kwikota yamaYuda Indlu yaseSepharad, isakhiwo samaYuda esisusela kwixesha elifanayo neso sangaphambili satshintshwa saba yimyuziyam enikezelwe kwi inkcubeko ye-sephardic. Olu luntu lwamaJuda lusuka kwilizwe lethu luwagcinile ukuza kuthi ga ngoku amasiko alo kunye nolwimi lwayo olusuka kwiSpanish, eyaziwa ngokuba IJudeo-iSpanish okanye iLadino. Le myuziyam inamagumbi afana nalawo oBomi baseKhaya, uMculo weSephardic, abafazi base-Al-Andalus okanye i-Inquisition.

I-Alcazar yeeKumkani zamaKristu

UAlcazar wooKumkani bamaKrestu

I-Alcázar de los Reyes Cristianos enomtsalane

Ukuba amaSilamsi eCórdoba ayebalulekile, owamaKristu wayengenawo amandla angaphantsi emva kokoyiswa kwesi sixeko ngowe-1236. Ngenxa yesi sizathu, kukho amatye ezikhumbuzo aliqela ukususela ngeli xesha omele uwabandakanye phakathi kwezinto onokuzibona eCórdoba ngosuku olunye. Sifuna ngokukodwa ukucebisa i UAlcazar wooKumkani bamaKrestu, eyakhiwa phakathi kwenkulungwane ye-XNUMX neye-XNUMX, ixhakamfula indala Umayyad ibhotwe.

Ngaphandle, iyinto emangalisayo isakhiwo esineplani ephantse ibe sisikwere kwaye sijikelezwe ziinqaba ezine. Ngawo lowo weNtetho, enesicwangciso esine-octagonal; eyeeNgonyama, imbombo-ne, nenkulu; leyo yeNkundla yokuNcina Amakholwa, esetyhula kwaye ikwabizwa ngokuba ziiGadi, kunye neyoHobe, isikwere kwaye yaphinda yakhiwa ngenkulungwane yama-XNUMX.

Ngenxalenye yayo, ngaphakathi, ungabona i igalari ephakathi, ehonjiswe ngemifanekiso eqingqiweyo ye Seneca kunye Alfonso X Osisilumko. Kodwa eyona nto yakhe ixabisekileyo yile ISarcophagus yaMasango eHadesi, eyenziwe ngenkulungwane yesithathu emva koKristu eCarrara marble. Kwakhona ukusuka kumaxesha aseRoma ngumhombiso we igumbi le-mosaic, ngelixa IiBhafu zasebukhosini zaseDoña Leonor Zikwisitayile seMudejar.

Noko ke, omnye ummangaliso weAlcázar kuko igadi enkulu, idalwe ngokuthatha ithuba legadi endala ye-complex. Inommandla ongamashumi amahlanu anesihlanu amawaka eemitha ezikwemitha kwaye idibanisa iintlobo ezinjengomthi wesundu, umsipres okanye umthi weorenji kunye. iindlela zokuhamba, imithombo kunye namachibi. Phakathi kweyokuqala, ivelele enye yeeKumkani, ebizwa ngokuba ihonjiswe yimifanekiso eqingqiweyo yookumkani abangamaKristu ababenenxaxheba ekwakhiweni kweso sakhiwo. Phakathi kwabo, Alfonso XI, UHenry II o UHenry III.

ICordoba yaseRoma

Ibhulorho yaseRoma yaseCórdoba

Ibhulorho yaseRoma entle yaseCordoba kunye nenqaba yaseCalahorra

Njengoko sinixelele, iCórdoba nayo yayinayo latin elidlulileyo. Njengesampulu yakhe, kuye kwakho iintsalela ezifana itempile yaseRoma, ebekwe kwisitrato sikaClaudio Marcelo. Yayimalunga neemitha ezingamashumi amathathu anesibini ubude neshumi elinesithandathu ububanzi kwaye yayiyiKorinte ngokohlobo. Ukongezelela, yayiyi-hexastyle, oko kukuthi, yayine-portico eneentsika ezintandathu.

Ngokufanayo, kwiindawo ezisezantsi ze I-Archaeological Museum kunye ne-Ethnological Museum ziintsalela zamandulo Iqonga laseRoma, leyo, ngexesha layo, yayiyeyesibini ngobukhulu kubo bonke uBukhosi. Kwisango laseGallegos, ungabona ezimbini ezindala latino mausoleums kunye neentsalela ze iqonga lobukoloniyali ze a yemidlalo. Ukongeza, kwindawo yeCercadilla, umkhondo we Ibhotwe loMlawuli uMaximian Herculean.

Nangona kunjalo, uphawu olukhulu lweCordoba yaseRoma lulo ibhulorho phezu kweGuadalquivir. Kuyamangalisa ubunjineli besiLatini, nangona kunjalo, iye yahlaziywa izihlandlo ezininzi. Yiyo ke imeko yayo emangalisayo. Yenza kakuhle umdla wenkcubeko ecaleni kwe isango lebhulorho, enye yezintathu eziseleyo ukusuka eludongeni oludala (ezinye ezimbini zezo zeAlmodóvar kunye neSeville), kwaye Inqaba yaseCalahorra. Emva koko, le yokugqibela yinqaba yemvelaphi yamaSilamsi eyakhiwe ngokuchanekileyo ukukhusela loo mnyango esixekweni kwaye ihlaziywe ngenkulungwane yeshumi elinesine. Ukusukela ngo-1987, iye yahlala i Ukuphila kweMyuziyam yaseAl-Andalus.

Iicawa zaseFernandina, azinakuqondwa ngosuku olunye eCórdoba

Icawa yaseSanta Marina

ISanta Marina de Aguas Santas, enye yeecawe zikaFernandina eCórdoba

Eli gama linikwe iqela leetempile zamaKristu awayezakhile UFerdinand III oNgcwele emva kokoyisa isixeko. Noko ke, ezinye zaziluhlaziyo nje lwezakhiwo zonqulo lwamaSilamsi, ezathi nazo zaba ziicawa zamaVisigoth. Umsebenzi wayo wawuntlu-mbini. Kwelinye icala, bakhonza njenge iziko lomoya. Kodwa, kwelinye, yayiyindawo yokuhlala ulawulo lwengingqi nganye o ukudibanisa yeCórdoba yelo xesha.

Awunakukwazi ukubona zonke iicawe zikaFernandina ngosuku olunye undwendwela iCórdoba, kuba zingekho ngaphantsi kweshumi elinesibini. Kodwa sikucebisa ukuba undwendwele omnye wabo. ungakhetha i Icawa yaseSan Nicolás de la Villa, ukusuka kwinkulungwane ye-XNUMX kunye nesitayela se-Mudejar Gothic. Nangona kunjalo, isigqubuthelo sayo sesanamhlanje. Kungenxa yokuba UHernan Ruiz Omnci. kwaye luvuselelo ngokwesitayile. Ngokufanayo, inqaba yayo yentsimbi yakhiwe phezu kweentsalela ze-minaret endala.

Ngokufanayo, bubuhle Icawa yaseSanta Marina de Aguas Santas, edibanisa i-Romanesque yokugqibela, i-Gothic kunye ne-Mudejar styles. I-façade yayo ephambili iyamangalisa, inama-buttress amabini anamandla kunye nefestile yerozi. Akukho nto intle kakhulu i-altaret kwi-chapel ephambili, enemifanekiso eqingqiweyo Antonio del Castillo kunye nomfanekiso we Intombi yoKhanya Umsebenzi we gomez de sandoval.

Kwakhona, i-facade ye I-basilica ka-Saint Peter inamabhulu amabini kunye nefestile e rose, ngelixa i Icawa kaSan Miguel Ubukhulu becala yiRomanesque, enezinto ezithile zeGothic. Ekugqibeleni, ezinye iitempile zifana abo baseSan Juan kunye nabo bonke abaNgcwele, eSan Agustín okanye eSan Andrés Bakwabalasele phakathi kweecawa zaseFernandina zaseCórdoba.

Ezinye izikhumbuzo eziza kubonwa eCórdoba ngosuku olunye

Isikhumbuzo sikaJulio Romero de Torres

Isikhumbuzo sesikhumbuzo sikaJulio Romero de Torres

Ukuba ngexesha lokuhlala usuku olunye eCórdoba unexesha lokukubona konke oku kungasentla, unokuthi utyelelo lwakho belukufanele. Nangona kunjalo, ukuba unexesha lasimahla, unokulithatha ithuba lokufunda malunga nalo Inkonzo yaseRoyal Collegiate yaseSan Hipólitoapho kungcwatywa khona ookumkani UFerdinand IV y Alfonso XI. Okanye, sele ingaphandle, i Ingcwele yeNenekazi lethu laseFuensanta, eyakhiwe ekupheleni kwekhulu le-XNUMX kwisitayela se-Mudejar Gothic, nangona i-façade yayo, ukusuka ekuhlaziyweni kamva, yiBaroque.

Kwelinye icala, kwiiGadi zezoLimo uya kufumana Isikhumbuzo sikaJulio Romero de Torres, umzobi odumileyo waseCordovan, umsebenzi we UJuan Cristobal Gonzalez Quesada. Kwaye, usasazeke ngeenxa zonke esixekweni, unemifanekiso eqingqiweyo Maimonides, iindlela, ukuya UCaliph Alhaken II okanye al umthetheli omkhulu. Kodwa udumo olungakumbi lunokubizwa ngokuba ISan Rafael iyoyisa, uluhlu lwezikhumbuzo ezibonisa ukuzinikela kwaseCórdoba kule ngcwele, engumgcini wayo.

Ukuqukumbela, sikubonise into oza kuyibona eCordoba ngosuku olunye. Kodwa isincomo sethu kukuba, ukuba unako oko, undwendwela esi sixeko sihle Andalusia ngokuzola ngakumbi. Kuba yenye yezona zinto zinomtsalane nezibalulekileyo ehlabathini yaye ifuna ukuba sicingisise nzulu ngayo. Phofu sishiye kumnyama its iibhotwe ezimangalisayo. Ngokomzekelo, ezo zaseViana, iFernández Mesa okanye iiMarquises zaseCarpio. Kodwa, ukuze uphelise ukuhlala kwakho esixekweni, sela edolophini Isikwere saseCorredera, enye yezona ndawo zibalulekileyo ebomini bakhe.

Ngaba uyafuna ukubhukisha isikhokelo?

Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa. ezidingekayo ziphawulwe *

*

*