I-Oxford ibambe umboniso eTolkien ngo-2018

Umfanekiso | Umxholo

Kwi-2018 umboniso ophambili malunga nomfanekiso kaJRR Tolkien uza kubanjelwa e-Oxford ethembisa ukutsala amawaka abalandeli kunye nabaphengululi abavela kuzo zonke iimbombo zomhlaba. Umboniso uza kubanjelwa kwiThala leencwadi laseWeston, eOxford Bodleian Libraries, phakathi kukaJulayi 1 no-Okthobha 28, 2018.

Ukuba uyawuthanda umsebenzi kaTolkien, apha ngezantsi uza kufumana zonke iinkcukacha zalo mboniso ulindelwe kakhulu.

I-Oxford kunye ne-JRR Tolkien

Waziwa kwihlabathi liphela ngokuba ngumbhali we 'INkosi yeeRingi', ebomini wayekwayingcali yezobuchwephesha echaphazelekayo ngenkqubo yokwakhiwa kolwimi kunye nesidanga esidumileyo seNgesi esiDala nesiNgesi.

Ngeminyaka eyi-19 weza e-Oxford ezokufunda iiLwimi zeMveli kwiKholeji yase-Exeter kodwa watshintshela kwisiNgesi kamva. Emva kokusebenza kwiMfazwe Yehlabathi I, wabuyela esixekweni eyokusebenza kwiNew English Dictionary eyayiza kuthi kamva ibizwe ngokuba yiOxford English Dictionary.

Ubuye wahlala iminyaka emihlanu eLeeds esebenza njengomfundisi-ntsapho weNgesi kwiyunivesithi yayo de ngo-1925 wabuyela e-Oxford eyokufundisa kwiikholeji ezahlukeneyo, apho wayeza kuhlala khona ubomi bakhe bonke.

Umfanekiso | Ithala leencwadi laseBodleian

Uya kuba njani umboniso?

Ngaphantsi kwesihloko esithi "Tolkien, uMdali woMhlaba oPhakathi", ukhetho olungazange lubonwe kwimibhalo yesandla, iimephu, imizobo, izixhobo kunye neeleta ezivela eMelika naseUnited Kingdom ziya kudityaniswa okokuqala ukusukela kwiminyaka yoo-1950. ezinje ngeTolkien Archive ebanzi yeeLayibrari zeBodleian, ingqokelela yeTolkien yeAmerican Marquette University kunye nengqokelela eyahlukeneyo yabucala.

Umboniso uza kuthatha ukhenketho kwihlabathi loncwadi, lokuyila, lokufunda kunye nelasekhaya eliphembelele u-JRR Tolkien njengegcisa kunye nombhali, ngaloo ndlela befumanisa iinkalo ezintsha zalo mbhali uhlonitshwayo kwaye bevumela uluntu ukuba ludibane kunanini na ngaphambili nomsebenzi wakhe.

Umfanekiso | Fumana

Siza kufumana ntoni kuyo?

  • Imibhalo yesandla yoqobo yeNkosi yemisesane kunye nee-watercolor ezintle kunye noyilo lwezigqubuthelo.
  • Uyilo lwe-Hobbit ebonisa ukuvela kwebali ngeemephu zokupapashwa, imizobo, ii-watercolor kunye noyilo lwezigqubuthelo.
  • I-Silmarillion iya kuboniswa kunye nemibhalo-ngqangi yoqobo yalo msebenzi ungagqitywanga ngamabali alishumi elinanye.
  • Ukukhethwa kweemephu zoMhlaba ophakathi ezifunyenwe ngo-2015 ezibandakanya izichasiselo ezenziwe ngumbhali ngokwakhe kwaye zafunyanwa ngo-2016 yiBodleian Library.
  • Izinto ezahlukeneyo zobugcisa, izinto zobugcisa, kunye nelayibrari yobuqu kaTolkien
  • Iileta kunye neefoto zobuntwana bukaTolkien kunye nexesha lakhe njengomfundi apho wayejongana nemixholo efana nelahleko, imfazwe nothando.

Umboniso uya kukhatshwa yincwadi enemifanekiso ebizwa ngokuba yi-'Tolkien: UMdali woMhlaba ophakathi ', nge-25 kaMeyi ka-2018, eya kuba yeyona ngqokelela inkulu yemathiriyeli kaJRR Tolkien epapashwe kwivolumu enye. Iya kuba nenqaku elinombhalo okhuni kunye nohlelo olunqunyelwe kubaqokeleli, olunemifanekiso yepeyinti kaTolkien, iimephu kunye nemibhalo-ngqangi. Olu suku lunye luya kupapashwa kwifomathi 'Tolkien: ubuncwane'.

Iza kubanjelwa phi?

Ithala leencwadi laseWeston, iOxford Bodleian Libraries, liza kubamba umboniso wenoveli kunye nophilologist uJRR Tolkien. Ukungena kulo mboniso kuya kuba simahla kodwa amatikiti esithuba esimiselweyo anokufumaneka kwi-Intanethi.

Umthi othandwayo nguTolkien | Umfanekiso ngePinterest

Indlela edlula eTolkien's Oxford

UJRR Tolkien wayengumdali woMhlaba oPhakathi, ubumnandi bendalo iphela ngokugqwesa kuncwadi. Ingcinga yakhe enkulu yamkhokelela ekubeni akhawule 'iHobbit' (1937) kunye ne 'INkosi yeeRingi' (1954 - 1955). Ukuthatha ithuba lokundwendwela umboniso ozakubanjwa nge-1 kaJulayi eOxford, ingangumbono olungileyo ukusondela kwiindawo ezikukhuthaze ukuba udale umhlaba ezizodwa kunye nomtsalane. Nazi ezinye zazo:

IiGadi zeBotanic

Enye yeekona azithandayo eOxford. Nanku umthi awuthandayo, ipayini emnyama yase-Austrian eyagawulwa ngo-2014 emva kweminyaka engama-215 yobukho.

KwiNkosi yemiqolo, imithi iphila njengee-Ents kwaye inceda amaqhawe kwimfuno yabo yokulwa nemikhosi yobubi.

Umfanekiso | Waphazanyiswa Umama

Merton College

Phakathi kowe-1945 nowe-1959 uTolkien wakhonza njengonjingalwazi wolwimi lwesiNgesi noncwadi kwiKholeji yaseMerton. Umbhali wayedla ngokuhlala aze abhale phandle kwitafile endala egadini.

Isimo sisikhumbuza ngendawo apho ibhunga lase-Elrond labanjelwa khona eRivendell, apho kwavela khona uMdibaniso odumileyo weRingi.

Umfanekiso | Wikimedia

UMyuziyam waseAshmolean

Yimyuziyam yokuqala eyunivesithi ehlabathini. Ngaphakathi kwengqokelela yayo singafumana izinto ezivela kwi-Egypt yakudala, imizobo eyenziwe nguTitian, Rembrandt, Manet okanye uPicasso, imizobo kaLeonardo da Vinci okanye uMichelangelo kunye nokuqokelelwa kwamakhonkco egolide anombhalo kumphezulu wawo. Ngaba ivakala ngathi iqhelekile kuwe?

Umfanekiso | Wikimedia

Ukhozi noMntwana

Kule ndawo yokushicilela phakathi kowe-1933 nowe-1962 uTolkien kunye namanye amalungu eqela loncwadi i-Inklings babehlala bedibana ngeentetho kuncwadi kwaye bonwabile nge-toint ngepenti emnandi.

Ngaba uyafuna ukubhukisha isikhokelo?

Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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