Amazwe aseMelika Ephakathi

I-Melika iyizwekazi elikhulu kakhulu elihamba liye ekugcineni komunye umkhawulo womhlaba. Kunamazwe amaningi, kepha ngokungangabazeki amaningi agxilwe engxenyeni emaphakathi, lokho esikwaziyo njengokuthi I-Central America.

I-Central America inembile phakathi kweNyakatho Melika neNingizimu Melika futhi lizungezwe uLwandlekazi iPacific nolwandle iCaribbean. Namuhla sizobona ukuthi yimaphi amazwe aseMelika Ephakathi futhi sizothola ukuthi yize mancane, wonke ayanikela izimanga zabavakashi.

I-Central America

Ngesikhathi sokufika kwabaseYurophu le ngxenye yaseMelika yayivele ikhona kunabantu abaningi, nakanjani ngaphezu kwamaphethelo aseningizimu nasenyakatho yezwekazi. Amasiko amaningi ayesekhule ngokuhamba kwesikhathi, kusukela kulezo zinsuku ezikude lapho isikhala somuntu sifika eMelika ngokunqamula iBering Strait. Kuyo yonke impucuko impela okuvelele kakhulu kube yilokho i-maya, kanye nethonya elikhulu kakhulu nelinomphela.

I-Geopolitically Central America ihlukaniswe yaba amazwe ayisikhombisa: IBelize, iGuatemala, iNicaragua, i-El Salvador, iCosta Rica, iHonduras nePanama. Le ndawo yayingaphansi kwethonya leSpain kwaze kwaqala izinqubo zokuzibusa ngo-1821. Kwathi ngo-1823 kwaba nezifundazwe zase-United States zase-Central America. Umlando wezepolitiki wale ndawo uyinkimbinkimbi futhi ubonakala nge ukuhamba njalo kwemingcele.

Ngokwendawo, iMelika Ephakathi isukela e-Isthmus yaseTehuantepec iye e-Isthmus yasePanama. Ngaphezu kwamazwe ayisikhombisa awenzayo, kunezindawo ezinhlanu zaseMexico. Ngakho-ke, kukhona ingxenye yezwekazi nengxenye engaphakathi. Inezintaba eziningi, ezinephrofayili ephezulu, ezijoyina izintaba zaseningizimu nenyakatho, futhi nazo zinayo izintaba-mlilo eziningiEzinye zivaliwe, kepha lezo ezisogwini lwasePacific zisebenza kakhulu.

Futhi kuthiwani ngesimo sezulu kulengxenye yomhlaba? Ikona Isimo sezulu esishisayo ngakho-ke ukugqagqana phakathi kwemini nobusuku akubonakali. Kepha lezi zifudumezi zinikeze izimbali ezijabulayo nezicebile kakhulu, okuncane okuvela eningizimu nokuncane okuvela enyakatho. Cishe wonke amazwe aseMelika Ephakathi anezinto eziphilayo, kodwa mhlawumbe ezinye zichazwe kakhulu kunezinye zezinhlobo ezithile.

Isibonelo, amahlathi aseHonduras mahle futhi kuyafana nolwandle lwalo lwamakhorali, olukhulu; amanzi aseNicaragua agcwele izinhlobo zasolwandle kanti i-El Salvador noma iGuatemala inezinyoni ezinhle. Ngenhlanhla indawo inezindawo eziningi ezivikelekile.

Ezokuvakasha eMelika Ephakathi

Yize yonke le ndawo inobuhle obukhulu bemvelo kunamazwe agxila kakhulu kwezokuvakasha Yini abanye. Ngokwesibonelo, ICosta Rica, iPanama neGuatemalkukhona okuyinhloko yokuvakashelwa. ICosta Rica ithola iningi lezivakashi kepha iPanama iyona ethola imali eningi ekuvakasheni kwabo. Ngokuvamile, izivakashi zivela e-United States, Canada, Spain nakwamanye amazwe aseYurophu. Ukuvakashelwa kwabantu abavela eNingizimu Melika akukuningi.

Yini ingcebo yezivakashi Ngabe basilindile kula mazwe ayisikhombisa akha i-Central America? Vuliwe ePanama inkanyezi yi I-Panama Canal, njengomsebenzi wobunjiniyela nendawo yokuthenga ngaphandle kwentela. Kepha futhi inezinhlobonhlobo eziningi zezinto eziphilayo futhi kungenzeka ukuthi uhambe kahle kakhulu phakathi kwawo womabili amalwandle. Isiqhingi I-Bocas del Toro Kuyinto enhle, efanayo nguye I-San Blas, edume ngamabhishi ayo amhlophe. Kukhona namahlengethwa kanye nezokuvakasha ezintabeni, Blowjob yindawo engcono kakhulu.

Ohlangothini lwePacific kukhona ukubuka imikhomo, phakathi kukaJulayi no-Okthoba. I- ICoiba National Park nokuvikelwa kolwandle kuyindawo enkulu ebabazekayo. Kukhona futhi i- IZapatilla Cayngaphakathi Isla Bastimentos National Marine Park.

Costa Rica incane futhi inenhlonipho yokuba yizwe elinokuhlukahluka okuningi kunekhilomitha-skwele elilodwa emhlabeni. Izintaba zigcwele futhi zinobuhle obufana ne- IMonteverde Cloud Forest, the Imisele yeTorturego, lo Isiqhingi Sofudu namabhishi aso olwandle oluluhlaza, i- Ipaki Kazwelonke yaseChirripó, yena ICocos Island National Park nangamabhishi amaningi amhlophe i IManuel Antonio National Park.

Ngokuhamba phakathi kwezintaba-mlilo ne-fumaroles, i- I-Rincon de la Vieja National Park noma leyo ye-Tenorio Volcano.

Futhi-ke, i- ICorcovado National Park. Nicaragua iphakathi nendawo kwalesi siqhingi futhi inezintaba-mlilo nokuphila okuningi okushisayo. Ukwazi okwedlule kwamakholoni yi Idolobha laseLeón, Indawo Yamagugu Omhlaba o I-Granada, olwandle nolwandle oluluhlaza Isiqhingi saseCorn, yekhofi nomlando wayo Matagalpa, ukuzulazula phakathi kweziqhingi the ISolentiname Archipelago, ngezintaba-mlilo IMasaya Volcano National Park, iCerro Negro Volcano noma iCosigüina Volcano.

Honduras Kusenkabeni yasenyakatho yeCentral America kanti inhlokodolobha yayo iTegugigalpa. Inezintaba nezigodi eziningi, imifula emikhulu futhi ngenxa yalokho, inezinhlobonhlobo zezitshalo nezilwane. Okhiye bayo bavela komunye umhlaba, i- UCayos Cochinos nodonga lwayo lwamakhorali, noma i- Iziqhingi zaseRoatan Bay ziyintelezi. Ungenza futhi i- Umzila weCopan ngamanxiwa kaMayan noma ngokuntywila e-ilatila. Uyabona okwedlule kwamakholoni ku UTrujillo, Tegucigalpa, Santa Rosa de Copán, San Pedro de Zapaca noma iSan Pedro de Sula.

El Salvador yizwe elincane kodwa elinabantu abaningi. Ingabe Izwe Lentaba-mlilo Kuyinkambiso enhle futhi kuyindawo enhle yokubona imbiza encibilikayo yenkathi yamakoloni. Isibonelo, eSanta Ana kunesonto lombhishobhi elinjengesitayela samaGothi, eLa Joya de Cerén ubona amanyathela eMayan kanti ePanchimalco ubona ikoloniyalizim. Ukujabulela ubuhle bendawo kukhona iCerro Verde National Park, i- Izintaba-mlilo iNational Park, ILake Suchitlán, iLake Coatepeque ...

Uma uthanda amanxiwa nemivubukulo ungangeza Indawo yaseSan Andres Archaeological, i-White House neTazumal. La Umzila Wezimbali Futhi kuyinto enhle, umzila owela uhla lwezintaba i-Apaneca-Ilamatepeq. Futhi yini ngaphakathi Guatemala? Yebo, umlando omningi, iMayan kanye nekoloniyali ngoba kuyizwe elithole amathonya ahluke kakhulu.

I-Antigua Guatemala Kuyigugu Lamasiko Obuntu, lihle nomaphi lapho ulibuka khona. Chichicastenango, ngemakethe yayo enkulu futhi enemibala, kufanele ukuvakashelwa, kuyafana neCastillo de San Felipe, eyakhiwe ngabaseSpain, kepha uma uthanda isiko lamaMaya lapho kukhona Uaxactún Archaeological Park, Iximche, Kaminal Juyú, iQuiriguá Archaeological Park, Ipaki Likazwelonke LaseTikal, enezakhiwo ezingaphezu kwezinkulungwane ezinhlanu, Yaxhá noPetén, ngamaphiramidi namathempeli alo ...

Ekugcineni, Belize, izwe elincane, elingafinyeleli kubantu abayingxenye yesigidi, elisogwini lweCaribbean. Encane kodwa super biodiverse, olwandle nasemhlabeni. Ngaphambi kwamaphethelo alo kukhona ezintathu kwezine izixhobo zamakhorali okubaluleke kakhulu eNtshonalanga Nenkabazwe. Uma wonke amanye amazwe aseMelika Ephakathi eneSpanishi njengolimi lwabo olusemthethweni lapha eBelize  Kukhulunywa isiNgisi njengoba kwakuyikoloni laseBrithani.

IBelize nayo inamanxiwa emivubukulo: U-Altun Ha, eduze kakhulu neBelize City, i- Isiza Sokuvubukula seCaracol, the Isiza Sokuvubukula saseLamanai, maphakathi nehlathi noma Isayithi le-Xunantunich, ngasemfuleni iMopán. Okolwandle, ilanga nolwandle oluluhlaza kuyinto ISouth Water Caye, iBelic Barrier Reefe, odumile I-Blue Hole, ukuntywila, uMgede waseSan Herman noma iGladden Spit Marine Reserve neSilk Cays, noshaka bawo abathandekayo be-whale.

Njengoba ukwazi ukubona, kubathandi bemivubukulo nemvelo, iMelika Ephakathi inokuningi.


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