Izinto eziyi-15 ongazibona futhi uzenze e-Heidelberg

Heidelberg

Itholakala endaweni enhle I-Neckar River Valley, idolobha lase Heidelberg Kuyaziwa ngokuba nenyuvesi endala kakhulu Alemania, okuyinto, ngaphezu kwalokho, eyayingenye yezihlonishwa kakhulu Europa. Kodwa futhi igqame ngedolobha layo elidala elihle.

Lowo mlingiswa we Inyuvesi City iyenza igcwale ezindaweni zokungcebeleka nezokungcebeleka ebusuku. Nokho, futhi iyindawo ephelele yokuvakasha kwamasiko. Futhi konke lokhu ngaphandle kokukhohlwa ukuthi wayengomunye izigcawu ezinkulu ze-German Romanticism ekuqaleni kwekhulu le-19 ngenxa yendilinga yezimbongi ezakha Joseph von Eichendorff, UClemens Brentano y Achim von Arnim, phakathi kwabanye. Okulandelayo, sizokusiza ukuthi uthole i-Heidelberg, kodwa okokuqala sizochaza ukuthi ungafika kanjani lapho.

Ungafika kanjani e-Heidelberg?

I-Heidelberg Central Station

I-Heidelberg Central Station

Idolobha laseJalimane ingenye ebaluleke kakhulu esifundazweni I-Baden-Württemberg futhi itholakala eningizimu-ntshonalanga ye Alemania. Inabantu ababalelwa ezinkulungwaneni eziyikhulu namashumi amahlanu futhi ixhumeke kahle ezweni lonke.

Nokho, ayinaso isikhumulo sezindiza sayo. Uma uhamba ngendiza usuka eSpain, izindawo ezihamba phambili ziyi Frankfurt y Karlsruhe. Isikhumulo sezindiza sokuqala siqhele ngamakhilomitha angamashumi ayisikhombisa nesishiyagalolunye futhi, uma ufika lapho, kufanele nje uthathe a isitimela esinejubane elikhulu ukuya e-Heidelberg. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, inkundla yezindiza yase-Karlsruhe iqhele ngamakhilomitha angamashumi ayisishiyagalolunye nanye futhi nawe unayo amabhasi lapho uya khona.

Yini ongayibona futhi uyenze e-Heidelberg?

Idolobha laseJalimane ebusuku

Isithombe sasebusuku esihle sedolobha laseJalimane

Uma sesichazile ukuthi singafika kanjani edolobheni laseJalimane, sizophakamisa ukuvakasha okuthakasela kakhulu kuye. Njengoba ubona, kunezinto eziningi ezikhangayo ekunikeza zona. Hhayi ize, ingenye yezivakashelwa kakhulu ezweni ngenxa yezikhumbuzo zayo kanye nempilo yenhlalo ephilayo enayo futhi, ngokwezinga elikhulu, ngenxa yobuntu bayo njengedolobha lasenyuvesi.

Inyuvesi endala kunazo zonke eJalimane

IYunivesithi

IHholo Lomhlangano LeNyuvesi yaseHeidelberg

Yasungulwa ngo-1386 ngu Rupert I, U-Elector Palatine wase-Rhine, iNyuvesi yase-Heidelberg, njengoba sakutshela, ingeyokuqala ukuba khona endaweni yaseJalimane. Kodwa, ngaphezu kwalokho, kunjalo enye yezindawo ezihlonishwa kakhulu eYurophu. Okuxhunywe kuyo yizibalo ezifana nalezi UGeorge Hegel, UKarl Jasper, UJurgen Habermas o UHannah Arendt. Sikweluleka ukuthi uvakashele izakhiwo zayo zomlando kanye namakilasi akhona amadala kakhulu. Ngalo mqondo, ucingo luvelele High University, isakhiwo se-baroque esihlala ihholo lomhlangano eliwumbukwane. Kodwa kukhona nezinye izikhala curious ukubona esikhungweni.

Ijele Lomfundi

ijele labafundi

Ijele labafundi

Isibonelo esihle salokhu esisanda kukutshela kona yileli okuthiwa yijele labafundi. Kuyilokho okucabangayo ngokwezwi nezwi. Eqinisweni, iminyaka engamakhulu amahlanu (kuze kube ngu-1886) inyuvesi yayinakho ukuzimela ngokomthetho ngabafundi bakhe. Ngakho-ke, kusukela ngo-1823, kwamiswa ijele ukuze kugcinwe labo abenza amacala amabi noma abenza iphutha.

Nakuba, ngokunengqondo, ayisasebenzi, ungavakashela amaseli ayo, izindonga zawo zigcwele imidwebo. Nokho, njengelukuluku sizokutshela ukuthi, ngesikhathi begwetshwa, abafundi baqhubeka nokuya emakilasini. Umehluko wawuwukuthi, ekupheleni kwalezi, kwadingeka babuyele endaweni yabo ngasese.

Umgwaqo wabahamba ngezinyawo wase-Haupstrasse

Hauptstrasse

Ukubuka kwe- Hauptstrasse

Omunye wemisebenzi yokuqala eyenziwa izivakashi eziya e-Heidelberg ukuhamba ngezinyawo kulo mgwaqo, okuwumgwaqo omude kakhulu wohlobo lwabahamba ngezinyawo eJalimane. Ngokuqondile, isukela ku- Bismarck Square, lapho ezokuthutha zigxile khona, kuze kube lokho kweMakethe, inhliziyo yesikhungo somlando futhi esizokhuluma nawe ngezansi.

Kuyinjabulo ukuhamba kuyo ubuka izakhiwo eziningi zesitayela se-baroque ezikhona. Phakathi kwabo, bazobamba ukunaka kwakho izindlu zikaMeder kanye neGiant. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ngezitolo zayo eziningi, iyindawo efanelekile yokuthi uthenge. Kukhona futhi iminyuziyamu kuwo. Ngokwesibonelo, ku Palais Morass une iPalatine kwezobuciko kanye nemivubukulo kanye naku Palais Weimar el ye-Ethnology.

I-Heidelberg Market Square

Emakethe

I-Market Square, i-eksisi yesikhungo somlando sase-Heidelberg

Njengoba sikutshelile, ingenye yemikhawulo ye-Haupstrasse futhi ikunikeza, okungenani, izinto eziningi ezikhangayo njengayo. Iwumgogodla wedolobha lasendulo futhi umsuka walo usukela ekhulwini le-13. Ngaleso sikhathi kwakuyindawo lapho abalimi abazungezile bazinza khona ukuze bathengise imikhiqizo yabo.

Lelo siko alikalahleki futhi usengathola zonke izinhlobo zezinto lapho namuhla. Ngaphezu kwalokho, igubha i izimakethe zikakhisimusi futhi iyindawo ekahle yokuhlala umpheme futhi ujabulele ikhofi ukubukela upopayi.

Esikhungweni sayo, unayo Umthombo we-Hercules, enomfanekiso weqhawe lasenganekwaneni ewuhlobise. Kodwa, ngaphezu kwakho konke, esigcawini unezikhumbuzo ezintathu ezinhle kakhulu e-Heidelberg. Lezi yisakhiwo seDolobha, iBandla likaMoya oNgcwele kanye neZumm Ritter House. Okulandelayo, sizokhuluma nawe ngazo.

IBandla likaMoya oNgcwele

ISonto

IBandla likaMoya oNgcwele

Leli thempeli eliwumbukwane lakhiwa ezinsalela zethempeli laseRoma langaphambili ekuqaleni kwekhulu le-15. Ngakho-ke, iphendula kuma-canon of the IsiGothic futhi ngisho nombhoshongo wayo uyiminyaka eyikhulu kamuva. Umsebenzi wawo kwakuwukusebenza njengendawo yokungcwaba abavoti bePalatinate, izicukuthwane ezazibusa isifunda saseRhine eMbusweni Omdala.

Fue URupert III, omunye wabo, owayala ukwakhiwa kwayo futhi, ngokunembile, phakathi neMpi Yokulandelana kwePalatine yabhekana nomlilo omubi (1693). Ngakolunye uhlangothi, izinguquko zekhulu lama-XNUMX zabangela lokho okuthiwa Heidelberg ingxabano. Amafasitela ezingilazi ezinemibala akhishwe kumdwebi Johannes Schreiter Basusa impikiswano lapho wonke umuntu kusukela kubafundi bezenkolo kuya kubahlaziyi bezobuciko, kuhlanganise nomakhelwane, bahlanganyela khona.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, isonto lalihlala I-Biblioteca Palatina, eyayibaluleke kakhulu kulo lonke elaseJalimane ngesikhathi seRenaissance futhi, okwamanje, esatshalaliswa phakathi kwe I-Vatican futhi i Inyuvesi yaseHeidelberg.

I-Zum Ritter House

I-Zum Ritter House

Indlu ebabazekayo iZum Ritter, okuyindlu endala kunazo zonke e-Heidelberg

Yaziwa nangokuthi House of the Knight of St. George, iwukwakhiwa kwezindlu ezindala kunazo zonke edolobheni. Yakhiwa ngo-1592 nge-oda lika- UCharles Belier, umthengisi wendwangu waseHabsburg. Ngakho-ke, yisakhiwo se Isitayela se-Renaissance futhi, okwamanje, isebenza njengehhotela, nakuba ivikelekile. Njengelukuluku, sizokutshela ukuthi umbhali waseFrance Víctor Hugo Wayethathekile nguye.

I-Heidelberg City Hall

I-Heidelberg City Hall

I-Heidelberg City Hall yamanje

Kuwukwakhiwa i-baroque kusukela ekuqaleni kwekhulu le-1693. Yakhiwa ngemuva kokuba eyedlule yashiswa emlilweni oshiwo ngenhla ka-XNUMX futhi ilandela izinhlelo zayo. Ngokulandelayo, iye yandiswa. Ngale ndlela, uphiko olusenyakatho luyi-neo-Renaissance kusukela ngekhulu le-XNUMX kanti uphiko oluseningizimu yi-neo-baroque kusukela kuma-XNUMX. Kweyokuqala kulawa kunehholo elikhulu lomhlangano elihlotshiswe ngemisebenzi ka UKarl Hoffacker.

I-Heidelberg Castle

Castillo

Inqaba ebabazekayo yedolobha laseJalimane

Manje sesishiya i-Market Square ukuze sikhulume nawe mayelana nokuthi mhlawumbe iyiphi itshe lesikhumbuzo elibaluleke kakhulu e-Heidelberg. Imayelana isigodlo sangeNkathi Ephakathi, eyaqala ekuqaleni kwekhulu le-13. Kodwa-ke, izakhi zeRenaissance zanezelwa ezayenza yaba enye yezakhiwo ezibaluleke kakhulu zalesi sitayela enyakatho ye-Alps.

Busa idolobha kusukela egqumeni UKönigstuhl futhi ungafika lapho ngezinyawo noma nge-funicular. Iphrofayili yakhona ayinaphutha ngoba yakhiwe ngayo isihlabathi esibomvu ye-Neckar Valley futhi, ngemva kwesikhathi sokuncipha, yahlaba umxhwele abacabangi be-Romanticism. Kakade ngekhulu lama-20 yayibuyiselwe kancane futhi namuhla ingenye yezindawo ezikhangayo zokuvakasha zedolobha laseJalimane. Kodwa futhi inokumangala okulindelwe.

I-German Pharmacy Museum

Pharmacy Museum

Elinye lamakamelo e-German Pharmacy Museum

Kwesinye sezakhiwo zeRenaissance yenqaba unalo mnyuziyamu wokuqala. Ngaphakathi, uzobona Ayenjani amakhemisi? (ngaleso sikhathi esibizwa ngokuthi ama-apothecaries) phakathi kwekhulu le-17 nele-19. Uzothola neqoqo elihle lezitsha abazisebenzisayo ezenziwe ngezitsha zobumba ezipendwe ngemibalabala, ingilazi kanye ne-majolica.

Akukho okushodayo elebhu kwasokhemisi akekho ngisho omuhle i-jardín lapho kutshalwa khona izitshalo ezisetshenziselwa ukudala imithi. Ukusetshenziswa kwayo kakade kubhalwe ngekhulu le-16, ikakhulukazi, ngo Philipp Stefan Sprenger, i-apothecary yeNkantolo Yokhetho ngaleso sikhathi.

I-Philosophers' Walk

Isibindi

Enye yezingadi zase-Heidelberg

Njengoba sesike sakutshela, i-Heidelberg yayiyisikhungo samasiko esibalulekile kusukela ngeNkathi Ephakathi sibonga inyuvesi yayo. Ngakho-ke, akumangalisi ukuthi inohambo olunikezelwe izazi zefilosofi. Mhlawumbe ongqondongqondo abaningi baklame imisebenzi yabo behamba ngalo mzila oseceleni kwentaba yase Heilingenberg.

Ukuhamba kuyo kungenye yemisebenzi ephumule kakhulu ongayenza edolobheni laseJalimane. Futhi uye imibono eminingana ikunikeza ukubukwa okuyigugu kwe-Neckar River Valley.

Karlsplatz

I-Rosshirt

I-Rosshirt, eKarlsplatz

La UMbusi omkhulu uKarl Friedrich von Baden Square Ngenye yezinhle kakhulu e-Heidelberg. Kuyo unezakhiwo ezinjengalezi I-Academy of Sciences and Humanities, the I-Rosshirt noma i Palais Boisseree. Lesi sakamuva siyisithabathaba sesitayela se-baroque esakhiwe ekuqaleni kwekhulu le-18 ngumndeni wakwa-von Sickingen.

Isakhiwo se-Rosshirt esishiwo ngenhla singesikhathi esifanayo nesitayela sezakhiwo, empeleni, izindlu ezimbili ezihlangene ndawonye. Ukwengeza, phakathi nendawo yesikwele kukhona umthombo onomfanekiso okhokha intela kumcabango weRenaissance. Sebastian Munster, owahlala iminyaka embalwa eHeidelberg.

Ibhuloho elidala, olunye uphawu lwe-Heidelberg

Ibhuloho Elidala

Ibhuloho elidala noma uKarl Theodor

Iqanjwe ngokusemthethweni nguKarl Theodor, ingenye yezindala kakhulu eJalimane, njengoba isilotshiwe kakade ngonyaka ka-1284. Nokho, esamanje sakhiwa ngo-1788. Naso saqhunyiswa ingxenye ethile phakathi neMpi Yezwe Yesibili, ngakho kwadingeka yakhiwe kabusha.

Njengenqaba yaleli dolobha, yakhiwe ngetshe lesanti elibomvu futhi injalo Isitayela se-Baroque. Esinye sezici zayo ezivelele kakhulu umbukwane umnyango ohlangothini lwawo olungaseningizimu, enemibhoshongo emibili emikhulu ngamamitha angamashumi amabili nesishiyagalombili ukuphakama. Lezi zaziyingxenye yodonga oludala lwenkathi ephakathi futhi zingamaGothic, nakuba uphahla lwazo lwafakwa ngo-1788 futhi lusabela kuBaroque.

Isonto lamaJesuit

Isonto lamaJesuit

Isonto lamaJesuit enkabeni ye-Heidelberg

Futhi i-baroque, njengoba lakhiwa maphakathi nekhulu le-18. Kanye nalo kaMoya oNgcwele, esesike sawubalula futhi ofana nawo okuthile, ubaluleke kakhulu edolobheni. Njengempahla eluhlaza yokwakhiwa kwayo, i-sandstone ebomvu yasetshenziswa, futhi, okwenza igqame kakhulu. Futhi, eduze kwakho, unokuthakaselayo Museum of Sacred Art and Liturgy.

I-Schwetzingen Palace

Isigodlo

I-facade eyinhloko yeSchwetzingen Palace

Nakuba sasikhona esinye esandulele kusukela ekhulwini le-14, lesi sigodlo sahlehlela emuva ekhulwini le-17 futhi sathola ukunwetshwa kamuva. Uzoyithola emaphethelweni e-Heidelberg, ngase- Mannheim, futhi yayiyindawo yokuhlala yasehlobo yezikhulu ezikhethiwe zasePalatinate UCharles Philip III y UCarlos Theodore.

Kuyinkimbinkimbi ewumbukwane ehlanganisa ndawonye izakhiwo ze-baroque ne-neoclassical, kanye nabanye izingadi ezimangalisayo. Phakathi kweyokuqala, ngaphezu kwesigodlo ngokwaso, kukhona indawo yaseshashalazini namathempeli ahlukene. Futhi, mayelana nokugcina, kukhona isitayela sesiFulentshi, kodwa futhi nesiNgisi ngisho nesiTurkey.

Umfula iNeckar

I-Neckar River

Umfula i-Neckar, ongahamba kuwo ngomkhumbi

Ukuze uqedele ukuhlala kwakho e-Heidelberg, sikweluleka ukuthi ukwenze ukuhamba ngomkhumbi eMfuleni iNeckar. Ngaphezu kwalokho, unezinketho ezimbili: emfushane ikuvumela ukuthi ucabange ngendawo ezungezile yedolobha, kuyilapho isikhathi eside sikuyisa edolobheni I-Neckarsteinach, futhi ngasemfuleni futhi endaweni ezungezile kukhona izinqaba ezine zezinganekwane.

Sengiphetha, sikubonise izinto eziyishumi nanhlanu okufanele uzibone futhi uzenze kuzo Heidelberg, idolobha elihle lase Alemania. Njengoba ubona, ziningi izinto ezikhangayo enazo. Woza uzomhlangabeza.


Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

*

*