ITrabizond, idolobha uMarco Polo athandana nalo

ITrabizond, idolobha uMarco Polo athandana nalo

ITrabizond, idolobha uMarco Polo athandana nalo, idolobha elihle laseTurkey eliphumule ogwini loLwandle Olumnyama.

Liyidolobha elinomlando wamakhulu eminyaka, futhi ngenxa yaleso sizathu ligcina amagugu amasiko asamangaza izivakashi zalo namuhla. Asimazi uTrabzon.

Trabzon

Trabizond, Turkey

Njengoba sishilo, idolobha ukuthi Isogwini loLwandle Olumnyama futhi iyinhloko-dolobha yesinye sezifundazwe ezakha iTürkiye. Kuphakathi kolwandle kanye ngaphansi kwePontic Alps.

Idolobha Yasungulwa ngekhulu lesi-8 BC ngabathengisi bamaGreki abavela eMilethu, kodwa inkathi ecebe kakhulu yayingaphansi kombuso wamaRoma, futhi kusukela ngaleso sikhathi kuqhubeke yaba nezinguquko zokuchuma nokuncipha, kwaze kwaba yilapho kuyisikhathi soMbuso WaseByzantium. Kwakungekhulu lesi-9 lapho yaba khona indawo yokuthenga ne-Oriente.

Lesi simo esihle sagubuzeleka emakhulwini eminyaka kamuva lapho kwakhiwa iSuez Canal, ngokuqondile maphakathi nekhulu le-19, futhi ujantshi wesitimela wabekwa phakathi kweTehran neTbilisi.

Yini ongayibona eTrabzon

Ichibi Karagol, Trabzon

Idolobha lesibili ngobukhulu esifundeni saseTurkey Black Sea, futhi Kuvame ukubizwa ngokuthi "umakoti woLwandle Olumnyama". Namuhla iyisikhungo sezokuvakasha esaziwa ngokuba yi- indawo yokuzalwa ye-Ottoman sultan Suleiman the Magnificent.

Ngenxa yengxubevange yamasiko kuwo wonke umlando, iqiniso liwukuthi isiphathele izinto eziningi ezikhangayo zamasiko nezemvelo.

Ichibi Karagol

Ake siqale: singaya ku gibela isikebhe eLake Karagol. Lesi sibuko samanzi esihle sifakwe eNtabeni i-Anamas futhi singesinye sezintaba amachibi ahlaba umxhwele kakhulu futhi azolile emhlabeni. Icishe ibe ngamamitha angu-2625 ukuphakama futhi izungezwe iziqongo zezintaba kanye nezwe elihle lezitshalo nezilwane.

Abavakashi bangakwazi ukuqasha isikebhe sokugwedla futhi uthathe uhambahamba uzungeze leli chibi elihle lemvelaphi yentaba-mlilo noma uze ukuzobona Artvin Muratli Dam eseduze kakhulu.

Bedesten Bazaar, Trabzon

Abantu baseTurkey badume ngama-bazaars abo futhi akukho ukushoda kweyodwa lapha: yiyona Bedesten Bazaar, ephakathi kwedolobha, enophahla, futhi enomuzwa omdala. Lapha ungakwazi ukuhambahamba futhi uthenge okuncane kwakho konke, kusukela emisebenzini yezandla namakata kuya ekuhlobiseni izingubo zesitayela saseTurkey nezinto zokuhlobisa.

Kumele kushiwo ukuthi ukwakheka kwe-bazaar nakho kuyamangalisa, kusukela khumbula ithempeli noma isonto, enezicabha ezinamakhothamo, amaphasishi nezindonga ezenziwe ngamatshe, zonke zine- isitayela esijwayelekile sekhulu le-16. Futhi ngokusobala, akukho ukuthenga ngaphandle kokugebenga lapha. I-bazaar kuvulwa kusukela ngo-10 ekuseni kuye ku-11 ntambama.

I-Trabzon Castle

Enye yezindawo zomlando zeTrabizond yi- I-Trabzon Castle, inqaba eyingxenye yezindonga zasendulo ezizungeze ingxenye endala yedolobha futhi efinyelela khona kanye ugu loLwandle Olumnyama isuka esiqongweni esibheke enkabeni yedolobha.

Inqaba ibaluleke kakhulu kusukela Yakhiwa umbusi waseByzantium uJustinian ngekhulu lesi-5. ukuba ibe yinqaba nendawo yokuhlala yamakhosi nababusi bendawo amakhulu eminyaka.

I-Trabzon Castle

Isigodlo Ihlukaniswe yaba izingxenye ezintathu noma izigaba: ingxenye ephakeme kakhulu, emaphakathi nephansi, njalo inezici ze-Ottoman. Izivakashi zingahamba zizungeze indawo ezungezile ukuze zijabulele kusukela ngaphandle futhi zingakwazi Khwela emibhoshongweni ukuze ujabulele ukubukwa okuhlaba umxhwele kwe-panoramic ukuthi ukuphakama kwabo kunikeza.

Le nqaba itholakala kalula eduze kwezinye izindawo ezikhangayo zaseTrabzon njengeHagia Sofia Museum, Ataturk Mansion kanye neTrabzon Museum.

Trabzon Museum

El Trabzon Museum Yindawo engcono kakhulu yokufunda ngomlando wedolobha futhi ubone izinto ngisho nezingubo zendabuko zenkathi ye-Ottoman: kukhona izitsha zobumba, ubucwebe, amathuluzi nezinhlamvu zemali, isibonelo, nobuciko baseByzantine obunama-mosaic, amafrescoes nemifanekiso yenkolo noma izinto. ezibonisa impilo yansuku zonke namasiko abantu bendawo ngokuhamba kwesikhathi.

Ngokuphathelene ne I-Atartuk Mansion yiyona indawo yokuhlala yasehlobo kaMustafa Kemal Ataturk, umsunguli weTürkiye yesimanje. Izungezwe izingadi ezinhle futhi ungafunda okwengeziwe ngempilo nomsebenzi walo sopolitiki kusukela namuhla indlu ngumnyuziyamu.

I-Atartuk Mansion

UMongameli u-Ataturk wayephethe kusukela ngo-1921 kuya ku-1932, ekuqaleni kwe-republic yesimanje. Indlu yayiyindawo yezenzakalo ezibalulekile zomlando phakathi neMpi Yenkululeko YaseTurkey nalapho kwahlelwa khona izinguquko ezinkulu zezwe.

Yayeka ukuba yindawo yokuhlala esemthethweni ngesikhathi kwakhiwa indawo ebizwa ngokuthi iPink Mansion eduze kwayo, futhi Ngo-1950 yaba umnyuziyamu. Inezitezi ezimbili, yakhiwe ngokhuni futhi inengadi. Konke ifenisha ngaphakathi ingeyokuqala futhi babengabakwa-Atatürk futhi, yebo, uzobona izindondo, izincwadi nezingubo zakhe. Ungafunda konke lokho nokunye okwengeziwe uma uvakashela le myuziyamu etholakala ku-Cancaya Street, ekhempasini yegama elifanayo.

I-Sumela Monastery, eTrabizond, idolobha uMarco Polo athandana nalo

Bude buduze neTrabzon ihlaba umxhwele Sumela Monastery. Kungokwesivumelwano se- Isonto Lama-Greek Orthodox futhi liyingcebo ngempela Yakhiwe emaweni eNtaba iMela, enokubukwa okumangalisayo kwendawo ezungezile.

I-monastery inomlando omude futhi ocebile ukuthi ihlehlela emuva ekhulwini lesi-4 futhi iyisakhiwo esihle sezakhiwo zaseByzantium esibaluleke kakhulu ngokwenkolo. Ngaphakathi uyabona ama-frescoes, amasonto ayo kanye namakamelo agujwe edwaleni ngokwalo.

Sumela Monastery

Ukuze ufike eSumela Monastery kufanele ugibele kancane futhi uhambe e-Altindere National Park, indawo eluhlaza kakhulu enezimpophoma. Muhle umkhondo, awuchitheki nomzuzwana.

Iqiniso liwukuthi kunezindawo eziningi lapho ungajabulela khona imibono eminingi emangalisayo yeTrabzon, njengoba kungenzeka ukuthi ufunde, kodwa lapha ngengeza enye: the I-Boztepe Hill.

I-Boztepe Hill

I-Boztepe Hill Yindawo evakashelwa kakhulu kodwa hhayi ngaphansi muhle ngalokho. Kuwuhambo olufushane ukusuka eTrabzon, ulibangise eningizimu-mpumalanga. Kuphinde kube indawo yezenkolo, abefundisi bafika lapha emakhulwini eminyaka adlule futhi Kuyikhaya leSan Juan Spring.

I-Beztepe Hill

Imibono evela egqumeni mihle, kokubili kwedolobha kanye nemvelo enhle ezungezile. Ungaya phezulu usebenzisa i-cableway futhi kusukela phezulu ujabulele ukubukwa fabulous of the Black Sea port, idolobha kanye nezintaba.

Ingabe ungumhambi ojabulela i-adventure, imisebenzi ethokozisayo? Well Trabzon futhi ikunikeza okuthile: ungakwazi ukuhamba nge-paraglide e-Uzungul noma e-Uzungöl noma uyokhempa.

Uzungöl

Idolobha I-Uzungol, nechibi layo, iseduze futhi iyindawo enhle kakhulu nenhle kakhulu. Eqinisweni, yonke indawo inamachibi nemvelo ekhangayo, amahlathi aminyene, amagquma aluhlaza, izintaba ezineziqongo ezimbozwe yiqhwa...

Leli elinye ichibi cishe amakhilomitha angama-20 ukusuka eTrabzon, esifundeni esingumakhelwane saseCaykara, futhi ngamamitha angu-1100 ngaphezu kwezinga lolwandle. Ungahamba ngezinyawo, ujabulele ukudla okujwayelekile kwaseTurkey kwelinye lamathilomu nezindawo zokudlela ogwini lwayo, ukuqasha ibhayisikili, hamba izintaba noma, njengoba sishilo, i-paragliding. Futhi ngisho ukwenza izindiza ezinophephela emhlane ezincane noma uhlale ukhempa!

I-Hamsikoy

Uma ungumthandi we-ski futhi uhamba ebusika ungakwazi njalo ukwenza into yakho e- I-Hamsikoy ski slopes. Ingenye yezindawo zokushushuluza eqhweni ezibalulekile enyakatho yeTurkey futhi ekuqaleni ibikuSilk Road. Muhle umuzi, emithambekeni yeNtaba iZigana, futhi iyingxenye yesifunda saseMacka, ngaphakathi kweTrabzon.

Ngale kwemithambeka yayo yokushushuluza ungayivakashela nganoma yisiphi isikhathi sonyaka ukuze ujabulele ubuhle bayo, izimpophoma, iziphethu ezishisayo kanye nezindawo eziluhlaza. 

Imigede eTrabzon

Ekugcineni, uma uthanda ukungena emigedeni ungavakashela Calve uhlelo, enye yezimangaliso zemvelo zaseTrabzon. Imayelana uhlelo lomgede lwesibili ngobukhulu emhlabeni futhi uye amakhilomitha ayisishiyagalombili ukushona. Ihlaba umxhwele, ngama-stalactites, ama-stalagmite, izimpophoma, imifudlana namachibi.

Lona Amakhilomitha angama-47 ukusuka enkabeni yeTrabzon futhi kwaqala kwavulwa kwezokuvakasha ngo-2013. Ukwehla kuyisenzakalo esimangalisayo esiba ngcono kuphela njengoba uya ujula, nemisindo yamanzi ewa futhi egeleza, kanye nephunga likasawoti elincane.

Futhi uma uthanda amahhashi ungahamba nje Imizuzu eyi-15 ukusuka eTrabzon, ukuya e-Akcaat, idolobha elihle futhi itheku lemvelo loLwandle Olufile. Kuhle ngoba imisebenzi yangaphandle nasemadlelweni awo aluhlaza ungakwazi hamba ugibele amahhashi noma ugibele i-jeep.

Uyazi kakade, iTürkiye ingaphezu kweKapadosiya noma i-Istanbul. Lena indawo ka-Trabizond.


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