IMongolia, ukuvakasha okungajwayelekile

Bheka imephu bese uthola iMongolia ekuyo. Ungadideki nensimu yamaShayina, kepha ikhona nje, isondele kakhulu. IMongolia iyizwe elingakhiyiwe kodwa kukhona omakhelwane abanamandla kakhulu njengeChina neRussia.

Uke wezwa ngoGenghis Khan? Yebo, wayengumMongolia futhi wayengumholi wombuso obaluleke kakhulu. Eqinisweni, iChina yayinababusi baseMongolia. Umlando wayo wezepolitiki uxakekile ngandlela thile kepha kusukela ngawo-20s wekhulu elidlule yizwe elizimele futhi uma ufuna izindawo ezingajwayelekile… Ucabangani ngalokhu?

Mongolia

Liyizwe elikhulu kodwa ngasikhathi sinye linezakhamuzi ezimbalwa kakhulu ngekhilomitha-skwele lendawo engaphezulu. Nanamuhla iningi labo lingabantu abazulazulayo nabangamahambima futhi yize iningi labo lingelesizwe samaMongolia kukhona nezinhlanga ezimbalwa.

Ukubukeka kwayo kubuswa yi Ugwadule lwaseGobi, iziqhingi nezintaba.  Amahhashi akhe adumile, ngawo uGenghis Khan wakha umbuso wakhe futhi kwaba ngomunye wabazukulu bakhe owasungula iYuan Dynasty eChina uMarco Polo akhuluma ngayo ezindabeni zakhe zokuvakasha.

AmaMongol alwa isikhathi eside namaManchu, esinye sezizwe ezafika ukuzobusa umbuso waseChina, kwaze kwathi ekugcineni le ndawo yahlukaniswa yaba yiriphabhulikhi ezimele kanye nendawo yamaShayina ebizwa namuhla i-Inner Mongolia.

Inhlokodolobha yayo yi-Ulaanbaatar, idolobha elibandayo uma likhona uma kusebusika. Bangakwazi ukwenza -45 ºC! Ngokusobala, ngeke kuhanjwe ebusika ngaphandle kokuthi ufuna ukuzwa ukuthi yiziphi iziboshwa zikaStalin okumelwe ukuba zazibhekane nazo ekudingisweni kwazo okumangazayo ... Umnotho waseMongolia usekelwe kwimithombo yawo yemvelo, amalahle, uwoyela nethusi ngokuyisisekelo.

Ungafika kanjani eMongolia

Isikhumulo sezindiza iGenghis Khan International cishe ngamakhilomitha ayi-18 eningizimu-ntshonalanga ye-Ulaanbaatar. I-Korean Air, i-Air China, i-Mongolian Airlines, i-Aeroflot noma i-Turkish igcina izindiza ezijwayelekile, phakathi kwezinye izinkampani, ngakho-ke Ungafika ngendiza eqonde ngqo evela eJalimane, eJapan, eHong Kong, eTurkey, eRussia naseChina futhi ngokuxhumana okuvela emhlabeni wonke.

Uma nawe ungumuntu omusha kukhona iTrans-Siberian Train edumile, ende kunazo zonke emhlabeni. Ukusuka eBeijing kuya eSaint Petersburg cishe kungamakhilomitha ayizinkulungwane eziyisishiyagalombili futhi yilona gatsha leTrans Mongol elisuka emngceleni waseRussia lidlule e-Ulaanbaatar liye emngceleni waseChina. Yeka uhambo! Amakhilomitha ayi-1.100 esewonke asebenza ngaphakathi kweMongolia. Ukwenza uhambo kulesi sitimela kungumuzwa omuhle kukodwa, ngale kwalapho uya khona. Kufana nohambo oluya e-Ithaca.

Abaningi bakhetha ukuthatha uhambo lwaseMoscow - Ulaanbaatar - Beijing. Phakathi kweMoscow ne-Ulaanbaatar kuyizinsuku ezinhlanu kanti ukusuka eBeijing kuya e-Ulaanbaatar kungamahora angama-36. Ikalishi ngalinye linamakamelo ayisishiyagalolunye anemibhede emine futhi ngemali ethe xaxa uthola amakamelo angamawele. Amathikithi athengwa ku-inthanethi kusuka kusayithi www.eticket-ubtz.mn/mn futhi kufanele athengwe kusasele inyanga eyodwa.

Kepha nini ukuya eMongolia? Njengoba sishilo ubusika bunzima kakhulu. Isimo sezulu lapha sidlulele kepha ilanga lihlala likhanya futhi lokho kuhle kakhulu. IMongolia ithokozela ilanga elingaphezu kwezinsuku ezingama-200 ngakho isibhakabhaka sayo sihlala siluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka cishe unyaka wonke. Ubuhle. Noma kunjalo Isikhathi sezivakashi siqala ngoMeyi kuya kuSepthemba yize kufanele ukhumbule ukuthi isimo sezulu siyahluka ngokuya ngengxenye yezwe. Lina kakhulu kusukela ngoJulayi kuya ku-Agasti, Yebo kunjalo.

Isikhathi esihle sokuya eMongolia siphakathi noJulayi. Kunabantu abaningi kepha kufanelekile ngoba kulapho i- Umkhosi weNational Naadam esizokhuluma ngakho ngokuhamba kwesikhathi. Ekugcineni, uyayidinga i-visa? Amanye amazwe awakwenzi, kepha akuyona iningi. Noma kunjalo i-visa icutshungulwa kumanxusa kanye namanxusa Futhi uma kungekho neyodwa ezweni lakini, ungafaka isicelo sezwe elingumakhelwane wakho elinalo noma ulithole lapho ufika, kepha luyinkimbinkimbi ngolimi.

I-visa yabavakashi yizinsuku ezingama-30 futhi uma usuyitholile, kuvumelekile ukuthi usetshenziswe ezinyangeni ezintathu ezizayo ozokhishwa ngayo. Ngezinqubo bacela incwadi yesimemo ngakho-ke uma uya ohambweni oluhlelekile ubuza i-ejensi. Kuze kube sekupheleni kuka-2015 amanye amazwe ayekhululwa kuma-visa kepha kwakungokwenyusa ezokuvakasha (iSpain yayikulolo hlu), kepha kuthiwa ukukhushulwa sekuvele kuphelile ngakho qinisekisa ngaphambi kokuhambela.

Yini ongayibona eMongolia

Uma sibheka iMongolia ebalazweni singakwehlukanisa ezifundeni ezahlukahlukene ngokwamaphoyinti amakhulu. Inhlokodolobha isendaweni emaphakathi futhi ngokuqinisekile kuzoba isango lakho ngakho-ke nalu uhlu lwe- ongakubona e-Ulaanbaatar:

  • Isikwele Sukhbaatar. Yisikwele esikhulu futhi sinesithombe salo mfana phakathi, umlisa othandwa kakhulu. Cishe kukhona iBallet ne-Opera Theatre, i-Cultural Palace nePhalamende, ngokwesibonelo.
  • Isigodlo saseGandan. Inendawo yayo kusukela ngo-1838 kodwa ngaphambi kokuba ibe senhliziyweni yenhlokodolobha. Ikhule kakhulu kusukela lapho futhi namuhla ihlala izindela ezingamaBuddha ezingaba ngu-5 40. UbuBuddha bahlupheka ngaphansi kobuKhomanisi namathempeli amahlanu esigodlo okukhulunywa ngaso abhujiswa. Ngokuwa kweSoviet Union, konke kwaxegiswa, isigodlo sabuyiselwa futhi namuhla sinokuphila okuningi. IneBuddha ephakeme ngamamitha angama-XNUMX.
  • UMuseo Nacional de Historia. Kungcono kakhulu ukucwilisa umlando wezwe kusuka ku-Stone Age kuze kube sekhulwini lama-XNUMX.
  • UMnyuziyamu Kazwelonke Wezomlando Wezemvelo. Kuyafana, kepha ukwazi ngokujula izimbali, izilwane nezwe laleli zwe elikude. Amathambo eDinosaur awasweleki,
  • IBogd Khan Palace Museum. Ngenhlanhla abaseSoviet abayibhubhisanga ekuhlanzeni ababhubhisayo ababekuhola ngawo-30. Lesi bekuyisigodlo sasebusika iBogd Khan futhi namuhla siyigcinamagugu. Lesi sakhiwo sisukela ngekhulu le-XNUMX kanti uBogd Khan wayeyinkosi yokugcina no-Living Buddha. Kunamathempeli ayisithupha amahle ezingadini zawo.

Ngamafuphi, yilokhu okunikezwa idolobha, kepha emaphethelweni ungazi phakathi kwezinye izindawo okulandelayo:

  • IBogd Khan Mountain National Park. Kuseningizimu yenhlokodolobha futhi empeleni kuyinkimbinkimbi yezintaba enemidwebo yomhume nezinhlobonhlobo zezimbali nezilwane. Ngaphakathi kunesigodlo esidala sekhulu le-20th elinamathempeli azungeze ama-XNUMX nemibono ekhazimulayo yesigodi.
  • IPaki Kazwelonke yaseGorkhi-Terelj. Kungamakhilomitha angama-80 ukusuka edolobheni futhi unikezela ngezokuvakasha eziningi zangaphandle njengokuhamba izintaba, ukugibela amahhashi, ukuhamba ngebhayisikili ezintabeni nokuningi. Yisigodi esihle esakhiwe ngendlela eyinqaba emadwaleni, iziqongo ezimbozwe ngophayini, namadlelo aluhlaza agcwele izimbali zasendle.
  • Isiqiwu semvelo seGun Galuut. Indawo enhle kakhulu uma uthanda izilwane, amachibi, izintaba, imifula ngisho namaxhaphozi. Konke ekubhukheni okufanayo.
  • IKhustai Nature Reserve. Kungamakhilomitha angama-95 ukusuka enhlokodolobha futhi amahhashi asendle okugcina emhlabeni ahlala lapho. Zaziwa ngegama lamahhashi kaPrzewalski, ngemuva komhloli wamazwe wasePoland owazibona ngo-1878, futhi ngemuva kokuba sezicishe zaphela namuhla ziyizinhlobo ezivikelwe.

Kulesi sihloko sokuqala mayelana neMongolia sigxila ekunikezeni ulwazi mayelana nezwe, ukuthi ungafika kanjani lapho, lokho okudingeka ungene nezindawo eziheha kakhulu enhlokodolobha nezindawo ezizungezile. Kepha njengoba sishilo, iMongolia inkulu ngakho-ke sizoqhubeka nokuyithola sisonke.

Ingabe ufuna ukubhukha umhlahlandlela?

Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1.   santiago kusho

    Sawubona Mariela, unjani? Okokuqala, ngiyabonga ngenothi nedatha oyishicilelayo. Ngihlela ngonyaka ozayo ukwenza i-trans-cyberian isuka eRussia iye eBeijing (eMoscow ngokunembile) futhi ngingathanda ukuhlala izinsuku ezimbalwa eMongolia. Kepha engikuthandayo eMongolia ezokuvakasha zasemakhaya, kude nedolobha. Ngabe unolunye ulwazi ngalokhu? Njengokwazi ukukanisa kulawo matende adumile, noma izinto ezinjalo.
    Ngiyabonga kusengaphambili ngosizo lwakho. Ngivele ngabhala phansi izinsuku ezikahle zokuhamba kanye nencwadi yesincomo ukuze ngikwazi ukufaka, idatha yokhiye.
    Ukubingelela okuvela e-Argentina.
    Santiago