Amadolobha amahle kakhulu e-Huesca

I-Huesca, amadolobha amahle e-Huesca

Imaphi amadolobha amahle kakhulu e-Huesca? Huesca iyisifundazwe saseSpain, umasipala nedolobha, enyakatho yomphakathi we I-Aragon. Ihlala eSigodini sase-Ebro kanye nePyrenees, ngakho indawo yayo inezintaba nemifula egeleza phakathi kwayo.

I-Huesca inamadolobha amaningi amahle, amadolobha angavakashelwa ngokulandela umzila wezokuvakasha wasemaphandleni. Asihlangane namuhla amadolobha amahle kakhulu e-Huesca.

Ayinsa

I-Ainsa, idolobha elihle e-Huesca

Ohlwini lwethu lwe amadolobha amahle kakhulu eHuesca Siqala ukuhlangana no-Aínsa: a idolobhana elihle lenkathi ephakathi maphakathi nesigodi lapho iPeña Montañesa engamamitha angama-2295 igcwele khona. Lokhu esifundeni Sobrarte futhi engxenyeni yendawo yayo kukhona iGuara Canyons kanye neSierra Natural Park.

Yazalwa njengenqaba ngekhulu le-XNUMX nezintelezi zakhe zamnika ukuqashelwa Indawo Yomlando-Yobuciko ngo-1965 ngemva kokubuyiselwa ngokuphelele. Ayinsa KuyiNhlokodolobha Yezokuvakasha Zasemakhaya futhi isikhungo sakhona esingokomlando siyindawo enhle, enemigwaqo yamatshe amatshe anyakazayo lapha nalaphaya.

Imvelaphi yalesi sikhungo esiyingqopha-mlando ilapho kuhlangana khona imifula emibili, i-Ara neCinca, futhi yakhiwe yimigwaqo emibili, iSanta Cruz kanye neMeya, yomibili iphelela ePlaza Mayor. Bese kuba nenqaba ene-esplanade yayo ebanzi futhi nayo Ithempeli Lesiphambano Esihlanganisiwe ehlehlela emuva ku-1665. Yitshe lesikhumbuzo elakhiwa uMkhandlu Jikelele wase-Aragon ekhumbula ukunqoba kwamaKrestu phezu kwamaMuslim ekhulwini lesi-XNUMX.

I-Aínsa, idolobha elihle e-Huesca

Enhle I-Aínsa Castle Ihlehlela emuva ekhulwini le-1124 futhi yayiyingxenye yophiko lokuvikela lobuKristu ezindaweni zayo. Idolobhana elibiyelwe ngodonga lazalelwa lapha ngeNkathi Ephakathi, elalizoba inhloko-dolobha yesifunda saseSobrarbe ekugcineni. Ngo-XNUMX u-Alfonso ngayinika i-Puebla Charter, ngihlonipha idolobha futhi ngiliphakamisa esigabeni ngama-charter. Ngaphezu castle ungabona Isonto lePherishi likaSaint Mary, lo Izindlu e- Bielsa enamafasitela amabili, i Izindlu e- Arnal namabha kanye ne-Plaza Mayor enhle.

Lapho i-Sobrarbe iqala ukuncipha kancane kancane, lokho kwaba nomthelela edolobheni, futhi okungenani kuze kube sekuqaleni kwekhulu lama-XNUMX impilo lapha yayicishe iphile. Imisebenzi yesimanjemanje, amabhuloho, amadamu kanye nokunye ukukhiqiza ugesi esigodini, ayizange ibe nemiphumela emihle emisebenzini yokukhiqiza yendabuko futhi okunqume ukulahlekelwa indawo yokulima kanye nokufuduka kwabantu abaningi.

U-Aínsa waqala ukuvela kule nkinga kancane kancane njenge ezokuvakasha zasemakhaya nezemvelo.

U-Alquézar

I-Alquezar, idolobha elihle e-Huesca

Ohlwini lwethu lwe Amadolobha amahle kakhulu e-Huesca, Esifundeni saseSomontano de Barbastro, kukhona ne-Alquézar, kolunye losebe lomfula iVero, ekuphakameni komhosha wayo wokugcina nangaphansi kwezintaba iBalcez ne-Olsón. Lokhu amakhilomitha angama-51 ukusuka eHuesca.

Igama likhombisa okwedlule kwama-Arab futhi kunjani: al-qasr Kwakuthiwa ezinqabeni futhi kulokhu lena ikakhulukazi Kwasebenza ukuvikela ukungena eBarbitania. Inqaba yayalelwa ukuba yakhiwe ngekhulu lesi-1069 nguJalaf ibn Rashid. Ngo-XNUMX, iNkosi uSancho Ramírez yanikeza u-Alquézar amalungelo, kodwa kwakungeyena yedwa inkosi eyayimnikeza izinzuzo kuwo wonke umlando wayo.

Namuhla kukhona amagugu okufanele uzazi: okungowakho indawo yasemadolobheni okuyinto ebukekayo, Isifunda esinikezelwe kuSaint Michael the Archangel futhi i ICollegiate Church of Santa María la Mayor eyangcweliswa ngonyaka ka-1099. Yebo, isonto lamakolishi nenqaba, yiyona efanayo eyakhiwa ama-Arab ngekhulu lesi-XNUMX ukumisa amaKristu. futhi ekugcineni wanqotshwa Sancho Ramírez.

I-Alquézar, idolobha elihle elingalibaleki e-Huesca

Njengoba amaKristu anqoba, inqaba yashiya isimo sayo sezempi futhi yaba yinkolo eyi-100%. Yayinezinguquko ezithile zesakhiwo futhi phakathi kwazo singabala ukwakhiwa kwe i-gothic cloister ngekhulu le-XNUMX, noma imifanekiso esezindongeni ze-cloister ependwe ngekhulu le-XNUMX nele-XNUMX. I-Collegiate Church yamanje yaseSanta María inesiginesha kaJuan de Segura futhi ingenye yezindawo ezivakashelwa kakhulu edolobhaneni.

Torla

Torla, idolobha elihle e Huesca

Kuyidolobhana elisenyakatho yesifundazwe, emngceleni neFrance nakuba ungekho umgwaqo ohlanganisa la mazwe womabili. Umzana Yisango eliya e-Ordesa Valley, ngaphakathi kwe-Ordesa kanye ne-Monte Perdido National Park. Lokhu amakhilomitha ayi-100 ukusuka enhlokodolobha yaseHuesca.

Torla Kusesigodini seqhwa soMfula i-Ara, ngemva kokuhlangana kwezigodi zaseBujarruelo nase-Ordesa. Leli gama libonakala lisuselwa egameni elithi Tower ngoba kwakukhona umbhoshongo owakhiwe ukuvikela indawo kumaFulentshi. Kulinganiselwa ukuthi lo mbhoshongo yilapho kumi khona isonto lamaRoma namuhla, edwaleni elibheke esigodini.

I-Torla ibala amakhulu izinganekwane eziphathelene nokuwela imingcele, abashushumbisi baseCathar bashushiswa nezindela ezinomoya wokungenisa izihambi. Ingqikithi yenkathi ephakathi iphefumulelwe yonke indawo: kukhona inqaba lapho i-Ethnographic Museum isebenza khona, isonto laseSan Salvador, izindlu ezindala kusukela ekhulwini le-XNUMX kuya kwele-XNUMX, futhi ngokuqinisekile isiko nomlando okhona emikhosini yendawo.

Anso

I-Anso, idolobha elihle e-Huesca

Kuhlu lwa amadolobha amahle kakhulu eHuesca isigodi esincane siyalandela nezakhamuzi ezingaphansi kuka-500 yini eduze komngcele neFrance: Ansó. KwakunguJames I wase-Aragon owazuzisa abantu ngamalungelo amaningana, amaningi awo okuvikela umngcele.

Kusukela njalo Umsebenzi oyinhloko wezomnotho we-Ansó kube yimfuyo, ikakhulukazi izinkomo., ngakho-ke i-transhumance iyisiko elide lapha. Kodwa yiziphi izindawo ezithakazelisayo anazo u-Ansó?

Awu, idolobha ngokwalo a ubuhle benkathi ephakathi nemigwaqo emincane nezindlu ngezinye izikhathi ezihlanganiswe ubuciko, amaphasishi empeleni amasentimitha angu-50 ububanzi. Kukhona Imnyuziyamu ye-Ethnological, the Ingcwele Museum Museum, isakhiwo saseDolobheni kanye nenhle Isonto Lepherishi laseSan Pedro ngesakhiwo sayo sokuzivikela, isitayela sayo sesiGothic, isitho sayo kanye nekhwaya yayo eyenziwe eFrance ngekhulu le-XNUMX.

Awukwazi ukuphuthelwa isithombe se Oshimula baka-Anso, iyiqoqo elihle kakhulu, alikho nelilodwa lama I-Medieval ukugcina lapho kuthiwa uBlanca II waseNavarra wayekhona noma indawo yayo yemvelo enhle lapho, ngokumangalisayo, kusenamabhere omdabu asePyrenees.

ISanta Cruz de la Serós neSan Caprasio

I-Santa Cruz de la Serós, idolobha elihle e-Huesca

Leli dolobhana elincane elibukekayo lidume ngalo Isonto laseSan Caprasio, ithempeli elincane langeNkathi Ephakathi elaqala emashumini okuqala eminyaka ekhulu le-XNUMX lapho kubusa iSancho III Omkhulu. Kukhona nethempeli elincane, i ithempeli laseSan Caprasio, Isitayela se-Lombard kanye nezilinganiso ezifanelana nendoda.

Idolobhana indawo yokuqala ngaseSigodlweni sezindela saseSan Juan de la Peña.

Jaca, idolobha elihle e-Huesca

I-Jaca, idolobha elihle e-Huesca

Kuyinto inhloko-dolobha yesifunda saseLa Jacetania futhi ingamakhilomitha angama-72 ukusuka eHuesca. Isethafeni elingamamitha angu-820 ngaphezu kogu lolwandle, eduze koMfula i-Aragón futhi yayivame ukuba, negama layo lasendulo i-Iaca, inhloko-dolobha yama-Iacetans, idolobha lasendulo elasuka ePyrenees liya emathafeni.

UMarcus Porcius Cato, inxusa laseRoma, walinqoba leli dolobha ngo-194 BC futhi wawuhlanganisa embusweni njengendawo yokugada emigwaqweni yasePyrenees, okwakwenza kwaba idolobha eliphumelelayo isikhathi esithile, kwaze kwaba yilapho uMbuso wawa futhi ukuba khona kwezigelekeqe kwenza ukuphila kwabahwebi ababehamba kuleyo migwaqo kwaba nzima.

Ekuqaleni kwekhulu le-XNUMX, iJaca yayiyinqaba yoMbuso WasePamplona, ​​izungezwe izindlu okwathi ngokuhamba kwesikhathi zaba ziningi njengoba zazinjalo. Itholakala kahle eCamino de Santiago, Ngokwesibonelo. Kodwa izifo zeNkathi Ephakathi nemililo eyenzeka cishe ekupheleni kwalesi sikhathi esingokomlando kwafaka uJaca enkingeni ejulile uFerdinand umKatolika kuphela owayezoyikhulula kuyo.

Jaca, hamba edolobheni elihle e-Huesca

Phakathi kwezinye izinto uJaca Kwakuyikomkhulu lokuqala lombuso wase-Aragon, owokuqala owamela iRiphabhulikhi futhi owokuqala ukudumisa uRamiro II iMonk. Imaphi amagugu owagcinele izivakashi zakho?

La I-Cathedral yaseSan Pedro de Jaca, isitayela se-Romanesque, ibandla lika carmen, lo I-Church of Santiago, i-Royal Monastery of the Benedictines, amanye ama-hermitages, i Inqaba yaseSan Pedro o UJaca Citadel, lo iwashi lombhoshongo, IHholo Ledolobha, iSigodlo Se-Episcopal, ibhuloho lenkathi ephakathi laseSan Miguel phezu koMfula i-Argón noma iRapitán Fort, phakathi kwabanye.

Lapha siza nohlu lwethu lwe amadolobha amahle kakhulu eHuesca. Yebo baningi abanye, uhlu kufanele lubahlanganise kodwa sikushiyela ukuthi ubazi.


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