Bologna, ukuhamba edolobheni lolwazi

Bologna

Esinye seziteshi zesitimela esimatasa kakhulu e-Italy, lapho izinsizakalo ezixhuma lonke izwe zidlula futhi zidlule, Bologna. Itholakala ngasenyakatho, iyi- inhlokodolobha yesifunda esicebile se-Emilia-Romagna futhi inomlando omude nothakazelisayo oshiye uphawu lwayo ekwakhiweni nakwamasiko alo.

Uma uhlela uhambo oluya e-Italy ngikweluleka ngokuthi ungalushiyi ngaphandle. Ngiyazi ukuthi iFlorence, iVenice noma iRoma ngokusobala ziyizindawo ezikhanga kakhulu, kepha uma uchitha izinsuku ezimbalwa eBologna uzoklonyeliswa. Kungumuzi omncane ongawuhlola ngezinyawo, inikeza i-gastronomy enhle kakhulu namathuba amahle kakhulu okuya ezitolo futhi ucwilise isiko layo.

Bologna, abafundile

Inyuvesi yaseBologna 2

Le ndlela ibizwa ngaleli dolobha leminyaka. La Docta noma La Dotta, kepha nabo bayamtshela IRossa y IGrassa, okungukuthi, Okubomvu Namanqatha. Nguye ofundile ngoba ineyunivesithi endala kunazo zonke eYurophu, Libomvu ngoba izakhiwo zalo eziningi zakhiwe ngezitini zalowo mbala ngakho-ke isikhungo esinomlando sinalo lelo phimbo, futhi yi-Grease ngoba i-gastronomy yayo iyinganekwane futhi inezinkanyezi nezitsha ezinososo benyama nokhilimu IPasta.

Ngicabanga ukuthi noma yiziphi zalezi zici ezintathu zedolobha zisebenza njengamandla odonsa izivakashi, akunjalo? Umlando usitshela ukuthi ngemuva kokuwa koMbuso WaseRoma lo muzi waba ngumngcele osongelwa ngaso sonke isikhathi ngabezizwe waze wawela ngaphansi kolawulo lweLombard. Inyuvesi yasungulwa emakhulwini eminyaka kamuva, ngo-1088, futhi wazi ukuthi angaba kanjani phakathi kwabafundi bakhe uDante, Bocaccio noPetrarca.

Bologna

Ngekhulu le-50 kwakuhlalwa phakathi kwabantu abayizinkulungwane ezingama-60 kuya kwezingama-XNUMX, inombolo impela yedolobha lasendulo. Ukuhlelwa kwawo okuyinkimbinkimbi nokuthuthukile kwakungumqondo wesikhathi lapho imikhumbi yayihamba nezindwangu ezikhiqizwe kuyo. Imindeni ecebile yakha imibhoshongo yayo yezindlu, amakhulu, nemigwaqo yagcwala ngaphezu kwamasonto, ama-abbeys nezakhiwo eziningi zomphakathi.

Izinhlupho ngeBologna zafinyelela ekhulwini leshumi nesishiyagalombili futhi yanqotshwa uNapoleon. Kamuva wahlanganisa amaPapa futhi ekugcineni waba yingxenye yoMbuso wase-Italy ngasekupheleni kwekhulu le-XNUMX. Yalimala kabi phakathi neMpi Yezwe IINgenxa yokubaluleka kwesiteshi sesitimela sayo, ngakho-ke amabhomu asemoyeni abhubhisa isikhungo sayo esinomlando.

Ngalolu lwazi olufushane engqondweni manje sesisesimweni sokukubhalisela yini ongaphuthelwa yi-Bologna. Qaphela!

Izikhangibavakashi eziphezulu e Bologna

Imnyuziyamu yokwakheka

El Palazzo Poggi Kubalwa phakathi kwabo: kuyikomkhulu leyunivesithi futhi liqukethe iminyuziyamu efanayo. Isigodlo sisukela ngekhulu le-XNUMX futhi siqukethe imisebenzi yobuciko yonke indawo. Ngokuya eminyuziyamu, iqukethe amaqoqo abalulekile wezingcezu ze-wax anatomical and obstetric, ama-antique amahle, kepha kukhona nokuqoqwa komlando wemvelo, i-optics nogesi, i-geography kanye nesayensi.

El I-International Museum kanye neLabhulali Yomculo Iqukethe imibhalo yesandla yeMozart encane kanye nezinsimbi. I- Umlando weMyuziyamu weSosha Kuqukethe amasosha amathoyizi enziwe ngephepha, insimbi, i-stucco, ipulasitiki nokhuni, izingcezu ezinhle. Kuhlelo Umnyuziyamu wamaGugu Industrial Futhi iqukethe imishini eminingi yomlando ekwakheni izindwangu zikasilika, imishini yokubacindezela esebenza kusukela ngekhulu le-XNUMX kuya kwele-XNUMX.

Umculo Museum

El Museum of Health kubuye ukuvakasha okuthakazelisayo. Ngemuva kwalokho usunayo iminyuziyamu yakudala nemipheme efana ne I-Pinacoteca Nacional, i-Archaeological Civic Museum, iMyuziyamu YaseMedieval Civic, lo Ukuqoqwa Kwezobuciko Komphakathi, the UMorandi Museum, the Imnyuziyamu yobuciko besimanje, the ICivic Museum ye-Renaissance kanye ne- I-Ebraico Museum. Umlando wedolobha uku IPalazzo Pepoli, indlunkulu ye I-Ducati Basemafemini alo mkhiqizo wemoto. Kukhona futhi i- Umlando Museum of Tapestry futhi kunomnyuziyamu onconywayo uma uthanda iMpi Yesibili: the IGrigoverde Museum. Iqukethe izimo ezinhlanu zemultimedia lapho uzizwa uyingxenye yenhlekelele yempi.

Uma uthanda amasonto nezindela kukhona Museum of San Petronio, Museum of the Cathedral kanye nengcebo yayo, iMuseo di Santo Stefano, isigodlo seBenedictine esinezithombe zasendulo nemidwebo, eyaseSan Domenico neyasendulo Isigodlo saseSan Giovani eMonte. Empeleni kuneminyuziyamu eminingi ngakho-ke kufanele wenze uhlu lwezinto ozithandayo futhi ususe ezinye uma ufuna ukwazi eziningana futhi unesikhathi esincane.

Amasonto eBologna

IBologna bese isinikeza iminyuziyamu, imidwebo yobuciko, amasonto amadala, imivubukulo yezimboni, imivubukulo evamile, izindlu zomlando nezigodlo, imithombo, amabhuloho, imisele, imibhoshongo, imibhoshongo yensimbi nemizila yomlando ongayihlola. Ukuhamba edolobheni uzongena kokuhle Umthombo waseNeptune, kusukela ngekhulu le-XNUMX, incwadi kaGiambologna ne Umthombo weVecchia, ngumbhali ofanayo.

Sishilo ngenhla kwalokho IBologna idolobha lemisele Futhi kunjalo: kuneziteshi eziningana futhi phakathi kwazo ungangena ku- umsele canle Moline futhi i Isiteshi se-Navile okwakungamakhulu ayisikhombisa eminyaka okuyisizinda esikhulu esiya oLwandle i-Adriatic. Ngokwemvelo, uma kuneziteshi, kunamabhuloho, ngakho-ke ukuhamba uzowela amanye. Ngiyakugcizelela lokhu kuhamba ngoba IBologna idolobha lokuhlola ngezinyawo ngakho-ke inikeza imizila eminingi yokuhamba ukuze uyihlole.

Imisele yaseBoli

Iqiniso ukuthi uma uhamba ngo-Okthoba iBologna ihlela izinkambo eziholwa mahhala ngaphansi kohlelo lwe-Urban trekking. Imvamisa kuyimpelasonto enohambo oluqondisiwe lwedolobha olungaphezu kwama-30. Uma uya kwesinye isikhathi sonyaka, ungabhalisela ukuvakasha kwedolobha: iCity Tour egibela ibhasi elingenophahla, ihamba emagqumeni azungeze idolobha elihlelwe phakathi kukaMashi noJuni naphakathi kukaSepthemba noNovemba, ukugibela isitimela esincane. -Imoto ewela yonke imigwaqo engokomlando yedolobha noma i- izinkambo zasebusuku.

Ikhadi Lokwamukela le-Bologna

Ikhadi le-Bologne Welcome

Idolobha linezalo ikhadi lesaphulelo sabavakashi. Inokusebenza kwe Amahora angama-48 nezindleko ezingama-euro angama-20. Ukhonza umuntu omdala nengane engaphansi kweminyaka engu-12. Kufaka phakathi i- ukungena mahhala eminyuziyamu eyi-10, ibalazwe ledolobha ngezilimi eziyisishiyagalombili ezinendlela ekhethekile yokwenza emahoreni amathathu, izaphulelo ezindaweni zokudlela nasezitolo kanye nokukhetha ukukhetha phakathi kokuvakasha okuqondisiwe kwamahora amabili esikhungweni esinomlando, ithikithi lamahora angama-24 webhasi lokuhambisa usuku lonke ngendlela engenamkhawulo noma ithikithi lokuya esikhumulweni sezindiza iMarconi.

Ungathenga leli khadi ezikhungweni zemininingwane yabavakashi: ePiazza Maggiore noma esikhumulweni sezindiza iMarconi uqobo, kodwa nasemahhotela.

Amathiphu wokuvakashela iBologna

Ukuhamba uzungeze iBologna

Isikhathi esihle sonyaka sokuya kuleli dolobha entwasahlobo noma ekwindla ngoba isimo sezulu sifudumele kodwa asesabisi futhi njengoba kusenabantu abaningi baseyunivesithi impilo iningi ezitaladini. Yebo ungakwenza gwema inyanga ka-Agasti ngoba ukushisa kuyabethusa abantu bese baya olwandle, bakhiqize idolobha elingenalutho ngandlela thile.

Uma uthanda i-cinema ungenza ukuvakasha kwakho kuhambisane nomkhosi we I-Il Cinema Ritrovato, ehlobo, ngoba izikrini zibekwa ngaphandle futhi amafilimu akudala akhonjiswa esigcawini esikhulu. Uma ufika ngendiza, ngizokutshela ukuthi kunamabhasi phakathi kweMarconi Airport nedolobha. Kukhona iAerobus eyenza lolu hambo ngemizuzu engama-20 nje kuphela futhi ibiza cishe ama-euro ama-5, ngaphezulu noma ngaphansi. Iyakushiya esiteshini sesitimela futhi amathikithi angathengwa emishinini noma ngaphezulu kwemoto.

Ukusuka kwesinye isikhumulo sezindiza, iForlì, ibhasi lithatha ihora bese libiza kancane bese likushiya esiteshini sebhasi, eduze kwesiteshi sesitimela. Kokubili ukuhamba imizuzu engu-10 ukusuka esikhungweni esinomlando. Ekugcineni, uma ufika ngesitimela usuka kwamanye amakhona e-Italy amahora angama-48 edolobheni azokushiya nezinkumbulo ezinhle: ukudla okumangazayo, iminyuziyamu ethile, uhamba unqamula emiseleni, ubhiya obandayo eqhweni ehlobo nakwezinye izitolo.


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