UCeuta, omkhulu ongaziwa

UCeuta, omkhulu ongaziwa

Linganisela ku UCeuta njengongaziwa omkhulu kusho kubhekiselwa kokuncane esikwaziyo mayelana nezindawo ezikhangayo kwezinye izindawo España. Lokhu kungenxa, ingxenye enkulu, yokuthi ingenye yamadolobha amabili ezweni lakithi atholakala kule Izwekazi lase-Afrika.

Indawo yayo yakhiwe i-isthmus, i I-Santa Catalina Island nezintaba eziyisikhombisa, ngokwe-etymology eyamukelwa kakhulu, zinesibopho segama layo. Ngakho-ke, i-Ceuta yayizosuselwa kumagama esiLatini September fratres noma “abazalwane abayisikhombisa” ngokuqondene nalezi zintaba. Inombolo ngabe yenziwe isi-Arabhu njenge sebta ukuyogcina eCeuta. Kodwa, uma sesichazile indawo yayo, sizogxila ekutheni kungani sihlukanisa i-Ceuta njengengaziwa kakhulu. Okungukuthi, ukukukhombisa ezikhangayo zayo eziyinhloko.

I-Royal Walls of Ceuta

Izindonga ZaseRoyal

Izindonga zasebukhosini zaseCeuta

Mhlawumbe, ziyisikhumbuzo esidume kakhulu edolobheni, hhayi nje ngenani lezakhiwo, kodwa futhi ngoba zikunikeza. ukubukwa okumangalisayo kweStrait of Gibraltar nasenyakatho yeMoroccokanye ukushona kwelanga okumangalisayo. Kusukela ngo-1985 bahlukaniswa ngokuthi Impahla Yezintshisekelo Zamasiko.

Imvelaphi yalezi zindonga itholakala enkathini yaseByzantine, lapho Justinian I, umholi woMbuso WaseRoma WaseMpumalanga, walinqoba leli dolobha. Kodwa eziningi zazo zibangelwa amaPutukezi, wona awandisa futhi awaqinisa ekuqaleni kwekhulu le-15. Ngokufanayo, kakade ekhulwini le-18, ngemva kwalokho Mulay Ismail wavimbezela idolobha, kwabuye kwadalwa izinqaba zokuzivikela.

Phakathi kwezakhi zayo, i- I-San Felipe moat, ekwazi ukuzulazula futhi egcinwa nge- I-Christ Bridge. Kuwuhlobo lwebhuloho lokudonsa futhi libizwa kanjalo ngoba, phambi kwalo, kunendlu yesonto elincane elinikezelwe kulo UKristu Wabahluphekile. Nokho, ungayiwela ngesikebhe. Othatha lo mzila uyabizwa umkhumbi weNoseless futhi ikwenza izikhathi eziningana ngesonto. Igama layo lidalwe yisigebengu esidumile sangekhulunyaka le-15 esasinalesi sidlaliso futhi indawo yaso sasikwenye yamakhova eNtaba iHacho.

Kodwa-ke, mhlawumbe into ebaluleke kakhulu yeRoyal Walls iyona indawo yemivubukulo yeSango leCaliphal. Lokhu kwakuwukufinyelela okuyinhloko kwedolobha ngekhulu le-10 futhi lakhiwa, eduze kwezindonga zalo, ngomyalo weCaliph yaseCordoba. U-Abderramán III. Ungavakashela leli sayithi, elihlanganisa nezindawo ezisuka kwezinye izikhathi njengenkathi yamaRoma noma yesiPutukezi. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, ukuzivikela komuzi kuhambisana nezinye izinqaba.

Ezinye izakhiwo ezakha uthango lwe-Ceuta

Izindonga ze-Merinid

Izindonga ze-Merinid ze-Ceuta

Mayelana nabo, kufanele ubheke Izindonga ze-Merinid, owavikela i I-Afrag noma ikamu lasebukhosini le-sultan Abu Said. Kulezi izinsalela ze Isango laseFez. Kodwa, ngaphezu kwakho konke, empilweni i-ravelin yaseSan Ignacio, inqaba engunxantathu namuhla enengxenye ye Ceuta Museum ezinikele kwezobuciko obuhle.

Ngokufanayo, eNtabeni iHacho ungabona inqaba Ihlehlela emuva ekhulwini le-12, nakuba iye yalungiswa izikhathi eziningi. Owokugcina wabo wawungekhulu le-18 futhi kwanezelwa izisekelo eziningana. Ngemva kweminyaka eyikhulu zakhiwa izinqaba eziyisishiyagalolunye zesitayela se-neomedieval umsebenzi wawo kwakuwukuvikela umngcele waseSpain neMorocco. Namuhla ungabona eziyisikhombisa zazo, ikakhulukazi, labo bakaPrince Alfonso, Mendizábal, Piniés, Francisco de Asís, Isabel II, Anyera kanye no-Aranguren.

Ekugcineni, ukuze siyeke ukucabangela i-Ceuta njengento engaziwa enkulu, kufanele futhi sikhulume inqaba yaMakhala. Yakhiwe ngendlela efanele ukuze ilawule imihlangano yabantu abazimele eyayiqhutshelwa ezindaweni eziseduze. Kakade ngekhulu le-1983 yayinwetshiwe futhi yaqhubeka isetshenziswa njengendawo yokuzivikela. Kodwa ngo-XNUMX lokhu kusetshenziswa kuyekwa ukuze kwakhiwe okuthakazelisayo Imyuziyamu yezempi ongasayivakashela nanamuhla.

I-Africa Square kanye ne-cathedral

Ceuta Cathedral

I-Cathedral of the Assumption of Our Lady e-Ceuta

Lesi sikwele singesinye sezikhungo zemizwa yedolobha. Phakathi nendawo ungabona okuhlaba umxhwele isikhumbuzo salabo abawa eMpini Yase-Afrika ka-1859-60. Icishe ibe ngamamitha ayishumi nane ukuphakama futhi inezinsimbi zethusi ngenxa yomqophi Antonio Susillo. Ngokufanayo, ine-crypt engakwazi ukuvakashelwa.

I-Africa Square iphinde ibe nayo I-Cathedral of the Assumption of Our Lady, elakhiwa ngekhulu le-17 nele-18 emanxiweni ethempeli langaphambili. Umsebenzi wayo wenziwa umakhi Juan de Ochoa, owacabanga ngethempeli elinezici ze-baroque ne-neoclassical. Ngaphandle, igqame ngemibhoshongo yayo emikhulu kanye novulandi ku-façade yayo. Futhi, ngokuqondene nengaphakathi, kufanele unake, ngaphezu kwakho konke, ku- isonto leSakramente elibusisiwe, ne-altare layo le-baroque kanye nemidwebo eminingana UMiguel Bernardini.

Uzothola kulesi sikwele i indawo engcwele kanye nesonto likaSaint Mary of Africa, eyakhiwa ngekhulu le-15, nakuba yavuselelwa ngokujulile nge-18. Ngenxa yesitayela sayo se-baroque nemibala yayo yangaphandle, yenza ukuhlangana okuvumelanayo ne-cathedral futhi ngaphakathi kwayo kunesithombe sethempeli. Intombi yase-Afrika, inikelwe ngu UDon Enrique ungumbungazi ohamba phambili kanye nomvikeli ongcwele waseCeuta.

Ezinye izakhiwo zenkolo ongazibona eCeuta

Ithempeli lamaHindu

Ceuta Hindu Temple

I-Ceuta, engaziwa kakhulu, inezinye izikhumbuzo zenkolo ezithakazelisayo. Phakathi kwabo, gqama Church of Our Lady of the Valley, okwakungeyokuqala eyakhiwa amaPutukezi, nakuba ukwakhiwa kwamanje kuhlehlela emuva ekhulwini le-17. Ngokwengxenye yayo, i isonto le-san francisco Ihlehlela emuva ekhulwini le-18 futhi ihlanganisa izakhi ze-baroque nezinye ze-Renaissance. Kungekhulunyaka elifanayo ekaSanta María de los Remediosngenkathi I-Hermitage yaseSan Antonio Ineminyaka eyikhulu ubudala. Itholakala eNtabeni i-Hacho, izakhamuzi zaseCeuta zenza uhambo lokuya kuyo njalo ngoJuni 13.

Kodwa i-Ceuta yaziwa ngokuthi "Idolobha Lamasiko Amane" ngoba amaKatolika, amaSulumane, amaJuda namaHindu ahlala ndawonye lapho. Ngakho-ke, lezi zinkolo nazo zinamathempeli azo. Ngakho, athakazelisa kakhulu ama-mosque ka-Muley el-Medhi kanye ne-Sidi Embarek, lo I-Beth El Synagogue kanye nethempeli lamaHindu, eliphendula isitayela sesimanje se-neo-Vedic.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, kuhlakazeke kulo lonke idolobha kunezithombe zezinhlamvu ezihlukene zala masiko. Yilokhu okwenzeka kusazi sezibalo esingumHebheru nesazi sezinkanyezi Ben Yehuda, lokho kwe Mahatma Gandhi noma elomdwebi wamabalazwe ongumSulumane Al-Idrissi.

I-House of Dragons nezinye izikhumbuzo zomphakathi

Indlu yamaDragons

Indlu yamaDragons

Singaphinde sikhulume nge-Ceuta njengengaziwa kakhulu ngenxa ye-resonance elinganiselwe yamagugu omphakathi e-peninsula. Nokho, kwezinye izimo kuba umbukwane. Amaphuzu avelele kulokhu Indlu yamaDragons, eyakhiwa ekupheleni kwekhulu le-19 ngabazalwane bakaCerni González ngezinhlelo ze Cortina Pérez. Igama layo libangelwa ezine zalezi zibalo zezinganekwane ezihlobisa uphahla lwayo futhi ziphendula isitayela somlando ngokuvelela kwe-neo-Mozarabic.

Ngokufanayo, yinhle kakhulu Trujillo building, ne-façade yayo enemibala. Uphinde abe nomlando, kodwa esimweni sakhe i-neo-baroque. Ungayivakashela futhi ikufanele, ngaphezu kwakho konke, ngezitebhisi zayo ezinhle ezivunguzayo. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, i- Isigodlo Somhlangano, etholakala ePlaza de África okukhulunywe ngayo ngenhla, ihlehlela emuva ekuqaleni kwekhulu lama-20 futhi inengaphakathi elimangalisayo. Phakathi kwezibonelo ezinhle kakhulu zalokhu yiGumbi lesihlalo sobukhosi, eliphendula isitayela sesiFulentshi; Igumbi leseshini, eliyi-neo-Renaissance, kanye nezitebhisi, njenge-rotunda ku-façade, kusitayela se-Imperial. Kunalokho, i- Izindlu e- Delgado Kuyisimangaliso sesitayela se-art deco.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, ingxenye yokuqala yekhulu lama-20 nayo ihlanganisa Indlu Yamapulpiti futhi i Isakhiwo sePort Authority. Eyokuqala ihlanganisa isitayela sokusebenza somakhi wayo, UJoseph Blein, enezici ze-baroque ne-neoclassical, kuyilapho eyesibili idala kabusha izimo zomkhumbi futhi kungenxa UManuel Latorre.

Ngokufanayo, ePlaza de la Constitución ungabona izikhumbuzo eziningana, phakathi kwazo ezinikezelwe Hercules ukuhlukanisa amakholomu naphakathi ekaLieutenant Ruiz Likhona elihlonipha leli qhawe leMpi Yenkululeko. Ekugcineni, ePlaza de la Paz uzothola Amabhati ama-Arab, izinsalela zesinye salezi zakhiwo zenkathi yamaSulumane eziyingxenye yesakhiwo semivubukulo ephakathi kwekhulu le-11 nele-15.

I-Mediterranean Maritime Park

I-Ceuta Maritime Park

I-Mediterranean Maritime Park

Ingenye yezindawo ezikhangayo e-Ceuta, njengoba ikunikeza indawo lapho ungakhululeka Enhliziyweni yedolobha. Inamamitha-skwele angaphezu kwezinkulungwane ezingamashumi amahlanu zokuhamba, amachibi lapho ungageza khona, izimpophoma ngisho ne-solarium, wonke azungezwe izihlahla zesundu. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ihambisana nesiteji nezindawo zokuzijabulisa ezifana namabha, ama-pubs ngisho nekhasino.

Kodwa, uma futhi sikutshela ukuthi isethi yaklanywa umculi waseCanada UCesar Manrique, umdali we UJameos del Agua, ungacabanga ubuhle bale ndawo yasemadolobheni. Eqinisweni, ifana nokufakwa okwenziwe yilo mculi ku- Ichibi Martiánez i-del I-Puerto de la Cruz kanye neyakhe I-César Manrique Maritime Park de I-Santa Cruz de Tenerife.

Kufanele futhi ubheke ngaphakathi kwesakhiwo saseCeuta esakhiweni esiyingxenye yaso emaphakathi elingisa iRoyal Walls nase i-botanical ensemble ecebile lokho kuyayihlobisa. Lesi sakamuva sihlanganisa isihlahla somnqumo seminyaka eyi-bicentennial ngisho nesihlahla sikadrako saseCanarian.

Amabhishi aseCeuta

Ogwini

I-Ribera Beach

Konke esikukhombisile kuzosiza ukuthi i-Ceuta ithathwe njengenkulu engaziwa. Kodwa futhi kufanele sikutshele mayelana namabhishi ayo amahle nama-cove. Idolobha linenani eliphelele amakhilomitha angamashumi amabili nanye ogwini ahlukaniswe amachibi amabili, elinye ligezwe yi- I-Atlántico nenye yakhe IMedithera.

Amanye ala mabhishi anehlukile Ifulegi eliluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka. Kuyisimo se ekaChorrillo kanye nekaRibera, kodwa ungakwazi ukugeza nokugeza okumangalisayo lezo zaseDesnarigado, El Sarchal, San Amaro noma El Calamocarro.

Sengiphetha, ngalesi sihloko sizamile ukuyeka ukucabanga UCeuta njengongaziwa omkhulu. Ukwenza lokhu, sikubonise izikhumbuzo zayo eziyinhloko, kodwa futhi namabhishi ayo nezindawo zemvelo. Woza futhi wazi leli dolobha elihle laseSpain.


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