Ungalugubha kanjani uSuku Lamagugu aseSpain eMadrid?

IMeya yePlaza yaseMadrid

I-Panoramic yeMeya yePlaza eMadrid

Ngo-Okthoba 12 olandelayo kuzoba neHolide Likazwelonke LaseSpain noma, njengoba laziwa kakhulu, 'Usuku LweSpanishi'. Ngesikhathi somgubho, kwenziwe imisebenzi eminingi eMadrid ephathelene nomculo, amasiko kanye nezokuphepha kanye nezindikimba zoMbuso.

Uma kwenzeka uzovakashela inhlokodolobha yaseSpain ngoLwesithathu, siphakamisa lezi zinhlelo zokuzilibazisa ezithokozisayo zokuchitha usuku nomndeni noma nabangane futhi sijabulele iHolide Likazwelonke. Kepha okokuqala, ake sikhumbule ukuthi u-Okthoba 12 uqukethe ini kanye nezinye izifiso zaleli qembu.

Yini egujwa ngo-Okthoba 12?

Ngo-Okthoba 12, 1492, itilosi uChristopher Columbus wafika esiqhingini saseGuaraní, eziqhingini zeziqhingi zaseBahamas, kanye namadoda akhe futhi baqala ibhuloho lamasiko nobuzalwane neMelika elisaqhubeka kuze kube namuhla.

Lapho kugujwa iminyaka eyikhulu ye-IV yokutholakala kwezwekazi, ngo-1892 ngaphansi kokubusa kukaMaría Cristina, kwaphakanyiswa ngeRoyal Decree ukwenza lo mcimbi uhambisane neHholide Likazwelonke laseSpain futhi kwachazwa izizathu zalokhu.

Usuku olukhethiwe, u-Okthoba 12, lufanekisela isikhumbuzo esingokomlando lapho iSpain, sesizophothula inqubo yokwakhiwa koMbuso ngokuya ngobuningi bamasiko nezombusazwe, kanye nokuhlanganiswa koMbuso waseSpain eMbusweni ofanayo, iqala inkathi yokuqagela kwezilimi namasiko ngale kwemingcele yaseYurophu.

Usuku lweSpanishi noma iholide likazwelonke?

Eyaziwa kakhulu ngokuthi 'iSpanishi Day' iqiniso ukuthi kusukela ngo-1987 kwasungulwa ngokomthetho ukuthi okugujwa eSpain yiHolidi Likazwelonke, kungasaphathwa i-hispanidad.

Kodwa-ke bekungenjalo ngaso sonke isikhathi. Kwakukhona iRoyal Decree yangaphambilini ka-1981 eyayikhuluma ngokungaqondakali ngoSuku lweSpanishi kanye neHholide Likazwelonke. Futhi nangaphambi kwalokho, u-Okthoba 12 wabizwa ngokuthi 'yiColumbus Day', igama elisalondolozwe kwamanye amazwe aseSpain-America.

Isikhathi sokuqala okwakhulunywa ngaso ngoColumbus Day kwakungoJanuwari 1913 lapho inhlangano yaseMadrid Ibero-American Union ikhipha ipheshana lapho yayicelwa ukuba ihlanganise bonke abantu abakhuluma iSpanishi eqenjini eliyingqayizivele ukuyikhumbula ndawonye.

Umbono wabanjwa eLatin America futhi phakathi namashumi eminyaka okuqala ekhulu lama-12, ngakolunye uhlangothi lwe-Atlantic, waqala ukusungulwa ngo-Okthoba XNUMX njengeholide ezindaweni zabo, kusetshenziswa igama elithi 'Columbus Day'.

Imisebenzi ehlelelwe u-Okthoba 12

Imibhoshongo yempi

ibutho

Labo abanentshisekelo yetimu yezempi banokuqokwa kabili okungenakugwenywa 'ngoSuku lweSpanishi'.

  • Kusukela ngo-11 ekuseni, umbukiso wamasiko wendabuko uzobanjelwa ePlaza de Neptuno lapho kuzobe kukhona iziphathimandla ezibaluleke kakhulu ezweni. Amabutho oMkhosi Wezempi, Wezempi, Wombutho Wezomoya, WaseRoyal Guard, Wophiko Lwezimo Eziphuthumayo Kwezempi futhi ekugcineni oMbutho Wezokuvikela bazobonisa lapho.
  • Ukuqala ngo-11 ekuseni. futhi kuze kube ngu-17pm. Ungabona ushintsho lweRoyal Guard ePalacio de Oriente, ehlonishwe ngomcimbi. Ukudluliswa kuzokwenziwa ePuerta del Príncipe yaseRoyal Palace ngqo.

Amakhonsathi omculo

hispanidad-umculo

  • Kuqala ngo-12.15: XNUMX ntambama iqembu lomculo leMadrid Marine Infantry lizohlinzeka ngekhonsathi e Isikwele saseNeptune.
  • I-Los I-Buenavista Palace Gardens Bazosingatha, ngokwabo, iqembu lokumasha leKing's Immemorial Infantry Regiment No. 1 kusukela ngo-12.30 ntambama.
  • Kusukela ngo-12.30 ntambama ku- Izingadi Zokutholwa Kuzodlala amaqembu eBarracks Directorate, ibutho lempi leLegion Brigade neleRegulares.

Imicimbi yamasiko

IMadrid Prado Museum

Imyuziyamu yasePrado

Isikhungo seCervantes (Umgwaqo u-Alcala) izohlonipha usuku lweGugu laseSpanishi ngendlu evulekile kusukela ngo-11.00 ekuseni kuze kube ngu-21.00: XNUMX kusihlwa, lapho ungavakashela nemibukiso ehlukahlukene ehlobene nababhali abakhulu baseSpain abanjengoMiguel de Cervantes noma uCamilo José Cela.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, u-Okthoba 12 kuzoba yisikhathi esihle kakhulu sokuchitha usuku phakathi kweminyuziyamu, ngoba zizohlala zivulekele mahhala ngesikhathi seHolide Likazwelonke. Phakathi kwazo, iMuseo Nacional del Prado, iCentro Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, iMuseo Thyssen-Bornemisza noma iMuseo del Traje. Ngokunjalo, bobabili iSorolla Museum neMuseum of Romanticism bazokwengeza amahora abo ngoLwesithathu.

Isigodlo Sezindela

Isigodlo Sezindela

Ngalolu suku, amaRoyal Sites amaningana nawo ahlelelwe ukuvula iminyango yawo ngohambo oluqondiswayo olungaphazanyiswa. IRoyal Monastery yaseSan Lorenzo de El Escorial, isigodlo sase-Aranjuez, iRoyal Palace yaseLa Granja de San Ildefonso noma iRiofrío ezinye zazo. Futhi iRoyal Palace, engatholwa mahhala ukubona iRoyal Armory kanye nombukiso wesikhashana eBernini naseCaravaggio kusuka ngehora lesihlanu ntambama. kuze kube ngu-17 ebusuku.


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