Ukuhamba ngodonga lwaseLugo

 

La Idolobha Elihloniphekile Neliqotho Lugo Inhlokodolobha yesifundazwe esinegama elifanayo, eSpain. Ingenye ye- Amadolobha aseSpain anemvelaphi yamaRoma Njengoba yasungulwa ngo-25 BC, yaze yadlula ngisho naseGalicia, futhi uma uyivakashela uzokwazi ukubona izinsalela leli dolobha elizishiye lapha.

Omunye wamagugu akhethekile kakhulu wemivubukulo yaseLugo udonga lwawo. Okudumile Udonga lukaLugo Kuyisimangaliso futhi kusukela ngo-2000 kuphethe isihloko se- Amagugu Emhlaba. Manje njengoba izinsuku ezimbalwa zokuphumula ngePhasika sezisondela, kuthiwani ngokumazi?

Lugo

Idolobha lisesiqongweni segquma phakathi komfula iMiño. Yasungulwa yiqembu labasizi bamaRoma lokho kwafika ngonyaka wama-25 BC base bebhapathizwa ngegama le- ULucus augusti. Umqondo bekungukunamathela enyakatho-ntshonalanga yenhlonhlo nalokho okwazalwa kuqala njengenqaba yamasosha kamuva, eminyakeni engamashumi amabili nanhlanu kamuva, kwandiswa kwaze kwaba sekutheni komuzi osuvele unamathempeli, iziphethu ezishisayo, imigwaqo nokunye.

Kwakuphakathi kweminyaka engu-260 no-325 lapho idolobha lizungezwe udonga olukhulu lwamamitha angama-2266 ukuzungeza. Iqiniso ukuthi liyamangalisa ngoba Ukuphela kwenqaba yamaRoma emhlabeni efinyelele ezinsukwini zethu zonke. Yebo, iphelele kubukhulu bayo bokuqala.

Ungafika eLugo ngomgwaqo, udlule kuN-VI usuka eMadrid uye eLa Coruña bese usebenzisa isitimela.

Udonga Lugo

 

Njengoba sishilo ngenhla, udonga lubanzi kakhulu futhi ingamamitha ayi-2256 ubude. Ngabe Imibhoshongo engama-85 enamandla futhi lazalwa njengohlelo lokuvikela phakathi kwenqaba yokuqala nendawo ezungezile. Ukulahlwa kwe Iminyango eyi-10 isiyonke okujoyina ingxenye yangaphakathi nengxenye engaphandle nomgwaqo wayo omdala noma umgwaqo wokuhamba namuhla umgwaqo odumile.

Akukhona ukuthi akukaze kuguqulwe noma iguqulwe kuwo wonke umlando wayo omude kepha ngenhlanhla lezi zinguquko azizange ziyiguqule kakhulu futhi kuyo usengabona isiginesha yomakhi uViturbio: ububanzi bezindonga buyi-4, 20 metres futhi kwezinye izindawo lifinyelela kumamitha ayisikhombisa; ngaphezu kwamakhilomitha amabili ubude namacembe angama-34 esewonke.

 

Phakathi kwengxenye nengxenye yodonga, olubizwa ngokuthi amakhethini (phakathi kwamamitha ayisithupha nesiqongo namamitha ayishumi nantathu nohhafu), kukhona umbhoshongo futhi yize kwaziwa ukuthi ekuqaleni ayengaphezu kuka-80, namuhla kunama-46 aphelele kanti amanye kunezinsalela ezingcono noma ezimbi kuphela ezilondoloziwe.

Le mibhoshongo iphakathi kwamamitha ayisishiyagalombili, ayisishiyagalolunye ongajwayelekile ukuphakama futhi ingaphezulu kuka-16. Omunye wayo unamawindi ayindilinga eyindilinga angaphezu kwamamitha owodwa ububanzi nokuphakama. Muhle. Phakathi kwabo kunemibhoshongo eyindilinga engama-60 neminye eyisikwele engu-11. Kokubili udonga nemibhoshongo zakhiwe ngegranite yize kukhona ama-slate slabs eminyango nasemakhoneni. Ingxenye yangaphakathi yenziwe ngodaka, inhlanganisela yamatshe amatshe, amatshe nomhlaba.

 

Ekuqaleni udonga lukaLugo lwalunamasango amahlanu (ngezikhathi zamaRoma), eyodwa yendlela enkulu enkulu edolobheni, kepha phakathi nekhulu leshumi nesishiyagalolunye leminyaka kanye neminyaka engamashumi amabili yokuqala yekhulu lama-XNUMX kwavulwa amanye amahlanu. Kuleyo ngqikithi yeminyango eyishumi, namuhla kunemigwaqo emine yezimoto kanye neyisithupha yabahamba ngezinyawo. Iminyango yokuqala yamapulangwe yasinda kwaze kwaba maphakathi nekhulu le-70 kodwa ngeminyaka yama-XNUMXs yalelo khulu leminyaka yanyamalala.

Yini ongayivakashela eWall of Lugo

 

Iminyango yabo. Ingabe i- IPorta Inkohliso, endulo IPorta del Boquete, ongumRoma wokuqala. Ingamamitha angu-5 ukuphakama no-65 metres ububanzi. I- ISango leSan Francisco Kuyinto yesimanje futhi yavulwa ngu-Isabel II waseSpain ngo-1858. Kwakuyi- isango lenkosana kuze kube ngeminyaka yama-60s yekhulu lama-12 yaguqulwa yenziwa yabanzi. Namuhla ingamamitha ayi-5 ukuphakama ngo-7 ububanzi. kudlula abantu nezimoto.

 

La Isango Lesiteshi Sivulwe lapho isitimela sifika eLugo ngo-1875. Ngemuva kwesikhashana sakhula, sawisa imibhoshongo emibili. Ngo-1921 yabhidlizwa kanti leyo oyibona namuhla, engamamitha ayisishiyagalombili ukuphakama ngo-10 ububanzi, yakhiwa. I- Isango iSan Pedro Kwakunezikhathi zasendulo i ISancti Petri Gate futhi wanikeza nomgwaqo oholela eCastile. Ngalapha iCamino de Santiago edumile ingena eLugo, ngamamitha ayo ayi-4, 85 ukuphakama no-3, 70 ububanzi. Inemibhoshongo emibili emikhulu ohlangothini ngalunye futhi inengubo yedolobha.

La IPorta de Santiago Kusuka ezikhathini zamaRoma yize ngekhulu le-XNUMX kwalungiswa kabusha ukuze kudlule amakalishi. Ngemuva kwalokho ibihlotshiswe nangesithombe seSantiago Matamoros futhi isikhathi eside ibikhethekile kwabezenkolo. I- Isango likaMbhishobhi Aguirre lakhiwa ukuxhuma iseminary namathuna ngasekupheleni kwekhulu le-XNUMX. Kwakuhilela ukudilizwa kwemibhoshongo emibili ngamatshe amathuna aseRoma.

 

La UPorta Miña NgeyaseRoma futhi umnyango ocishe ube ngowangempela. Ingamamitha angu-3 ububanzi futhi namuhla inikeza ukufinyelela eMfuleni iMiño. Inemibhoshongo emibili negumbi likanogada. I- Ngakwesobunxele iSango likaMbhishobhi iyona edumile Umnyango wejele ngoba yavumela ukufinyelela ngqo ejele, ngo-1888. Ekugcineni kukhona Isango likaMbhishobhi Odoario futhi i UPorta Nova.

I-Wall of Lugo nayo inezitebhisi evumela ukufinyelela ku-paseo de ronda, namuhla uhambo lokuvakasha kakhulu. Izitebhisi zinamathele ezindongeni futhi yize zingagcinwanga ngokuphelele kuyabonakala ukuthi beziphindwe kabili. Bavela ngawo-60, bembozwe udoti nodoti, futhi kucatshangwa ukuthi kwakukhona okungenani isitebhisi esisodwa embhoshongweni ngamunye. Abazange bathinte phansi kodwa ukufinyelela esinyathelweni sokuqala kwakudingeka ukusebenzisa iladi elihambayo, isilinganiso sokuphepha ukuze bakwazi ukuhlukanisa udonga uma kwenzeka kuhlaselwa.

Namuhla kunezitebhisi eziyisithupha zangaphandle eziya ezindongeni nasendleleni. Ungabona futhi Umsele, ebangeni elingamamitha amahlanu ukusuka endleleni yemibhoshongo, amamitha angama-20 ububanzi futhi cishe ngamamitha amane ukujula. Namuhla akuphelele, kusasele izinsalela kuphela, kepha abavubukuli bakwazile ukuthola izilinganiso zayo futhi bathola ukuthi bekungewona umgodi oqhubekayo kepha bekuyizigaba ezizimele.

Idolobha laseLugo lihlongoza ukuvakashelwa komgwaqo wokuhamba, amasango nengaphakathi lodonga. Ukujabulela!

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