UMelilla, ilanga nenjabulo

UMelilla olwandle

Ukuhambela i- idolobha laseMelilla Imele uhambo ngokuhamba kwesikhathi, njengoba isisekelo sayo sasingenxa yabaseFenike ekhulwini lesi-7 BC, abayiqamba igama. eRusaddir. Ngemva kwabo, abaseCarthage namaRoma badabula le ndawo, kwaze kwaba yilapho kufika abaseSpain, ngo-1497.

Ngokuphathelene nemvelaphi yegama layo, kunezinhlobo eziningana ze-etymology ezingenzeka. Kodwa eyamukelwa kakhulu yileyo ephuma kuyo mritch, evela ku-Berber tamliltkusho ukuthini "Mhlophe" futhi lokho kungabhekisela ku-limestone yalowo mbala idolobha elihlezi kuwo. Kunoma yikuphi, idolobha laseMelilla lihle kakhulu futhi likunikeza okungaphezu kokumangala. Ngezansi, sizokhuluma nawe ngakho konke lokhu.

Indawo eqondile nendlela yokufika lapho

Melilla

Ukubuka okusemoyeni kwe-Melilla

Njengoba wazi, iMelilla iyingxenye yeSpain etholakala endaweni enyakatho-ntshonalanga yezwekazi lase-Afrika. Ngokuqondile, itholakala engxenyeni esenyakatho ye- Isifunda se-Rif, ethatha cishe amakhilomitha ayishumi nambili e- eKapa Tres Forcas futhi wageza by Ulwandle i-Alboran. Ngokufanayo, itholakala phansi kwe- I-Mount Gurugu nasemlonyeni we Umfula wegolide.

Ungafika edolobheni kokubili ngolwandle nangomoya. Ngokuqondene nokwakamuva, unezindiza ezivela Madrid y Málaga Nsuku zonke zonyaka. Eyakamuva iyindlela eshibhe kakhulu, kodwa futhi ungandiza usuka Sevilla, I-Almería y I-Granada. Ngokufanayo, ehlobo eminye imigqa yengezwa kusukela, isibonelo, Barcelona o I-Palma de Mallorca.

Ngokwengxenye yalo, umzila wasolwandle wenziwa ngokusebenzisa isikebhe. Endabeni yakho, amadolobha endabuko nawo, Málaga y I-Almería, okwengezwe kuyo I-Motril. Umzila omfushane kakhulu yilowo osuka e-Almería futhi, ngokwamanani, angaba ngama-euro angamashumi ayisithupha (uhambo oluyikhulu namashumi amabili ukuya nokubuya) kwabangebona izakhamuzi. Kodwa-ke, iMelilla Tourist Board ivame ukuhlinzeka amavawusha esaphulelo lokho kuzokuvumela ukuthi wonge imali.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, ukuzungeza idolobha, ungakwenza ngezinyawo. Khumbula ukuthi inendawo engamakhilomitha-skwele ayishumi nambili kuphela. Kodwa-ke, ungasebenzisa futhi ibhayisikili noma, uma ufuna ukunethezeka okwengeziwe, izithuthi zomphakathi, ezihlanganisa amabhasi edolobha namatekisi.

I-Architecture yedolobha laseMelilla

Ukuqiniswa kokuqala kweMelilla

Ukwakhiwa kokuqala kweMelilla la Vieja: ngaphambili kweTrápana

Uma sesichazile ukuthi ungafika kanjani edolobheni nokuthi ungahamba kanjani kulo, sifuna ukukubonisa izikhumbuzo main ozokuthola kuyo. Ifa layo lisukela ekhulwini le-16 kuze kube manje futhi, njengoba lingeke libe ngenye indlela, linesici esibalulekile uhlamvu lwezempi. Indawo yayo efanelekile yayiyifuna.

Kodwa idolobha liphinde livelele ngezakhiwo zalo ezimangalisayo zesimanje kanye neminyuziyamu yalo. Konke lokhu sekumenze wahlonishwa Indawo Yomlando Yezobuciko. Ake simazi kangcono.

I-Melilla la Vieja

Umnyango Wokunqoba

Isango Lokunqoba, eMelilla la Vieja

Ngaleli gama elithi inqaba yedolobha enezivikelo eziqinile, elingamamitha angaba yizinkulungwane ezimbili, okulenza libe ngelikhulu kunawo wonke eSpain. Yakhiwa phakathi kwekhulu le-16 nele-19, ngakho ihlanganisa izici zezitayela ezahlukene zezakhiwo. Lezi zisukela ku- Ukuvuselelwa kabusha ngisho neyakhe Ama-bastions e-Flemish.

Ngokufanayo, bahlukaniswa eMelilla la Vieja ezivalekile ezine ezinezivikelo eziqinile eyayigcwele ngesikhathi idolobha likhula. Esokuqala sihlanganisa izakhi ezifana nemibhoshongo ye-Bonete (lapho i-lighthouse ikhona), i-Los Bolaños noma i-Las Cabras. Kodwa futhi ama-barrack afana nalawo aseSanta Ana noma eLa Maestranza, kanye namabhethri, okugqama kuwo lawo aseSan Felipe kanye nama-bastion afana nalawo aseLa Concepción.

Ngokwengxenye yabo, inqaba yesibili neyesithathu yakhiwe izindawo ezindala kakhulu zedolobha. Phakathi kwezakhi zayo, i-Hornabeque moat, i- Isikwele Esikhulu, izindawo zokungcebeleka zaseSan José naseSan Pedro noma amasango afana neVictoria kanye nezinkambi ezifana neSan Fernando. Ekugcineni, indawo yesine ebiyelwe igqama ngezinqaba zayo ezinkulu. Phakathi kwazo, lezo zokunqoba, iRosari, iSan Carlos neSan Miguel.

Kodwa i-Old Melilla nayo inezakhiwo zenkolo. Phakathi kwabo, kugqama I-Royal and Pontifical Church ye-Immaculate Conception, egcina isithombe se INkosikazi Yethu Yokunqoba, Mfundisi ongcwele wedolobha. Yakhiwa maphakathi nekhulu le-16 kulandela i-canon yesitayela se-Renaissance.

Okunelukuluku nakakhulu ukuthi Isonto laseSantiagoNokho, nakuba isuka enkathini efanayo, iyiGothic futhi ibhekwa njengeyodwa yalesi samanje esikhona kulo lonke elase-Continental Africa. Ngokwengxenye yayo, ku- Isonto le-Enramada, futhi kusukela ngesikhathi esifanayo, umbhoshongo weVela, owaziwa ngokuthi Iwashi House.

Noma kunjalo, ezinye izakhiwo ze-citadel okufanele uzazi Izakhiwo zikaHulumeni Wezempi, isitayela sakudala; yena I-Peñuelas warehouse, esizobuyela kukho lapho sixoxa nawe mayelana neminyuziyamu yedolobha, kanye ne izibhedlela zase-Botica de San Francisco kanye ne-del Rey.

Ezinye izinqaba zedolobha

I-Camel Fort

I-Camel Fort

Kodwa uMelilla naye unayo isistimu yenqaba yangaphandle yesimanje kakhulu ukuyivikela. Ngokungafani nalezo esezibaluliwe, ezihlanganiswe udonga, lezi azinakho ukuxhumana phakathi kwazo. Uma ubavakashela, into yokuqala ezodonsa ukunaka kwakho ubuhle bayo bezakhiwo. Eqinisweni, azibukeki njengezakhiwo ezivikelayo, kodwa kunalokho eziyisikhumbuzo, ezinobumo obunelukuluku njenge neomedieval futhi zipendwe ngemibala egqamile.

Phakathi kwazo, sizokhuluma ngezinqaba zasePurísima Concepción, eRostrogordo noma eSan Francisco, kodwa, ngaphezu kwakho konke, sizogxila kokuthathu. Omunye ovela eCabrerizas Altas Yakhiwa ekupheleni kwekhulu le-19 futhi inkulu ngosayizi. Kungokwesikhathi esifanayo ophethe amakamela, okuzokumangaza ngesitshalo sayo esiyindilinga. Ekugcineni, lokho kweNdlovukazi uRegent Ifuna ukwazi nakakhulu, ngoba inomumo we-dodecagon.

Ukunwetshwa kwesimanjemanje kwedolobha laseMelilla

I-reconquest

Ukwakhiwa kwezindawo zokugcina izimpahla zaseLa Reconquista

Cishe awazi ukuthi uMelilla, ngemuva kweBarcelona, idolobha laseSpain elinezakhiwo zesimanjemanje. Izakhiwo zayo zalolu hlobo zibalwa ngamakhulu, ngakho singabala ezimbalwa zazo. Kodwa okokuqala sizokutshela ukuthi ukunwetshwa nakho kuhlukaniswa ngokuthi Impahla Yezintshisekelo Zamasiko futhi lokho kungenxa, ngaphezu kwakho konke, kubakhi abathathu: U-Enrique Nieto, Emilio Alzugaray y UTomas Moreno.

Izici ze-Art Deco zine Isigodlo Somhlangano futhi i I-Monumental Cinema Sport. Esikhundleni salokho, i- I-Red House Igqame ngokuncipha kwayo kanye nedome layo elingamalitha, kuyilapho lokho kwe-Crystals Kusikhumbuza ukwakheka okujwayelekile kwenyakatho yeNhlonhlo yase-Iberia ngenxa yobukhulu bamafasitela. Ngokwakhe, i Military Casino Iphefumulelwe yi-classicism; i ukubhala okudala kwe I-Rif Telegram Kuyinto eyigugu eclectic futhi indlu kaDavide J. Melul Yiwona ophambili wesimanjemanje sezimbali edolobheni.

Ekugcineni, i I-Military Commissary Igqama ngemibala yayo ejabulisayo; i izindawo zokugcina izimpahla La Reconquista Ziphinde ziyisimangaliso sesimanjemanje sezimbali esishiwo ngenhla kanye ne Indlu kaMiguel Gómez Morales Iheha ukunaka ngenxa yemvelo ye-asymmetrical yama-facade ayo.

Iminyuziyamu yaseMelilla

Izindawo zokuhlala e- Peñuelas

I-Almacén de las Peñuelas, indlunkulu ye-Museum of Archaeology and History yedolobha laseMelilla

Sesishilo kakade ngesakhiwo semnyuziyamu esibalulekile idolobha laseMelilla elinalo. Ezinye zalezi zikhungo ziwumphumela womlando omkhulu ezinawo ngemuva kwazo, kanti ezinye ziwumphumela wokubaluleka kwazo kwezempi. Kodwa kukhona ezobuciko, ethnographic ngisho nangokwengeziwe curious, ezifana, isibonelo, Automobile. Ake sazi abanye babo.

Museum of Archaeology and History

Izinhlamvu zemali zaseCarthage

Izinhlamvu zemali ezivela kuMgcinimafa we-Punic ku-Museum of Archaeology and History

Uzokuthola kufayela le- I-Peñuelas warehouse, esesishilo kakade lapho sikhuluma ngoMelilla la Vieja. Kwakungenxa yomsebenzi we URafael Fernandez de Castro, owahlanganisa zonke izingcezu ezitholakala lapho kumbiwa iCerro de San Lorenzo. Ngokuyisisekelo, inezigaba ezimbili. Okufanelekile imivubukulo Ine-ceramics evela ku-El Zafrín, izinhlamvu zemali zaseCarthaginian, ingcebo yamaSulumane nezinhlelo eziningi.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, esinye isigaba yilokho okubizwa ngokuthi I-Ethnographic Museum of Sephardic, Berber and Gypsy Cultures. Kuhlanganisa ukukhiqizwa kabusha kwesinagoge le-Or Zaruah, isakhiwo se-neo-Arabic esitholakala ekwandiseni, kanye neqoqo lobucwebe be-Berber.

I-Military Historical Museum yedolobha laseMelilla

Imyuziyamu yezempi

Elinye lamakamelo eMilitary Museum yaseMelilla

Uzoyithola futhi ku-Melilla la Vieja, ikakhulukazi, ku- Izindawo zokuhlala e- Concepción Alta. Inezicucu ezilethwe ku- Umnyuziyamu Wezempi okugqama phakathi kwazo ama-diorama, umfaniswano nezikhali. Kodwa, ngaphezu kwakho konke, izibhamu zayo, ama-mortars, isihlalo sika-Elizabeth II kanye no-a Umshini we-Enigma, eyayisetshenziswa amaJalimane ukuze abhale ngemfihlo ukuxhumana kwawo phakathi neMpi Yezwe II.

U-Andrés García Ibáñez Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art

umbhoshongo wekhandlela

I-Torre de la Vela, ikomkhulu le-Andrés García Ibáñez Museum

Nakulokhu futhi, isendaweni yokuqala yokuqiniswa kweMelilla la Vieja, esimweni sayo, itholakala endaweni. IVela tower. Njengoba igama layo libonisa, inqwaba yezingcezu zayo ingeyeqoqo labaculi base-Andalusia. U-Andres Garcia, owanikela ngayo edolobheni.

Izindlu zisebenza phakathi kwekhulu le-18 nelama-20 futhi inemidwebo, izithombe nemifanekiso. Phakathi kwalokhu, kukhona okudaliwe Antonio Reyna, UJuan Lopez y Felix Alonso. Mayelana neyokuqala, kukhona amatafula ka UVictori Manchón, Vicente Maeso, Eduardo Morillas o UFrancisco Hernández.

Amanye amamnyuziyamu edolobheni laseMelilla

Imoto Museum

Enye yezimoto ezivela e-Automobile Museum

Uzoba nelukuluku lokufuna ukwazi Imoto Museum, okungenxa yomqoqi UMiguel Angel Hernandez, owasizwa isazi-mlando uJuan Diego Sánchez nabanye ochwepheshe. Inamamodeli anelukuluku kakhulu akhiqizwa kusukela ngeminyaka yawo-1920 kuya ko-1980, phakathi kwawo ibhasi elidala eligqamayo.

Baqedela amagugu e-museum yedolobha lokho Kwezobuciko Ezidumile Nemikhuba KaMelilla, leyo yobuciko obungcwele o i-Gaselec of Electricity and Industry, enezici okwakungezeNkampani endala yase-Hispano-Moroccan.

Amabhishi namapaki aseMelilla

I-Hernandez Park

I-Hernández Park, enye yezindawo ezinhle kakhulu edolobheni laseMelilla

Asikwazi ukuphuma kuleli dolobha ngaphandle kokukutshela ngamabhishi alo amahle, amanye ahlukile Ifulegi eliluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka inikezwe yi-European Union. Zakha isamba esingamakhilomitha amabili ezindawo ezinesihlabathi futhi ziyagqama lezo zase-Aguadú, e-Alcazaba, eSan Lorenzo noma eCábabos. Nokho, ezibanzi kakhulu kukhona labo beHippodrome kanye ne-Equestrian ozokuthola enhliziyweni yomuzi.

Ngokuqondene namapaki, endala kunawo wonke uHernandez, elibuye libhekwe njengepaki elingokomlando. Lihle kakhulu futhi Le yindawo ka Lobera, enamathempeli, amachibi anezimpophoma zokwenziwa nemifanekiso eqoshiwe. Ekugcineni, unayo eka-Agustín Jerez futhi, kakade emaphethelweni, the Ipaki yehlathi yaseJuan Carlos I Rey.

Sengiphetha, sikubonise into enhle kakhulu ngayo idolobha laseMelilla, kanye nendlela yokufika kuyo. Njengoba kwenzeka nge Ceuta, elinye idolobha laseSpain e-Afrika, mhlawumbe kuyinto enkulu engaziwa kithina be-peninsula, abahamba kancane ukuya kuyo. Qhubeka ukwenze.


Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

*

*