25 Ilukuluku ngeFrance

I-Eiffel tower

Kuningi ilukuluku mayelana France Esingakutshela khona. Njengoba kwenzeka nakwamanye amazwe anomlando omude, njenge España o I-Gran Bretaña, isizwe saseGallic sithuthukise isiko elicebile eligcwele amasiko amangalisayo.

Lokhu kuhlobene nezici zempilo yaseFrance ezihlukahlukene njengomphakathi, isiko kanye ne-gastronomy. Kodwa futhi zixhumene nemvelo, umlando, ezokuthutha kanye nebhola imbala. Okulandelayo, sizokutshela izinto ezithokozisayo ezingama-25 ngeFrance. Njengoba uzobona, eziningi zazo azilindelekile futhi ezinye, ngisho, kuyamangaza.

Izilimi eFrance

Amazwe akhuluma isiFulentshi

Ukusatshalaliswa kwamazwe akhuluma isiFulentshi emhlabeni jikelele

Ezweni elingumakhelwane kunolimi olulodwa kuphela olusemthethweni, okungukuthi el frances. Nokho, akhona amanye akhulunywa izakhamuzi zawo eziningi futhi anomlando omkhulu. Kuyindaba ye i-occitan, enezikhulumi ezingaba yizigidi ezimbili. Ngokufanayo, enye yezinhlobonhlobo zayo I-Provencal, enesiko elicebile lezincwadi.

Ziyakhulunywa naseFrance i-alsatian, okuwulimi lwesiJalimane, kanye i-corsican, elivela eNtaliyane. Kodwa, ngokulinganayo, baningi abakhuluma isiFulentshi ezweni lesiFulentshi. Isi-Breton (esuka eBrittany), i-flamenco, i-basque ne-catalan.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, ucingo Francophonie noma iqembu lamazwe lapho kukhulunywa khona isiFulentshi lihlanganisa umphakathi wabantu abayizigidi eziyinkulungwane. Bangabezizwe ezihlukene ECanada, eBelgium noma eSwitzerland. Kepha futhi ukuze Martinique, Haiti, Cameroon, Burkina Faso, Cambodia noma New Caledonia.

I-Curiosities yaseFrance ehlobene nesiko

UPatrick Modiano

UPatrick Modiano, ongomunye wababhali baseFrance owine uMklomelo KaNobel kuLiterature

Ungase ungazi ukuthi iFrance yizwe elinalo Abanye abawine iNobel Prize in Literature ngenani eliyishumi nanhlanu. U-Armand Sully Proudhome uwine uhlelo lokuqala lomklomelo futhi, kusukela lapho, ababhali abahlonishwayo njenga UFrédéric Mistral, uRomain Rolland, u-André Gide, uFrançois Mauriac noma uPatrick Modiano.

Nokho, ngenxa yolimi abaphumelele ukubhala ngalo, ulimi olunabaphumelele kakhulu IsiNgisi. Kunjalo, njengoba ungase ucabange, lokhu kufaka phakathi ababhali baseNyakatho Melika.

Umphakathi waseFrance

Umdlalo webhola lezinyawo

Ibhola likanobhutshuzwayo liwumdlalo wenkosi eFrance

Njengoba sike sanitshela ngaphambili, amakhulu eminyaka amaningi kangaka omlando aholele ekufuneni ukwazi okuningi eFrance. Ngokwesibonelo, Ingabe kusemthethweni ukushada nomuntu ofile?. Nokho, umshado kufanele ugunyazwe nguMongameli weRiphabhulikhi. Eqinisweni, umshado usanda kugujwa ngaphansi kwalezi zimo. Kwakuwumlingani wephoyisa owabulawa eParis.

Izinganekwane zasemadolobheni ziye zakhululwa ngisho nangemva kwalokho umsuka wazo ezikhathini ezidlule. E-France, Kunenkolelo yokuthi kwenqatshelwe ukubiza ingulube iNapoleon. Okubi nakakhulu, kodwa okungokomlando ngokulinganayo yisiqubulo sedolobha laseParis: "i-fluctuat nec mergitur", okusho into efana nokuthi "kuthintwa, kodwa hhayi ukucwiliswa." Ngakolunye uhlangothi, isehlukaniso sinenani eliphansi kakhulu ezweni elingumakhelwane. Ngokuqondile, kungu-1,9%. Isibonelo, eSpain yi-2.1.

Mayelana nemithi eFrance, ungase ungazi ukuthi yenziwa kuphi. ukufakelwa kwenhliziyo yokwenziwa kokuqala. Ngokuqondile, kwenziwa esibhedlela saseGeorge Pompidou eParis ngoDisemba 2013. Ngokufanayo, inhlangano. Odokotela abangenayo imingcele Yakhiwe eFrance ngo-1971.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, mayelana nokuzijabulisa komphakathi waseFrance, umdlalo wenkosi ibhola lezinyawo. Akulona ize, iqembu lakhe lizuze impumelelo enkulu emhlabeni jikelele. Usebambe iqhaza emiqhudelwaneni yomhlaba engu-15 futhi usenqobe isicoco kabili. Ngokunjalo, usedlale kuma-European Championships ayisishiyagalolunye, waphinde wawina amabili. I-Nhlangano Yezizwe kanye nezindebe ezimbili ze-FIFA Confederations ziqeda impumelelo ye "les Bleus", njengoba iqembu laseFrance laziwa kakhulu.

Enye yezinkanuko ezinkulu French kukhona amapaki etimu. Zinenani elikhulu lazo, kodwa edume kakhulu yile Disneyland kusuka eParis. Futhi, ngokulandelayo, i- I-Asterix Park, enikezelwe kumlingisi odumile wamahlaya, i-Futuroscope, I-Space City kanye naleyo enikezelwe kumfanekiso wemibhalo ka iNkosana encane, eyenziwe ngu- Antoine de Saint-Exupery.

Imvelo nengqalasizinda: ilukuluku elingaphezulu laseFrance

I-Mont Blanc

I-Mont Blanc, intaba ephakeme kunazo zonke eningizimu yeYurophu

Izwe lethu elingumakhelwane linentaba ephakeme kunazo zonke eningizimu yeYurophu. Imayelana I-Mont Blanc, ngamamitha angu-4805 ngaphezu kwezinga lolwandle. Idlulwa kuphela iziqongo ezithile ezisezintabeni zaseCaucasus, lapho ephakeme kunazo zonke kuyiNtaba i-Elbrus, enokuphakama okungamamitha angu-5642.

Kepha iFrance nayo inengqalasizinda ebabazekayo. Kunjalo, isibonelo, UMillau Viaduct, etholakala emnyangweni we-Aveyron futhi iwumsebenzi we Norman Foster. Kuyibhuloho elihlala ngekhebula eliwela isigodi saseTarn. Inqamula isikhala esingamamitha angu-2460 futhi, engxenyeni yayo ephakeme kakhulu, inobude obungamamitha angu-343. Konke lokhu kudala ukuthi imimoya ivunguze ngesivinini esingamakhilomitha angu-200 ngehora.

Kodwa, uma sikhuluma ngamabhuloho, okuthakazelisa kakhulu ukuthi elidala kunawo wonke eParis liqanjwe ngalo Pont neuf noma Ibhuloho Elisha. Mayelana nokuxhumana kukaloliwe, inesiteshi esimatasa kakhulu eYurophu. Imayelana ekaGare du Nord eParis, enabagibeli abayizigidi ezingu-190 ngonyaka. Futhi ingelinye lamadala kunawo wonke, njengoba yavulwa ngo-1846.

Ngokufanayo, izwe laseFrance linayo uxhumano lwesitimela olubanzi kunawo wonke kulo lonke elaseYurophu, nengqikithi yamakhilomitha angu-29. Kodwa okudinga ukwazi okwengeziwe idatha ehlobene nemigwaqo yayo. Yiba 30 000 ojikelezayo, ngaphezu kwengxenye yalabo abasemhlabeni. Ngendlela, ikhilomitha elinguziro lale migwaqo itholakala eduze kwe- I-Notre Dame de Paris Cathedral.

I-gastronomy yaseFrance

Ushizi waseFrance

Izinhlobonhlobo zama-French cheeses

Njengoba wazi, ukudla kwaseFrance kudume ngokuthi kungenye yezinto ezihamba phambili emhlabeni. Izingcweti zayo ezinkulu ziye zasakaza izitsha zazo emhlabeni wonke futhi ziye zabeka izisekelo ze-gastronomy yesimanje. Kukho konke lokhu, kwakungenakugwemeka ukuthi ezinye ilukuluku mayelana neFrance zazixhunyaniswa nobuciko bokupheka.

Ngokwesibonelo, izwe elingumakhelwane Idume umhlaba wonke ngoshizi bayo. Kulinganiselwa ukuthi inezinhlobo ezibalelwa kumakhulu amane ahlukene kanti isifunda ngasinye sinesaso. Kodwa okunye ubunye yilokho okwenzeka ngamazambane. Iminyaka engamashumi amabili nane, phakathi kuka-1748 no-1772 yaba ngokungekho emthethweni. Isizathu ukuthi kwakukholelwa ukuthi babedlulisela uchoko.

Akukho okudinga ukwazi ukuthi kubhekiselwa kuphi iminenke. Nakuba zithathwa njengezibiliboco emhlabeni wonke, iFrance ithatha ikhekhe, idla amathani ayizinkulungwane ezingamashumi amathathu ngonyaka. Kodwa, ngaphezu kwakho konke, akuvunyelwe ukubagibela isitimela ngaphandle uma benethikithi labo. Kuwukuvinjelwa okudlulela kuzo zonke izilwane eziphilayo ezinesisindo esingaphansi kwamakhilogremu amahlanu.

Izimpawu zaseFrance

Imarsellesa

Isikolo seLa Marseillaise

Mhlawumbe awukwazi lokho "France" Yigama lomsuka wesiJalimane elisho ukuthi "inkululeko". Kodwa izwe elingumakhelwane linezinye izimpawu eziningi. Enye edume kakhulu iculo layo lesizwe. Imayelana Imarsellesa, ingoma eyaqanjwa ngo-1792 ngu I-mullet ebomvu evela eLisle nalokho okwaculwa ngabavukeli. Ngezinye izikhathi, amazwi akhe aye abizwa ngokuthi anobudlova nokucwasa.

Ngokuqondene namatshe esikhumbuzo, siphinde sithole izinto ezithokozisayo mayelana neFrance ezixhunywe kuzo, ikakhulukazi ezidume kakhulu: i-Eiffel Tower. Yakhiwa unjiniyela okwaqanjwa ngaye uMbukiso Wendawo Yonke eParis ngo-1889, isiwuphawu lwezwe elingumakhelwane.

Bonke abavakashi abavakashela enhloko-dolobha bayafika bazoyibona. Yamukela izivakashi ezingaphezu kwezigidi eziyisithupha nengxenye ngonyaka. Kodwa, ngokumangalisayo, empeleni, amaFulentshi ahlela ukuyidiliza ngemva kombukiso oshiwo ngenhla. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ngamamitha angamakhulu amathathu ukuphakama, Kwakuyisakhiwo eside kunazo zonke emhlabeni kwaze kwaba ngu-1930, lapho i-Chrysler Building eNew York imphuca lolo dumo.

Njengoba wazi, yonke yenziwe ngensimbi futhi lokhu kubangela enye into eyingqayizivele yesikhumbuzo. Ehlobo iphakeme ngamasentimitha ayishumi nesishiyagalombili kunasebusika ngenxa yokwenzeka kokunwetshwa okushisayo kwensimbi. Ngokufanayo, unyaka ngamunye bayachitha amathani angamashumi amahlanu kapende kuyo ukugwema ukugqwala. Ngakho-ke, ayizange ibe nombala ofanayo ngaso sonke isikhathi.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, kunolunye uphawu lweFrance olungatholakali ezweni, kodwa ku United States. Sikhuluma nawe ngabadumile Isifanekiso senkululeko, ungabona ini ku ENew York. Kwakuyisipho esivela ezweni lethu elingumakhelwane esiya eNyakatho Melika ukukhumbula iminyaka eyikhulu yathola inkululeko. Futhi into emangalisa kakhulu ukuthi zagcinwa i-replica yethusi, nakuba kuncane. Ungayibona e-Ile des Cygnes, eMfuleni iSeine.

Indaba ye-Hunchback ye-Notre Dame njengesiphetho selukuluku ngeFrance

IHunchback yeNotre Dame

Umfanekiso we UMama wethu waseParis

Impela uyifundile le noveli ngo Víctor Hugo isihloko UMama wethu waseParis noma uke wawabona amanye amafilimu amaningi axoxa indaba ye-Hunchback ye-Notre Dame. Phakathi kokugcina, kukhona edume kakhulu evela kwaDisney. Isikhathi eside kwakukhona ukuqagela mayelana nokuthi umbhali waseFrance wayesekele indalo yakhe kumlingiswa wangempela. Namuhla siyazi ukuthi yayingekho. Nokho, kubonakala sengathi kukhona okuyiqiniso ngakho. Ngokuqondile, wakhuthazwa umqophi wezithombe owayesebenza ethempelini nokuthi wayene-hump.

Sengiphetha, sikutshele amashumi amabili nanhlanu ilukuluku mayelana France ezihlanganisa zonke izici zokuphila ezweni elingumakhelwane. Nokho, singaqhubeka nokukutshela abanye abaningi, njengokuthi, ngokwesibonelo, lokho EParis Yasungulwa ngekhulu lesi-3 BC yisizwe samaGallic noma ukuthi ezweni elingumakhelwane kukhona izinqaba ezingaba yizinkulungwane ezingamashumi amane. Kufanele sikweluleke kuphela ukuthi usivakashele ukuze wazi amadolobha ayo amakhulu kanye nenqwaba yezikhumbuzo zayo. Qhubeka ukwenze, ngeke uzisole.


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