Uma uvakashela iBurgos, ungakhohlwa ukwazi lawa maphuzu athakazelisayo

Burgos

I-Los izikhumbuzo ezinkulu Burgos Bakha iqembu amadolobha ambalwa emhlabeni angakwazi ukulifanisa. Akulona ize, idolobha laseCastilian lingelinye lalawo anomlando omningi eSpain.

Nakuba kunobufakazi bokuthi le ndawo yayihlalwa kusukela I-Neolithic, usuku lokusungulwa kwedolobha lwamukelwa njengonyaka 884 ezandleni ze Bala u-Diego Rodríguez Porcelos. Kodwa yazuza ukubaluleka kwangempela ngo-930, lapho iba inhloko-dolobha Isifunda saseCastile futhi-ke, embusweni olandelayo ngenxa yezenzo zika UFernand Gonzalez. Ngingalahlekelwa yilesi simo nge Amakhosi amaKatolika, kodwa hhayi ukubaluleka kwayo kwezomnotho ngenxa yokuthunyelwa kwecereal noboya be-merino. Kusukela emlandweni omuhle kangaka, kuye kwasala izimanga eziningi kuleli dolobha. Okulandelayo, sikubonisa izikhumbuzo ezinhle zaseBurgos.

Isonto lombhishobhi iBurgos

Isonto lombhishobhi iBurgos

I-cathedral, enye yezikhumbuzo ezinkulu zaseBurgos

Ingenye yezimpawu ezinkulu zedolobha. Eqinisweni, imayelana enye ye iziqongo zobuciko be-Gothic eSpain futhi sekumenyezelwe Amagugu Omhlaba yi-UNESCO. Yakhiwa ngekhulu le-13 kulandela ukwakhiwa kwe Johane waseKoloni nangendlela yamasonto amakhulu amaGothic aseFrance. Kodwa futhi ihlanganisa izici ze-Gothic evuthayo ezinikeza umoya ongaqondakali.

Ngokufanayo, ngaphakathi, kufanele ubheke isonto lamaConstable, ebhapathizwa “njengesonto lombhishobhi ngaphakathi kwesonto lombhishobhi”; i Izitebhisi zegolide Isitayela se-Renaissance; i Amathuna akwaCid nomkakhe uJimena futhi i isonto likaSanta Ana ne-altare layo eliwumbukwane. Kodwa isici sayo esithakazelisayo kakhulu i-flycatcher, i-automaton eyingqayizivele eshaya amahora ngenkathi ivula umlomo wayo.

Isigodlo saseSanta María la Real de las Huelgas

Las Huelgas Monastery

Isigodlo saseSanta María la Real de las Huelgas

Yindlu yezindela yaseCistercian eyasungulwa ngo-1189 ngu U-Alfonso VIII waseCastile njenge-pantheon yasebukhosini. Eqinisweni, ingxenye enhle yezikhulu zaseCastilian ingcwatshwe lapho. Emakhulwini eminyaka kamuva kwanezelwa ezinye izinto ezincika.

Kusethi, izakhi ezifana abakwaCloisters noma i-cloister yasendulo ye-Romanesque; i I-Mudejar Chapel yaseSantiago, isonto ne-altare lalo elakhiwe ngu Juan de Pobes; omkhulu Indawo yokudlela yaseSan Fernando noma i Museum of Rich Medieval Fabrics. Ngaphezu kwalokho, izindlu zezindela ibhanela le-Las Navas de Tolosa, eyasetshenziswa empini edumile ye-homonymous yonyaka ka-1212, kanye naleyo ebizwa ngokuthi I-Codex yeziteleka. Lesi sakamuva, sangekhulu le-14, siqoqa izingoma izindelakazi ezazicula emithandazweni yazo futhi ingenye yemithombo emikhulu ye-polyphony yasendulo yaseYurophu.

I-Plaza Mayor

I-Plaza Mayor

IMeya yasePlaza yaseBurgos

Uzoyithola incikene nabadumile Espolón ukuhamba futhi inomumo wepholigoni engajwayelekile. Ekuqaleni yayibizwa I-Minor Market Square ngoba lomcimbi wamasonto onke ubugujwa khona. Khona-ke, yafinyelelwa ngomnyango weCarretas, okwathi, ngenguquko yekhulu le-18, yaqedwa, kwasala i-arch kuphela futhi kwenezela ezinye. Ngesikhathi esifanayo, kwakhiwa izakhiwo ezintsha lapho.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, iSpur Kube yisikhungo sempilo yenhlalo yaseBurgos iminyaka eminingi. Yakhiwa phakathi nekhulu le-19 futhi iwuhambo oluhle olunemigqa yezihlahla. Ngokufanayo, ihlotshiswe ngezithombe zamakhosi nezinye izibalo ezikhazimulayo, imithombo, amachibi ngisho ne-bandstand encane.

I-Miraflores Charterhouse, enye yezikhumbuzo ezinkulu zaseBurgos emaphethelweni

I-Miraflores Charterhouse

I-charterhouse emangalisayo ye-Miraflores

Njengoba isihloko sisho, lesi sikhumbuzo sitholakala cishe amakhilomitha amahlanu ukusuka edolobheni, endaweni ye- I-Fuentes Blancas Park. Ekuqaleni, kwakuyisigodlo sokuzingela senkosi. John II waseCastile, owayiguqula yaba isigodlo sezindela saseCarthusian ngo-1441.

Ngemuva Isabel the Catholic wayezoyiguqula le nkimbinkimbi, ngokuqondile, ukuze angcwabe abazali bakhe lapho, okukhulunywe ngakho ngenhla Johane II e U-Isabella wasePortugal, kanye nomfowabo, usana u-Alfonso. Amathuna abo akha elinye lamaqembu amahle kakhulu emingcwabo yamaGothic kulo lonke elaseYurophu. Kodwa, ngaphezu kwalokho, kufanele unake i-altare lesonto, umsebenzi we uGil waseSilowama, igolide layo lenziwe ngegolide Columbus wabuya ohambweni lwakhe lwesibili oluya e-Indies. Isigodlo sezindela sinemisebenzi yabadwebi abakhulu abanjengo i-beruguete y UJoaquin Sorolla.

Inqaba yaseBurgos

Burgos Castle

Ukubuka kweBurgos castle

Kwakuyimvelaphi yedolobha ngonyaka ka-884, nakuba ukubaluleka kwalo kwakhula njengoba lenza kanjalo ukuze libe nokubaluleka okukhethekile ngesikhathi impi yokulandelana kwe-castilian. Bese, abalandeli be UJuana la Beltraneja futhi wahlupheka ukuvinjezelwa amabutho ka Isabel the Catholic.

Amakhulu eminyaka eshiywe kanye nokuqhunyiswa kwezikhali zayo ngamabutho aseFrance ngesikhathi Impi Yokuzimela kubangele isimo sayo esibi samanje. Kodwa-ke, njenge-anecdote, sizokutshela ukuthi iyayigcina kahle medieval. Futhi naye uyamkhumbula izitebhisi ezijikelezayo ezehlela kuwo cishe amamitha angamashumi ayisithupha nantathu ukushona. Ngokufanayo, ungabona eyingqayizivele yayo inethiwekhi yegalari futhi ujabulele ipaki elizungezile nemibono yalo emangalisayo yedolobha.

Inkundla Yeskululeko

Umthombo eBurgos

Umthombo eLiberty Square

Akwaziwa kakhulu kuneMeya, kuwumphumela wokuhlukana kwabadala IMain Market Square kokubili. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, yakha lowo oseSanto Domingo futhi, ngakolunye, lowo weNkululeko, ezihlukanisa ngamagceke e-Antón, izakhiwo ezinompheme kusukela ngekhulu le-19.

Leyo yeNkululeko yaziwa nangokuthi I-Cordon Square ngendlu engaziwa noma Isigodlo samaConstable aseCastile, umnyango wawo omkhulu uhlotshiswe ngentambo kaFrancisca. Okulandelayo, sizokhuluma nawe ngakho, kodwa futhi unezinye izakhiwo ezithakazelisayo esigcawini. Ngokwesibonelo, yena isigodlo sesifundazwe.

Isigodlo samaConstable aseCastile

ICordon House

Isigodlo samaConstable baseCastile noma iNdlu yaseCordón

Njengoba sethembisile, manje sesizokuchazela konke odinga ukukwazi ngomunye wezikhumbuzo ezinkulu zaseBurgos: ezibizwa nangokuthi. indlu ye-cordon. Idalwe ngu UJuan de Colonia nendodana yakhe uSimón, ingenye yezibonelo ezinhle kakhulu ze i-civil gothic architecture yekhulu le-15 edolobheni, nakuba liye labhekana nezinguquko eziningana.

Isigodlo sicabange ngezenzakalo zomlando ezifanele kakhulu. Ngokwesibonelo, kuwo bathola i- Amakhosi amaKatolika a Columbus ngemva kohambo lwakhe lwesibili lokuya eMelika. I Imithetho yeBurgos, okwathi ngokokuqala ngqá, yalawula ukwelashwa okufanele kunikezwe amaNdiya ezwekazini laseMelika. Ngokufanayo, wafela emakamelweni akhe UFiliphu Omuhle.

St. Stephen's Church

St. Stephen's Church

I-Church of San Esteban, enye yeziningi eziphakathi kwezikhumbuzo ezinkulu zaseBurgos

Ngaphezu kwe-cathedral yayo enhle, kunamanye amasonto amangalisayo akha izikhumbuzo ezinkulu zaseBurgos. Ngokwesibonelo, lezo zaseSan Gil Abad, San Nicolás de Bari, la Merced, San Lesmes noma Santa María la Real. Kodwa, njengesibonelo sabo, siphakamisa ukuthi uvakashele eSaint Stephen's. Njengeningi langaphambilini, iyiGothic futhi yakhiwa ekupheleni kwekhulu le-13.

Uzoyithola eduze kwenqaba, kodwa sifuna ukukhuluma nawe ngakho ngoba, ngemva kokungcoliswa, namuhla I-Altarpiece Museum. Ineqoqo elimangalisayo lalezi zingcezu zenkolo zokuhlobisa kusukela ekhulwini le-16, 17, nele-18, kanye nezitayela zeRenaissance kanye neBaroque. Ngaphezu kwalokho, inesigaba somkhandi wegolide esithakazelisayo.

I-Arch of Santa María, enye yezikhumbuzo ezinkulu zaseBurgos

I-Arch of Saint Mary

I-Arch of Santa María, enye yezimpawu zeBurgos

Leli sango ledolobha elidala lingenye yezimpawu eziyinhloko zeBurgos. Yakhiwa ngeNkathi Ephakathi, kodwa ukubukeka kwayo kwamanje kungenxa yokulungiswa kabusha okujulile ngekhulu le-16. Khona-ke, izithombe zokuhlobisa zanezelwa njengalezo ze cid kanye nelombusi UCarlos V.

Namuhla, i-Arco de Santa María ivulekele umphakathi futhi inikeza iminyuziyamu emibili emincane. Omunye ume ocingweni igumbi lokugezela noma Yemfihlo futhi inikezelwe, ngokuqondile, ku cid. Ngokuqondene nomunye, kuyilukuluku imnyuziyamu yekhemisi. Lokhu kutholakala esitezi esiphezulu, esingenwa ngezitebhisi ezi-spiral. Ungaphuthelwa ukubukwa okuhle elikunikezayo kwe-Paseo del Espolón.

Museum of Human Evolution of Burgos

Burgos Museum of Evolution

I-Museum of Human Evolution

Njengoba wazi, eBurgos Izintaba ze-Atapuerca enye yezindawo ezibalulekile zangaphambi komlando emhlabeni itholakele. Kamuva sizokhuluma nawe ngakho, kodwa manje sifuna ukukhuluma ngomnyuziyamu lapho kuboniswa khona izingcezu eziningi ezitholakele.

Yisakhiwo sesimanje esakhiwe umakhi UJuan Navarro Baldeweg esithole imiklomelo engaphezu kwamashumi amane ngokuklama kwayo. Kodwa okubaluleke kakhulu okuqukethwe kwayo. Phakathi kwezingcezu ezihlala kuzo kukhona abadume kakhulu ababhapathizwa ngamagama okuqala. Ngokwesibonelo, i Elvis pelvis futhi i ugebhezi lwekhanda likaHomo heidelbergensis Miguelón. Kodwa futhi ungabona ukuzilibazisa okungokoqobo kwama-hominids amaningana ngisho nokukhiqizwa komkhumbi lapho Charles Darwin waya eGalapagos.

Ukwengeza, emnyuziyamu ungahlela a ukuvakashelwa okuqondisiwe al Le yindawo ka Atapuerca futhi kuya I-Experimental Archeology Center (CAREX), lapho uzobona khona umfanekiso wedolobha laseNeolithic.

Indawo ye-Atapuerca

ISinki Esikhulu

Indawo yaseGran Dolina e-Atapuerca

Empeleni, kufanele sikhulume ngediphozithi, ngoba ingaphezu kweyodwa. Uzowathola cishe amakhilomitha ayishumi nanhlanu ukusuka eBurgos, ezintabeni zegama elifanayo. Njengoba sikutshelile, bayakha enye yezakhiwo ezibaluleke kakhulu ze-paleontological emhlabeni. Hhayi ngeze, aqukethe ubufakazi ezibalulekile i-homos antecessor, i-heidelbergensis ne-neanderthalensis.

Kumenyezelwe Amagugu Omhlaba, ukuvakashela esakhiweni sase-Atapuerca kuqala endaweni ebizwa ngokuthi i-Railway Trench, lapho kuye kwatholakala khona izinsalela eziningi zamathambo. Bese uqhubeka ngeSima del Elefante, Igalari Eyinkimbinkimbi kanye neGran Dolina.

Sengiphetha, sikubonise i- izikhumbuzo ezinkulu Burgos Okufanele ukwazi uma uvakashela idolobha. Kodwa, nakanjani, sishiye abanye ngemuva. Ngokwesibonelo, i izigodlo zaseCastilfalé kanye nesiqhingi, the izindela zaseSanta Clara naseSanta Dorotea noma i Amabhuloho eMalatós naseSan Pablo. Ngaphezu kwalokho, uma usondela BurgosUngakhohlwa ukuvakasha amanye amadolobha ayo amahle kakhulu. Woza uzozitholela lesi sifundazwe saseSpain esihle nesinomlando.


Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

*

*