Izinganekwane zaseRoma

Izinganekwane zaseRoma zinomsuka wazo kanye umsuka we UMuzi Ongunaphakade. Njengoba wazi, isisekelo sakhe sinomlando odumile ngemuva kwaso, lokho kwe URomulus noRemus. Kepha, ngaphezu kwalokho, idolobha elinomlando omningi kangaka kufanele ligcine ezinye izindaba eziningi ezinganekwane ozojabula ukuzazi.

Ngeke sikwazi ukukutshela konke, kodwa singakuqinisekisa ukuthi izindaba esizokutshela zona ziyingxenye yezinganekwane eziyigugu kakhulu zaseRoma nokuthi uzokujabulela ukuzazi. Hhayi ize ziqukethe izindaba ezihlobene amakhosi okuqala, ne amakhosi amakhulu kusukela enkathini yakudala nangobumnyama Iminyaka ephakathi wedolobha elihle lase-Italy (lapha sikushiya i-athikili emayelana nezikhumbuzo zayo). Kepha, ngaphandle kokuqhubeka, ake sihambe nezindaba ezinhle kakhulu ezinganekwane ngeDolobha eliPhakade.

Izinganekwane zaseRoma, selokhu kwasungulwa idolobha

Njengoba sikutshelile, yona kanye imvelaphi yeRoma inemvelaphi yezinganekwane. Kepha kanjalo nesiqephu esidumile se- ukuthunjwa kwamasabatha, sibonga lapho indlu yakudala yaseRoma yakhula khona ngobusuku besikhathi. Ake sihambe nakho konke.

Inganekwane yokusungulwa kweRoma

URomulus noRemus

URomulus noRemus banceliswa impisi

Umsuka wenganekwane waseRoma usukela ekhulwini lesi-XNUMX BC. Kodwa-ke, le nganekwane yaseRoma iqala ngisho nangaphambi kwalokho. Ascanio, indodana ka U-Eneya, iqhawe leTrojan, elasungulwa osebeni lweTiber idolobha lase Alba Longa.

Eminyakeni eminingi kamuva, inkosi yaleli dolobha yabizwa Isibalo Nomfowabo I-Amulium wamsusa esihlalweni sobukhosi. Kepha icala lakhe aligcinanga lapho. Ukuze owokuqala angabi nabantwana ababanga isihlalo sobukhosi, waphoqa indodakazi yakhe, URea Silvia, ukuze abe yiVestal, eyayimdinga ukuthi ahlale eyintombi nto. Kodwa-ke, u-Amulio omubi akazange anake intando kankulunkulu Mars.

Lona wakhulelisa uRea wamawele URomulus noRemus. Kodwa-ke, lapho bezalwa, ngenxa yokwesaba ukuthi inkosi embi izobabulala, babekwa kubhasikidi basala eMfuleni iTiber uqobo. Ubhasikidi wagxumela phansi olwandle, eduze kwamagquma ayisikhombisa, lapho wabonwa khona ngu impisi. Usindise futhi wancelisa izingane endaweni yakhe yokuhlala i IPalatine Hill baze batholwa ngumfundisi, wabayisa ekhaya lakhe, lapho bakhuliswa khona ngumkakhe.

Sebekhulile, lezi zinsizwa zombili zehlisa u-Amulio esikhundleni sazo zafaka uNumitor esikhundleni. Kepha okubaluleke kakhulu kithi ngomlando wethu ukuthi uRomulus noRemus baphinde basungula ikoloni le-Alba Longa osebeni lomfula uqobo, ngokunembile lapho impisi eyabe ibamunce khona, futhi abaholi babo bamenyezelwa.

Kodwa-ke, impikiswano mayelana nendawo ngqo lapho kuzokwakhiwa khona idolobha elisha yaholela empikiswaneni edabukisayo phakathi kwalaba bobabili eyayizophela Ukufa kukaRemo ezandleni zomfowabo uqobo. Ngokomlando, uRomulus waba kanjalo inkosi yokuqala yaseRoma. Uma kufanele sinake izazi-mlando zasendulo, kwakungunyaka ka-754 BC.

Ukudlwengulwa Kwabesifazane BaseSabine, Enye Inganekwane Ethandwayo YaseRoma

Ukudlwengulwa Kwabesifazane BaseSabine

Ukudlwengulwa Kwabesifazane BaseSabine

Futhi ngesikhathi sikaRomulus indaba yendaba yokuthunjwa kwabesifazane baseSabine, enye yezinganekwane zaseRoma ezaziwa kakhulu. Kuthiwa umsunguli wedolobha wamukela noma ngubani ovela eLazio njengesakhamuzi esisha ukuze asigcwalise.

Kodwa-ke, cishe bonke babengamadoda, okwenza ukukhula kweRoma kungenzeki. URomulus wabe eseqaphela amadodakazi amasabatha, owayehlala egqumeni eliseduze lika I-Quirinal wase eqala ukubathumba.

Ukuze enze kanjalo, wenza idili elikhulu futhi wamema omakhelwane bakhe. Lapho amaSabine emangele ngokwanele yiwayini, wathumba amadodakazi abo wawayisa eRoma. Kepha le ndaba ayigcini lapho.

Khonamanjalo, wayeshiye ephethe idolobha I-Tarpeia, owayethandana neNkosi yaseLatinos. Njengoba babememezele impi neRoma ngemuva kokuthunjwa kwamadodakazi abo, intombazane yenza isivumelwano nenkosi ukuthi izomkhombisa indlela yokungena edolobheni ngasese uma emnika lokho ayenakho engalweni yakhe yangakwesobunxele. Wayekhuluma ngesongo segolide, kepha, ngenkathi abakwaSabine sebekwazi lokhu kufinyelela okufihliwe eRoma, inkosi yayala amasosha ayo ukuba achoboze uTarpeii ngezihlangu zawo, elayishwe ngqo ezingalweni zakhe zangakwesobunxele.

Kodwa-ke, ukuphela kwale ndaba kunokunye okuhlukile. Ithi amaRoma, ngokwazi ukukhashelwa kwale ntokazi, amphonsa eweni okwathi, kusukela lapho, kwathiwa Idwala laseTarpeya.

Ekugcineni, kwaba nokungqubuzana phakathi kwamaSabine namaRoma. Noma kunalokho, akwenzekanga ngoba amantombazane athunjiwe wema phakathi kwawo womabili amabutho ukumisa impi. Uma amaRoma ephumelela, azolahlekelwa ngabazali nabafowabo, ngenkathi amaSabine enqoba, azosala engenabayeni. Ngakho-ke, kwasayinwa ukuthula phakathi kwemizi yomibili.

Umgwaqo waseMazzamurelli

Nge-de los Mazzamurelli

UMazzamurelli Street, indawo yenye yezinganekwane zaseRoma

Uma uvakashela i- Ukuncipha Roman, uzothola umgwaqo omncane, oqala isonto laseSt. Chrysogonus, efinyelela phezulu leyo yeSan Gallicano. Lo mgwaqo owokuthi uMazamurelli. Kepha bangobani lezi zidalwa ezinomgwaqo oseRoma oqanjwe ngabo?

Singabakhomba kulaba abancane ubuhlakani obugangile lokho kuyingxenye yazo zonke izinganekwane zomhlaba. Bangaba uhlobo lwama-elves ajabulela ukwenza ubuqili obuncane kubantu abadlulayo futhi, nakanjani, abahlala kulowo mgwaqo.

Eqinisweni, enye yezindaba ezakha le nganekwane ithi kwakuhlala indoda eyayinedumela lokuba ngumlingo ngokubona izidalwa ezingaphezu kwemvelo. Indlu yalo muntu isagcinwe emgwaqeni futhi kuthiwa ikhona haunted.

Kodwa-ke, akuyona yonke into embi ezungeze i-mazzamurelli. Kwabanye ababalisi bale nganekwane yaseRoma, bayizidalwa ezinenzuzo ezinikezelwe ukuvikela omakhelwane bomgwaqo obizwa ngegama labo.

UCastel Sant'Angelo, indawo yezinganekwane eziningi zaseRoma

Inqaba yeSant'Angelo

UCastel Sant'Angelo

Ngaphezu kokuba esinye sezikhumbuzo ezibaluleke kakhulu eDolobheni Laphakade, iCastel Sant'Angelo inezinganekwane eziningi. Yakhelwe ukuba ibe Mausoleum ka-Emperor Hadrian, ineminyaka ecishe ibe yizinkulungwane ezimbili yomlando. Ngeke kukumangaze-ke ukuthi kube yindawo yezindaba eziningi zasenganekwaneni.

Okudume kakhulu kubo imbangela yegama layo. Sikunyaka wama-590 wesikhathi sethu. Umqedazwe wesifo esiwumshayabhuqe wehlele iRoma kanye nopapa UGregory Omkhulu wahlela udwendwe. Lapho isondela enqabeni, yavela ngaphezulu kwayo ingelosi enkulu ukuthi wayephethe inkemba ezandleni zakhe yokumemezela ukuphela kwalobhadane.

Ngakho-ke, hhayi kuphela isigodlo esibizwa ngokuthi yi-de ISant'Angelo, kepha ngaphezu kwalokho, isithombe sengelosi enkulu sakhiwe phezulu kwaso ukuthi, ngemuva kokubuyiselwa kaningana, usabona nanamuhla.

IPassetto di Borgo

Passetto di Borgo

IPassetto di Borgo, esinye sezigcawu zezinganekwane eziningi zaseRoma

Asihambi kude nokwakhiwa kwangaphambilini ukuthola elinye lamaphuzu aseRoma agcwele izinganekwane nezindaba ezinganekwane. EMpumalanga iphasiphothi noma indlela ebiyelwe ngodonga ijoyina, ngokunembile, inqaba yeSant'Angelo ne I-Vatican.

Kucishe kube uhhafu wemayela, kepha kube yindawo yazo zonke izinhlobo ze kwavuza amazambane nabanye abefundisi owayefuna ukucasha ngezikhathi zempi nokuphanga. Kodwa-ke, inganekwane ithi noma ngubani oweqa izikhathi ezingamashumi ayisikhombisa uzobona zonke izinkinga zabo ziphela.

Indaba ka-passetto di Borgo iyinsumansumane yokuthi ivele kumafilimu amaningi, kumdlalo owuchungechunge wethelevishini kanye nasemidlalweni yevidiyo.

Isiqhingi saseTiber

Isiqhingi saseTiber

Isiqhingi saseTiber

Siphothula ukuvakasha kwethu kwezinganekwane zaseRoma kulesi siqhingi, ongazibona nanamuhla maphakathi neTiber. Sakheke njengesikebhe futhi cishe asimamitha angama-270 ubude namamitha angama-70 ububanzi. Kodwa-ke, bekuyisihloko sezindaba zasenganekwaneni kusukela endulo.

Eqinisweni, zithinta ukubukeka kwazo. Kuthiwa inkosi yokugcina yaseRoma, UTarquinius the Superb, waphonswa emfuleni izakhamizi zakubo. Wayekade eyindoda ekhohlakele eyeba nokolweni wabo. Ngokushesha nje emva kwalesi sehlakalo, isiqhingi saqala ukuvela futhi amaRoma acabanga ukuthi sasivela ngenxa yezidumbu ezinqwabelene ezizungeze umzimba wenkosi, ingxenye enkulu yayo, ukolweni ayewebile.

Kukho konke lokhu, iTiberina yayihlwanyela njalo uvalo phakathi kwezakhamizi zaseRoma. Lokhu kwaqhubeka amakhulu eminyaka ambalwa kwaze kwaba, ngesikhathi sobhadane lwezifo, a inyoka (uphawu lomuthi) olwaqeda lesi sifo. Njengokubonga, amaRoma akha ithempeli lokuhlonipha u-Aesculapius esiqhingini wayeka ukwesaba ukusivakashela. Sikukhumbuza ukuthi lesi sibalo sasinjalo impela unkulunkulu wezokwelapha waseRoma.

Ekuphetheni, sikutshele okunye okudume kakhulu izinganekwane zaseRoma. Kodwa-ke, idolobha elidala njengalokhu kumele libe neminye eminingi. Phakathi kwalabo abasele kwipayipi futhi mhlawumbe sizokutshela kwenye indatshana kukhona okukhulunywa ngakho U-Emperor Nero kanye ne-Basilica yaseSanta Maria del Pueblo, Omunye we UDioscuri Castor noPollux, the Umlomo Weqiniso noma eziningi ezine-protagonist Hercules.

 

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