Yini ongayibona eMalta ngezinsuku ezi-3

Ngithole Malta kudala, ebuntwaneni bami, ngifunda ngezakhiwo eziyinqaba nezindala, kudala ngaphambi kokuba abanye ubuhle bayo baqedele imephu yami kulesi siqhingi esihle nesikhangayo IMedithera.

Kuyisiqhingi esincane kanye nozibuthe onamandla wabahambi nabavakashi abafuna ukuzijabulisa. Yingakho namuhla, ake sibone ongakubona e-malta ngezinsuku ezi-3. Yisikhathi esifushane, kodwa inselele enkulu.

Malta

I-Malta iyisiqhingi esincane futhi esihlangene, kuphela 27 by 14 km, kodwa kunabantu abaningi. Isenyakatho yeLibya naseningizimu ye-Italy, isesimweni esihle ngempela sokunqoba nokuhweba.

Abantu bafika eNkathini Yamatshe, cishe eminyakeni eyizinkulungwane ezingu-5 BC, futhi abavubukuli bathi kubo ukwakhiwa kwamathempeli ama-megalithic asimangazayo namuhla. Bese beza AbaseFenike futhi kamuva isiGrikhi. I-Carthage neRoma zisesohlwini, ngeNkathi Ephakathi sinesinyathelo esifushane ukusuka eByzantines kuze kube sekufikeni ngaphambi konyaka we-1000 we i-arab futhi emva kwabo, ama-Norman.

Ngekhulu le-XNUMX lesi siqhingi sadlulela ezandleni ze- Umqhele wase-Aragon futhi emakhulwini amabili eminyaka kamuva yaqashiswa kwabadumile Amahhashi enomoya wokungenisa izihambi, ekubeni yilaba abaxoshwa eRhodes nguSuleiman the Magnificent. Labo banumzane baqanjwa kabusha ukuhleleka kwe-maltese. Babephethe ukuvikela lesi siqhingi ekuhlaselweni kwe-Ottoman ngo-1565, bemisa ingozi eyayizogcina inqanyuliwe ngokunqoba okuhlangene kwe-Ottoman. Impi yaseLepanto.

Ukulawulwa kwe-Order of Malta kwaphela ngokufika kwamaFulentshi, ezandleni ze UNapoleon, ngo-1798. Wenza izinguquko ezinkulu ekuphathweni kwalesi siqhingi, kodwa amaNgisi afika ngemva nje kwalokho, amxosha, kangangokuthi iMelitha yaba umbuso. isivikelo saseBrithani. Kusukela ngaleso sikhathi yayiyisizinda semikhumbi yombuso futhi ngezikhathi zeMpi Yesibili yayinokubaluleka okukhulu. I-Malta yazibusa ku-Great Britain ngo-1964, kodwa ukuba khona nokulawula kweBrithani kwaphela ngo-1979. Kusukela ngo-2004 bekuyingxenye ye-European Union.

Sinjani isiqhingi? Kukhona isiqhingi saseMelitha, esikhulu kunazo zonke futhi esakhiwe kakhulu, silandelwa yi iziqhingi zaseGozo naseComino, nezinye iziqhingi neziqhingi. Ijabulela izinkathi ezimbili kuphela, ubusika obumanzi kanye nehlobo elomile kakhulu, kanye nogu olunamachweba emvelo amahle kakhulu.

Yini ongayibona eMalta ngezinsuku ezi-3

Ngosuku loku-1 sizobanikela ukuthi bavakashele futhi bathole I-Valletta, idolobha lokuqala elihleliwe laseYurophu. Kuyinto Amagugu Omhlaba futhi igcwele ezikhumbuzo zomlando. Yakhiwa ngekhulu le-XNUMX futhi uma ubheka ibalazwe uzobona idlanzana lemigwaqo emincane empintshene enhlonhlweni encane lapho singekho isikhala esiningi. I-architecture ayikashintshi kakhulu ngokuhamba kwesikhathi ngakho-ke kuhle kakhulu.

Lapha eValletta kufanele wazi ISonto LaseSt. Yaklanywa uGerolamo Cassar futhi yakhiwa phakathi kuka-1573 no-1578, endaweni lapho amaKnights of Malta ayebambe khona umkhuleko weqembu. Ingaphakathi linjengoba lalibukeka ngekhulu le-XNUMX, lihle, naphezu kokulula kwe-facade yayo yangaphandle. Umcebo wakhe umdwebo omkhulu we UJohane uMbhapathizi, kaCaravggio.

I-cathedral ine-nave ende futhi odongeni nekholomu ngayinye kunokuhlobisa okucebile, ngakho kubonakala sengathi yonke into engaphakathi imbozwe nge-brocade yegolide. Ifulethi lino-a i-patchwork ezenziwe ngemabula emhlophe, zingamatshe amathuna, futhi ophahleni kukhona imidwebo kaMattia Preti enezenzakalo ezivela empilweni kaJohane uMbhapathizi oNgcwele. I-Oratory futhi ineminye imidwebo emibili ye-Caravaggio ekhaliphile. Imisebenzi emikhulu yokulungisa kabusha yenziwa eminyakeni embalwa edlule futhi ithempeli bekulindeleke ukuthi liphinde livulwe ngo-2020, ukuze kuboniswe ama-tapestries aseFlemish kusukela ngekhulu le-XNUMX, isibonelo.

Esinye isakhiwo esibalulekile yi- Isigodlo se-Grand Master, eyake yaba yindawo yokuhlala yenhloko ye-Order of the Knights of Saint John. Kusukela ekuzimeleni kwalesi siqhingi kwaze kwaba ngu-2015 futhi kwakuyisihlalo sephalamende, kodwa manje iphalamende lisebenza esakhiweni esisha. Ukuvakasha okungeke kuphuthelwe ku- igumbi lezikhali ukuthi namuhla usebenza ezitebeleni. Ekuqaleni izikhali nezikhali zamaqhawe zazigcinwe eSigodlweni Sezikhali futhi lapho iqhawe lishona izinto zalo zadluliselwa ezandleni ze-Order.

Ngakho-ke, iqoqo lihlanganisa izici ezivela phakathi kwekhulu le-XNUMX nele-XNUMX: 500 izikhali kusukela enanini lokuqala eliyizi-25 elalahleka phakathi kokuhlasela kukaNapoleon kanye nokuhlasela kwamaNgisi. Kodwa ungaphuthelwa izikhali zaseTurkey zikaSipahi, zika-Alof de Wignacourt kanye nezikhali eziqinisiwe zokulwa nezinhlamvu, izibhamu, ama-muskets, izinkemba ...

Ungayeki nokubavakashela. Amafulethi Asemthethweni, amakamelo amahlanu avulekele umphakathi aneminye imibukiso, i-Armory Corridor, enemidwebo yezimpi zasolwandle nezithombe zama-Grand Masters ahlukahlukene, ama-gobelin ekhulu le-XNUMX, angavamile emidwebeni yawo enezindlovu, izintshe, obhejane, amadube namaflamingo. Empeleni, ikamelo ngalinye linemicebo eyinkulungwane.

Esinye isakhiwo esingalahleki UMnyuziyamu Kazwelonke Wezinto Zokuvubukula, eklanywe nguRenzo Piano. Lapha uzobona amagugu emivubukulo abaluleke kakhulu esiqhingini. I ilele ntokazi, etholakala eHypogeum, cishe iminyaka eyizinkulungwane ezinhlanu ubudala, i-Fat Women, the i-venus ye-malta, okuthosiwe okuvela kumaThempeli e-Tarxien, izitsha zobumba ze-Bronze Age, ubucwebe, ulwazi mayelana nomzila ongaqondakali obonwa phansi esiqhingini sonke.

Lokhu kungakuthatha usuku lonke. Yini okufanele uyenze ngosuku lwesi-2 eMalta? Kahle weqe ichweba ngetekisi yamanzi uhambe uyovakashela okuthiwa amaDolobha amathathu, iHypogeum kanye namaThempeli aseTarxien. Ukusuka eValletta weqa amanzi futhi ufika endaweni amadolobha anezivikelo eziqinile aseVittorisa, eSenglea naseCospicua.

Amatekisi asemanzini abukekayo kakhulu yilawa ngokhuni, i dghajsa. Idolobha elithakazelisa kakhulu i-Vittorisa, i-labyrinth yemigwaqo emincane ene-Inquisitor's Palace, i-War Museum kanye nedlanzana lezindawo zokudlela ezikhangayo nezinconyiwe ukuthi zime ngesidlo sasemini. Ungavakashela futhi I-Fort Saint Angelo, ikomkhulu lemikhumbi yaseBrithani kusukela ngo-1912 kuya ku-1979.

Futhi eduze nale mizi emithathu kukhona I-Hypogeum. Kuhle! Kuyi-a i-necropolis engaphansi komhlaba eyatholwa ngesikhathi semisebenzi ngo-1902. Kuyinethiwekhi yamakamelo, amakamelo kanye nemigudu eqoshwe edwaleni ngokwalo. Ithatha cishe ama-square metres angama-500 futhi kukholakala ukuthi isineminyaka eyi-XNUMX ubudala. phakathi kuka-3600 no-300 ngaphambi kokuzalwa kukaKristu. Mhlawumbe kungcwatshwe abantu abayizinkulungwane eziyisi-7. Ukuvakasha kudinga ukubhukha futhi ungakwenza kuze kufike ezinyangeni ezintathu ngaphambi kokuvakasha.

Kuvunyelwe amaqembu abantu abayishumi kuphela ishifu ngayinye, futhi kukhona amashifu ayisishiyagalombili ngosuku, njengoba umoya wesivakashi ulimaze indawo futhi kudingeke ukuthi ivalwe futhi ilungiswe eminyakeni embalwa edlule. Ngaphambi kokuvakasha, ividiyo yemizuzu engama-20 iyaboniswa. Izingane ezingaphansi kweminyaka engu-6 ubudala azikwazi ukwenza lokhu kuvakasha. Ukuvakasha emuva kwesikhathi kuqedwa ngokuhamba ngezinyawo Tarxien Temples, amamitha ambalwa ukusuka.

Kuzo izakhiwo ze-megalithic ezambiwa ngo-1914 futhi okukholakala ukuthi ziphakathi 3600 kanye 2500 iminyaka ukuze.C. Zinezakhiwo ezihlangene, ezakhiwe ngamabhulokhi amatshe amakhulu angaphezu kwamamitha amathathu ngemitha elilodwa ngobukhulu. Zihlotshiswe ngamaphethini okuvunguza kanye nezinsiza zezilwane. Ngo-2015 kwenziwa umsebenzi othile kwafakwa isikhungo sezivakashi nophahla ukuze kuvikelwe le ndawo.

Ekugcineni, ngosuku lwesi-3 eMalta kuyithuba ledolobha elibiyelwe ngodonga laseMdina kanye namangcwaba aseRabat.. I-Mdina iyinqaba yama-Arab eyakhiwe igquma, enezakhiwo eziphakeme ezifihlwe ngemuva kwamasango alula. Yindawo yendabuko ephezulu, ibonakala imisiwe ngokuhamba kwesikhathi, futhi ilungele ukudla ukudla okujwayelekile kwesiMalta.

Futhi ngaphandle kwaseMdina kuneRabat, indawo encane engaphandle kwedolobha lama-Arab elibiyelwe. I-Rabat ine-villa yaseRoma emangalisayo, zimbiwe zaphelela, kanye nesethi ye amathuna amathuna ukuthi awukwazi ukuyeka ukuvakashela. Indawo yokupheka lapha isanconywa kakhulu.

Kuze kube manje ngalokho ongakwenza bheka eMalta ngezinsuku ezi-3. Yiqiniso, lesi siqhingi sinikeza okwengeziwe. Kufanele uvakashele i-Comino ne-Gonzo, kunjalo, kodwa ngempela izinsuku ezintathu akusona isikhathi eside. Bafanele ukubheka futhi bahlale nesifiso sokubuya.

Noma ngabe yisiphi isimo sezulu, awukwazi ukuphuthelwa ukuvakashela i-megalithic yase-Malta edlule. Angazi noma ukukholelwa yini abavubukuli, eqinisweni, kumane kuxake kakhulu futhi kuyamangalisa, kodwa kufanele uhambe ukuze uzenzele ezakho iziphetho. Ube nohambo oluhle!


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