I-Oxford izosingatha umbukiso eTolkien ngo-2018

Isithombe | I-Hypertextual

Ku-2018, kuzobanjwa umbukiso omkhulu ngesibalo sika-JRR Tolkien e-Oxford othembisa ukuheha izinkulungwane zabalandeli nezazi ezivela kuwo wonke amagumbi omhlaba. Umbukiso uzoba seWeston Library, e-Oxford Bodleian Libraries, phakathi kukaJulayi 1 no-Okthoba 28, 2018.

Uma uwuthanda kakhulu umsebenzi kaTolkien, ngezansi uzothola yonke imininingwane yalo mbukiso olindelwe kakhulu.

U-Oxford noJRR Tolkien

Waziwa emhlabeni wonke ngokuba ngumbhali we 'The Lord of the Rings', empilweni wayebuye abe ngudokotela wezifundo zengqondo obhekene nenqubo yokwakheka kolimi kanye nesazi esidumile se-Old English kanye ne-Middle English.

Lapho eneminyaka engu-19 weza e-Oxford ezofunda izilimi zakudala e-Exeter College kodwa washintshela esiNgisini kamuva. Ngemuva kokusebenza eMpini Yezwe I, wabuyela edolobheni wayosebenza kwiNew English Dictionary eyayizobizwa kamuva ngokuthi i-Oxford English Dictionary.

Wabuye wahlala iminyaka emihlanu eLeeds ezosebenza njengothisha wesiNgisi eyunivesithi yayo kwaze kwathi ngo-1925 wabuyela e-Oxford eyofundisa emakolishi ahlukene, lapho ayezohlala khona impilo yakhe yonke esebenzayo.

Isithombe | Umtapo Wezincwadi waseBodleian

Uzoba njani umbukiso?

Ngaphansi kwesihloko esithi "Tolkien, uMdali Womhlaba Ophakathi", ukukhetha okungakaze kube khona kwemibhalo yesandla, amamephu, imidwebo, amagajethi nezincwadi ezivela e-United States nase-United Kingdom kuzohlanganiswa okokuqala ngqa kusukela ngawo-1950. njenge-Tolkien Archive ebanzi yemitapo yolwazi yaseBodleian, iqoqo leTolkien leAmerican Marquette University kanye namaqoqo ahlukahlukene azimele.

Umbukiso uzohambela izindawo zemibhalo, ezobuciko, ezemfundo nezasekhaya ezathonya u-JRR Tolkien njengomdwebi nomlobi, ngaleyo ndlela ethola izici ezintsha zalo mbhali ohlonishwayo futhi avumela umphakathi ukuthi uxhumane ngendlela engakaze yenzeke ngomsebenzi wakhe.

Isithombe | Thola

Yini esizoyithola kuyo?

  • Imibhalo yesandla yoqobo ye-Lord of the Rings kanye nama-watercolor amahle kanye nokwakheka kwamakhava.
  • Okusalungiswa kweThe Hobbit okubonisa ukuvela kwendaba ngamamephu wokushicilelwa, imidwebo, ama-watercolor nemiklamo yamakhava.
  • AbakwaSilmarillion bazobakhona kulo mbukiso nemibhalo yesandla yangempela yalomsebenzi ongakaqedwa wezinganekwane ze-elven.
  • Ukukhethwa kwamamephu we-Middle-earth atholakale ku-2015 afaka izichasiselo ezenziwe ngumlobi uqobo futhi wazithola ngo-2016 yiBodleian Library.
  • Izinto zobuciko ezahlukahlukene, izinto zobuciko, kanye nomtapo wezincwadi kaTolkien
  • Izincwadi nezithombe kusukela ebuntwaneni bukaTolkien nesikhathi sakhe njengomfundi lapho ayebhekana khona nezindikimba ezinjengokulahleka, impi nothando.

Umbukiso uzohambisana nombhalo wencwadi enezithombe ebizwa ngokuthi 'Tolkien: The Creator of Middle-earth', ngoMeyi 25, 2018, okuzoba iqoqo elikhulu kunawo wonke lezinto zikaJRR Tolkien ezishicilelwe ngevolumu eyodwa. Kuzoba nohlelo olunemidwebo elukhuni kanye nohlelo olulinganiselwe lwabaqoqi, olunezithombe zemidwebo kaTolkien, amabalazwe nemibhalo yesandla. Usuku olufanayo luzophinda lushicilelwe ngefomethi yephaketheni 'iTolkien: ingcebo'.

Izobanjelwa kuphi?

UMtapo Wezincwadi WaseWeston, i-Oxford Bodleian Libraries, uzosingatha umbukiso wombhali wezincwadi zamaphephandaba kanye nowolwazi ngezincwadi uJRR Tolkien. Ukungena kulo mbukiso kuzoba mahhala kepha amathikithi esikhathi esinqunyiwe atholakala ku-inthanethi.

Isihlahla Esithandwa NguTolkien | Isithombe nge-Pinterest

Umzila odlula eTolkien's Oxford

UJRR Tolkien wayengumsunguli woMhlaba oPhakathi, ubumnandi bomhlaba wonke ngokugqamile ezincwadini. Umcabango wakhe omkhulu wamholela ekukhulelweni i-'The Hobbit '(1937) kanye ne' The Lord of the Rings '(1954 - 1955). Ukuthatha ithuba lokuvakashela umbukiso ozoba ngoJulayi 1 e-Oxford, kungaba umqondo omuhle ukusondela ezindaweni ezikukhuthaze ukuthi udale lowo mhlaba ehlukile futhi ehehayo. Nazi ezinye zazo:

Izingadi zeBotanic

Elinye lamakhona akhe awathandayo e-Oxford. Nasi isihlahla asithandayo, ipayini elimnyama lase-Austrian elagawulwa ngo-2014 ngemuva kweminyaka engama-215 likhona.

Ku-Lord of the Rings, izihlahla ziyaphila njengama-Ents futhi zisiza amaqhawe emzamweni wawo wokulwa namandla wobubi.

Isithombe | Kuphazamise uMama

I-Merton College

Phakathi kuka-1945 no-1959 uTolkien wayesebenza njengoprofesa wolimi lwesiNgisi nezincwadi eMerton College. Umbhali ubehlala abhale emoyeni ovulekile etafuleni elidala ezingadini.

Isimo sisikhumbuza indawo lapho kwenzeka khona umkhandlu wase-Elrond eRivendell, lapho kwavela khona i-Fellowship of the Ring edumile.

Isithombe | I-Wikimedia

Umnyuziyamu wase-Ashmolean

Iyimyuziyamu yokuqala eyunivesithi emhlabeni. Ngaphakathi kweqoqo laso singathola izinto ezivela eGibhithe lasendulo, imidwebo eyenziwe yiTitian, Rembrandt, Manet noma iPicasso, imidwebo kaLeonardo da Vinci noma uMichelangelo kanye neqoqo lamasongo egolide anombhalo ebusweni bawo. Ingabe kuzwakala ujwayelekile kuwe?

Isithombe | I-Wikimedia

Ukhozi & Ingane

Kulesi sikhungo phakathi kuka-1933 no-1962 uTolkien namanye amalungu eqembu lezincwadi i-The Inklings babejwayele ukuhlangana ngezinkulumo ngezincwadi futhi bazijabulise ngokwenza i-toast ngepende elimnandi.

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