Ukuthola 'iminyuziyamu emihlanu, omunye umzila waseMadrid

EPaseo del Prado eMadrid uzothola lokho okwaziwa kakhulu ngokuthi 'unxantathu wobuciko' noma 'ubuciko bokuhamba', umzila weminyuziyamu emithathu lapho kugxilwe khona elinye lamagugu abaluleke kunawo wonke emhlabeni: iPrado Museum , Reina Sofía Museum kanye naseThyssen-Bornemisza Museum.

Minyaka yonke bavakashelwa yizinkulungwane zabantu kepha hhayi kuphela abavela 'kubunxantathu bezobuciko' abahlala eMadrid. Enhlokodolobha yaseSpain kuneminyuziyamu eminingi yamatimu ahlukahlukene kakhulu.

Muva nje, iminyuziyamu emihlanu engaphansi koMnyango Wezemfundo, Amasiko Nezemidlalo ihlangene ukuze yethule enye indlela kwezobuciko elizungeze idolobha: Iminyuziyamu emihlanu, enye iMadrid.

Kepha, imiphi iminyuziyamu eyakha lo mzila oyingqayizivele futhi lolu hambo lwamasiko amasha luhlongozwa kanjani yinhlokodolobha?

Umsuka womzila

Igciwane leminyuziyamu 'Emihlanu, enye indlela yaseMadrid' litholakala ngo-2012, unyaka lapho iminyuziyamu eyakha lolu hambo yaqala khona ukwenza uchungechunge lwezenzo ezihlanganyelwe ukuzenza zaziwe futhi zenyuswe ezingeni lezokuvakasha nelamasiko.

Amamnyuziyamu akha umzila

Lo mzila uhlongoza ukuvakashela iminyuziyamu emihlanu egcwele umlando nobuciko. Akukhona nje kuphela ithuba lokwazi amaqoqo abagcinayo kodwa futhi nokubabaza ubuhle bezakhiwo.

UMnyuziyamu Kazwelonke Wezobuciko Okuhlobisa

Kunikezelwe empilweni yansuku zonke yesikhathi esedlule neyamanje, ineqoqo elihlala njalo eligxilisa isivakashi ekusondeleni kwamakamelo kusuka kwezinye izikhathi. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, imibukiso yesikhashana inikelwe ekwakhiweni kwanamuhla nabaculi abasebasha noma asebemnkantshubomvu abavela emvelweni yethu.

Ukwakhiwa kweMnyuziyamu Kazwelonke Wezobuciko Okuhlobisa kwaqalwa ngasekupheleni kwekhulu le-20 ngamaDuchess aseSantoña ehlobo. Kodwa-ke, ayikaze isetshenziselwe le nhloso futhi yaqashwa kwaze kwaba ngawo-1932, lapho yanikezelwa eHigh School of Education. Kwakungo-XNUMX lapho iba yiNational Museum of Decorative Arts. Kusukela lapho, isigodlo samanje senziwe izinguquko ezahlukahlukene, ngenkathi sihlonipha ukubukeka kwaso kwangempela.

ICerralbo Museum

Le mnyuziyamu ikhombisa ukuthi ukubukeka kwendawo yokuqala yezicukuthwane kusukela ngasekupheleni kwekhulu le-XNUMX kwakubukeka kanjani. Iqoqo eligcina iMyuziyamu yaseCerralbo lakhiwe ngezinto zakudala, imidwebo nezithombe ezibaziweyo (ngekhulu le-1845 kuya kwele-1922) elishiyelwe uMbuso ngu-Enrique de Aguilera y Gamboa, uMarquis waseCerralbo (XNUMX-XNUMX), othanda imivubukulo namasiko.

NjengeNational Museum of Decorative Arts, lesi sigodlo sakhiwa njengendawo yokuhlala ejwayelekile yaseMarquis. Imisebenzi yaqedwa ngo-1893 futhi ukuhlobisa kwayo ngaphakathi kunezakhi ze-rococo neo-baroque. Ingadi yayo enhle ingeyokwakheka komhlaba noma isitayela sesiNgisi kusukela ngekhulu le-XNUMX leminyaka futhi enye yezimfihlo ezigcinwe kahle zenhlokodolobha.

ILázaro Galdiano Museum

Itholakala esithabathabeni esidala eCalle Serrano, iMyuziyamu yaseLázaro Galdiano ikhombisa iqoqo elihle kakhulu lobuciko elihlanganisa imisebenzi eyenziwe yiZurbarán, Bosco, Goya noma i-El Greco kanye nama-bronzes, izitsha zobumba, amakristalu, izindwangu, izindondo nezikhali zenani elikhulu.

Ukudalwa kwayo kungenxa yomhleli nomqoqi uJosé Lázaro Galdiano owathi, phakathi kwekhulu le-XNUMX nele-XNUMX, wethula umagazini wezincwadi iLa España Moderna.

ILázaro Galdiano Museum iphethe ukukhombisa, ukulondoloza nokusabalalisa iqoqo layo lobuciko elihle kulokho okwakuhlala kulo phambilini, okwabuye kwaba yindawo yemihlangano yokubhala. lapho ababhali abadumile abanjengoRubén Darío, Miguel de Unamuno noma u-Emilia Pardo Bazán babamba iqhaza.

Museum of zothando

Yakhiwa nguBenigno de la Vega-Inclán y Flaquer, Marqués de la Vega-Inclán (1858-1942) enegama likaMuseo Romántico futhi yavula iminyango yayo ngo-1924 ukukhombisa izingcezu nemisebenzi yomsunguli, yize nayo yathola imali neminikelo.

I-Museum of Romanticism yavalwa ngo-2001 ngokulungiswa okuhlukahlukene. Kwakungo-2009 lapho ivulwa kabusha ngaphansi kwegama layo lamanje. Lesi sigcinamagugu siphakamisa uhambo lwekhulu le-XNUMX ukuyobheka ukuthi impilo yayinjani ngaleso sikhathi esigabeni sonxiwankulu. Ngale ndlela, isivakashi singahambahamba egumbini lokudlala ibhola, igumbi lokudlela, amakamelo azimele amakhosi endlu noma engadini, indawo egcwele ukuthula.

Isebenza ngabakwaGoya, Madrazo kanye nabafowethu baseBécquer, izinto zobumba ezivela eSargadelos naseSèvres, iqoqo lamadonki obumba, ifenisha yesitayela i-Empire noma i-Elizabethan kanye nesibhamu uLarra azibulala ngaso, kusiza ekuvuseleleni isimo sobuRomaism.

ISorolla Museum

Etholakala esifundeni saseChamberí, iSorolla Museum yakhiwa ngokwesifiso somfelokazi wakhe, uClotilde García del Castillo, ngemuva kokushona komyeni wakhe. Ngo-1925 umndeni zonke izimpahla zawo zaziswa eMbusweni WaseSpain ukuthola umnyuziyamu wokumhlonipha kulowo owawungumuzi womuntu kanye nomhlangano wokusebenzela.

ISorolla Museum iphethwe umsebenzi womculi nezinto aziqoqe esaphila. Ngaphezu kwalokho, kusukela ngo-1982 kuye kwandiswa ngokuthengwa okwenziwe uMbuso ukuqedela ukuqoqwa.

Le ndlu yakhiwa ngo-1911 futhi yayiyiprojekthi kaJoaquín Sorolla. Ngaphakathi ungabona ukuqoqwa kwemidwebo ayenzile mayelana nokuthi ikhaya lakhe nensimu yalo kufanele ibe kanjani.

Ungenziwa kanjani lo mzila?

Ngokuvakashelwa ngokuhlanganyela kwale minyuziyamu, kwenziwe ivawusha engathengwa ngama-euro ayi-12 emahhovisi amathikithi ngayinye yazo futhi izovumela izindawo ezinhlanu ukuthi zivakashelwe ngezinsuku eziyi-10.


Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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