Yini ongayibona eLleida

Lleida

ukukhuluma nawe mayelana yini ongayibona eLleida Kusho ukubuyela emuva ngesikhathi Ephakathi, lapho umuzi uphinde wanqotshwa amabutho ka URamon Berenguer IV y Ermengol IV futhi yanikezwa i-Population Charter noma Imenyu ye-Puebla, okungukuthi, idokhumenti eliqaphela njengedolobha.

Ngoba ezinye zezikhumbuzo zalo eziyinhloko zisukela kuleyo nkathi. Kodwa-ke, umlando weLleida uqala ngaphambili kakhulu. Bekuvele kuyidolobha elidumile endaweni yase ama-ilergetes futhi, kanye namaRoma, yaba umasipala onegama elithi Ilerda. Okulandelayo, sizokukhombisa ukuthi yini ongayibona e-Lleida.

I-Old Seo kanye ne-King-Suda castle

I-Old Cathedral yaseLleida

Isakhiwo esiyisikhumbuzo se-Old Cathedral yaseLleida

Le nkimbinkimbi eyisikhumbuzo, ngezinye izikhathi ebizwa ngokuthi Inqaba yaseLleida, isegqumeni elibheke edolobheni. I-Seo noma i-old cathedral Ukwakhiwa kwaqala ekuqaleni kwekhulu le-XNUMX, nakuba kwaqedwa emakhulwini amabili eminyaka kamuva. Isitayela se-Romanesque, kodwa futhi inezici ze-Gothic futhi iwuphawu oluyinhloko lwedolobha.

Ukuze uyifinyelele, kufanele ufike ku-San Martí Street bese ungena ngomgwaqo isango lengonyama kusuka endaweni ebiyelwe ngodonga noma, ukusuka ePlaza de San Joan, sebenzisa ilifti bese uwela I-portal yaseSant Andreu.

Inepulani ye-basilica enesiphambano sesiLatini kanye ne-cloister enhle. Ngokufanayo, ngaphakathi kwesithombe semikhumbi ngokwazo kuvelele, okubonisa amathonya eTuscan neProvencal. Ungabona futhi izinsalela zomdwebo osodongeni onezici ze-Gothic.

Ngokwengxenye yayo, i King-Suda castle, njengoba ungase ucabange egameni layo, iyinqaba evela enkathini yamaSulumane, cishe eyakhiwa ngekhulu lesi-XNUMX, eyayiyisiphephelo Hisham III, i-caliph yokugcina ye Córdoba. Ibuyiselwe futhi yaguqulwa yaba isikhungo sokuhumusha yangaleso sikhathi. Iphinde ikunikeze umbono wokuthi, ngesikhathi esifanayo, iyindawo ephakeme kakhulu edolobheni.

I-New Cathedral

ICathhedral entsha

I-New Cathedral yaseLleida

Kufanele futhi ubone enye noma i-New Cathedral e-Lleida, ukwakhiwa kwayo kuhlehlela emuva maphakathi nekhulu le-XNUMX. Phendula Isitayela se-Baroque, nakuba isivele iveza izici ezijwayelekile ze- neoclassicism I-French cut. Ngaphandle, i-façade yayo igqamile, inezitebhisi, amakhothamo amathathu angama-semicircular avaliwe ngezinsimbi zensimbi nama-turrets amabili aseceleni. Ngaphezu kwalokho, phakathi nendawo, kunesihlangu samaBourbons ngoba UCarlos III ikhokhwe ingxenye yomsebenzi.

Ngokuqondene nengaphakathi layo, ihlukaniswe ngama-nave amathathu, futhi inama-semicircular arches. Ikhwaya yayo emangalisayo ye-baroque yabhujiswa eMpini Yombango. Kodwa ungasibona isithombe Intombi yaseMontserrat, usanta ongumvikeli waseCatalonia, owenziwe umqophi Josep Obiols. Ngokufanayo, i- Virgin of the Blue.

Nokho, elinye lamagugu ayo amakhulu yi- ifayela lesahluko, okuhlala izincwadi ezingaphezu kwezinkulungwane eziyishumi nantathu, nezikhumba ezingaba yizinkulungwane eziyishumi nesithupha, kanye nama- codex nama- incunabula. Phakathi kwamagugu ayo amakhulu, okuthiwa Lleida Bible.

Amanye amathempeli ongawabona eLleida

I-Marian Academy

I-Marian Academy

Kanye nama-cathedral amabili, kunamasonto amaningi ongawavakashela eLleida. Njengoba kungenakwenzeka ukubalula zonke, sizokutshela mayelana nezinye ezithakazelisa kakhulu. Kuyindaba ye- isonto laseSan Llorenç, eyakhiwa phakathi kwekhulu le-XNUMX nele-XNUMX futhi ihlanganisa izitayela ze-Romanesque ne-Gothic. Impela i-altare elihle lihlotshiswe nemifanekiso eqoshiwe njengaleyo ye-altare. Virgin of Fillols kanye UKristu Ongcwele Utholakele.

Ngokwakhe, okuncane isonto laseSan Martí Kuyitshe eliyigugu le-Romanesque elalingeka- Isifundo Esijwayelekile saseLleida. Inyuvesi yokuqala eCatalonia ayisungula yathola leli gama. UJaime II ngo 1300. Futhi lokho kukaSan Joan Isesikweleni esingaziwa. Yakhiwa ngekhulu le-XNUMX kulandela i-neo-Gothic canons. Ungakhohlwa ukubuka amafasitela ayo amahle anezingilazi, umsebenzi we Jaume Bonet.

Umlingiswa ohlukile kowangaphambili une I-Marian Academy. Isakhiwo esivela ku-1862 esihlala isikhungo sombukiso esithombeni se- Intombi enguMariya enikezwa ubuciko nezincwadi. Isakhiwo esihle sigqama ngenxa ye-neoclassical façade ehlotshiswe ngezihlangu ezimbalwa. Kodwa okuhle nakakhulu ingaphakathi. Inombhalo omuhle wesitayela se-Florentine Gothic kanye namamitha angaphezu kwamakhulu amathathu emidwebo ye-fresco, ngaphandle kokukhohlwa ukuqoqwa kwensimbi eyenziwe U-Antonio Guerra, ochazwa njengomqambi ongcono kakhulu wekhulu lama-XNUMX.

I-Gardeny's Castle

I-Gardeny Castle

Ukubuka kwe-Gardeny Castle

Itholakala egqumeni legama elifanayo futhi yakhiwe ngabakwa- Ukuhleleka kwethempeli engxenyeni yesibili yekhulu le-XNUMX. Eqinisweni, ukulandela imithetho yalolu hlelo lwezindela namasosha, kwakuyinqaba yokuzivikela, kodwa futhi i-convent. Kakade ngekhulu le-XNUMX nele-XNUMX yayinwetshiwe ngezindonga eziqinile eziphahlwe ama-bastion nezinye izakhi.

Kodwa-ke, izakhiwo ezivela ekwakhiweni kwazo kokuqala zisabonakala, njenge umbhoshongo wegumbi futhi i I-St. Mary's Gardeny Church. Inqaba okwamanje Isikhungo Sokuhumusha Sohlelo Lwethempeli futhi, kanye nalezo zaseMontsó, ePeñíscola, eMiravet kanye nedolobha laseTortosa, yakha Umzila we-Domus Templi. Lolu wuhambo lwezinsalela eziyinhloko zalolu hlelo ku-Spanish Levant.

Isigodlo sasePaeria kanye neSibhedlela esidala saseSanta María

I-Paeria Palace

I-Paeria Palace, ikomkhulu lamanje loMkhandlu Wedolobha

Sihlanganisa lezi zikhumbuzo ezimbili zomphakathi ngoba zombili zinezici ze-Gothic, nakuba kuyiqiniso ukuthi ngayinye inezici zayo ezihlukile. Isigodlo yindlunkulu yamanje ye Iholide laseDolobheni futhi kufanele ivele kunoma yimuphi umzila onikezelwe kulokho ongakubona e-Lleida. I-Paería lisuselwa egameni lesiLatini paciario, okusho ukuthi “ukuthula” futhi kubhekisela elungelweni elinikezwa umuzi inkosi. UJaime I.

I-Architecturally, yakhiwa ekupheleni kwekhulu le-XNUMX futhi iphendula I-Romanesque, nakuba kakade ihlanganisa izici eziningi ze- Isi-Catalan Gothic. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ine-façade yesibili eyalungiswa ekuqaleni kwekhulu lama-XNUMX, okwenza ibonakale i-neo-medieval. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, e-Noble Room kukhona okumangalisayo i-altare ye-gothic. Futhi ingcebo eyengeziwe ikulindile ku- Ifayela likamasipala. Inekhabethe le-baroque elimangalisayo, kodwa, ngaphezu kwakho konke, igcina Imenyu ye-Puebla, esesishilo ngaphambili futhi ehlehlela emuva onyakeni we-1150, kanye ne Incwadi Yokusebenzisa, eyangekhulu le-XNUMX.

Ngokwengxenye yayo, i Isibhedlela saseSaint Mary's kuyisakhiwo i-gothic-plateresque kusukela ekhulwini le-XNUMX. Uzoyithola ngaphambi kweNew Cathedral futhi, phakathi kwezakhi zayo eziphawulekayo, kufanele unake ijazi lezikhali ku-façade yayo kanye nezitebhisi ezinhle kuvulandi wayo, okuholela kugalari yamakhothamo acijile. Kodwa, ngaphezu kwakho konke, endaweni enhle i-altro piece yobuciko yenziwe ngu I-Hostolester ngo-1738. Namuhla iyindlunkulu ye- I-Institute of Ilerdense Studies futhi iphinde isingathe imibukiso.

Izindlu zanamuhla

Izindlu e- Morera

I-Casa Morera noma i-de la Lira, enye yezakhiwo ezinhle kakhulu zesimanje e-Lleida

Enye yezakhiwo ezinkulu zesikhumbuzo esizobonwa e-Lleida yilena eyakhiwe izakhiwo zayo zesimanje. Phakathi kwabo kugqama Izindlu e- Magí Llorens, eyakhiwa ngo-1907 ngumdwebi wezakhiwo Francisco Lamolla futhi lokho kuzodonsa ukunaka kwakho kovulandi bayo kanye negalari yengilazi kwelinye lamakhona ayo. Ngokufanayo, yinhle kakhulu Izindlu e- Melcior, umsebenzi we UFrancisco de Paula Morera, lapho kugqame khona amatshe, izinsimbi ezikhandiwe zovulandi kanye namafasitela ezingilazi ezinemibala agqamile.

Okuhlaba umxhwele kakhulu yi- Izindlu e- Baró noma i-La Vinícola ye-façade enemibala kakhilimu ehlotshiswe ngama-rhombuses. Iqanjwe igama layo ngokuthi yakhiwa ngo-1921 ngezinhlelo zomakhi. Joan Baro naseLa Vinícola, ibhizinisi elaliphansi. Ngokwengxenye yayo, i Izindlu e- Morera Ibizwa nangokuthi i-Lyre ngenxa yokuhlobisa kwe-façade yayo, ekhumbula izimo zaleli thuluzi lomculo. Nezinye izindlu zanamuhla iBalasch, iBergós kanye ne-Xam-mar.

Kodwa-ke, isibonelo esihle kakhulu sezakhiwo zesimanjemanje ongazibona eLleida yi I-Matadero Municipal Theatre. Kwakuwumsebenzi walaba okukhulunywe ngabo ngenhla UFrancisco de Paula Morera. Ibuyiselwe futhi njengamanje isingatheli imidlalo yaseshashalazini kuphela, kodwa futhi nemisebenzi yomphakathi.

La Cuirassa noma ikota yamaJuda

Isibhedlela Esidala saseSanta Maria

Izitezi ezinhle zesibhedlela esidala sase-Santa María

Umphakathi wamaJuda waseLleida wawungomunye ofaneleka kakhulu ku Umqhele wase-Aragon. Uzothola umbono wokubaluleka kwayo ekutheni ithole amalungelo obukhosi futhi yaba nesikole sayo sezokwelapha. Nokho, cishe azikho izinsalela zakhe edolobheni.

Manje, ngemva komsebenzi wokuvubukula onzima, ingxenye enhle yomakhelwane, eyaziwa ngayo i-Cuirassa. Kutholwe imigwaqo eminingana, izinkundla zokucobelelana ngolwazi zabenzi besikhumba ngisho nesakhiwo esihle kakhulu: i Izindlu e- Pogrom. Ngokufanayo, kutholwe izinto eziningi zenkathi ephakathi nendawo lapha.

Iminyuziyamu ongayibona eLleida

I-Jaume Morera Museum

I-Jaume Morera Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art

Ekugcineni, sizokhuluma nawe mayelana namamyuziyamu idolobha laseCatalan elinawo. Okubaluleke kakhulu yi- I-Lleida Museum, enamamitha-skwele angaphezu kwezinkulungwane eziyisikhombisa. Iqukethe iqoqo elibalulekile lobuciko obungcwele, kodwa futhi ifa elicebile lemivubukulo. Phakathi kobucwebe bayo, iqoqo lezinhlamvu zemali nezinto ezivela kuMgcinimafa weKhathedrali kuyagqama.

Okunye okuthakazelisayo yi- Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, idalwe ngenxa yeminikelo evela kumdwebi Jaume Morera. Kodwa uzothola ukwazi okwengeziwe Indlu Yemidondoshiya futhi i Amamnyuziyamu Amanzi Nezimoto. Kweyokuqala yazo, njengoba negama layo libonisa, ungabona iqembu elikhulu lama-giants namakhanda amakhulu. Isigaba saManzi sibhekene nokuxhumana okubanzi kwedolobha nalesi sici, njengoba lazalelwa osebeni loMfula iSegre. Futhi, mayelana ne-Automotive, ikunikeza isampula ebanzi yezimoto zakudala nezithuthuthu, ngayinye ibe yinhle kakhulu. Uzoyithola ku-Santa Cecilia Street.

Sengiphetha, sikubonise okuyinhloko yini ongayibona eLleida. Njengoba ubonile, uma uya edolobheni laseCatalan, unokuningi ongakuthola. Kodwa, ngaphezu kwalokho, sikweluleka ukuthi uvakashele amadolobha athile esifundazweni njenge I-Bagerge o I-Pujalt, futhi muhle kakhulu. Woza uzozitholela le ndawo Isi-Catalonia.


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