Yini ongayibona eXátiva

Xativa

ngikuchazele yini ongayibona eXátiva kudinga umzamo omkhulu wokuhlanganisa. Ngoba leli dolobha esifundazweni Valencia, inhlokodolobha yesifunda sase OgwiniInefa elikhulu eliyisikhumbuzo. Ngokomlando, kwakungenye yezinto ezibaluleke kakhulu endaweni ngezikhathi zamaSulumane futhi ngisho nangokwengeziwe esikhathini esisemthethweni. Okusho ukuthi, lapho lesi sifunda siwumbuso ozimele.

Eqinisweni, yafika ukuncintisana nenhloko-dolobha ngokwayo futhi, njengokungathi lokho akwanele, yabona ukuzalwa kwe Borja noma Borgia umndeni, lapho benza isibongo sabo sesiNtaliyane ukuze babe opapa. Kakade uku Impi yokulandelana ISpanishi sashiswa nge-oda lika UFiliphu V, naphezu kwalokho eziningi zalezi zikhumbuzo ezinhle zasinda. Ngenxa yalokhu, singakhuluma nawe kabanzi namuhla mayelana nalokho ongakubona e-Xátiva.

Idolobha elidala, igugu eliyisikhumbuzo

I-Jativa Town Hall

Xátiva Town Hall

I-nucleus endala yaleli dolobha elihle liphethe isigaba se Isakhiwo somlando wobuciko kusukela ngo-1982. Kwezinye izindawo yakhiwe ngezinsalela ze Udonga, ezinye zangekhulu le-XNUMX. Ngokufanayo, ezindaweni eziphakeme zifaka imibhoshongo yakamuva, ikakhulukazi kusukela ngekhulu le-XNUMX.

Kodwa, ngaphezu kwakho konke, isikhungo esingokomlando sedolobha laseValencia sinezinye zezikhumbuzo zalo eziyinhloko, lezo ezilenze laba ngenye yezindawo ezivakashelwa kakhulu eSpanish Levant. Sizokhuluma nawe ngazo zonke ngezansi, kodwa sizolindela amagama athile ukuze ukwazi ukubona ubuhle obumangalisayo bale villa enhle. Ngakho-ke, sizokucaphuna i-Collegiate Church, iRoyal Hospital, isonto laseSan Pedro neSan Francisco kanye nezindawo zasemadolobheni njenge I-Trinity Square.

Inqaba, into yokuqala ongayibona eXátiva

I-Xativa Castle

Ingxenye ye-neo-Gothic yenqaba yaseXátiva

Nokho, ukubusa it kusukela ukuphakama sierra vernissa yinqaba yaseXátiva. Kusuka kulokhu unemibono emangalisayo. Ngakolunye uhlangothi idolobha ngokwalo kanti ngakolunye kukhona ngasemfuleni we-Júcar. Kodwa futhi une-landscape emangalisayo ye- Grossa, Mariola futhi Benicadell izintaba. Ngisho, ngezinsuku ezicacile, ungabona uLwandle LwaseMedithera.

Isikhumbuzo Sikazwelonke kusukela ngo-1931 futhi kuso kunezingxenye ezimbili. Ucingo Inqaba Encane Ingowase-Iberia futhi yayihlala amaRoma. Kodwa okugqamayo yilokhu Inqaba Enkulu, kusukela enkathini yamaSulumane, nakuba kunezici zesiGothic zengezwe kamuva. Ngesikhathi sayo, yayibhekwa njengesikwele esingenakunqotshwa emhlabeni wonke. Umbuso waseValencia. Kakade ngekhulu lama-XNUMX, usozimboni waseValencian Gregory Molina wakuthola ukuze engeze izakhiwo eziningana ze-neo-Gothic. Njengamanje, ungavakashela i-complex kusuka ngo-10 ekuseni kuya ku-21 p.m. futhi kusukela ngoLwesibili kuya ngeSonto.

I-Collegiate Church nezinye izikhumbuzo zenkolo

I-Collegiate Church yase-Xátiva

I-Collegiate Church, enye yezikhumbuzo ezivelele kakhulu ongazibona e-Xátiva

Eyaziwa nangokuthi i-Seo, i- I-Collegiate Basilica yaseSanta Maria Ngolunye uphawu olukhulu lwedolobha kanye nolwedlule. Eqinisweni, iphinde yaba iSikhumbuzo Sezwe kusukela ngo-1931. Ukwakhiwa kwaqala ngo-1596, nakuba ukwakhiwa kwayo kwathatha iminyaka engaphezu kwamakhulu amane. Ngenxa yalesi sizathu, iyisamba sezitayela zezakhiwo. Nokho, izakhi zogqozi ziyabusa i-herrerian. Eqinisweni, ngenxa yokuqina kwayo ihlobene ne-Monastery ye-El Escorial.

Singakutshela okufanayo ngengaphakathi layo, lapho uhlelo lwesiphambano sesiLatini lugqama nge-accentuated transept kanye ne-ambulatory. Kodwa, ngaphezu kwakho konke, ukuqoqwa kobuciko obungcwele obuhlala kuyo kubaluleke kakhulu, ngezingcezu ezihlukahlukene zokudweba kanye ne-Gothic goldsmithing. Nokho, ngokunengqondo, akulona kuphela ithempeli elingabonwa e-Xátiva. Kufanele futhi uvakashele i- I-St. Dominic's Church, insalela yendlu yezindela endala eyakhiwa phakathi kwekhulu le-XNUMX nele-XNUMX futhi enendawo ethakazelisayo. I-Corpus Christi Museum. Futhi, yinhle kakhulu San Felix esontweni, okungenye yezindala kuwo wonke umphakathi waseValencia, njengoba wenziwe ekupheleni kwekhulu le-XNUMX. Isabela ngesitayela samaGothic futhi yakhiwe phezu kwezinsalela zesonto elidala lamaVisigothic. Iphinde ibe neqoqo elihlaba umxhwele lemidwebo.

Amanye amathempeli esincoma ukuthi uwavakashele edolobheni lowo osesan francisco, eduze nomthombo ongaziwa, isimangaliso sesitayela se-rococo; enye yaseSan Pedro, enophahla lwe-Mudejar ngaphakathi; omunye weSantos Juanes, enezitezi zemabula zikaBuxcarró ezinhle, noma Izindawo zokuhlala eduzane ne- Santa Ana kanye ne-San José. Ngendlela, lo wakamuva ugcina umnyango lapho, ngokwesiko, wangena UJames I wase-Aragon ngemva kokunqoba umuzi. Ngokuqondene neyokuqala, iphendula i-Gothic evuthayo.

I-Trinity Square

I-Trinity Square

I-Alarcón Palace e-Plaza de la Trinidad

Njengoba sesike sakutshela, itholakala esikhungweni somlando. Eqinisweni, iyisizinda sayo sangempela. Kodwa sikhuluma ngokuhlukile ngayo ngoba inezinye zezikhumbuzo ezinhle kakhulu edolobheni. Kuyindaba ye I-Alarcon Palace, indlu enkulu yama-manor kusukela ngekhulu le-XNUMX lapho sizoma khona kamuva. Nakuyo kwakukhona endala isigodlo sikaZiqu-zintathu, eyakhiwa ngekhulu le-XNUMX futhi okulondolozwe kuphela ingaphambili eliwumbukwane leGothic-flamboyant yesonto layo.

Futhi, phakathi nendawo yesikwele unomthombo ongaziwa, ongomunye wabambalwa ngesitayela samaGothic esigcinwe ezweni lakithi. Ihlehlela emuva ekhulwini le-XNUMX futhi igqama ngendebe yayo eyi-octagonal kanye nezihlangu ze-heraldic ezihlobisa ngayo. Ekugcineni, le ndawo iphetha Montcada Street, okufanele futhi uyivakashele ngoba ihlanganisa izigodlo eziningi zedolobha. Kamuva sizokhuluma ngabo.

Isibhedlela saseRoyal nezinye izakhiwo zomphakathi

isibhedlela sasebukhosini

Isibhedlela saseRoyal Xátiva

Futhi ubizwa Isibhedlela esikhulu sabampofu, ingesinye sezakhiwo ezinhle kakhulu edolobheni laseValencia. Ukwakhiwa kwayo kwasekuqaleni kusukela ekhulwini le-XNUMX, kodwa yabuye yakhiwa kabusha ngokuphelele phakathi kwekhulu le-XNUMX nele-XNUMX. Eqinisweni, iveza inhlanganisela eyingqayizivele yezakhiwo ze-Gothic kanye ne-Renaissance yokuqala.

Phakathi kwezinto zayo zokwakha, kufanele unake ukulandelana kwamakhothamo angama-semicircular athwesa umqhele kanye nalokho okukhumbuza izigodlo zaseFlorentine. Kodwa, ngaphezu kwakho konke, emnyango ophakathi, okhiqiza kabusha a ikhothamo lokunqoba kuma-pilaster e-Doric kanye ne-frieze ne-pediment. Ngokufanayo, umnyango ongakwesokudla ugqamile, ohlotshiswe nge-arch chronopial, ama-pinnacles agqamile nemifanekiso yezingelosi zomculo ezizungeze iNcasakazi noMntwana.

Esinye isimangaliso ongasibona eXátiva i-Almudin, ubuhle be-gothic obuhlanganisa nezinto zakudala ezifana namakholomu e-Ionic egcekeni lakhona elingaphakathi. Yakhiwa ngekhulu le-XNUMX, kwakuyindawo lapho kwakuhwetshwa khona ukolweni. Manje, isibuyiselwe, igcina Museum of the City. Njenge-anecdote, sizokutshela ukuthi, phakathi kwezingcezu zayo, kukhona isithombe sikaFelipe V esibekwe sibheke phansi ngesijeziso sokuyalela ukuba kushiswe uXátiva.

Ngokwengxenye yayo, i Indlu Yokufundisa Isakhiwo sakudala sangekhulu le-XNUMX esisebenza njengekomkhulu lenye imnyuziyamu, leyo Ubuciko obuhle. Futhi i- Isakhiwo samabhodlela Ihluke ngokuphelele, ngoba iwukwakhiwa kwesimanje kusukela ekuqaleni kwekhulu lama-XNUMX. Futhi lokhu kusiholela ekukhulumeni ngezigodlo okufanele sizibone eXátiva.

Izigodlo zaseXátiva

Isakhiwo samabhodlela

I-Facade Yokwakha Ibhodlela

Sesishilo kakade isigodlo se-alarcon lapho sikhuluma ngePlaza de la Trinidad, kodwa manje sizokwandisa ulwazi ngayo. Yakhiwa ngekhulu le-XNUMX, nakuba enye yangaphambili kufanele yasha ngesikhathi somlilo edolobheni. Kunoma yikuphi, kuyisimangaliso sezakhiwo, njenge ihlanganisa izici zezimpande zaseCastilian nezinye izihlobiso ezijwayelekile ze-Valencian Baroque. Ikakhulukazi, lezi yizinto ezisetshenziswa ku-ceramics, ukubumba nokubaza. Inohlelo lwe-trapezoidal lokuzivumelanisa nendawo phakathi kwemigwaqo eminingana futhi luqukethe izitezi ezine, nakuba kusukela ngaphandle kubukeka njengezintathu. Futhi, ngaphakathi, i-patio enamakholomu e-Tuscan ivelele.

Kodwa akusona ukuphela kwesakhiwo esihle ongasibona eXátiva. Futhi sikweluleka ukuthi usondele ku- Isigodlo seMahíquez Sanz, kusukela ekhulwini le-XNUMX futhi okwamanje indlu yesiko, noma at eMarquis de Montortal, eyabhalwa ngekhulu le-XV. Futhi, ungabona labo be-Archdeacon kanye namakhosi ase-Estubenylapho kwakuhlala khona indlovukazi Isabel II edabula umuzi.

Abanye ubuhle besikhumbuzo ongabonwa e-Xátiva

Ithiyetha enkulu

I-Great Theatre yase-Xátiva

Siqeda ukuvakasha kwethu kwalokho esingakubona e-Xátiva ngokukhuluma ngezinye izakhiwo ezihlukile. Kuyindaba ye I-Royal Monastery ye-Assumption, eyakhiwa ngekhulu le-XNUMX futhi isabela emibhalweni yamaGoth. Nokho, izinguquko kamuva zengeza izakhi ze-baroque. Kodwa-ke, ingxenye yayo isiyincithakalo kusukela ngesikhathi seMpi Yombango.

Kufanele futhi ubone ifayela le- Indawo yokuzalwa ka-Alexander VI, uRodrigo de Borja odumile owayengupapa futhi, njengoba sesike sakutshela, wayengowokuzalwa edolobheni. Kodwa-ke, futhi kulokhu, kuphela umnyango onama-voussoirs osele, okunye okwakhiwa kamuva. Kunoma yikuphi, uzoyithola kunombolo XNUMX ye-Plaza de Aldomar endala, namuhla, ngokuqondile, ka-Alejandro VI.

Ekugcineni, i Ithiyetha enkulu Yisakhiwo sesimanje somakhi Gerardo Ayala eyavulwa ngo-2001. Inemigqa ye-avant-garde namandla abantu abangamakhulu ayisishiyagalombili. Ngokufanayo, iguquguquka, ngoba ingabamba kokubili imidlalo nomculo, kanye nezingqungquthela nemibukiso.

Sengiphetha, sikubonise cishe yonke into yini ongayibona eXátiva. Njengoba usubonile, kuyisimangaliso esikhulu. Kodwa kufanele futhi ujabulele i-gastronomy yayo emnandi ngezitsha ezifana irayisi nobhontshisi kanye namatheniphu nama-dessert afanayo i-monjavina noma i-almoixávena. Ngokufanayo, sifuna ukukweluleka ukuthi nawe usondele kwabanye abahle amadolobha esifundazweni njenge i-cullera o UGandía. Qhubeka uzijabulele zonke.


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