Yini ongayibona eTordesillas

Tordesillas

ukukhuluma nawe mayelana yini ongayibona eTordesillas kuwukukwenza kusuka emlandweni womuntu I-Castilla. Akumane kuqondane ukuthi leli dolobhana elincane esifundazweni Valladolid Ineziqu "zedolobha elidume kakhulu, lasendulo, elinomqhele, elithembekile nelihlonipheke kakhulu."

Kuyo kwasayinwa i Isivumelwano seTordesillas ka-1494, okwahlukanisa ukuhamba olwandle kanye nokunqotshwa kwezindawo ezintsha phakathi I-Castilla, I-Aragón y Portugal. Ngokufanayo, kwakuyindawo ayeboshwe kuyo Joan I waseCastile, eyaziwa ngokuthi "iLa Loca", kusukela ngo-1509 kwaze kwaba sekufeni kwakhe ngo-1555. Izikhumbuzo eziningi nezindawo ezithakazelisayo azikatholakali esikhathini esidlule esimangalisayo. Ngakho-ke, ngezansi, sizokukhombisa ukuthi yini ongayibona eTordesillas.

I-Plaza Mayor

Tordesillas main square

I-Plaza Mayor enhle yaseTordesillas

Kufanele siqale ukuvakasha kwethu kwedolobha laseCastilian kulo Isikwele Esikhulu, isikhungo sokuphila edolobheni. Nakuba isidlule ekulungisweni okuningi, igcina isakhiwo sayo sokuqala sekhulu le-17. Eqinisweni, usengakwazi ukufinyelela imigwaqo emine yakudala eyakha iTordesillas.

Kuyo, i izindlu zendabuko ezinovulandi wokhuni futhi, ngaphezu kwakho konke, ama-porticos aphansi anezinsika ezisekela izakhiwo. Yonke into esikweleni idizayinelwe, njengakwamanye amaCastilian, ukufakaza imisebenzi kanye nemikhosi lokho kwenzeka kuyo. Ngokwesibonelo, imidlalo yenkathi ephakathi kanye nezinkunzi.

Isakhiwo sayo esiyinhloko Iholide laseDolobheni, okuyinto, nokho, eyakha ingqikithi evumelanayo nezinye izakhiwo. Ngokunjalo, kusukela ngo-1994, omunye wemikhosi engcono kakhulu ubulokhu ubanjelwa lapho njalo ngezimpelasonto zokuqala zika-Okthoba. izimakethe zenkathi ephakathi kusuka kulo lonke elaseCastile.

Udonga lwenkathi ephakathi nebhuloho

ibhuloho lenkathi ephakathi

Tordesillas medieval bridge

Njengawo wonke amadolobha anezimpande zawo ngeNkathi Ephakathi, iTordesillas yayinobubanzi Udonga Yakhiwe ngamatshe, izitini kanye nomhlabathi wezinqama futhi inezicabha ezine. Kodwa-ke, namuhla, kusele amaseyili ambalwa kuphela, nawo aphinde akhiwa kabusha. Kodwa, ngaphezu kwakho konke, ucingo luhlala lukhona Umbhoshongo weSulla, okuvuleka kulo isango elinekhothamo elicijile.

Okugcinwe kangcono yinhle kakhulu ibhuloho lasendulo lokho kusindisa uMfula iDuero. Usuku oluqondile lokwakhiwa kwalo alwaziwa, kodwa kulinganiselwa ukuthi cishe ngekhulu le-15, nakuba bese kunelinye ngaphambili. Ubufakazi bemvelaphi yawo amakhothamo acijile phakathi kwawo kukhona ama-breakwater angama-triangular. Kuze kube sekhulwini le-19, kwakuyindlela eyisibopho ukuxhuma inyakatho-ntshonalanga ye España nendawo emaphakathi. Ngakho-ke, yavuswa umbhoshongo ebhulohweni elalisebenza njengekomkhulu lokukhokha i-toll noma i-pontazgo yokuwela kulo.

I-Monastery yaseSanta Clara, ibalulekile phakathi kwalokho ongakubona eTordesillas

Isigodlo SaseSanta Clara

I-Royal Monastery yaseSanta Clara

Inkosi yathi makwakhiwe isigodlo Alfonso XI cishe ngo-1340 ukugubha ukunqoba kwakhe e- Impi yaseSalado. Eqinisweni, yayisebenza njengendawo yokuhlala Leonor de Guzman, intandokazi yenkosi. Babengaba abazukulu bakhe Beatriz e Elizabeth labo ababezoyiguqula ibe yindlu yezindela.

Yisakhiwo UMudejar elingenwa ngevulandi. Kuyo kukhona ngqo I-facade ka-Alfonso XI, ebhekwa njengesandulela se-Alcázar yaseSeville. Ngayo ufinyelela ingaphakathi, lapho kugqama izingxenye ezintathu. Esokuqala yi- isonto, okuyisi-Gothic futhi ene-nave eyodwa. Kodwa-ke, i-chapel yayo eyinhloko inophahla olumangalisayo lwe-Mudejar. Ngokufanayo, badonsela ukunaka ku- Isonto laseSaldaña, kusukela ekhulwini le-15, kanye nezindawo zokudayisa zamakwaya, kusukela ekhulwini le-17.

Isici sesibili okufanele usibone yi-cloister noma Igceke Le-Orchard, eyabuyiselwa ekhulwini le-17 elifanayo ngu UFrancisco de Praves. Ekugcineni, ingxenye yesithathu ephawulekayo yesethi yi- Salón Dorado, igama ngenxa yokuhlobisa kwalowo mbala owathwesa umqhele wayo. Ngeshwa, yacekelwa phansi ngomlilo, nakuba isakhiwo sisalondoloziwe, sine-dome enezimbambo ngokwayo kanye nezinsalela zemidwebo yodonga kusukela ngekhulu le-14.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, ukuvakasha kwakho kuzokuvumela ukuthi uthole amaqoqo emidwebo, imifanekiso eqoshiwe nefenisha. Phakathi kwezingcezu, i-altare elipendwe ngalo Nicholas French, isitho sasebukhosini, okukholelwa ukuthi yiso UJoan waseCastile, nophahla olumangalisayo lwendlu yabefundisi.

Isonto laseSan Antolín namanye amathempeli

Isonto laseSan Antolin

I-Church Museum yaseSan Antolín, enye yezikhumbuzo eziyinhloko zenkolo ongazibona eTordesillas

Imenyezelwe Impahla Yezintshisekelo Zamasiko, i isonto laseSan Antolín Yakhiwa ekuqaleni kwekhulu le-16 kulandela ama-Gothic canons. Ngaphakathi, i-chapel eyinhloko igqamile, imbozwe ngodonga olunezimbambo ezimise okwenkanyezi, kanye nalezo ze-Ulloa, i-Acevedo ne-Baptistery. Kodwa, ngaphezu kwakho konke, kuyamangalisa Isonto le-Alderette, Isitayela se-Flemish Gothic. Phakathi nendawo kukhona ithuna lomsunguli, elenziwe ngu UGaspar de Tordesillas enezici ze-alabaster kanye ne-platelesque. Futhi i-altare layo alilihle kangako, linezithombe eziqoshiwe UJuan de Juni. Eqinisweni, leli thempeli lihlala ithempeli I-San Antolin Museum.

Futhi i Isonto laseSanta Maria Inesakhiwo seGothic, nakuba yahlelwa kabusha ngesitayela sakudala emfanekisweni wesigodlo sezindela sase-Escorial. Hhayi ize, inkulu kunawo wonke phakathi kwalawo ongayibona eTordesillas futhi inezicabha ezintathu nombhoshongo omkhulu onesisekelo esiyisikwele. Ngokufanayo, ngaphakathi kufanele ubheke i-altare lalo elihle eliyinhloko, okuthiwa elabazalwane UPedro noJuan de la Torre, kanye nesitho sayo se-baroque.

Ngokwengxenye yayo, i Isonto iSt Kubuye kube yisakhiwo se-Gothic ashlar kusukela ngasekupheleni kwekhulu le-16. Inezicabha ezimbili nombhoshongo osekelwe isinqe. I-chapel yayo eyinhloko ine-altare ye-baroque futhi ihambisana nayo lokho kweGaitán, embozwe umkhathi nezithombe ezithandazayo. Kubhekiselwa ku isonto lesan juan, ingeyenkathi ephakathi, kodwa yabuye yakhiwa ngekhulu le-16. Ngakho-ke amafomu ayo e-classicist. KANYE I-Santiago's Yayinomdwebo omuhle we-Immaculate Conception okuthiwa wesikole saseGranada, ikakhulukazi, kumfundi ka-Alonso Cano.

Ezinye izikhumbuzo zenkolo ongazibona eTordesillas

ISonto LaseSanta Maria

Isonto laseSanta Maria

Futhi phakathi kwalokho ongakubona eTordesillas mayelana namagugu enkolo Isigodlo saseKarmeli, umsuka wayo usukela ekubuseni kuka Johane II futhi esesiguqulwe saba ihholo likamasipala. Ngokwakhe, i Mater Dei Hospital Yasungulwa ngo-1467 ngu UNksz Beatriz wasePortugal, oyisihlangu sakhe se-heraldic sibonakala ezindaweni eziningana esakhiweni. Phakathi kwazo, i-cloister ene-porticoed, i-bellfry nesonto ivelele, kamuva, kusukela ngekhulu le-16, nangesitayela se-Gothic.

Namuhla, kubaluleke kakhulu Indawo engcwele ye-Our Lady of La Peña, njengoba linesithombe sikasanta ongumvikeli waseTordesillas. Itholakala ngaphandle kwedolobha, osebeni lwesobunxele loMfula iDuero. Umsuka wawo uhlehlela emuva eNkathini Ephakathi. Kodwa yaqhunyiswa phakathi neMpi Yokuzimela, ngakho ukubonakala kwayo kungenxa yokwakhiwa kabusha okwenziwa phakathi kuka-1826 no-1840. Kunoma yikuphi, isakhiwo sokuqala kanye ne-façade yangemuva, eyavela ekhulwini le-XNUMX, yayihlonishwa.

Isonto linohlelo lwesiphambano sesiLatini futhi, ngaphakathi, kugqame i-altare le-neoclassical elinesithombe salokhu okukhulunywe ngenhla. Intombi Yedwala. Ngokuqondene nengaphandle, yenziwe ngezitini futhi ine-belfry ephindwe kabili. Ngo-September, phakathi nemikhosi saint umvikeli edolobheni, kuba udwendwe endlini engcwele ehlanganisa abantu abaningi.

Izindlu Zesivumelwano

Izindlu Zesivumelwano

Izindlu Zesivumelwano, ezibalulekile phakathi kwalokho ongakubona eTordesillas

Lezi izigodlo ezimbili ezinamathiselwe. Ngokuqondile, omunye wabo ubambe izingxoxo ezaholela ekusayinweni kwe- Isivumelwano seTordesillas, esesikutshelile ngakho nokuthi bakweleta khona amagama abo. Idala kunawo wonke futhi ibhalwe ngasekupheleni kwekhulu le-15, kanti enye ihlehlela emuva ekhulwini le-17.

Indlu endala kunawo wonke inamahawu e-façade yayo Amakhosi amaKatolika nomndeni womnikazi, i U-González de Tordesillas no-Ulloa. Zombili zavuselelwa ukuze kukhunjulwe iminyaka eyikhulu yesivumelwano futhi zisetshenziselwa imisebenzi yamasiko. Kodwa, ngaphezu kwakho konke, ngokunembile, bahlala endlini I-Tordesillas Treaty Museum, lapho ungafunda khona konke okuhlobene nalesi sivumelwano se-transcendental somhlaba wangaleso sikhathi.

I-Alderrete Palace nezinye izindlu ezihloniphekile

Isigodlo sase-Alderette

Isigodlo sase-Alderet

Emigwaqweni emine eholela ePlaza Mayor, ungabona eminye amakhaya amahle. Iningi lisukela ekhulwini le-16 futhi liyinsalela yesikhathi sobukhazikhazi obukhulu beTordesillas. Ngokuvamile, inezitezi ezimbili, ephansi eyenziwe nge-ashlar kanye nephezulu eyenziwe ngezitini noma umhlabathi we-rammed. Ngokunjalo, zivame ukugqitshwa ngama-eaves okhuni futhi ukufinyelela kungena ngamakhothamo angama-semicircular anama-voussoirs amakhulu.

Phakathi kwabo bonke, ucingo lugqama Isigodlo sase-Alderette, okungesinye sezikhumbuzo ongazibona eTordesillas. Uzoyithola ku-San Antolín Street futhi ixhuma nesonto legama elifanayo ngephaseji. Inokubonakala kwenqaba ngenxa yezinqaba zayo futhi yakhiwa ngekhulu le-15 UDon Pedro González de Alderrete, ikhansela ledolobha. Ekugcineni, ePlaza de Roma, eduze kwesonto laseSan Pedro, unenye yalezo zindlu zikanokusho, eyaqala ngekhulu le-16 futhi evelele ngemigoqo yayo.

Sengiphetha, sikukhombisile yini ongayibona eTordesillas. Kodwa leli dolobhana esifundazweni saseValladolid futhi likunikeza a lolwandle lomfula futhi abaningi izindlela zokuhamba izintaba kanye namabhayisikili. Ngokwesibonelo, lokho kwe I-Douro ephezulu, okukuyisa komasipala baseVillamarciel naseSan Miguel del Pino; lokho kwe I-Cañada Real de Foncasín noma izigaba ezimbili zohambo lomjikelezo I-EuroVelo 1, exhumanisa lonke iZwekazi Elidala ukusuka eNyakatho Kapa ENorway ku-Caminha Portugal. Woza uthole yonke into iTordesillas ekunikeza yona.


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