I-Zahara de la Sierra, indawo oya kuyo eCádiz

España Inezindawo eziningi ezingakholeki nezivakashi ezinhle ongazenza ngezinsuku ezimbalwa zokuphumula. Olunye lwalezi zivakashi yilokho okuthiwa Umzila Wamadolobhana Amhlophe, umzila wabavakashi base-Andalusiya odlula emadolobheni amaningana okufana nokuthi izindlu zabo zipendwe ngomcako. UZahara de la Sierra Ungomunye wabo.

IZahara de la Sierra isenkabeni yeSierra de Grazalema Natural Park, phakathi kwemifula iBocaleones neGuadalete, futhi yinhle indawo yezokuvakasha yasemakhaya. Uyakuthanda ukugibela ihhashi, i-kayaking, i-caving noma ukuhamba izintaba? Yebo, konke lokho nokuningi kungenzeka lapha.

UZahara de la Sierra

Igama libhekisela ebukhoneni bama-Arab endaweni futhi kunjalo. Idolobha lalijwayele ukuba yisiza esibalulekile ngesikhathi sokuhlasela kwamaSulumane, kwaze kwaba yilapho amaKrestu enqoba. Lapho-ke amaFrance ayedlula lapha, ekuqaleni kwekhulu le-XNUMX, ngakho-ke leli dolobha linomlando omude.

Namuhla iZahara de la Sierra iyindawo ethandwayo yemikhosi yayo, iSonto Elingcwele, iCarnival, uHambo Lwezenkolo lwaseBocaleones, izinsuku zikaCorpo Christi kanye nemikhosi eyahlukene yosanta. Kwengezwe kulemikhosi kunezakhiwo ezindala ezinemvelaphi ehlukene nezikhathi ezahlukahlukene nezindawo ezikhangayo zemvelo ezifana nedamu, okubizwa ngeGarganta Verde, i-Arroyomolinos river beach, umfula iBocaleones noma iCueva del Susto.

Futhi kungukuthi idolobha limenyezelwe Indawo Yomlando Yezobuciko ngo-1983 ngakho-ke sizoqala ngemigwaqo nezakhiwo zawo. I- ISonto LaseSanta María de la Mesa ukuthi sibona namuhla isukela ngekhulu le-1407 futhi inomsuka wayo eSontweni Elikhulu elakhiwa ngamaKrestu emuva ngo-XNUMX. Kusele umbhoshongo ongajwayelekile futhi ubuyiselwe esimweni. Iminyango yayo izovulwa, ngokusho kwewebhusayithi yezokuvakasha yaleli dolobha, kungekudala.

Sus imigwaqo emhlophe Ziyisakhiwo esihle, kuvulandi abanezimbali ababukeleyo, kunendawo yokubuka futhi njengoba indawo iyigquma, yonke inkimbinkimbi yinhle, okungukuthi, imigwaqo yehla yenyuka, kunezitebhisi, kwakhiwa imibono nikeza imibono yedolobha nxazonke.

Izindlu ngokwazo, ezimhlophe nezimhlophe, zizinhlobo ezimbili. Kukhona lawo anamawindi anezinsimbi ezilula eminyango nasemawindini, okungenzeka ukuthi aqala ngekhulu le-XNUMX nele-XNUMX, nezindlu ezivela emakhulwini eminyaka kamuva ezazivele zinomzimba wesithathu, zinezimbobo eziyindilinga ezingxenyeni ezingaphambili nakwezinye zazo, ezinezihlangu kuzo.

Futhi emigwaqweni yakwaZahara kukhona ezinye Imithombo yemvelo Kulapho kugeleza amanzi amasha, phakathi kwawo kukhona umthombo weCalera, umthombo we-Altabacar nomthombo weHiguera. Idolobha belikwazi ukuzungezwa udonga futhi okusele kulo kusendaweni esempumalanga. I- umbhoshongo wentela, isikwele, 12 nge-12, 60 metres nama-engeli ayindilinga. Inezitezi ezimbili ngaphakathi namakamelo amane.

Kukhona indawo yokubasa umlilo, amawindi amabili abheke phezulu, ithala lophahla kanye nezitebhisi ezihlanganisiwe. Kukhona izikhala, izinsalela zemishini kanye nomthambeka. Kuyisibonelo esicacile sokwakhiwa kweNasrid nobuKristu. Ekugcineni, sinefayela le- ISonto LaseSan Juan de Dios Lateran ne-Clock Tower yayo. Lo mbhoshongo unamathele kwi-hermitage kasanta futhi yilokho okusele kuwo. Kwakungumbhoshongo wezinsimbi futhi ekuqaleni kwekhulu leminyaka kufakwe iwashi le-pendulum esitezi salo esingenhla.

Isonto lisukela ngonyaka we-1958, linendawo eyodwa, ebanzi kakhulu, futhi livulwa nsuku zonke ekuseni nantambama. Ngakolunye uhlangothi kukhona futhi Indawo Yokuzilibazisa ye-Arroyomolinos, phansi kwentaba yaseMonte Prieto, epaki, cishe osebeni lwedamu. Phakathi kwezihlahla zezithelo nezingadi zezithelo kudalwe ibhishi elincane lokufakelwa ehlobo elijabulisa kakhulu.

Ukuze ufunde ngomlando wedolobha lasendulo ungavakashela i- Isikhungo sokuhumusha seMedieval Village, nezinsizakusebenza zayo ze-multimedia ukunikeza i-akhawunti yomlando wendawo. Uzobona izinsalela eziningi zemivubukulo, umthombo wamanzi wangesikhathi seTurdetan, izinto ezivela esikhathini samaRoma, izinsalela zamaSulumane nezinye.

El Ipaki Yemvelo inezindawo ezithakazelisa kakhulu: Umqala Oluhlaza Inendawo ebukekayo eyaziwa njenge-Hermitage yomphimbo, kanye ne-Dry Throat. Kukhona nokwakheka okunezihlahla kwezihlahla zemisayipuresi, i-pinsapar, yeQuaternary, lapho kuhlala khona izilwane lapho kubusa khona imbuzi yasezintabeni, inyamazane yenyamazane, ukhozi olusagolide noma ukhozi lwe-peregrine. Uma uhlobo lweZahara de la Sierra lukuthakazelisa, awukwazi ukuphuthelwa yifayela le- Isikhungo sokuhumusha iPinsapo, maphakathi nedolobha elidala.

Izakhiwo, imigwaqo, imithombo, iminyuziyamu nezindawo zemvelo, kepha Hlobo luni lohambo engingalwenza eZahara de la Sierra? Abantu baqala ukuphakamisa a umzila oxhuma uZahara nePuerto de las Cumbres nePinsapar. Lo mzila ufakwa ngamaQuarries, emzileni kaZahara - Grazalema, umzila owela ehlathini lomuthi, iBiosphere Reserve. Kungukuhamba amahora ayisithupha futhi kulula ukwenza.

Omunye umzila wabavakashi uxhuma uZahara neDry Gorge nePuerto de la Breña. Ukusuka edolobheni kunendlela eya ePuerto de la Breña ekuyisa ekuphumeni kweGarganta Verde. Dabula amasimu ezithelo, ufika ebhulohweni elingaphezu komfudlana iBocaleones, uqale ukukhuphuka, ungabona iGarganta Seca futhi ngenkathi uqhubeka ukhuphuka imibono iba ngcono futhi ibe ngcono. Kungukuhamba amahora amahlanu.

Umzila wesithathu uxhuma iZahara, iGarganta Verde bese ubuyela edolobheni. Kungenziwa ngemoto, ibhayisikili, ukuhamba ngezinyawo noma ukugibela ihhashi futhi kuthatha ihora, ihora nekota. Akuyona indlela elula ngakho-ke akukhuthazwa ukukwenza nezingane ezingaphansi kweminyaka eyisikhombisa ubudala. Kukhona umzila wesibili odlula eGarganta Verde, okunzima nakakhulu. Eminye imizila yabavakashi yileyo yasePuerto Las Palomas, Arroyomolinos, San Cristóbal, La Bodega, Puente de los Palominos noma eLos Llanos del Revés.

Ezakhiweni zomlando, emigwaqweni ebukekayo, ezindlini ezimhlophe, imithombo yayo egeleza amanzi nezindawo zayo zengeza amaqembu eziheha amakhulu abantu minyaka yonke. Okthoba 20 yi Umkhosi wabaxhasi uSimon Simon no-Saint Jude, isikhumbuzo sokunqotshwa kobuKristu eZahara ngo-1483. Umkhosi uhlanganisa udwendwe, inkulumo kaMeya kanye nesidlo esidumile ePlaza del Rey.

Ngo-Agasti yi Umbukiso waminyaka yonke, ngemincintiswano yabantu bayo yonke iminyaka. Kungumcimbi womndeni impela ngakho-ke uma othile emndenini eshiye idolobha kujwayelekile ukuthi babuye bazobamba iqhaza. NgoJuni 24, kwenziwa uhambo oluya emfuleni i-Arroyomolinos ukuhlonipha iSan Juan. Ongcwele usuka endaweni eyi-hermitage nabahambeli futhi kuningi ukuzinikela ngobuningi, kunomncintiswano wokuntanta, umculo, umdanso nokudla.

NgoJuni kuyagujwa isidumbu, umkhosi wendabuko futhi othandwa kakhulu, olingiswa ngamanye amadolobha aseduze. NguMkhosi Wentshisekelo Yezokuvakasha Kazwelonke futhi obaluleke kakhulu eZahara ngobuhle nokugqama kwawo. IMisa namuhla linikezwa eSontweni LaseSanta María de la Meza, kunodwendwe oluhle kakhulu nezingane edilini labo lokuqala, iqembu lomculo, ishawa lamacembe nemithandazo eminingi. Yonke into iphela emahoreni ambalwa kamuva ngomkhosi omkhulu othandwayo ngeminyaka yangenkathi ephakathi, ukudla, imincintiswano nemidanso eyengeziwe.

Futhi ekugcineni, masingakhohlwa ngakho zomkhosi ngoFebhuwari noma Mashi, kubuye kube umkhosi wendabuko futhi othandwa kakhulu, onemibhikisho yonke indawo. Njengoba ukwazi ukubona, iZahara de la Sierra ngokungangabazeki iyindawo enhle yezivakashi e-Andalusia.


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