Kofar Brandenburg

Berlin

Ofayan manyan gumakan Berlin shine sanannen Brandofar Brandenburg, alama ce ta nasarar samun zaman lafiya akan makamai da kuma tsohuwar hanyar shiga gari. An gina shi a ƙarshen karni na 17 a zamanin Frederick William II na Prussia, wanda kuma ya ba da umarnin kafa wasu ƙofofi XNUMX waɗanda suka ba da damar shiga tsakiyar Berlin, wannan shine mafi girman tarihin saitin.

Yau ɗayan ɗayan wuraren tarihi da aka ziyarta da kuma ɗaukar hoto a cikin Jamus. Tare da ita, Berliners suna taruwa don bikin manyan abubuwan da suka faru da abubuwan da suka faru gami da dimbin yawon buɗe ido don ɗaukar hoto mafi wakilci na tafiyarsu zuwa babban birnin na Jamus. Wannan shine duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da Brandofar Brandenburg, shahararren mashahuri a cikin Jamus.

Asalin Brandofar Brandenburg

Wanda ya kirkiro shi Carl Gotthard Langhans ne ya gina shi tsakanin 1788 da 1791, wanda ya bashi kwatankwacin abubuwan da ke nuna manyan kiban nasara na Roman. A wannan lokacin salon zane-zane wanda ya kasance shine Neoclassicism kuma Prussia na son nuna ikonta ga duk Turai da wannan abun tarihi.

A zahiri, Brandofar Brandenburg alama ce ta nasara kuma a ƙarƙashin bakunansa manyan mutane na birni sun wuce a matsayin membobin masarauta, dakaru da fareti.

Halaye na Brandofar Brandenburg

Daga cikin hadadden ginin, ya fito da tsayinsa, mita 26, da kuma babban mutum-mutumi mai tsayin mita 5 wanda ya sanya ƙofar da ke wakiltar keken da dawakai huɗu suka zana da allahiyar Nasara ke hawa zuwa Berlin.

Wannan sassaka da mai zane Johann Gottfried Schadow ya kirkira ya ba Napoleon Bonaparte mamaki lokacin da ya shiga Berlin a shekarar 1806, don haka ya yanke shawarar ɗaukar shi a matsayin ganimar yaƙi zuwa Faris. Koyaya, lokacin da sarkin Faransa ya faɗi daga alheri a cikin 1814, sassakawar ya koma Berlin.

Mutum-mutumin da ake gani a yau a ƙofar Brandenburg kwafi ne da aka yi shi a Yammacin Berlin a shekarar 1969, saboda asalinsa ya lalace yayin Yaƙin Duniya na II.

Abin tunawa na Berlin

Rushewar Brandofar Brandenburg

Barkewar yakin duniya na biyu ya haifar da mummunar lalacewa ga tsari da sassaka theofar Brandenburg. Daga baya, a cikin 1956, sojojin mamaye suka hada hannu don sake gina ta, amma a yayin gina katangar Berlin a 1961, abin tunawa ya kasance a cikin kasar ba-kowa ba., sun makale tsakanin yamma da gabas tare da wuya kowa ya sami damar zuwa wurin.

A cikin 1989, Gabas da Yammacin Jamus sun sake haɗuwa. Unionungiyar ƙungiya ta bayyana a cikin wannan babbar ƙofa, wacce ta rasa aikinta a tsawon shekarun da sanannen Bangon Berlin ya raba. Bayan sake haɗuwa da garin, ƙofar Brandenburg ta sake dawowa daidai a tarihin Berlin.

Yankin Brandofar Brandenburg

Har zuwa 1814 wurin da theofar Brandenburg take an san shi da Viereck (murabba'in) amma bayan faɗuwar sojojin Napoleonic sai aka sake masa suna Pariser Platz (Paris Square). Filin ne mafi girma a cikin Berlin kuma sojojin da suka yi nasara a Jamus suka ratsa ta, daga Hohenzollerns zuwa Jamhuriyar Demokiradiyar Jamus.

A karshen yakin duniya na biyu bama-bamai sun lalata gine-ginen da ke dandalin, suka bar Kofar Brandenburg kawai a tsaye. Bayan rikici, an gina katangar Berlin, wanda ya kawo karshen lalata Pariser Platz kuma a yayin haduwar Jamusawa a cikin shekaru 90 aka yanke shawarar sake gina dandalin Paris, don samar da cikakken tsarin gine-ginen da ke tare da Brandofar Brandenburg.

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