Duomo na Florence

Hoto | Pixabay

Ofaya daga cikin manya-manyan gidajen ibada a cikin Kiristendam shine Cathedral na Florence, wanda aka fi sani da Duomo. Tabbas kun gan shi a cikin hotuna da yawa da jagororin tafiye-tafiye saboda alama ce ta wannan garin na Italia kuma façade ta musamman da babbar dome ba za a iya kuskurewa ba. Koyaya, babu abin da zai kwatanta da kwarewar ganinshi cikin mutum da tafiya ciki da kewaye.

Idan kuna son ƙarin sani game da Duomo na Florence, muna ba ku shawara ku ci gaba da karantawa domin a rubutu na gaba za mu yi magana dalla-dalla game da ɗayan manyan fasahohin Gothic da Renaissance na Italiya na farko. Kasance tare damu!

Asalin Duomo na Florence

Ginin Cathedral na Santa María del Fiore ya fara ne a 1296 a kan tsohuwar haikalin da aka keɓe don Santa Reparata, wanda ya zama ƙarami kaɗan don karɓar masu aminci a cikin birni mai tasowa. Ayyukan sun fara ne da jagorancin Arnolfo di Cambio kuma bayan mutuwarsa, Guild of Wool Art da ke da alhakin kula da ayyukan sun ɗauki Giotto, wanda shi ne babban mai kula da hasumiyar, kuma daga baya Francesco Talenti.

A shekara ta 1380 an kammala rufin masai uku da baka uku na farko. Tuni a cikin karni na XNUMX ginin gini ya fara a karkashin umarnin Filippo Brunelleschi, mai zanen Renaissance na farko, wanda dole ne ya fuskanci matsalolin fasaha tun lokacin da nauyin kuli-kuli ya wuce ba zai iya tallafawa tsarin gargajiya da suke aiki da shi ba. Bayan karatun shekaru, ya kirkiro wata sabuwar hanyar da ta haifar da tallafi kai tsaye sau biyu.

Giorgio Vasari da Federico Zuccari ne suka gudanar da kayan kwalliyar ciki na dutsen na Florence Cathedral kuma wuraren wasan suna wakiltar Hukunci na Lastarshe.

Hoto | Pixabay

Girman Duomo na Florence

Babban cocin Santa Maria del Fiore ko kuma Duomo shine coci na hudu mafi girma a doron duniya bayan Saint Peter a Rome, Saint Paul a London da Cathedral na Milan. Tsawonsa yakai mita 160, faɗi mita 43 kuma tsawan mita 90 a cikin mashiginsa. Tsayin ciki na dome mai girma shine mita 100 da mita 45,5 a cikin diamita na waje.

Cikin Duomo

Tare da shirin giciye na Latin da naves guda uku waɗanda ginshiƙai uku suka goyi bayansa, Duomo yana da halin nutsuwa kuma yana da mahimmancin halin wofi. Kamar yadda aka gina babban cocin tare da kuɗaɗen jama'a, wasu abubuwan fasaha da ke cikin wannan cocin an sadaukar da su ne ga manyan mutane da shugabannin soja na Florence.

Mafi yawan abubuwan adon kamar sassaka-sassaka ko sassan addini na asali ana nuna su a cikin Opera del Duomo Museum don dalilan kiyayewa. don haka an maye gurbinsu da kwafi a cikin Cathedral, da Battistero da Campanile. A cikin wannan gidan kayan gargajiya kayan kwalliya da tsare-tsaren ginin Santa Maria di Fiore suma an nuna su.

A cikin Duomo ba a ba shi izinin ziyartar wuraren bautar ba amma a kusa da ƙofar akwai damar zuwa saukar da ƙaramin crypt da aka gano a tsakiyar karni na XNUMX inda za ku ga kabarin Brunelleschi, marubucin sanannen dome na haikalin da kuma na mutane da yawa na adon mutum-mutumi. Babban girmamawa, tunda a wancan lokacin, gine-ginen ba a binne su a cikin kuka ba.

Hoto | Pixabay

Hau zuwa dome

Hawan dome na Duomo abu ne mai ƙwarewa. Dole ne ku kasance cikin shiri da hankali don hawa sama da matakai 450 na siffofi da nau'uka daban-daban waɗanda ke raba ra'ayi da titi. Zai zama dole ne a sami ruhun buɗaɗɗen abu tunda sashin ƙarshe an yi shi kusan a tsaye tsakanin ƙofar waje da ciki.

Koyaya, waɗanda suke son yin tunanin layin samaniyar Florence a cikin mafi annashuwa zasu iya zuwa Giotto's Campanile. Duk zaɓuɓɓukan suna da kyau don jin daɗin fasaha a cikin tsarkakakkiyar sigarsa da kuma ra'ayoyi masu ban mamaki.

Kewayen Duomo na Florence

A cikin tarihin tarihi na Florence, musamman a yankin da ke kusa da Duomo, akwai gidajen tarihi da yawa da tarin abubuwa don jiƙa mafi kyawun fasaha a cikin birni.

'Yan mintoci kaɗan daga Duomo shine gidan kayan gargajiya na Bargello. Ayyukan Michelangelo, Donatello da Verrocchio suna nan a cikin su, kodayake kuma akwai tarin fasahar Musulunci da rumbunan adana makamai.

Dama a bayan Cathedral na Florence shine Opera del Duomo Museum tare da mahimmin tarin ayyukan Donatello da kuma wasu abubuwa masu mahimmanci daga Duomo, Baptistery da Giotto's Campanile.

Don koyo game da ilimin ɗan adam, za mu iya zuwa Gidan Tarihi na Antasa na Anthropology da Ethnology a cikin Fadar Non Finito ta hanyar del Proconsolo.

Sauran wuraren ban sha'awa a cikin birni sune Palazzo Vecchio a cikin Piazza della Signoria. Kusa da wannan ginin akwai Uffizi Gallery, daya daga cikin wuraren al'adu da aka fi ziyarta a Florence, ana adana irin zane-zanen da suka dace kamar Haihuwar Venus ta Botticelli ko Bautar Magi ta Leonardo da Vinci.

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