Abin da zaku gani a Malta, makoma zuwa Turai

Malta Tsibiri ne wanda matsugunin sa ya kawo ciwon kai sama da daya a tsawon tarihin sa, saboda kasashe da yawa sun yi sabani game da shi. Amma tun a shekarun 60 shi ne jamhuriyya mai zaman kanta wanda kusan rabin mutane miliyan ke rayuwa a ciki.

A bayyane yake, saboda wannan tarihin mai ban sha'awa wanda ya sami nasa al'adu da tsarin gine-gine suna da yawa kuma ya zama yawon shakatawa Abin da dole ne a yi la'akari. Shin kuna son ra'ayin tafiya zuwa Malta na fewan kwanaki? Rubuta waɗannan bayanan.

Malta

Akwai tsibirai guda uku da ake zaune, Malta, Gozo da Comino kuma komai yana tattare a babban birni, Valletta wanda ke tsibiri na farko. A cikin wannan rikice-rikicen da ya gabata, Sicican, da Aragonese, da Order of the Hospitaller Knights da na Order of Malta, da Ottomans, Napoleon kuma a bayyane yake Turawan Ingila waɗanda daga ƙarshe suka kasance tare da tsibirin bayan kayen Faransa a ƙarni na XIX.

Ya sami 'yanci daga Turawan ingila a shekarar 1964 kuma lokacin da sojojin suka janye shi ne karo na farko a cikin dogon tarihin tsibirin da babu sojojin kasashen waje a kansa. Tun daga wannan lokacin wannan ranar, 31 ga Maris, ita ce Ranar 'Yanci.

Abin da za a gani a Malta

con shekaru dubu bakwai na tarihi akwai abubuwa da yawa don gani. Wataƙila kasida ɗaya ta yi ƙanƙanta a gare mu mu iya magana game da komai don haka za mu mai da hankali ne kawai ga wasu abubuwan jan hankali. Misali, idan kun fara rangadin yawon bude ido na Valletta, ba za ku iya rasa waɗannan gidajen tarihin ba:

  • Gidan Tarihi na Tarihi: shine wuri mafi kyau don tsoma tsohuwar zamanin tsibirai. Anan ba zaku iya rasa theakin Yakin Lascaris ba, ɗakunan da bawan Order of Knights na Saint John suka haƙa a cikin dutsen. Daga nan Eisenhower ya ba da umarnin nasarar mamayewar Sicily a cikin '43. Akwai taswira, tsoffin wayoyi, da ƙari. Theofar tana biyan euro 10.
  • Gidan Tarihi na Yaki: yana aiki a wuri mai ban sha'awa, Fort of San Elmo. A ranar Lahadi ana yin faretin sojoji masu kayatarwa cikin tsofaffin tufafi a nan.
  • National Museum of Fine Arts: Kyakyawan hoto ne wanda ke aiki a cikin kyakkyawan gidan Rococo tare da ayyukan kowane lokaci daga ƙarni na XNUMX.
  • Fadar Babbar Jagora- Ya zama tushen Tushen Knights na Saint John kuma ya samo asali ne daga ƙarshen karni na 1798. Napoléon ya kori wannan umarnin a cikin 10 kuma ginin yana da tsada saboda Babban Jagora kusan ɗan sarki ne a nan. A yau tana da majalisar dokoki da ofishin shugaban Malta. Zaka iya yawo cikin tsohuwar ma'ajiyar kayan ajiya, misali. Theofar fada tana cin kuɗi euro 6 kuma idan aka rufe kuma aka buɗe ɗakin ajiyar kayan yaƙi don shiga ciki Euro XNUMX kawai.
  • Catacombs na Saint Paul: Su Krista ne - catzombs na Byzantine waɗanda suke a waje da tsoffin ganuwar tsohuwar Roman babban birnin Malta, abin da yake yanzu Mdina. Labyrinth ne na rami da kaburbura da aka haƙa a cikin dutsen mai wuya tare da wasu tebur masu zagaye, wanda anan ne ake yin jana'izar. Har ma da kaburburan Finikiyawa. Cool. Entranceofar tana kimanin Euro 14.
  • Cathedral na San Juan: ita ce babbar cocin Order of Knights na Malta. Yana da kyakkyawar salon baroque amma mai tsananin salo wanda mai ginin gidan ya tsara wanda ya tsara kagarar Valletta. Amma a ciki yana da kyau, da marmara da zinariya ko'ina. Akwai jagorar odiyo da kyawawan ayyuka guda biyu ta Caravaggio. Ofar tana biyan euro 10 amma idan kuka tafi taro kyauta ne.
  • Gidan Rocca Piccola: Gida ne mai kyau na dangin Maltese masu daraja. Kayayyaki da ayyukan fasaha suna da yawa a wannan gidan sarautar, amma kuma akwai WWII mafaka bam da aka tono daga dutsen da kuma nasa rami. Ziyara ana yin ta yawon buɗe ido ne kawai da Ingilishi kuma awa ɗaya ke nan. Marquis da kansa ne ke bayar da wasu yawon shakatawa. Farashin shine yuro 9.

Bayan waɗannan wuraren, koyaushe ina mamakin tsohon tarihin tsibirin Malta, wanda cewa prehistoric temples na Mnajdra da Hagar, misali. Yau, tare da sauran shafuka, ana la'akari da su Wuraren Tarihin Duniya.

Waɗannan gidajen ibada guda biyu an kiyasta cewa an gina su tsakanin 3600 da 2500 BC don haka sun girmi Stonehenge da yawa, misali, kuma sun ninka sau dubu. Suna da rufi, ɗakuna da yawa, manyan ƙofofi, kayayyakin dutse. Wadannan temples biyu ba za a rasa su ba. A cikin Mnajdra akwai gidajen ibada guda uku kusa da juna kuma Hagar baƙon abu bane. Sa'ar al'amarin shine akwai cibiyar baƙo wacce ke ba da jagororin mai jiwuwa. Gabaɗaya suna buɗewa daga 9 na safe zuwa 5 na yamma kuma ƙofar ta kasance euro 10.

Wani tsohon gidan ibada shine Tarxien, a zamanin yau ɓoye tsakanin ƙarin gine-ginen zamani (ba kamar biyun da suka gabata ba waɗanda suke a tsakiyar filin ƙasa mai natsuwa). Tarxien yana da gidajen ibada guda huɗu amma ɗayan, wanda ke kudu, shine wanda aka kawata shi sosai kuma yana da zane-zane mafi ban sha'awa, a yau an nuna shi a cikin National Museum of Archaeology. Ginin hadadden gidan ibada ne wanda yake kusa da wani kyakkyawan shafi: the Hal Saflieni Hypogeum.

Hypogeum shafi ne mai kayatarwa: a hadadden karkashin kasa wanda aka ɗauka ya yi aiki azaman mafaka da farko kuma a matsayin necropolis daga baya. An gano shi ba zato ba tsammani a farkon karni na XNUMX kuma yana da matakai uku tare da ingantaccen aikin dutse. A gaskiya, akan kira Zauren Oracle amsa kuwwa yana da kyau. Mutane 80 ne kawai ke cikin izinin shiga kowace rana, don haka yakamata kuyi littafi kafin tafiya.

A ƙarshe, Na tuna lokacin da nake yarinya ina mamakin tambayoyin da Erich Von Dániken, ɗan Switzerland mai gabatarwa na tsohuwar ka'idar 'yan sama jannati, ya yi tambaya game da Malta da sirrinta. Abinda yake ko'ina cikin Malta akwai layuka masu ban mamaki, daruruwa, dubunnan layuka masu gudana a layi daya wanda aka sassaka daga cikin dutsen mai wuya. Wasu ma suna zurfafawa cikin rairayin bakin teku, a ƙarƙashin ruwa.

Akwai su da yawa a ciki Misrah il-kbir, dutsen Malta, kuma suna da ban mamaki a yanayi. A matsakaita suna da zurfin santimita 15 amma wasu sun kai 60 kuma faɗi tsakanin layuka masu daidaituwa wani lokaci santimita 140. Suna da matukar wahala sosai, kuma ba wanda ya iya bayyana su gamsarwa.

Da kyau, idan kun je Malta, kamar yadda kuke gani, kuna da aiki da yawa.

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