Molina de Aragon

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Molina de Aragón ɗayan ɗayan kyawawan garuruwan da ke cikin Guadalajara (Spain). Wurin yana arewa maso gabashin lardin, birni ne mai ɗauke da tarin dukiya mai tarin yawa. Tafiya zuwa Molina de Aragón tafiya ce ta tsakiyar zamanai masu bin sawun Cid Campeador. Tashi a ƙasan gidansa yana kiyaye gada ta Romanesque, kwata-kwata na yahudawa da garin Moorish da kuma gidajen Renaissance da gidajen fada na Baroque wanda ke nuna ɗaukaka a matsayin babban birni na gidan Molina mai zaman kansa.

Amma, waɗanne wurare ne abubuwan mahimmanci yayin tafiya zuwa Molina de Aragón?

Castle- sansanin soja

Tana kan tsaunin da ke mamaye kwarin, ita ce mafi kyawun gidan da za a iya samu a Guadalajara kuma yana nuna halin Molina de Aragón. A cikin gidan Molina de Aragón zamu iya rarrabe sansanin soja da ke kewaye da katanga tun daga karni na XNUMX kuma ubangijin farko na Molina, Manrique de Lara, da wanda ake kira Torre de Aragón ne suka gina shi akan musulmin. castle da wannan a kan Celtiberian da suka gabata.

Samun dama zuwa Castle na Molina de Aragón yana ta hanyar Puerta del Reloj, wanda wani bangare ne na bangon da ke kewaye da shingen, tare da masu tsaronta, suna barin babban fili a ciki wanda a cikin karni na XNUMXth akwai wata tsohuwar unguwa kasancewar Misis de Molina Doña Blanca Alfonso. Vearin kayan cocin Romanesque na Santa María del Collado sune tabbacin wannan.

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Ana samun damar ginin kanta ta ƙofar da ke da baka mai kaifin baki. Ketare shi zamu iya bincika kaurin bangon. A cikin filin faretin akwai gidan Señor de Molina, da gidajen abinci, da wuraren dafa abinci, da rijiyoyin ruwa, da wuraren adana kaya da kuma kurkuku. A gefe guda, muna iya ganin cewa hasumiyar tana da hawa uku, an haɗa ta da matakala ta ƙarfe kuma tana da manyan tagogi tare da baka masu faɗi.

Daga katanga mun isa Torre de Aragón, birni na biyu mai hasumiya tare da hasumiyar hasumiya mai shinge a kewaye da bango mai faɗi. Sake gini ne a karni na XNUMX duk da cewa wannan shine yadda tsohuwar kagara ta Larabawa da sansanin Celtiberiya suke. Torre de Aragón yana da hawa uku da tagogi uku. A saman hasumiyar akwai shimfidar tilas wanda ke ba ka damar ganin yankin Molina mai ban mamaki.

Ziyartar gidan sarautar Molina de Aragón za a iya yin shi kyauta (Yuro 3) ko kuma an ba da jagora (Yuro 5) tare da ƙananan ƙungiyoyi 10. Da safe kungiyoyin suka tashi daga Ofishin Yawon bude ido da karfe 11:30 na safe (Calle las Tiendas, 62. Waya: 949 832098) amma yana da kyau a duba ranakun da za a iya yin sa ban da karshen mako. Da rana, an shirya yawon shakatawa na gari da ƙarfe 17:30 na yamma amma gidan ba zai buɗe ba. Torre de Aragón, wanda aka canza shi zuwa cibiyar fassara, ana ziyarta daban (2,5 XNUMX) bayan ya hau kan gangare sosai.

Cocin Santa Clara

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Kusa da hanyar da take kaiwa zuwa bangon waje na kagara, a tsohon garin, mun sami cocin Santa Clara. An rubuta cewa a lokacin Tsararru na Tsakiya wannan cocin ya kiyaye kayan tarihi masu yawa na waliyyai kuma a ciki zamu iya jin daɗin kasancewar bugun Romanesque na ƙarshe a Spain tare da ɓangare guda ɗaya a ciki.

Da zarar an san shi da Santa María Pero Gómez, an ce an gina haikalin a ƙarshen karni na XNUMX ta wani ɗan kirki mai suna Pero Gómez wanda dangi ne kuma mai shayar Doña Blanca Alfonso de Molina. A cikin tunawa da kafuwarta, haikalin ya sami wannan sunan kodayake a yau ana kiran cocin da suna Santa Clara saboda yana da alaƙa da gidan ibada. Babban hanyar zuwa cocin tana gefen cocin, a wata babbar hanyar shiga da ake isa ta hawa wasu matakala.

Cocin san francisco

An kafa shi a ƙarshen karni na XNUMX ta Doña Blanca Alfonso don zama tare da mashahuri masu ruhohi masu bin tsarin Gothic amma a duk tarihinta ya sami sauye-sauye iri-iri. a halin yanzu yana ƙunshe da salo iri-iri kamar su Baroque waje da Gothic, Renaissance, da Baroque ciki. Ikklisiyar tana da tsakar gida guda ɗaya kuma an rufe ta da ɗakunan katako waɗanda ke kan ginshiƙai.

A lokacin Yaƙin Spain na 'Yancin kai, Faransawa sun ba da umarnin ƙona Molina de Aragón kuma rubu'in gine-ginenta sun zama kango. Dole ne 'yan Franciscans su bar gidan sufi kuma ya lalace sosai.

A cikin 1836, saboda Kwace Mendizábal, an kori sufaye kuma Gwamnatin ta maida gidan sufi zuwa Asibitin farar hula. Bayan haka, an bar cocin har tsawon shekaru da yawa har zuwa cikin 1886 'Yan uwan ​​Sadaka na Santa Ana suka kirkiro asibiti ga talakawa a nan, wanda suke kira Hospital de Santo Domingo. A halin yanzu ginin yana gidan kula da tsofaffi ne da wadannan zuhudu ke gudanarwa? da kuma ta Gidan Tarihi na Yankin Molina de Aragón.

Cocin San Gil

Cocin San Gil ko Santa María la Mayor de San Gil na asalin Roman ne, kodayake an maido da shi gaba ɗaya bayan fama da mummunar gobara da ta haifar da lalacewar da ba za a iya gyara ta ba a cikin 1915. Har zuwa nan da aka kwashe gawawwakin Doña Blanca daga cocin San Francisco inda ta ce tana son a binne ta a lokacin Kwace Mendizábal amma wutar ta lalata komai kuma babu abin da aka kiyaye. Haka kuma ayyukan fasaha da aka ajiye a can.

Gadar Romanesque

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Shekaru aru-aru, gada irin ta Romanesque ta ratsa Kogin Gallo, wani haraji na Tagus, don haɗa Gidan Sufi na San Francisco da tsohon birni. Daga ciki zaku iya ɗaukar kyawawan hotuna na Molina de Aragón. An gina shi a cikin sandstone mai jan ido sai an kafa shi da idanu uku.

Palacetes na Molina de Aragón

A lokacin ɗaukaka da Molina de Aragón ta rayu, yawancin iyalai masu daraja suna da kyawawan gidajen sarauta a wurin. Saboda haka, Molina na ɗaya daga cikin ƙauyukan Castilian tare da mafi yawan gidajen sarauta a cikin cibiyar tarihi: Palacio de los Molina, da Montesoro, da Arias, da Garcés de Marcilla ko Marqués de Villel, da sauransu.

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