Gidan Sufi na Guadalupe

Turai tana cike da majami'u da gidajen ibada kuma wasu daga cikin mafi kyau suna cikin Spain. Lamarin ne na Gidan ibada na Guadalupe, Kayan Duniya tun daga 1993. Ya haɗu da salo daban-daban, tsoho ne kuma mai kishi ya tsare hoton Budurwar Guadalupe wanda shine Waliyyin Extremadura kuma Sarauniyar Hispanidad.

Kuna son yawon shakatawa na addini? Shin kuna son sanin duk gine-gine da shimfidar wurare waɗanda UNESCO ta ba da sanarwar wuraren tarihi na tsawon lokaci? Sannan zaku iya hada biyun kuyi 'yar tafiya kaɗan zuwa Extremadura don sanin wannan kyakkyawar makoma.

Gidan Sufi na Guadalupe

Cikakken sunansa shine Gidan Sarauta na Santa María de Guadalupe kuma tana cikin yankin mai zaman kansa na Extremadura, a cikin lardin Cáceres (ɗayan biyun da suka haɗu da wannan ƙungiyar). Extremadura ƙasa ce mai cike da tarihi kuma ta ba da mulkin mallaka ga sanannun haruffa na Amurka: Hernán Cortés, Francisco Pizarro da Pedro de Valdivia, magabata biyu na farko na masarautun Aztec da Inca bi da bi na uku, na Chile.

Labarin yana cewa a karni na sha huɗu Kiristoci sun yaƙi Larabawa da Don Yaƙin Salado, Sarki Alfonso na XI ya ba da kansa ga Budurwar Guadalupe, wata budurwa wacce aka riga aka girmama wacce aka gano kusa da kogin mai wannan sunan tun da daɗewa. Kamar yadda yake koyaushe, yakan danganta nasarar da ya samu a cikin yaƙin ne ta hanyar taimakon budurwa, don haka ya ba da umarnin sake ginawa da faɗaɗa garken garken da ya riga ya fara aiki don a ma fi so a yi masa sujada.

Bayan lokaci wannan kayan aikin ya zama tsattsarkan wuri na farko na Budurwar Guadalupe da ci gaban da ya samu a cikin coci da gidan sufi suna da alaƙa da mulkin Alfonso XI na Castile. Shi ne ya ba da umarnin a faɗaɗa ainihin ginin na asali, mai sauƙi kuma mai lalacewa, kuma shi ne kuma ya ba da umarnin gina asibitoci don ɗaukar mahajjata da yawa da suka zo wurina. Ya kuma bayar da kyaututtuka, kafa masarauta, kuma ya nemi ƙirƙirar wani fifiko, wanda Bishop na Toledo ya yi sauri.

Don haka fifikon fifikon mutane na Santa María de Guadalupe an haife shi kuma an tsara garin da ke kewaye da shi. Tare da wucewar lokaci Wuri Mai Tsarki ya kara fadada kuma an gina shi a matsayin gidan sufi don haka majibai suka maye gurbin ginshiƙan mutane. Don haka, gidan sufa ya zama wani ɓangare na babban hanyar sadarwar zuhudu kuma duk da cewa mutanen Guadalupe ba su son canjin hannu kwata-kwata (a zahiri zanga-zangar da tarzoma sun ɗauki ƙarni da yawa), babu yiwuwar canza yanayin tarihi.

Primero gidan sufi yana kula da majami'un Hieronymite wannan ya kasance fiye da ƙarni huɗu da rabi. A wancan lokacin ya kai mita dubu 22 na murabba'i, a daidai lokacin da bautar Virgin of Guadalupe ta bazu ko'ina, Canaries da Amurka sun haɗa. Da yake magana game da amurka ya kasance a nan inda Sarakunan Katolika suka karɓi Columbus duk lokacin da suka ga juna kafin tafiya ta farko kuma a zahiri anan a 1496 Ba'amurken Indiyawan sun yi baftisma shigo dasu a matsayin bayi.

A lokacin rabin farko na karni na XNUMX ne gidan sufi ya daina kasancewa daga sufaye na Hieronymite kuma ya zama majami'ar da ta dogara da Archdiocese na Toledo. A shekarun da aka kwashe ya yi furuci ya fada cikin watsi da lalacewa kuma jim kaɗan bayan haka 'yan Franciscan sun zo su tsare shi kuma sun shirya shi. Su ne suka sake gina gidan sufi. A) Ee Pius XII ya ayyana shi a matsayin basilica har ma an ziyarci 80s ta John Paul II.

Ziyarci gidan sufi na Guadalupe

Hadadden yana da ban tsoro. Abu na farko da zaka gani shine fili mai faɗi tare da maɓuɓɓugar ruwa a tsakiya wanda ke ɗauke da kayan baftisma na cocin. A ƙarshen matakala akwai manyan ƙofofi. Fuskantar, daga 1460, tana da iyaka da manyan hasumiyoyi biyu daga karni na XNUMX kuma ana iya ganin cewa tsarin ya kunshi hanyoyi huɗu, dukansu da baka, kuma biyu daga cikinsu suna shiga cikin cocin yayin da sauran biyun samar da haske a ciki. Hakanan akwai kyakkyawan taga mai tashi da ofishin tikiti don biyan ƙofar ko shagon abin tunawa suna yamma, wanda shine inda ƙofar dogaro da zuhudu yake.

Facade yana cikin tsarin Gothic kuma ya maye gurbin wanda ya gabata. A yayin wannan sake ginin, an fasalta sararin samaniya mai kusurwa huɗu, wanda shine farkon abin da zaku gani yayin shiga cocin kuma wanda ya kafa ɗakin sujada na Santa Ana tare da kabarin Don Alfonso de Velasco da matarsa, Misis Isabel de Quadros. Baya ga wannan kabarin akwai wani katon karfe wanda aka canza shi zuwa wani nau'in baftisma wanda ya fara daga shekara ta 1402 kuma aka matsar da shi zuwa wannan wuri a cikin karni na XNUMX daga dakin wankin kayan.

Cocin kanta ginin ne nave uku tare da manyan mawaƙa. A saman farfajiyar akwai rufi mai ɗaure, tare da masalan ƙasa a cikin babban ramin kuma yalƙuɓe a cikin naves na gefe. Dome yana samarda wadataccen haske na halitta kuma hakanan windows masu tashi biyu, ɗaya a kowane gefen transept. Babban ɗakin sujada ya rabu da naves ta hanyar kyakkyawan grille wanda ya fara daga farkon karni na 1609. A nasa bangare, Babban Altar yana da kyakkyawan bagade na almara daga XNUMX kuma a cikin presbytery akwai kaburburan Enrique IV da mahaifiyarsa María de Aragón.

Bayan ziyarar cikin gidan sufi zaka iya sanin Cloister na Mu'ujizai, square tare da baka dawakai da kuma wani lambu. Akwai dakin shakatawa a cikin haikalin, inda zaku ga ciborium na tagulla wanda ruwan yake gudana daga gare shi, wanda kuma ya fada a cikin kwatarn octagonal. Zane-zane a ƙasa suna ba da labarin rayuwar Budurwar Guadalupe kuma akwai zane-zane tare da tashoshin Kalvary. A nan ne kuma inda tsohuwar matakala take kaiwa ga mawaƙa.

Zuciyar cocin shine haikalin, murabba'i ne a waje kuma yana ba da yanayi mai kyau a ciki, hawa uku ne tsayi kuma tare da benaye biyu na sama waɗanda aka yi wa ado da tiles masu kyau. A cikin gidan sufi akwai wasu kayan tarihi masu ban sha'awa sosai: Gidan Tarihi na Cantorales, tare da tsoffin littattafansa, Gidan kayan gargajiya na zane-zane da zane-zane da kuma Gidan kayan gargajiya na kayan ado na alfarma. A lokacin ziyarar, da reliquary, sacristy, da dakin ado na Budurwa da kuma Budurwa ta Guadalupe kanta (a cikin itace polychrome).

Don gamawa, na bar muku Mass sau: a ranakun aiki talakawa suna awanni 12 da 20. Lahadi a 11 da 12 sannan a 13 da 20 hours; Kuma nima ina gaya muku cewa zaku iya kwana na dare saboda otal shima yana aiki anan, the Hotel Hospedería Monasterio de Guadalupe, rukunin tauraruwa biyu da dakuna 47 a tsohuwar ɓangaren Gothic cloister.

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