Hankula kayan Jalisco

Halin Jalisco na yau da kullun yana da kamanceceniya da tufafi irin na da mariachis, har ta kai ga sukan rikice. A zahiri, an yi imanin cewa ƙarshen an haife su a cikin garin Jalisco na Culaunƙwasa. Koyaya, ba daidai suke ba. Na biyu ya haɗa maballin akan wando da jaket, ban da samun launuka iri-iri mafi girma.

Koyaya, ingantaccen tufafi irin na Jalisco, wanda wannan labarin zai shagaltar dashi, yafi nutsuwa. Kamar yadda sunan ta ya nuna, za mu baku labarin irin kayan da aka saba gani na wannan ƙasar ta Meziko, wanda ke yammacin ƙasar kuma ya yi iyaka da na Nayarit, Zacatecas, Aguascalientes, Guanajuato, Michoacán y Colima, kazalika da Tekun Fasifik.

Abubuwan keɓaɓɓun kayan Jalisco

Zamu fara da yin wani ɗan tarihi game da wannan suturar sannan mu mai da hankali kan kayan maza da mata. Dukansu sun bambanta sosai, da yawa mafi launuka da gaisuwa na mata.

Tarihin kwat da wando

Asalin charro kwat da wando, wanda, kamar yadda wataƙila kuka riga kuka yanke, shi ne na gargajiya daga Jalisco, wanda ya faro tun ƙarni na XNUMX. Abin mamaki, tufafin da ke nuna Mexico a ƙasashen waje an haife su, a cewar an yi imanin, a ƙasashen Sifen, musamman a Salamanca.

Kamar yadda kuka sani, ana kiran mazaunan wannan lardin, daidai, karusai. Kuma, idan kuka kalli tufafinsu na yau da kullun, gaskiya ne cewa suna kama da suturar Jalisco. Sifen ɗin ta ƙunshi wando mai ƙarfi na baƙin wando, ɗan gajeren jaket mai launi iri ɗaya da manyan takalmin hawa. Hakanan, hat ɗin yayi kama, kodayake tare da ƙaramin fuka-fuki.

Charros

Charros tare da tufafi irin na Jalisco

Wannan tufafin zai wuce zuwa Amurka tare da zuwan Hispanic kuma za'a karbe shi a cikin Yankin Jalisco. Koyaya, ya sami sauye-sauye da yawa. A cikin ƙarni masu zuwa, an inganta ta ta ƙara kayan kwalliya da kayan adon hannu da yawa. Tuni a cikin XIX, shine wanda yake amfani da shi chinacos, sunan da aka ba maza waɗanda suka yi aiki a filayen.

Kamar yadda ake son sani, za mu gaya muku cewa sarki Maximilian na Habsburg Ya kasance babban mai sha'awar kwalliya. Har ma ya yi amfani da shi sau da yawa yana ƙoƙarin daidaitawa da sabuwar al'ummarsa. Tuni tare da juyin juya halin Mexico, wannan tufafin ya zama sananne ya zama kayan kwalliyar mexican, fiye da irin na sauran yankuna na ƙasar (idan kuna son ƙarin sani game da ƙarshen, muna ba ku shawara wannan labarin).

Koyaya, a halin yanzu ba duk irin tufafin charro iri ɗaya bane. Sun bambanta kayan aiki, cikakkun riguna da cikakkun suttura, kodayake da wuya dai akwai wani bambanci a tsakanin su. Kadai yana zaune a ciki kayan alatu na kwalliya da kwalliya cewa sun haɗa su. Kamar yadda wataƙila kuka hango, na farkon sun fi na ƙarshen hankali, kodayake dukkansu suna da kyau ƙwarai da ban mamaki.

Idan ka ziyarci Guadalajara, babban birni kuma mafi mashahuri birni a cikin jihar Jalisco, ba zai zama maka da wahala ka samo kayan ɗinka na yau da kullun ba. A hankalce, mazaunanta basa amfani dashi yau da kullun, amma suna amfani dashi Suna amfani da kowane yanayi don sanya shi. Amma, ba tare da bata lokaci ba, za mu tattauna da ku game da kayan Jalisco na mata.

Jalisco kayan kwalliyar mata

Irin wannan wasan kwaikwayon a Jalisco

Jalisco hankula mace ado

Matan Jalisco suna sanya suttura guda daya tare da doguwar siket. An yi shi da poplin, wuyanta yana da tsawo kuma hannayen riga iri ne na jaka. Har ila yau, a cikin sashinsa na sama, a tsayin kirji, yana ɗauka wasu kwallaye a cikin sifar vee wancan zoba Hakanan siket din yana da fadi sosai.

Game da launi, yawanci yana sautin guda, ko da yake wannan ya bambanta da gaisuwa kaset masu launi cewa tana da kwalliya da kuma lace wacce take sanyawa ado. Amma ga takalmin, an saka shi kuma yana da kayan haɗi daban-daban. Aƙarshe, ana yin babban gashin gashin da zaren daidai da waɗanda suka bayyana akan rigar.

Jalisco suturar maza

Mariachis

Wasu mariachis

Dangane da kayan kwalliyar maza, ya ƙunshi, a ɓangarensa na sama, na rigar da a gajeren jaket. Ya isa ƙananan ɓangaren kirji kuma hannayen riga sun yi gajarta daidai don nuna kayan ado na azurfa na tsana. Hakanan, ana iya yin ado da shi maballin saba'in na sautin iri ɗaya, kodayake suma suna iya zama zinare.

Amma wando, suna da matsi, fata ko zane da sautuka masu duhu. Suna kuma ɗauka datsa duka kafafu. An saka kayan sutturar ta takalmin saka na leshi mai launi iri daya da kwat da wando.

Dole ne a ambaci musamman hat. An tsara shi tun asali don yin tsayayya da tasirin hasken Jalisco da kuma kariya daga faduwa daga doki. Saboda wannan dalili, an yi su da gashin kanzon kurege, ulu mai laushi ko bambaro na alkama kuma suna da duwatsu huɗu ko zaren a cikin gilashinsu wanda ya ninka shi kuma ya sa ya zama mai tsayayya.

Girman wannan kwalliyar kwalliyar tana da girma da fadi, kazalika mai taken a bayanta. A ƙarshe, ana yin ado da ita wani lokacin shawl ko kayan kwalliya. Yana da amfani wannan tsari don aikin filin har ya zama na gari ko'ina cikin Mexico.

A ƙarshe, wani yanki wanda ba za'a rasa shi ba a cikin yanayin charro shine yanke. A wannan yanayin, ba tufa ba ce, amma irin bargon da mahaya suka sa tare da sirdin dokinsu. Saboda haka, ba zaku gan shi ba yayin halartar rawa ko fareti a ƙafa, amma za ku gan shi idan ya zo ga dawakai masu wucewa ko charros nuna cewa za mu nuna muku na gaba.

Yaushe ake amfani da suturar Jalisco?

A charro skirmish

Charra skirmish

Tabbas, da zarar munyi bayanin yadda suturar Jalisco ta maza da mata take, zamu maida hankali ne wajen tattauna da ku game da abubuwan da suka faru da kuma bukukuwa inda aka fi samun mutane sanye da su.

Nunin kwatankwacin kyawun inda waɗannan suttura suke da charrería. Abubuwan wasan dawakai na gargajiya na ƙasar Aztec sun sami wannan sunan. Suna haɓaka a fagen da ake kira gwangwani kuma sun kunshi cewa mahaya suna gudanar da motsa jiki daban-daban a bayan dawakansu.

A matsayin wasa, an haife shi a farkon karni na XNUMX don tunawa da ayyukan shanu a karkara waɗanda suka zama tsofaffi. Charrería an shirya shi a Mexico ta hanyar tarayya kuma an san al'adun ta kamar Abubuwan Tarihi na 'Yan Adam ta UNESCO ta kiyaye su.

A halin yanzu, mata suna taka muhimmiyar rawa a cikin charrería. Ba wai kawai saboda kowace shekara ana zaɓar mutum ba reina wannan shine ke kula da bude bukukuwa daban-daban, amma kuma saboda yana shiga cikin gasan dawakai. Su Amazons ne waɗanda ke shiga, sama da duka, a cikin horo da aka san shi da shi charra skirmish. Ya ƙunshi rukuni na Amazons takwas waɗanda ke yin waƙa a bayan dawakansu da kuma waƙar kiɗa.

Amma, sa'a, ana ƙaruwa da yawa charras don yin wasu nau'ikan wasan kwaikwayo. Daga cikin mahimman mahimmanci, zamu ambace ku dokin doki, bijimin sa da mahayan dawakai, piales a kan zane, manganas a ƙafa ko kan doki, jerin da ke cikin zobe ko matakin mutuwa.

A hankalce, a waɗannan yanayin mata suna sa wasu nau'ikan kayan haɗi don dacewar su. Daga cikin su, takalma tare da spurs, hat da ma'aikata. Bugu da kari, suna sanya doki wani dutse na musamman da ake kira fakiti.

Ranar Charro

Yanayin mutuwa

Charros mai wakiltar mutuwar mutum

Charrería yana da haɗin kai sosai ga al'adun Mexico cewa kowane Satumba 14 ƙasar Aztec tana bikin Ranar Charro. A duk yankunanta (idan kuna son karanta labarin game da Veracruz, danna nan) ana gudanar da wasan dawakai da na kiɗa don tunawa da shi. Game da karshen, da mariachi su ne cikakkun 'yan wasa.

Game da jihar Jalisco, wanda muke magana a kansa, a wannan ranar Guadalajara ke bikin Taron Duniya na Mariachi da Charrería. Kamar yadda zaku iya tunani, an kawata titunan babban birnin kuma dubban maza da mata suna bi ta cikinsu sanye da kayan Jalisco na yau da kullun da kuma fassara waƙoƙin gargajiya.

Abubuwan da suka faru sun fi mayar da hankali a cikin Dandalin 'Yanci, inda akwai bukukuwa da yawa. Amma akwai kuma farati, wasan kwaikwayo a cikin Gidan makogwaro da aka yanke har ma da talakawa da aka rera a cikin Basilica na Zapopán.

Groupsungiyoyin jama'a suna yin nau'ikan kiɗa kamar su Sypatatio syrup, wanda aka fi sani da "hular Mexico" saboda an bar ta a ƙasa ana rawa a kusa da ita. Rawan neman aure ne wanda asalinsa dole ne mu nemi shi a juyin juya halin Mexico.

Daidai da shahara sosai a cikin irin wannan bikin sune Culebra, a dance that recreates aiki a cikin filayen, da Iguana da kuma Rocking doki, a tsakanin sauran raye-rayen da masu fassara ke yi yayin sauraren mariachi sauti. Wannan sunan waƙoƙin da ke raye raye da raye-raye na wasan kwaikwayo kuma wannan, sabili da haka, suna da alaƙa da alaƙar sutturar Jalisco.

A ƙarshe, mun gaya muku game da irin kayan Jalisco ga maza da mata. Amma mun kuma bayyana muku mahimmancin duniyar charrería a Meziko, wanda ya haɗa da wannan tufafin da kuma sauti na mariachi. Duk wannan ya daidaita al'adun da suka keta iyakokin ƙasar Aztec don ya zama sananne a duk duniya.

 

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