Fara'a ta Nepal

Asia ita ce hanyar tafiya mai ban mamaki. Yana da komai, tarihi, shimfidar wurare, al'adu, addini ... tafiya zuwa kowane kusurwa na Asiya tabbas zai kawo sauyi a rayuwa da jin daɗin kowa. Musamman idan wurin tafiya wuri ne kamar Nepal.

A yau za mu san wasu abubuwan jan hankali na Nepal don haka idan burin ku shine ku tattara jakar ku ta baya ku ci gaba da balaguro, wannan labarin zai zama mafi kyawun farawa. Bari mu yi tafiya zuwa Nepal, ƙasar Himalayas.

Nepal

Kasa ce da Babu mafita ga teku da kuma wancan yana cikin himalayas, iyaka da China, Indiya da Bhutan. Duwatsu suna da yawa a ciki kuma haka ne, idan kuna tunani game da shi Dutsen Everest Anan ne mafi tsauni mafi girma a duniya yake.

Kwanan baya na Nepal an haife shi a tsakiyar karni na 2006 daga hannun sarki wanda ke sanya yankuna daban-daban ƙarƙashin ikon sa. Tana da masarauta mai mulki har zuwa kwanan nan, amma a yau ba ƙasa ce kawai ta addini ba, har zuwa XNUMX babban addini addinin Hindu ne, amma kuma jamhuriyar dimokiradiyya

Yana da kasar da girgizar kasa kuma a shekarar 2015 akwai biyu da suka salwantar da rayukan dubunnan mutane da lalata wuraren da UNESCO ta ayyana a matsayin Gidajen Duniya. Hakanan an lalata shi ta lokutan, don haka dole ne kuyi la'akari da wane lokaci na shekara kuke zuwa.

Dangane da yanayin yanayin kasa kuwa, kasa ce mai fadin kusan kilomita murabba'i dubu 147 wanda aka raba shi zuwa wani yanki na tsaunuka, wani tsaunuka da kuma wuraren da ake kira Terai, dukkansu suna fuskantar koguna wadanda suke gangarowa daga tsaunukan tsaunuka. Terai shine yankin kan iyaka da Indiya saboda haka yana da zafi da danshi, tsaunuka suna tsakanin tsayin mitoci dubu da dubu huɗu, tare da koren kore da yalwar Kathmandu, kuma yankin tsauni yana kan iyaka da China kuma yana da Everest.

Nepal ya yi yanayi daban-daban guda biyar, na wurare masu zafi da na yanayi, na yanayi mai sanyi, sanyi, subarctic da arctic, da kuma yanayi huɗu masu kyau, da lokacin damina.

Yawon shakatawa a Nepal

Makomarku za ta dogara ne da nau'in yawon shakatawa da kuke son yi. Shin kana son ziyartar wuraren al'adu da tarihi ko kayi yawon shakatawa? Bari mu fara da irin wannan yawon shakatawa wanda a ɗan lokaci yanzu ya zama sananne ga mutane na kowane zamani.

A cikin nepal zaka iya hawa duwatsu, ka tashi tsakanin duwatsu, tafiya, zip yawo, tsalle a cikin jirgin sama, tsalle-tsalle, tsalle-tsalle, kwale-kwale, hawan keke da hawa paragl. Nepal na da manyan kololuwa takwas a duniya ma Aljanna ce ta masu hawan dutse. Babu Dutsen Everest kawai amma akwai kuma Makalu, Cho Oyu, Lhotse da Kanchenjunga, da sauransu, da kuma wasu tsaunuka 326 da za a iya hawa: Pokhara, Dolpo, Manaslu, Tengboche ...

Tafiya a ciki zip yana yawo Suna ɗauke ku zuwa jirgin sama mai tsayin mita 600 a kusan kilomita 140 a awa ɗaya fiye da nisan kilomita da rabi. Nepal tana ba da yawancin waɗannan jiragen sama amma shine kawai a cikin duniya wanda ke ba da ɗayan waɗannan halayen halayen: shi ne mafi tsayi, mafi tsayi da sauri cikin duka wanzu. Shafin shine saman Sarangkot, a cikin Pokhara, tare da kyakkyawan hangen nesa da tsaunin Annapurna da kwarin da ke ƙasa.

Paragliding Aiki ne da aka aiwatar dashi anan tun 1995 kuma zaka iya zama farkon farawa ko ƙwararre, tashi sama kai kaɗai ko cikin duo ko tare da taimakon ƙwararren matukin jirgi. Hakanan zaka iya samun lasisin paraglid na ƙasa da ƙasa a cikin Nepal. Ina? A cikin tsaunukan Annapurna kuma a cikin Pokhara. Anan kusa da Pokhara, zaku iya yin atisaye tsalle bungee. Nadin yana cikin Tatopani, kusa da kan iyaka da El Tibet.

Tsalle daga gadar karfe ce mai fadin mita 166 wacce ta hada bangarorin biyu na wani kwari mai zurfi kan Kogin Bhote Koshi. Wurin shimfidar wuri yana da kyau kuma zaku iya haɗawa da rafting ko hawa a wuri ɗaya. Hakanan zaka iya yin tsalle-tsalle a cikin Hemja, Pokhara, daga ɗayan hasumiyar ƙasar don hakan. Yana da kusan minti 20 daga tafkin kuma kallon yana da ban mamaki. Wani zaɓi shine sama kuma babu komai ƙasa da gaban Dutsen Everest.

Abin mamaki! Idan baku son wani abu mai tsauri sosai to zaku iya gwada wani abu mai laushi a Pokhara, kusa da babban tsaunin Annapurna tare da Tekun Fewa a ƙasa. Katin gidan waya wanda ba za'a iya mantawa dashi ba, yayi kyau. Kuma idan har yanzu kuna son wani abu mai laushi zaka iya koyaushe tashi a cikin jirgin sama: Kuna barin filin jirgin saman cikin gida na Kathmandu da safe kuyi yawo na awa ɗaya a kewayen Everest, tabkuna da kuma kankara. Kuma duk fasinjojin suna da kujerar taga.

Hakanan zaku iya tashi a kan Annapurna a cikin jirgi mafi sauƙi, a cikin ƙaramin jirgin sama mai kujeru biyu kawai da injina ɗaya. Ko a ciki helikafta, balaguron yawon shakatawa wanda ya haɗa da jirgin kusa da Everest, karin kumallo da zagayawa zuwa Kathmandu.

Da ƙafafuna a ƙasa na gaya muku haka a cikin Himalayas zaku iya zuwa rafting kuma zaka kasance cikin ɗayan saitunan musamman a duniya. Babu matsala idan ka sani ko ba ka sani ba, akwai wani abu ga kowa. Kogunan suna gangarowa daga tsaunuka da kuma cikin ruwan su, wani lokacin rikici, wani lokacin nutsuwa, zaku iya yin wasannin ruwa da yawa. Ina? A kogin Tamur, a kan Sunkoshi ko kan Karnali. Har ila yau a cikin Trishuli inda saurin kewayawa daga rukuni na 1 zuwa na 6.

Wadannan balaguron balaguron an shirya su ne tare da wakilan tafiye-tafiye na gida kuma zaku iya yin balaguron kwana ɗaya ko kwana uku ko ma tafiye-tafiye masu tsayi waɗanda suka haɗa da zango da yin yawo ta cikin dazuzzuka da ruwa.

Yanzu, idan yawon shakatawa ba abinku bane, Nepal tana da birane, wuraren bauta da wuraren bautar gumaka suna ban mamaki. Kyakkyawan makoma ita ce Kwarin Kathmandu inda akwai garuruwa uku masu ban sha'awa: Bhaktapur, Patan da Kathmandu.

Kwarin ya dade yana wurin haduwar al'adu da addinai kuma daulolin da ke mulki sun yi wa birnin Kathmandu ado da ado. Ba za a iya rasa wannan birni ba saboda yana da kyau sosai tare da wuraren addinin Buddha da na Hindu da kuma gine-ginen Newari ko'ina. A lokaci guda wuri ne na zamani, tare da gidajen abinci da wuraren shakatawa, bayan duk shine birni mafi girma a ƙasar kuma babban birni na al'adu da siyasa.

Kathmandu birni shine gidan kayan gargajiya na buɗe ido- Ziyarci Swaymbhunath, Pashupatinath Temple, Vishnu Budhanilkantha Temple da Lambun Mafarki. Tare da ɗan kuɗi kaɗan za ka iya yin hayan jirgin yawon buɗe ido ta cikin duwatsu ka ga babbar Everest daga nesa ko ka biya hanya a sassaka itace ko tukwanen gargajiya ko yin tunani tare da tsayi.

Kilomita takwas zuwa gabas shine Boudhanath, wurin da ba za a iya mantawa da shi ba idan kun ziyarce shi saboda yana da la stupa mafi girma a cikin duka kwarin: tsayin mita 36 da kuma gidajen ibada da yawa, cibiyar Buddha ta Tibet a cikin ƙasar kuma ta zama kamar mandala.

Wani muhimmin shafin addini shine Haikali na Pashupatinath, wanda aka gina a ƙarni na XNUMX, mafi girman hadadden gidan ibada a Nepal, a duka bankunan na Bagmati River, tsarkakken kogi anan. Gine-ginen rufi a cikin babban pagoda, bangarorin azurfa da kyawawan sassaƙa na itace, da sauran gidajen ibada na allahntaka waɗanda aka keɓe ga wasu gumakan Buddha da Hindu.

Yana da nisan kilomita uku daga Kathmandu kuma gaba ɗaya akwai gidajen ibada 492 da wuraren bautar Shiva 15 tare da ƙarin wuraren bautan 12 don bincika. Wannan haikalin shine Duniyar Duniya amma a bayyane yake cewa ba shi kaɗai ba: Sagartha, Lumbini, Chitwan da Swayambhunath suka ƙara zuwa jerin masu darajar. A gefe guda ya kamata ka yi la'akari Lumbini, mahaifar Buddha kuma ɗayan mahimman shafuka na ruhaniya a duniya kamar yadda yake jan hankalin miliyoyin mahajjatan Buddha.

Ana nazarin Buddha a nan kuma zaka iya ziyartar Mayadevi Lambuna, inda aka haife Buddha musamman, da kuma gidan ibada. Lumbini yana da gidajen ibada da aka gina a duk duniya, akwai daga China, Myanmar, Japan, Faransa, da Haikalin Mayadevi kanta, wanda ke da shekaru 2, babu wani abu kuma babu ƙasa.

Don haka, a cikin Nepal zaku iya yin yawon buɗa ido ko yawon buɗe ido na addini da al'adu. A cikin labarinmu na yau mun fi mayar da hankali kan na farko, amma za mu koma na biyu a nan gaba, don kammala duk abin da matafiyin da yake da kamfasinsa a Nepal ya kamata ya sani.

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