Oymyakon, inda sanyi yake mulki

Shin zaku iya tunanin wurin da sanyin gaske yake da tsananin gaske? A'a, ba Arctic bane ko Antarctic. Ya game Oymyakón ko Oimiakón, a mutanen Rasha wanda yake can nesa da kuma daskarewa Siberia. Yayi sanyi a nan, ba wasa bane, amma mutane suna rayuwa.

An san shi da "Gari mafi sanyi a duniya" Da kyau, an taɓa yin rajista -71 ºC. Shin zaku iya tunanin irin wannan yanayin sanyin a cikin ƙashinku? To, labarinmu a yau zai kasance game da wannan nesa da sanannen garin Rasha. Wataƙila kuna son yin tafiya kaɗan ...

Oymyakon

Kamar yadda na fada a baya, gari ne, a al'ummar noma, a gaskiya, menene a Rasha. Musamman, gabashin Siberia, babban yanki wanda ke cikin yankin Asiya na jamhuriyar Rasha. Ya tashi daga tsaunukan Ural zuwa tekun Pacific kuma yayi iyaka da tekun Arctic, China, Koriya ta Arewa, Mongolia da Kazakhstan.

An kiyasta cewa Siberia tana da kashi 76% na farfajiyar Rasha, amma da gaske mutane ƙalilan ne ke rayuwa, a ƙimar mutane uku a kowace murabba'in kilomita, saboda haka yawan mutane ya yi ƙasa da gaske. Siberia ya kasu kashi uku, don dalilai masu amfani: don haka an raba sassan ta hanyar Kogin Yenisei da Lena.

Don haka muna da Western siberia, filayen fili mai fadama da fadama, Central Siberia tare da tabkuna masu zurfin zurfi da kankara, Tafkin Baikal, misali, kuma Gabashin Siberia tare da tsaunuka da yawa da shahararren yankin Kamchatcka Peninsula, kazalika da wasu duwatsu masu aman wuta.

Don haka, Oymyakón yana Gabashin Siberia, kusa da kogin Indigirka, a ƙasa permafrost. Menene wannan? Da kyau, ƙasa ce dindindin dindindin kuma an rufe ta da dusar ƙanƙara ko kankara. A yaren Yakut, yare ne da ya samo asali daga yarukan Turkic kuma yake da tasirin Mongolian da Tungus, ana nufin "ruwan da baya daskarewa." Shin kuna mamakin yadda zai iya samun wannan sunan yana cikin ƙasar permafrost? Mai sauƙi, akwai maɓuɓɓugan ruwan zafi suna kusa kuma na riga na yi imanin cewa dropsan saukad da ruwan zafi a cikin irin wannan sanyi sun tsaya kamar zinariya.

Anan a Oymyakón hunturu yayi tsawo, wata tara, kuma ba dole ba ne a ce yana da ɗanye. Garin yana kewaye tsakanin duwatsu biyu don haka da zarar sanyi ya fara, yakan dauki dogon lokaci kafin a tashi. Yanayin, musamman magana, shine matsananci subpolar. Lokacin hunturu ya bushe kuma da gaske babu bambance-bambance da yawa daga lokacin bazara. Da sauƙi, akwai yanayin zafi na -59ºC da bazara, da kyau, shima sanyi ne.

Oymyakón wani ɓangare ne na Jamhuriyar Sajá, tare da yawan jama'ar da ke ƙasa da rabin miliyan. A tsakiyar hunturu ba kwa ganin rai a cikin tituna. Kuma wannan shine, a gefe guda, yara basa zuwa makaranta idan zafin jiki yakai -52ºCA gefe guda, mai yana daskarewa a ƙasa da 45ºC don haka idan ka kashe injin din, to sannu da mota. Tare da waɗannan yanayin yanayin babu wanda yake waje idan da gaske ba lallai bane. Mutane suna zaune a cikin gida kuma haɗuwa da wani abin al'ajabi ne.

Zai iya zama mana kayatarwa cewa akwai sanyi sosai amma da alama mazaunan ba sa son hakan kwata-kwata. Ba tambaya ba ce ko kuna so ko ba ku so, a'a Irin wannan yanayin daskarewa yana da haɗari. Wutar lantarki ta ƙare, ba tare da gas ba, ba tare da mai ba, ba tare da sadarwa ba ... kuma a wani matakin, an riga an san cewa sanyi yana kira don ƙara yawan shan barasa. Don haka, yawan maye ko buguwa sun zama ruwan dare.

Mun ce garin an sadaukar da shi ne don ayyukan karkara, asali ga dabbobin daji da kiwon shanu. Babu shakka hakan ba zai iya fitar da tattalin arzikin cikin gida ba, don haka gari ne wanda yake cin kudin jihar. Tarayyar Rasha ta sanya kuɗi, da yawa, don haka wannan shine yadda suke rufe asusun.

Oymyakón yayi sanyi sosai cewa gidajen ba su da bututu. Ba za su yi amfani da yawa ba yayin da ruwa ke daskarewa, don haka akwai ɗakunan wanka na gari kuma ɗakunan wanka na gida ba su da bututu. Ko da kifi yana ɗaukar mintuna 30 ne kawai don daskarewa da zarar an kama shi kuma abu ne gama gari a gani motoci na dindindin tare da injina. Shin kun ga cewa vodka baya daskarewa a cikin firji? To a nan, haka ne.

Kwanan ranakun mafi qarancin shekara a nan sa'o'i 21 suka gabata. A ƙarshen kowane hunturu Cold Polo Biki, wanda Ice Ice ya shirya, Chyskhaan, wani gunkin arna wanda yayi kama da giciye tsakanin Sarauniyar daskararre da mayen Gandalf. Duk watan Maris akwai to wasan tsere, tseren kare, kamun kifi da sauran nishadi. Bayan haka, yana yiwuwa a kusanci garin.

Shin canjin yanayi ya shafi Oymyakon? Da kyau zai zama haka ne saboda watan Janairun da ya gabata ya fi sanyi kuma don haka ya kai ga wannan rikodin wanda ake kira koyaushe, an ɗauke shi a cikin 1924. Amma bayan makonni biyu kawai sai aka samu kalaman dumi da ma'aunin zafi da sanyio ya kai 17ºC Canji mai ban mamaki kuma ba wani abu da ƙasa da makonni biyu ... Don haka, aƙalla a taƙaice mazauna wannan garin na iya akalla lalata gashin ido ...

Oymyakón awa biyu ne a mota daga Yakutsk, ina filin jirgin sama mafi kusa Wannan birni yana da nisan kilomita 450 daga Yankin Arctic kuma ita ce, tare da kusan mazauna dubu 270, birni mafi yawan mutane a arewa maso yammacin Rasha.

Ba na tsammanin wurin zuwa yawon bude ido ne amma akwai mutanen da suke son sanin mara kyau, nesa, wurare masu ban mamaki, don jin kamar baƙon kawai. Idan lamarinka ne, Oymyakon ne a gare ku Wataƙila ka ga wani abu a talabijin ko wani hoto. Talabijan ya isa nan kuma masu daukar hoto sun iso don nuna yadda kuke rayuwa ko yadda kuke wahala, haha.

Ina tsammanin duk da sanyin wurin yana da kyau. Tare da wannan kyaun da matsanancin shimfidar wurare ke bayarwa, kusan zalunci ne ga ɗan adam.

Shin kuna son yin littafin jagora?

Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

Kasance na farko don yin sharhi

Bar tsokaci

Your email address ba za a buga.

*

*