Tafiya zuwa Ural Mountains

Ga Ural tsaunuka suna dauke da iyakar ƙasa tsakanin Turai da Asiya. Kyawawan tsaunuka ne wadanda suka mamaye kusan kilomita 2500 kuma mallakar Russia da Kazakhstan ne. Soasa tana ɓoye taskoki don duniyar zamani kamar gawayi, mai ko ƙarfe, don haka duk yankin yana da mahimmanci ga ƙasashen biyu.

Matsayi mafi girma a cikin Urals shine Dutsen Narodnaya wanda ya kai mita 1895 na tsawo. Haka ne, ba tsauni ne mai tsaunuka masu tsayi ba, amma yana da tsawo sosai don ƙyallenta ya yi fice a tsakanin filayen da, a gefe ɗaya da wancan, ya faɗaɗa kewaye da shi. A yau za mu kara koyo game da tsaunukan Ural da nasu yawon shakatawa.

Dutsen Ural

Duwatsu suna daga teku mai kara, wani ɓangare na Tekun Arctic, arewacin Siberia, zuwa takun kazakh, buɗe wuraren ciyayi a arewacin Kazakhstan da wani ɓangare na Rasha. Akwai tsibirai guda biyu a arewa waɗanda suke ɓangare na tsaunuka, ƙari daga cikinsu: New Zembla Island da Vaygach Island.

Kamar yadda muka ce, mafi girman tsauni shi ne Dutsen Narodnaya a mita 1895, tare da wasu kankara a saman. Dutsen Ural sun kasu kashi biyar: A Uctic Arctic, da kyau zuwa arewa, da Urals na Subarctic, ina Narodnaya yake; da Urals na Arewa, sarkoki masu layi daya; da Tsakiyar Urals, ƙasa, da kuma Urals na Kudancin, tare da kwari.

Manyan tsaunukan Ural suna da kogwanni, da duwatsu masu kaifi, da rafuka da yawa ... Yanayinsu ya banbanta dangane da tsawo da tsayin filin, don haka steppes suna da yawa amma kuma gandun daji. Dangane da fauna, Urals gida ne lynx, squirrels, martens, foxes, Wolves, beyar, badger, grouse, marmots, owls, partridges, pheasants, reindeer..

Urals sune ɗayan tsaffin tsaunuka a duniya kuma a cewar masana ilimin kasa, an kirkiresu ne kimanin shekaru miliyan 250 zuwa 300 da suka gabata lokacin da babbar yankin Euroamerica ta yi karo da sabuwar sabuwar kasa mai rauni ta Kazakhstania. Sun yi kiyasin cewa hadarin ya faru ne sama da shekaru miliyan 90.

Yawon shakatawa a cikin Ural Mountains

Yankin tsaunukan tsaunukan Ural abin birgewa ne yawon shakatawa na waje. Akwai hukumomin yawon bude ido da yawa a bangaren Rasha, a cikin Lardin Perm, Wanda zai iya shirya yawon shakatawa tare da duk kayan aiki da jigilar abubuwan da ake buƙata. Tayin yawon shakatawa ya bambanta: akwai tafiye-tafiyen kogi, tafiya mai tsananin gaske, wasan tsallaka kan ƙasa, hawan dawakai, da kamun kifi da farautar farauta. Perm babban cibiyar masana'antu ne, wanda aka kafa a 1723.

da kogi yana tafiya Suna kan catamaran don mutane huɗu kuma suna ba ka damar yaba kyawawan duwatsu daga tafkin ruwa, suna jin daɗin yanayi da kyau, suna ganin ƙauyuka marasa iyaka da gandun daji. Perm yana da aƙalla koguna 40 waɗanda suka dace da irin wannan balaguron, amma daga cikin mashahuran sune Koiva Kogin da Vishera.

A lokacin yin trekkineg a Rasha dole ne a yi la'akari da cewa yana nema. Nisan yana da tsayi, akwai yanayi mai yawa wanda ba a taɓa shi ba, yana da kyau ƙwarai da gaske, inda wani lokaci yanayi yakan canza a cikin yini ɗaya. Mafi kyawun wurare don tafiya shine Filin shakatawa na Basegi, Kilomita 200 daga Perm, tare da tsaunuka uku da shimfidar wurare daban-daban da Reserve na jihar Vishersky. A cikin duka biyun yawon shakatawa na kwanakin ƙarshe.

Don tafiya na -asa-ƙasa Ka tuna cewa hunturu a nan yana da matukar wahala. Daskararre Yawon shakatawa na iya wucewa daga kwana huɗu zuwa goma, lokacin da ya haɗa da Moscow. Suna kuma yawanci hada kan iyaka tsakanin Turai da Asiya, da Dutsen Toplaya Gorakira Kofar Tsar karst dutse, Koiva Kogin, da Kogon Chudesnitsa, Ruwan daskararre na Khrustalny… Wani sanannen yankin gicciye shine yankin Krasnovishersky, kilomita 300 daga Perm.

Mafi kusa da Perm, tushen ayyukan a gefen Rasha, zamu iya cewa, a ɗaya gefen Kogin Kama, shine ƙarami Nizhnaya Kurya ƙauyen kuma ga gonar doki da ke tsarawa hawa dawakai. Akwai dabbobi 30 masu girman girma da nau'uka daban-daban kuma ana ba da izinin tafiya tare da jagora ga masu yawon buɗe ido waɗanda suka san hawa ko a'a. Har ma akwai hanyoyi na kwanaki da yawa don ƙwararrun ƙwararrun mutane.

Dangane da kamun kifi da farauta Perm yana ɗaya daga cikin mafi kyaun wuraren zuwa ɓangaren Turai na Rasha. Akwai filayen farauta da yawa waɗanda ke ba da damar farautar dabbobi daban-daban (kerkeci, diloli, lynx). Hakanan abubuwan more rayuwa na iya zama manya. Hakanan dangane da kamun kifi tunda lardin yana da mafi yawan koguna da rafuka a cikin Rasha kuma kuna iya kamun kifi daga kifi zuwa irin kifi. Mafi kyawun zaɓi don kamun kifi shine Kogin Kama, daga Yuni zuwa Oktoba.

A ƙarshe, hukumomin yawon shakatawa na Perm suma suna ba da gogewar dacha kwarewa, hankula gidan bazara na Rasha. Lokacin Dacha daga Mayu ne zuwa Satumba kuma galibi suna daukar mutane huɗu. Tsayawa kwana biyu da dare ɗaya a dacha na iya haɗawa da jirgin ruwa, kamun kifi, tsince naman kaza a cikin daji, sunbathing, iyo. Duk wannan shine abin da yawon shakatawa ke bayarwa a cikin Perm, amma ba shakka ba shine kawai makoma a cikin Ural Mountains.

Waɗanne wurare ne akwai a cikin tsaunukan Ural? Da kyau, zaku iya ziyarci garin Yekaterinburg, tare da mutane miliyan da rabi, kawai ɗan ɗan yawon buɗe ido ne tun daga '90s. Shi ne birni mafi girma a Rasha a Asiya kuma yana kewaye da gandun daji. Bangaren masana'antu yana gefen gari don haka garin da kansa yana da ingantaccen tsari, tare da hanyoyi masu faɗi da ke jere da bishiyoyi da gine-gine. Anan ga kyakkyawar Ikilisiyar Jinin Duk Waliyai, tare da dome na zinare wanda yake tsaye a inda An kashe Tsar Nicholas II da matarsa ​​Alejandra tare da yaransu biyar.

Sansanin soja na Chelyabinks Daga shekarar 1736 ne kuma ta haifi birni mai wannan sunan, tare da mazauna sama da miliyan. Tana kudu da Urals kuma tana da dinbin kayan adana kayan tarihi. Orenburg Karamar cibiyar masana’antu ce, wacce ta samo asali daga 1735. Hakanan tana da gidajen tarihi da yawa kuma a kewayenta zaka iya farauta, shiga kamun kifi ko ziyarci kogwanni, ma’adanai da duwatsu.

Gaskiyar ita ce tsaunukan Ural babban wuri ne don fuskantar yanayi a cikin sauri, don haka idan kuna son tafiya cikin gandun daji, kallon taurari, tsayawa a gaban manyan tafkuna kuma jin cewa duniya ita ce mafi kyawun wuri a cikin sararin samaniya, tsaunukan Ural suna can suna jiran ku.

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