Wasu abubuwa masu ban sha'awa game da China: tarihi, al'adu, labarin ƙasa da abubuwan jan hankali

Yanayin China

Wataƙila mutane da yawa suna yanzu gano kasar SinAmma ita ce ɗayan tsoffin ƙasashe a duniya kuma tana da ɗayan kyawawan al'adu. Yana da daraja tafiya da sanin shi, amma ba cikin sauƙi mai sauƙi da sauri ba amma ɗaukar abubuwa kaɗan da gaske kuma ku kasance cikin shiri yadda ya kamata.

Wata ƙasa, Sin ko wata, ta fi jin daɗi idan ka san wani abu game da tarihinta, al'adunta, da labarin ƙasa. Lokacin da kuka san inda kuke, me yasa aka gina irin wannan, me yasa irin wannan ya faru. Wannan ita ce hanya mafi kyau don kusantowa kuma wannan tafiyar ita ce wacce muke ba da shawara a yau a cikin Actualidad Viajes: duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da China kafin tafiya.

Takaitaccen tarihin kasar Sin

Han daular Han

Han daular Han

Tarihin kowace al'umma yana ɓoye a cikin ƙuncin lokaci, a cikin kabilu daban daban suna fadada har sai, tare da shudewar lokaci, sun haifar da masarautu na zamani, dauloli ko ƙasashe.

China tana da tarihi na shekaru dubu biyar kuma wannan ya kasu kashi biyar: itiveungiyar Farko, theungiyar bayi, Feungiyar Feudal, Semi-feudal da Semi-mulkin mallaka da Socialungiyar Gurguzu. Ta wadannan lokutan guda biyar, sarakuna masu iko suka bayyana, akwai yakin basasa da dauloli masu yawa wadanda suka fito suka fada tsawon karnoni har zuwa samuwar Jamhuriyar Jama'ar Sin a 1949 da kuma tumbuke masarautar har abada.

Daular Tang

Daular Tang

Daga cikin dauloli da aka fi sani da muhimmancis, wanda ke nuna ci gaban wayewar Sin, za mu iya suna Yuan, Ming, Qing, Song da Tang daular. Wannan ƙarshen ya kasance ɗayan mafi kyawun tun lokacin da ya jagoranci China ta zama ƙasa mai iko da wadata, kuma hakan ya faru ga Daular Ming, lokacin da jari-hujja ya fara haɓaka a cikin China da masana'antar aron wanda a ƙarshe inganta birni da kasuwanni, matakai akan hanya zuwa zamantakewar zamani.

Emperorarshen Sarki na China

Emperorarshen Sarki na China

Daular Sina ta ƙarshe ita ce Qing, wanda sarkinta, Pu Yi, ya shiga cikin tarihi ta hanyar zama Babban Sarki na Chinaarshen China a farkon karni na XNUMX.

Al'adun kasar Sin

Jade na kasar Sin

Jade na kasar Sin

Dukanmu mun san cewa al'adun kasar Sin na da ban mamaki. Abubuwan fasaha da fasaha na ƙasar Sin sune ɗayan mahimman taskokin ta. A cikin wannan tarihin shekaru dubu biyar, masu sana'ar Sinawa ba abin da suka yi face ƙirƙirar abubuwan al'ajabi da duk wani abin da suke da shi a yatsa. Sun kuma ba da rai ga kyawawan wasan kwaikwayo, waƙoƙi na musamman da marasa mutuwa, sun yi tunani a kan ɗan adam, kan addini kuma sun lura da taurari da motsinsu sosai.

Cloisonne

Cloisonne

El Jade na kasar Sin, fasahar karfe da aka sani da Cloisonne, tasoshin tagulla, da rubutun Chinada kwalliya, kayan wasan yara, kwari Ya yi da takarda da bamboo, lacquered tasoshin a launuka daban-daban.

Sutturar Sinawa

Sutturar Sinawa

Hakanan ma tambarin kasar China an yi shi da ƙarfe, ya fita, haƙoran dabbobi ko ƙaho, da 'yar tsana Theater kuma ba shakka, siliki kuma dukkan kayayyakin da aka samo daga zaren siliki waɗanda tsutsa mai sauƙi zata iya sakar a cikin gajeren kwanaki 28 na rayuwa. Duk wannan ɓangare ne na al'adun gargajiyar Sinawa.

Kan sarki

Kan sarki

A yau, littattafan kimiyya da magani sun wadata da wannan al'adun kuma wasu daga cikin masu bayyana ra'ayin sun zama kyaututtuka masu kyau don kawowa ga danginmu da abokanmu.

Tarihin kasar Sin

China wurare

Tare da taswirar Asiya a hannu muna ganin hakan China ƙasa ce enorme wanda yayi tafiyar kimanin kilomita dubu biyar. An kasa shi zuwa yankuna biyar: China ta Gabas, an kasa ta zuwa wasu yankuna uku, Tibet da Xinjiang - Mongolia.

Yanayin kasar Sin ya bambanta kuma yana da duwatsu, filayen ciyayi, kankara, duwatsu, dunes, karst terrain, volcanic calderas, rairayin bakin teku da gandun daji. Bugu da kari, a cikin kasashen Tibet shi ne  dutse mafi tsayi a duniya, da Dutsen Everest (kusan kusan mita dubu 9), kewaye da wasu tsaunuka masu tsayi, shi ya sa ake kiran wannan yanki da "rufin duniya."

Dutsen Everest

Dutsen Everest

China tana da koguna dubu 50 kuma mafi yawansu suna kwarara zuwa cikin Pacific. Da Kogin Yangtze Kogi ne mafi mahimmanci, yana da kilomita 6300 a bayan Amazon da Nile.Sannan shahararriyar madatsar ruwa ta Three Gorges, wani abin al'ajabi game da aikin injiniya na zamani, an gina ta a kanta. Akwai kuma Kogin Yellow tare da fadada fiye da kilomita dubu 5. Tare da kogunan, wayewar China tana girma.

Kogin Yangtze

Kogin Yangtze

Dole ne a ce tunda China babbar ƙasa ce mai girma akwai yanayi daban-daban kuma hakan yana ba da damar kasancewa daban-daban flora da fauna a cikin wane ɗayan waɗannan yankuna. Abin da ya sa ke nan akwai raƙuma da dawakai kamar damisa, birai, kerkeci, duwawu ko panda.

Jan hankali a kasar Sin

Haramtaccen Birni

Haramtaccen Birni

Yawancin yawon bude ido suna mai da hankali ne kawai a cikin yanki ɗaya na ƙasar Sin: Beijing, Xian, Shanghai, Hong Kong. Na fahimce su, wurare ne masu sauƙin shiga kuma tare da wuraren jan hankali da yawa. Amma Sin tana da girma, saboda haka idan kuna jin ƙishin haɗari, abin da ya fi dacewa shi ne ku ɓata wata guda kuma ku kasance da shirin yin yawo da yawa.

A Beijing ba za mu iya rasa wannan ba Haramtaccen Birni, tsohon birni mai mulkin mallaka tare da ɗaruruwan gine-gine da dubban zaure. Ina ba da shawarar kallon fim ɗin kafin Sarki na karshe Da kyau, an yi fim ɗin can kuma yana ba mu darasi mai kyau game da gine-gine da tarihi.

Bangon China

Bangon China

Shin kuma Filin Tinanamen, da Mao's Mausoleum, da Filin wasa na kasa, da Haikali na sama, Kabarin Ming, da bazara Fadar, sassan Bangon China wancan suna kusa da utan tsutsa, Garuruwan gargajiyar gargajiyar gargajiyar gargajiya da tsofaffin gidaje tare da farfajiyoyi.

Hong Kong

Hong Kong

En Hong Kong, a kudu maso gabashin kasar Sin, dole ne ku ziyarci Victoria Bay don yin tunani game da shimfidar gine-gine, Victoria kololuwa, tudun da za'a iya kaiwa da tarago, da Hanyar Taurari, da Wong Tai Sin Haikali, Hanyar Bay, Repulse Bay sannan kawai tafiya da tafiya.

Shangai

Shangai

En Shanghai mafi kyawun titi shine Hanyar Nanjing. Akwai gidan kayan gargajiya na Shanghai, da Hasken Lu'u-lu'u na Gabas, da Haikalin Buddha Jade, The Bund da kyakkyawar Lambun Yuyuan. Kamar yawon shakatawa ina bada shawarar kar a rasa "garuruwan ruwa" na shekara ɗari Qibao y Zhujiajiao.

guilin

Guilin

Ga shimfidar shimfidar wurare ta ƙasar Sin Guilin: tuddai, tabkuna, koguna, dazuzukan gora, shahararrun kogwanni. A Guilin wuraren yawon bude ido sune Kogon Jan sarewa, da Tudun Giwa, Bakwai Stars Park, filayen shinkafa da jiragen ruwa a kan Kogin Li.

Mayaƙan Terracotta

Mayaƙan Terracotta

Xian birni ne mai tarihi da fiye da shekaru dubu uku kuma abubuwan jan hankali sun haɗa da: Mayaƙan Terracotta, mafi kyawun ganuwar zamanin da a China, da Bell Tower, da Famen Temple, da Giant Goose Pagoda, da Tang Palace da kuma wasu 'yan ban sha'awa daulolin masarauta.

Lhasa

Lhasa

Tibet Yanki ne mai cin gashin kansa kuma ana buƙatar izinin musamman don shiga. Da zarar cikin ziyarar dole ne Lhasa, babban birni, tare da titunan ta da kuma wuraren bautar ta: Sera, Ganden da Deprung, musamman. Kuma kar ka daina zuwa wurinsa Tekun Celestial, tabki mai tsarki wanda yake a tsawan mita 4720.

Akwai wani garin Tibet da ake kira Shigatse Ya cancanci sani da gidan sufi na Tashihunpo da Shalu a farkon fari. Akwai kuma Fadar Panchen Lama.

Sanya

Sanya

Idan game da kyawawan rairayin bakin teku ne dole ne ku sani Sanya, birni ne da ke gabar teku daga lardin Hainan wanda ya san yadda ake hada duwatsu, teku, koguna, birni da rairayin bakin teku sosai. Mai biyowa a bakin teku shine Xiamen, amma a lardin Fujian, ɗayan manyan biranen tashar jiragen ruwa a cikin ƙasar Sin ƙarni da yawa.

Kuma don ɓacewa a cikin China babu wani abu kamar haka Mongoliya ta ciki. Yanki ne mai cin gashin kansa wanda ke tsakanin Jamhuriyar Mongolia da Rasha. Ita ce lardin China mafi fadi duka kuma na uku a girma. Tana da mazauna miliyan 24 da ƙabilu da yawa.

Mongolia

Mongolia

Tunda yanayi yana da matukar canzawa a shekara, yana da kyau a guji sanyi da doguwar hunturu da amfani da lokacin bazara duk da cewa gajere ne, yana da dumi. Yana da ƙasar Genghis Khan don haka akwai Gidan Tarihi na Genghis Khan, amma kuma akwai gidajen ibada, pagodas da kore da filaye masu fadi da yawa inda masu yawon bude ido zasu iya kwarewar rayuwar makiyaya Mongoliya. Abin farin ciki.

Gaskiyar ita ce, China ƙasa ce mai ban sha'awa kuma na gaza duk abin da na faɗa, amma wannan shine ainihin abin da ya sa ya zama na musamman: duk yadda suka gaya muku, nawa kuka karanta, hotuna nawa kuka kalla. China koyaushe zata kasance yayin da kuka ziyarce ta.

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  1.   ana magana m

    Kalamanku suna da matukar amfani, na kusa zuwa China a watan Afrilu, zan yi la'akari da su

bool (gaskiya)