A country is identified by its landscapes, its music, its dances, its color, its people and, without a doubt, its clothing. Clothes are not just part of a generation or an era, it is also part of a part a country or a region. El peruvian hat is a clear example of it.
Peru is a country with several regions, with countless festivities, it is a country in which its people are a tasty mix of ingredients and races, Each city has its own identity but without losing that mixture of colors and flavors. All this is shown not only in their food, but also in the clothing that belongs to each town and its festivals. Let's get to know a little more about the Peruvian hat and Peruvian clothing.
The costumes of the mountains are characterized by the color of their skirts and ponchos, especially in the departments of Arequipa, Cusco, Cajamarca, Ayacucho, Puno and among other cities in the mountains, although the styles of clothing are different there is something that characterizes them equally, they are made of vicuña wool or some of the beautiful auquénids that our mountains have, to protect the inhabitants of this area of Peru from the cold they wear the chullo, which is like a wool cap that covers the ears. Scissor dancers adorn their costumes with mirrors and embroider their god on the back.
On the coast, her ponchos and skirts are made of cotton, although to dance marinera, cotton was replaced by silk for women. The men's suits usually wear a hat made of straw to protect them from the sun.
In the jungle, men and women of some ethnic groups wear a tunic sewn on the sides and adorned with geometric figures and dyes from the region., that robe is called as cushma.
This has been a brief introduction about Peruvian clothing, but now I want to delve a little deeper into the subject so that you can know well what it is about.
Table of Contents
Peruvians are great artisans
Peruvians are excellent artisans, their clothes are homemade even now in our XNUMXst century and can be appreciated just as if they were traditional garments used centuries ago. In Peru, its people wear ponchos, dresses, blankets, sweaters, layered skirts, tunics, hats, chullos, and other native pieces of clothing.. The traditional costume of Peru is very colorful and bright, it is beautiful and very original although the clothes are quite thick. Tourists admire the beauty of handmade clothing and they always take a souvenir garment from the Peruvian markets, and it is no wonder!
A little history about Peru
Peru has a long history and it really is something fascinating. This country was conquered by the Spanish Empire in the XNUMXth century. The Spanish conquerors influenced the Peruvian culture but its people managed to preserve their own culture with their traditions, customs and beliefs.
One of the main characteristics of this nation is that Peruvians are excellent artisans. Its textile products are esteemed in other countries. Every tourist admires the beauty of local handmade clothing and wishes to buy something in colorful Peruvian markets.
The clothing from Peru has interesting characteristics such as that it is quite warm (because in the Andes it is cold and they have a very changeable weather throughout the year) and it is homemade. The main material to make the garments is alpaca wool. In addition, the garments have geometric patterns and vibrant colors that make them unique and unrepeatable.
Men's clothing in Peru
Men usually wear pieces of clothing in the shape of diamonds, which is the poncho that has bright colors and is very warm. It is a large piece with an opening in the middle to put the head in. There are many different types (it depends on the region) and they are used depending on their purpose. Although there are men who use it daily, the usual is to use it for special events.
It should also be borne in mind that men in Peru wear hats with special bands called “centillo”. They are colorful and very festive, although the most popular hat is the chullo. The chullo is a handmade item, knitted, with ear flaps and tassels, it is made of alpaca, llama, vicuña or sheep wool.
The pants are simple and the sweaters made of alpaca, llama or sheep wool. Sweaters are hot and often feature geometric ornaments and animal print designs.
Peruvian women's clothing
The main parts of the typical clothing of the women of this country are: ponchos, dresses, blankets, skirts, tunics and hats. Each suit or piece of clothing differs greatly from one region to another, because in this way they can show the peculiarities of each city or town. For example, people can tell if a woman is from a town or a city by looking at her hat or if she comes from a rich or poor family.
Women often wear shoulder cloths, which are rectangular pieces of hand-woven cloth. It is a traditional part and this manda is placed on the shoulders and immobilized by passing it over the forehead and knotting it in the front part of the chest. Women also used to have handmade barrettes called "tupu" or tupo "and they used to be decorated with precious stones. Today they often use shear bolts. The shoulder cloths used by women are called: lliclla, k'eperina, awayu and unkuna and are differentiated by the following:
- Llicla It is a very common men's cloth that is used in the villages.
- K'eperina It is a large cloth that is often used to carry babies and goods to transport them from one place to another.
- Awayu It is similar to lliclla but is larger and knotted and is also used to carry babies and goods.
- Unkuna It is also a cloth that carries but smaller and is used to carry food.
Sweaters and jackets are worn under the shoulder cloth. Sweaters are usually synthetic and with a lot of color. The jackets are made of woolen fabric and are called “juyuna” and they usually embellish the body of the woman.
The skirts of Peruvian women are called "polleras" or "melkkhay”And they are cut into a colored band called“ puyto ”. They are woven by hand and made of woolen cloth. They are normally layered and worn, being layered they can appear puffy, and of course they are colorful and bright.
Both men and women use ajotas (shoes made from recycled truck tires) that are made at home and are very cheap.
The Peruvian hat
The Peruvian hatIt is a custom that has strongly attracted the attention of those who visit the country, since they retain very unique characteristics that powerfully attract the attention of those who admire them. Usually, hat feature that is used, the color or the way in which it is made is associated with economic possibilities, as is clear, these customs vary in the regions, in addition to that the hats do the same way, since they adapt depending on of the needs of the people of the region.
Now we will talk about the most typical hats that can be found in beautiful Peru.
These hats are made from palm leaves that are subjected to the strong sun for a prolonged period of time, so that they adopt a white coloration, and then proceed to give it the shape of said Peruvian hat is usually adorned with black ribbons.
Its name comes from Pirua, which is where it is used most often due to the beautiful northern shores.
It's a Peruvian hat for traditional use, which women usually use for festive seasons, is small and has a small coma. They usually decorate it with flowers or other colorful elements that impact the eye. It is made of sheep's wool.
In Quispillata, young men usually use it without ornamentation, or in cold seasons.
In this place, the typical hats are divided between men and women.
The men, they will usually be seen wearing hats made of sheep's wool cloth, which are used on Sundays; for holidays, these are modified where the forehead wing will be raised, in addition to being adorned with a flower
Women on the other hand they carry brown, gray or black hats, which will be made with sheep's wool cloth. Young girls who are single usually adorn these hats with beautiful colorful flowers and in some cases use real flowers.
Here, the predominant hats are those that they have a low cup, which will be made with sheep's wool cloth. Which retain a gray, black, light ocher and black color. Which will be adorned with a ribbon that crosses them vertically.
Women usually wear hats made of wool and straw, which are adorned with ribbons and these will be cooked forming rosettes (ribbons).
Men, unlike women, will have hats that can be made with different materials, one of them is wool and straw, the other is preyed sheep's wool, which can be dyed gray. These will be adorned with multi-colored wool cords.
In this area characterized by large farmers. The hats that will predominate in this will be those that are made with vegetable fiber: The palm, the rush and the shawl.
Here, the hierarchy can be distinguished, since the one who has power over the workers will usually go on horseback, in addition to wearing an elegant hat with a very wide brim, which will be made with palm.
In the Moquegua area, the clothing is characterized For being one of the most original and showy, in this area hats can be used by both women and men, in which hats decorated with flowers and sequined sequins stand out, which will be used in celebrations.
Peru is a place rich in culture, and with the passage of time its folklore has diminished, which has caused the manufacture of its clothing to decrease, but thanks to the customs that are still deeply rooted in its people, these they are shared and instructed to the new generations. Without a doubt, Peruvian hats are those that stand out for their originality and beauty.