Cibeles curiosities

Cibeles Fountain

Gabatar da ku son sanin Cibeles, sanannen maɓuɓɓugar Madrid, yana nufin komawa baya ƙarni da suka wuce. Daga nan ne aka kaddamar da ayyukan kawata birnin Madrid daga yanayin kyan gani na neoclassicism.

Cybele ya kasance, a cikin tarihin Girkanci, mahaifiyar alloli, amma kuma wani nau'i ne baiwar Allah. Kuma tun a zamanin d ¯ a ana wakilta shi a cikin karusar da zakuna ya ja a matsayin alama ta fifikon yanayi (duk da haka, dabbobin sun ƙunshi wasu mutane na tatsuniyoyi guda biyu: hypomenes y Atalanta). Tuni a zamanin Romawa, ya zama Rea o Magna Matar (Babban Uwa), wanda ke nufin, a aikace, kawai canza suna, tun da alamarsa ta ci gaba da kasancewa iri ɗaya. Bayan mun yi wannan gabatarwar da ta zama dole, za mu nuna muku wasu abubuwan sha'awar Cibeles.

Curiosities na gina shi

Cibeles zakuna

Cikakken bayanin zakoki na maɓuɓɓugar ruwa

Ginin maɓuɓɓugar Cibeles ya fara ne a cikin 1777 a matsayin ɗaya daga cikin abubuwan da za su ƙawata kewayen. Meadow na Jerónimos, yankin na yanzu Paseo del Prado. A cikin wannan aikin, da Gidan kayan gargajiya na Kimiyyar Halitta (wanda a yau shi ne, daidai, da Prado), da Lambun Botanical na Sarauta da sauran wurare kore da dama.

kilo dubu goma na marmara na kardinal daga sassa biyu. Waɗannan su ne montesclaros a Toledo kuma ruwa in Madrid. Haka nan, ruhun gargajiya na wannan lokacin ya yi hasashen gina wasu maɓuɓɓugan ruwa guda biyu tare da ginshiƙan tatsuniyoyi, waɗanda za su kasance. na Neptune da Apollo. Duk wannan yanki, wanda aka riga aka kammala, an san shi a cikin mutanen Madrid kamar Zauren Prado, domin a nan ne za su je yawon shakatawa da zamantakewa.

Koyaya, bisa ga wata ka'idar, an ƙaddara tushen Cibeles yi ado lambunan La Granja de San Ildefonso, in Segovia. A kowane hali, an shigar da shi a cikin abin da ake kira a lokacin Plaza da Madrid, Plaza de Cibeles na yanzu, a cikin 1782, kodayake bai yi aiki ba sai bayan shekaru goma.

Canza wuri

CIbeles daga sama

Duban iska na ruwan Cibeles

Daidai, ɗaya daga cikin abubuwan sha'awar Cibeles shine, a ka'ida, ba a tsakiyar filin ba, amma kusa da Fadar Buenavista. A shekara ta 1895 ne aka matsar da shi zuwa wancan bangaren titi, yayin da aka kara masa wasu abubuwa. Wannan shi ne yanayin ƙungiyar masu sassaka a ɓangaren gaba da kuma wani dandali mai matakai hudu na mita uku.

Amma kuma An cire adadi na bear da dodo, da kuma mazugi da kanta ta inda ruwan ya fito. Domin maɓuɓɓugar ma yana da amfani mai amfani: ita ce wurin da masu ɗaukar ruwa da mazauna yankin suka je cika tankunansu. Af, wannan tsarin na zamani ya taso a jayayya mai mahimmanci a lokacinsa tsakanin Majalisa da kuma Royal Academy of Fine Arts na San Fernando.

Duk da haka, yayin da mutanen Madrid suka ci gaba da buƙatar ruwa, an gina wani ƙaramin maɓuɓɓuga a kusurwar dandalin, musamman a cikin Ofishin Wasiƙa. Nan da nan aka kira shi marmaro kuma ya zama sananne sosai, har aka sadaukar da ita waƙar da ke cewa "ruwa daga Fuentecilla, mafi kyawun abin da Madrid ke sha...".

Mahaliccinta kuma almara

Bank of Spain

Bankin Spain, a cikin Plaza de Cibeles

Har ila yau, wani ɓangare na sha'awar Cibeles shine yanayin da magina suka fuskanta da kuma tatsuniyoyi masu alaƙa da shi. Daidai daya daga cikin wadannan yana cewa, idan aka yi yunkurin yin fashin Gold Chamber na Bank of Spain, wanda ke fuskantar dandalin, za a rufe ɗakunan kuma a cika da ruwa daga maɓuɓɓugar Cibeles.

Dangane da masu zane-zanen da suka tsara wannan abin tunawa, babban mai zane ne ya aiwatar da tsarinsa Ventura Rodriguez. A nasa bangare, siffar allahiya aikin mai sassaka ne Francisco Gutierrez, yayin da zakuna saboda Faransanci Robert Michael. Amma ga ma'auni na karusar, suna daga Miguel Jiménez ne adam wata, wanda ya karbi 8400 reais don aikinsa.

Tun daga 1791, Juan de Villanuev umarni Alfonso Bergaz Figures na bear da dodo da za a cire daga baya. Dukansu suna da bututun tagulla a bakinsu wanda ruwa ke fitowa. Af, wannan ya samo asali ne daga balaguron ruwa ko taswirar karkashin kasa daga zamanin musulmi wanda ya zo da shi kuma ana danganta kayan waraka da shi. Daga baya, biyu putti halitta ta Miguel Angel Trilles ne y Antonio Parera. Sun kuma sanya ƙarin maɓuɓɓugan ruwa waɗanda ke samar da magudanan ruwa da fitilu masu launi waɗanda suka ƙawata abin tunawa.

"Kyakkyawan Rufe"

Cibeles na dusar ƙanƙara

Dusar ƙanƙara ta rufe maɓuɓɓugar ruwa

A lokacin yakin basasa, hukumomi sun rufe maɓuɓɓugar Cibeles da jakunkuna na ƙasa don kare shi daga tashin bam. A saboda wannan dalili, ko da yaushe m mutanen Madrid yi mata baftisma a matsayin "Linda Covered". A gaskiya ma, yana cikin cibiyar jijiya na birnin. Kowane kusurwoyin murabba'insa nasa ne wata unguwa daban da tituna masu mahimmanci kamar Alcalá da Paseo del Prado.

Haka kuma an kewaye ta da manyan gine-gine guda huɗu a Madrid. Game da abin da aka ambata ne Bank of Spain da kuma na Palaces na Linares, Sadarwa da Buenavista. Na karshen, hedkwatar Hedkwatar Sojoji, gini ne na ƙarni na goma sha takwas tare da lambuna irin na Faransa saboda abubuwan da aka ambata a baya. Ventura Rodriguez.

A gefe guda, Sadarwa ko Cibeles Abin mamaki ne na salon eclectic wanda ya haɗa da zamani, plateresque da abubuwan baroque. An gina shi a farkon karni na XNUMX bayan aikin Joaquin Otamendi y Antonio Palacios. Muna ba ku shawara cewa kada ku rasa babban ɗakin shigansa kuma, sama da duka, ku hau zuwa ga ban mamaki ra'ayi wanda ya kambi shi kuma yana ba ku ra'ayoyi masu ban mamaki na tsakiyar Madrid.

Amma ga fadar linares Kayan ado neo-baroque da aka gina a ƙarshen karni na XNUMX. Tsarinsa ya kasance saboda maginin Faransanci Adolf Ombrecht, wanda ke da alhakin sauran gidaje masu kyan gani kamar fadar Marquis na Portugalete. Kuma yana adana almara masu yawa.

Bikin ƙwallon ƙafa, ɗaya daga cikin manyan abubuwan son sanin Cibeles

Bikin a Cibeles

Bikin Madrid a Cibeles

Wataƙila kun san cewa masu sha'awar rubutun suna amfani da font Real Madrid domin murnar nasarar da suka samu a wasanni. A maimakon haka, wani kulob a cikin birnin, da Atlético, yi a ciki Neptune ta. Duk da haka, wannan al'ada ba koyaushe haka take ba.

Har zuwa 1991, ƙungiyoyin biyu suna da Cibeles a matsayin saitin bikin su. Duk da haka, a wannan shekarar sun hadu a wasan karshe na gasar Copa del Rey don haka magoya bayan Atlético sun yanke shawarar canza nasu ta hanyar matsar da shi zuwa Plaza de Neptuno kusa da su don bambanta kansu da sunayensu na Merengue.

Bayan girgizar kasa da bacewa

Cibeles da dare

Maɓuɓɓugar haske da dare

Wataƙila ba ku san cewa ruwan Cibeles yana da ba ainihin kwafi a birnin Mexico. Al’ummar Mutanen Espanya mazauna kasar Aztec ne suka ba da gudummawar kuma aka kaddamar da ita a shekarar 1980 tare da halartar magajin garin Madrid na lokacin. Enrique Tierno Galvan. Amma ba shine kaɗai ba. A cikin ƙauyen da ke kusa da Getafe akwai wani karami baftisma kamar yadda cibelinakodayake ba daidai ba ne. Yana kama da wanda aka sanya a nesa Peking, babban birnin kasar na Jamhuriyar Jama'ar Sin.

bacewa

Cibeles da Palace of Telecommunications

Duban maɓuɓɓugar Cibeles da Fadar Sadarwa

A daya bangaren kuma, kamar yadda muka fada muku, an gudanar da gyare-gyare da dama a wurin tarihin. Kuma, daga cikin abubuwan ban sha'awa na Cibeles akwai bacewar wasu abubuwa waɗanda aka cire a cikin waɗannan ayyukan. Alal misali, a ƙarshen karni na XNUMX, an sanya shi gate don kare shi, wanda za a janye tare da gyara a karshen karni na XNUMX. Amma ba wanda ya san inda aka yi grating. Har sai da aka gano cewa an yi amfani da shi wajen kewaye hedkwatar kungiyar bugle da ganga ta 'Yan sandan karamar hukumar Madrida cikin Gadar Faransa.

Wani abu makamancin haka ya fara faruwa da siffar kai wanda muka ambata. Lokacin da aka cire shi daga babban ginin, ya bace ba tare da mutanen Madrid sun san inda yake ba. A karshe, an gano cewa yana kawata daya daga cikin yawo Retiro Menagerie. Tare da beyar, an cire babban bututu, kuma waƙar kuma ta ɓace. A wajensa, ya bayyana a ciki Lambuna na Casa de Cisneros, dake cikin Madrid filin gari.

A halin yanzu, bear yana cikin lambunan Gidan kayan gargajiya na Asalin Madrid, tare da tritons da nereids da ke cikin wasu hanyoyin babban birnin, musamman a cikin Maɓuɓɓugan ruwa na Paseo del Prado. Af, muna ba ku shawara ku ziyarci wannan gidan kayan gargajiya, wanda aka buɗe a cikin shekara ta 2000 kuma yana cikin Gidan San Isidro daga Plaza de San Andrés, saboda yana da ban sha'awa sosai.

A cikin guntun sa ya fito da abin da ake kira Abin Mamaki To domin, a cewar almara, dan San Isidro ya fada cikinta ba tare da ya cutar da kansa ba. Ƙarin gaskiya shine sake ginawa karni na XNUMX chapel tsarkakewa ga mai tsarki da daraja farfajiyar farfadowa na XVI. Kuma, kusa da su, kuna iya gani kusan guda dubu biyu archaeological guda wanda ke tafiya daga Paleolithic zuwa Larabawa Madrid.

A ƙarshe, mun nuna muku wasu son sanin Cibeles, sanannen tushen Madrid tare da fiye da shekaru dari biyu na tarihi. Amma ba za mu iya yin tsayin daka don gaya muku ƙarin ba. Kamar sauran manyan abubuwan tunawa, mahaliccin wannan ya haɗa da ɗan ɓarna. A wani bangare na shi akwai karamin kwadi da aka sassaka. Idan kuna son yin wasa, ci gaba da ƙoƙarin nemo shi.

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