Inqaba yaseAracena kunye nembali yayo ekhethekileyo

Inqaba yaseAracena kunye nembali yayo ekhethekileyo

Ukuba uthanda iSpain yamandulo, awungekhe uyiphose intle UAracena, idolophu kwi kwiphondo laseHuelva, Andalusia. Ummandla wayo wasezidolophini uzele zizikhumbuzo kwaye unwenwela emazantsi enqaba: yinqaba yaseAracena.

Ndiyakumema ukuba uhambe uye eAndalusia ehlala intle ukuze ufumane Inqaba yaseAracena kunye nembali yayo ekhethekileyo.

UAracena

UAracena

Njengoko sitshilo ngasentla, yi-a umasipala kunye nedolophu yaseHuelva, eAndalusia. Ikomkhulu lalo mmandla, yaye igama layo libiza iintaba neentaba Ipaki yendalo eyingqongileyo, enye yezona ndawo zibalulekileyo ezikhuselweyo eAndalusia.

Baninzi apha i-oki, i-chestnut kunye ne-cork oak amahlathi, umhlaba uphakama kwaye uhle, imisinga iqukuqela ngapha nangapha kwaye yonke into yenza ukumila kwendawo entle. Imihlaba ibimiwe kangangamawaka eminyaka, nangona inabantu abambalwa, ngoko bekuxhomekeke kumaLeonese, amaPhuthukezi namaGalicia ukuyiphinda, emva phayaa ngenkulungwane ye-15.

Ngaloo ndlela, Indawo yayo yasezidolophini iye yabhengezwa njengeAsethi yoMdla kwezeNkcubeko nelitye elinqabileyo elisemqheleni, alikho elinye, ingenguye Inqaba yaseAracena. Yakhelwe endulini, indawo eyaziwa ngokuba yayiyeyona ndawo ibalulekileyo yokuhlala yamaSilamsi emva kwenkulungwane ye-10, ixesha loBukhosi beSizwe, kodwa nakwinkulungwane ye-11 kunye nakwinkulungwane ye-12 ukuya kweye-13, ixesha le-Almohad. .

Singayithetha loo nto I-Aracena yidolophu engaqhelekanga, wazalelwa phantsi kokhuseleko kwinqaba ephakathi, kodwa eyathi kamva yanda ukuze yoyise intlambo. Masiyazi imbali yale nqaba.

Inqaba yaseAracena

Inqaba yaseAracena, eAndalusia

Yakhiwa ngenkulungwane ye-13, embindini wexesha lamaSilamsi, kwenye inqaba kodwa enemvelaphi yamaSilamsi. Yahlala isetyenziswa de kwayinkulungwane ye-16 kuba kamva umsebenzi wayo wokuzikhusela awusenangqondo.

Xelela ibali ukuba Ekuqaleni kwenkulungwane ye-13, iAracena yayikhuselwe yiTaifa de Niebla. Kwahlala kunje de Ukubuyisela kwakhona ezandleni zikaSancho II, ukumkani wasePortugal, ngonyaka we-1231. Emva kokutyikitywa kwesivumelwano ekupheleni kwenkulungwane ye-XNUMX, uAracena wawela ezandleni zeCastile waza waba lilungu leBhunga laseSeville. Imihlaba yasasazwa ngokwemiyalelo yobugorha eyayisebenzisana ekoyiseni.

Inqaba yaseAracena 2

Kwimeko ka-Aracena Lo mmandla wawuphantsi kolawulo lweKnights Hospitaller, owaqalisa ukusebenza kwinqaba. Kwakusekupheleni kwenkulungwane ye-13 apho iSancho IV yagqiba ekubeni iphinde izalise lo mmandla, izise amaGalicians kunye ne-Asturian-Leoneses kuloo mazwe. Ngoko Inqaba yaseAracena yayiyinxalenye yeqela elibizwa ngokuba yiGalician Band, enye umxokelelwane weenqaba umsebenzi wawo yayikukukhusela imihlaba yaseSeville kuhlaselo lwamaPhuthukezi okanye kwimiyalelo yomkhosi ebekwe kumazantsi e-Extremadura.

Injani inqaba? Okokuqala kuyafaneleka ukucacisa ukuba inqaba Yayilulwakhiwo lomkhosi hayi indawo yokuhlala okanye i-feudal. Ngelo xesha le nqaba yayinebala lemiboniso nenqaba, zombini zahlulwe ludonga olwaluneNqaba Ephambili. Inqaba ikwindawo esempuma kwaye incinci kunomhlaba weparade, kodwa iqula likhona, ke lisebenza njengenqaba encinci ngaphakathi kwenqaba ngokwayo.

Ngokwenxalenye yayo, iTorre del Homenaje okanye iMeya yaseTorre ikweyona ndawo iphakamileyo yenduli, ngoko ibisebenza njengendawo yokugcina yokhuselo. Ukuba yonke inqaba yayimiwe, kwakufuneka ikhuselwe phaya phezulu, ukongezelela kwinto yokuba ukusuka apho wawunemibono eyongezelelekileyo.

Inqaba yaseAracena

Xa UMyalelo weTempile wafumana iAracena kwizandla zeCrown of Castile, icawa yaseMudejar yakhiwa, kunye nemifanekiso yayo emihle yodongwe eyenziwe nguPedro Vázquez. Ibandla labizwa Inenekazi Lethu Lentlungu Engakumbi. Ecaleni kwayo sibona inqaba yaseMudejar.

Lo Yeyona cawa indala kuzo zonke iicawe zaseAracena kwaye idume kakhulu. Ine-nave ezintathu, kunye nekwayala kunye ne-presbytery kwaye imisebenzi yenziwa ngokwamanqanaba ahlukeneyo. Kuyinyani ngokungathandabuzekiyo impembelelo yeCathedral yaseSeville. Zombini inqaba kunye necawe, kuba zikwincopho yenduli apho iAracena ikhoyo, ifikeleleka ngesitrato saseVirgen del Mayor Dolor, okanye nangokulandela iindlela zabahambi ngeenyawo ezihamba ecaleni kwenduli ukusuka kwindawo ebizwa ngokuba yiGruta. de las Wonders.

Icawa yaseAracena Castle

Ngexesha leMfazwe ye-Independence inqaba yaba yimagazini ye-powder yemikhosi yaseFransi. yaza yaphantse yatshatyalaliswa xa amaFrentshi arhoxayo. Kodwa wasindiswa. Phakathi kokuphela kwenkulungwane ye-19 kunye nokuqala kwenkulungwane yama-20 nayo yehlelwa ngumlilo kodwa ngethamsanqa isakhiwo sayo samatye asichaphazelekanga.

Kwelinye icala, njengoko kwenzeka amaxesha amaninzi kulo lonke ilizwe ngezakhiwo zamaxesha aphakathi, Abanye abamelwane basebenzisa udonga njengendawo yekwari, emva kokuba inqaba ishiywe. Kwakungekho de kwangowe-1917 apho umyalelo kamasipala walela ukuthabatha amatye kwinqaba ukuze asetyenziswe buqu.

Kwakungowe-1931 apho iNqaba yaseAracena yaba sisikhumbuzo seSizwe. kwaye kwi-'70s yabuyiselwa kwaye iindonga zaphakanyiswa kwakhona. Icawa, ngethamsanqa, yayisoloko igcinwe kwimeko entle.

Ndwendwela kwinqaba yaseAracena

Namhlanje unako tyelela iNqaba yaseAracena. Utyelelo kwindawo ebizwa ngokuba yiNdawo eQinisekisiweyo ukususela ngoMvulo ukuya ngeCawa ukususela ngo-10:45 kusasa ukuya ku-18:30 pm. Indawo ivulwa yonke imihla ngaphandle kwe-24 kaDisemba, i-25 kunye ne-31 kunye ne-1 kunye ne-6 kaJanuwari. Utyelelo Ikunye nesikhokelo somsindo kwaye ikhutshelwa kusetyenziswa ikhowudi yeQR.

Utyelelo lungaphandle, njalo njalo Zenziwa ukuba imozulu ilungile. Ungalithenga itikiti phambi kotyelelo, kwi-intanethi. Kusemdlalweni wakho ukwenza njalo kuba, umzekelo, ukuba uya kwiGrotto of Wonders ngaphandle kwamatikiti, akukho mntu unokuqinisekisa ukuba kuya kubakho amathikithi afumaneka kwibhokisi yebhokisi. Kufuneka ufike kwakhona kwimizuzu eli-10 phambi kwexesha lokutyelela kuba xa ufika emva kwexesha usenokungakwazi ukukhenketha. Akukho zinguqu okanye ukurhoxiswa. Kwaye ayigcinwanga nangomnxeba.

IGrotto yeZimangaliso, eAracena

IGrotto of Wonders yafunyanwa ngenkulungwane ye-19 kwaye iyindawo entle. Nantsi lapho iigalari ezingaphantsi komhlaba, amachibi kunye neeholo entliziyweni yeCerro del Castillo. Umhlaba we-limestone uvelise, ngaphezu kwewaka leminyaka, le nkqubo yomqolomba ibubutyebi bokwenene.

Ngoko ke, ngaphandle Inqaba yaseAracena kunye nembali yayo ekhethekileyo Khumbula ukuba ungandwendwela iGrotto of Wonders kwaye wenze utyelelo olukhethekileyo olubizwa I-Centennial Specialokanye oko kubandakanya utyelelo kwiPalmatoria kunye namagumbi esidlo, utyelelo lobugcisa oluthatha imizuzu engama-90 kwaye lwenziwa ngokwamaqela abantu abangekho ngaphezu kwe-10.

La Ikhadi labakhenkethi iAracena Iquka i-Monumental Complex ye-Aracena Castle, i-Iberian Pig Interpretation Centre kunye ne-Ham Museum.


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