Ke awāwa ʻo Death, huakaʻi ma United States

E like me ka inoa e hōʻike nei, Awawa Kao ʻano like a Awāwa make: Nui ia, wao nahele, hinahina, hina ʻole ia i ke ola. He awāwa ia me Pāka Aupuni ponoʻī a iā ia ke kahakaha hina he ʻāpana ia o a Waihona Biosfir.

ʻAʻole mākou e kamaʻilio nui e pili ana i nā wahi mākaʻikaʻi o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ma waho o nā kūlanakauhale i ʻike nui ʻia, akā me ka kānalua ʻole he ʻāina nui nā ʻāina nui a ʻo kēia awāwa kekahi o lākou. E ʻike kākou.

Awawa Kao

Aia ia ma ka hikina o Kaleponi, ma ka palena me Nevada, a ʻO ia kekahi o nā wahi wela a me nā maloʻo loa o ka honua ke noho aliʻi ke kauwela. He ʻāpana ia o ka Wao Mojave a he ʻāpana a puni 7800 mau kilomika mau kilomika. ʻO ia ka paka lāhui ʻAmelika nui loa ma waho o Alaska a me kāna mau hiʻona e komo pū ana puʻu one, canyons, oasis a me nā mauna kiʻekiʻe.

ʻO ka inoa e ʻike ʻia ai i kēia lā i loaʻa i ka wā o ka Gold Gold Rush o Kaleponi i ka waena o ke kenekulia 24. He paʻakikī loa keʻaʻa iā ia, paʻakikī e ola XNUMX mau hola ma lalo o ka lā e ʻā ana o kona lani, a he mea maʻamau ka make. ʻOiai ke ʻano paʻakikī o kēia awāwa, ua paʻi ʻia kekahi o nā moʻoʻōlelo a me nā kiʻi ʻoniʻoni ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa, e like me 'O Star Wars.

A he wahi nō ia e noho ʻia e nā kānaka no nā makahiki he haneli. ʻO ka ʻohana kūloko ka Timbisha Shoshone a hiki i kēia lā ke nānā mau ʻia nei nā kihi o ke awāwa e lākou, nā wahi kapu.

I ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ka hana ʻana i ka borax a me ke kālā i ka hopena o ke kenekulia XNUMX Ua hōʻea mai nā mea minina Pākē. Ua kūkulu lākou i ke kūlanakauhale ʻo Panamint akā ʻaʻole lākou i noho. ʻO ka Iapana, ʻAmelika akā ua manaʻo ʻia he kipi i ka wā o ke Kaua Honua II, i mālama ʻia ma aneʻi i kahi hoʻomoana, Campo Manzanar, i ka 1942.

Kūlohelohe i ke awāwa ʻo Make

Noho kekahi mea i waena o kēia mau puʻu one, nā canyons nui, a me nā ʻāina pā. ʻOiai ke kiʻekiʻe haʻahaʻa, ʻoiai ka wela nui i hiki aku ai ma mua o 55 ºC i ka waena o ke kauwela. I ka mea o nā holoholona he nui aku 400 mau ʻano, ʻoi aku i hoʻololi ʻia ma mua o nā mea ʻē aʻe i kēlā ʻano hanana no ka mea he kilokilo ʻoe e loaʻa ai ka wai. No laila, aia nā honu nāhelehele, nā coyotes, nā lāpaki, nā ʻiole kangaroo a me kahi compendium nui o nā amphibians, nā mea kolo o nā holoholona, ​​nā manu, nā iʻa a ʻae, nā butterflies pū kekahi.

I ka manaʻo o ka flora, ʻoiai nā mea āpau, aia pū kekahi ʻano ʻokoʻa. Aia nā wahi me nā mea kanu, me kekahi nā lāʻau paina a me nā kumulāʻau, i nā wahi me ka wai kahi e hoʻokele ai ka wai e hele i lalo. ʻO ia nō, ʻo nā aliʻi o ka wao nahele ka kakaka a me nā hua kū ʻoiai i ka puna a me ke kauwela kekahi pua hihiu hou aku nā kala.

E kipa aku i ke awāwa ʻo Make

Ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ʻo ka mea maʻamau ka hoʻolimalima kaʻa no ka mea he ʻāina nui ia. ʻO ke ala nui ma waena o Death Valley National Park ʻo Kaleponi Highway 190. Wehe ka pāka i ka makahiki holoʻokoʻa ma kahi papahana i hoʻololi pinepine ʻole ʻia: mai ka 12 awakea a hiki i ka 12 i ka pō.

El Hale Kūʻai Kipa o furnace Creek wehe mai ka 8 am a i ka 5 pm, i kēlā me kēia lā o ka pule. Eia he hale hōʻikeʻike a me kahi kiʻi ʻoniʻoni 20 mau minuke e pili ana i ka pāka a hōʻike ʻia kona mōʻaukala. Maikaʻi ke kū ma mua o ka kipa kikoʻī e hiki ai ke mahalo iā ia ʻoi aku. Nā hale hoʻokipa? Nui nā hoʻomoana: ʻo ka hoʻomoana ma kēia wahi hāmama pū ka makahiki holoʻokoʻa akā ʻae wale ʻia ka mālama ʻana mai ʻOkakopa 15 a hiki i ʻApelila 15.

ʻO ke kahua hoʻomoana ʻē aʻe, wehe ʻia ka Campground Texas Springs mai ka waena o ʻOkakopa a i ka waena o ʻApelila a ʻaʻohe wahi mālama mua, inā ʻoe e hōʻea a loaʻa kahi manawa, ʻo kāu ia. Wehe ka Sunset Camp i nā lā like a me ka hana like, a wehe ka Stovepipe Wells Camp mai ʻOkakopa 15 a Mei 10, i ka nui. Aia kekahi mau wahi hoʻomoana ʻē aʻe, ʻo Wildrose, hāmama i ka makahiki holoʻokoʻa, Emigrant, a me Thorndike.

Akā, aia kahi hoʻomoana wale nō? ʻAʻole kekahi aia nā hōkele o nā mahele like ʻole. Ma loko o ka pāka ka Stovepipe Wells Village, kahi hōʻuluʻulu, ʻo ka Oasis ma ke awāwa ʻo Death me kona hōkele a me kahi mahiʻai, wehe i ka makahiki holoʻokoʻa, Panamint Springs Resort. Ma waho o ka pā, hiki i kahi hoʻokipa ma nā kaiāulu e pili ana e like me Beatty, Las Vegas a i ʻole Pahrump, ma Nevada, Shoshone, Lone Pine, Ridgecrest a i ʻole Bishop, ma Kaleponi.

Āhea ʻoe e hele ai i ke awāwa ʻo Make? ʻĀ, inā ʻaʻole midsummer. Hiki mai ka hāʻule i ka paka i ka hopena o ʻOkakopa akā mahana mau ka mahana a me ka lewa o ka lewa. I ka hoʻoilo, ʻoluʻolu nā lā, me nā pō ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi a, i kekahi manawa, i kekahi manawa nā ʻino. ʻO nā kāleka kāleka, me nā piko o nā kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe loa me ka hau, stupendous. Akā ʻo ka wā punahele a kaulana loa ka huakaʻi. Hoʻohui ʻia nā pua hihiu i ka wela a me nā lā i ka lā piha.

Kamaʻilio mākou e pili ana i ka noho a me ke ʻano o ka pāka, akā he aha nā hana mākaʻikaʻi e hana ʻia ma Death Valley? ʻĀ, ma lalo o ka lani hiki iā ʻoe ke hele wāwae a noʻonoʻo i nā hiʻohiʻona ʻāina, hiki iā ʻoe ke piʻi a hana paha ka holo wāwae, e holo ana i nā kalaka 4x4, paikikala mauna, kiaʻi manu aiʻole e kau inoa no nā huakaʻi alakaʻi a huakaʻi paha e like me ka Star Wars. E lawe ka hanohano o ka pā i kou hanu.

E pili ana i nā hana o loko aia ʻelua: ma ka lima hoʻokahi hiki iā ʻoe e kipa aku i ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike Kīʻea ʻo furnace Creek a ma kekahi he ka Kakela Scotty, kahi hale Sepania i kūkulu ʻia i nā makahiki 20 a me 30 o ke kenekulia XNUMX, me nā tunnels a me nā mea āpau, i wehe ʻia i kekahi manawa i ka lehulehu me nā huakaʻi alakaʻi a me kahi hale hōʻikeʻike a me kahi pahu ʻaina. Ua pani ʻia i kēia manawa, akā ma mua o kou hele ʻana, e nānā a puni ka pūnaewele a ʻike paha ʻoe e hana hou ana.

ʻO kēia hale kākela ka moemoeā o kahi ʻenekinia nona ka inoa ʻo Albert Mussey Johnson, kahi home hoʻomaha, i ka wā hoʻomaha, a me ke kōkua o kāna hoaloha ʻo Walter Scott, he kāne paniolo a he kāne leʻaleʻa nāna i hāʻawi ka inoa i ka hale.

E like me kāu e ʻike ai, ʻaʻole kahi awāwa a weliweli hoʻi ke awāwa o ka make. ʻO ka mea ʻē aʻe, piha i kona ola kona ʻano ʻāina hina.

Makemake ʻoe e puke i kahi alakaʻi?

Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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