He aha e kipa ai ma Toledo

Kiʻi | Pixabay

ʻO Toledo kekahi o nā kūlanakauhale medieval maikaʻi a maikaʻi loa i mālama ʻia ma ʻEulopa. Ua kapa ʻia ʻo ia 'ke kūlanakauhale o nā moʻomeheu ʻekolu' ma muli o ke ola ʻana o ke kenekulia ma waena o nā Karistiano, nā Iudaio a me nā ʻAlapia, ua puka mai kahi waiwai nui i kēlā me kēia makahiki e huki ana i nā kaukani he nui mai nā kihi āpau

ʻO kēia hoʻoilina hana noʻeau e ʻike ai ma Toledo e hoʻohuli i ke kapikala kahiko o Sepania i hale hōʻikeʻike ākea, i hoʻolaha ʻia e kahi World Heritage Site na UNESCO. E hui pū me mākou i kēia huakaʻi i ka manawa e ʻike ai i nā mea e ʻike ai i kekahi o nā kūlanakauhale nani loa ma ka hema o ʻEulopa.

Ka Hale Pule Nui o Santa Maria

He mea haku ia o ka Spanish Gothic a me kekahi o nā wahi nui e kipa aku ai ma Toledo. Kupaianaha kona kūwaho a ʻike ʻia e ka ʻekolu mau helehelena: ka mea nui (hoʻonani nui ʻia kahi e kū ai kahi hale kiaʻi he 92 mika kiʻekiʻe), ka Puerta del Reloj (ka maka mua loa) a me ka Puerta de los Leones (ka mea hope loa e kūkulu ).

No ka ʻike ʻana i loko e pono e kūʻai i kahi likiki. ʻO ka mea aʻoaʻo loa e kūʻai i ka mea piha mai ka mea e ʻae iā ʻoe e kipa i ka hale kākā a piʻi i ka hale kiaʻi, mai kahi e ʻike ai i nā ʻike maikaʻi o ke kūlanakauhale. I kēia mau mea āpau e hoʻohui mākou e hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike i ke kuahu nani, ka hale mokuna, nā puka aniani aniani, ka hale pule Mozarabic, ka waiwai, ka wahi hōʻikeʻike me ka sacristy a ma ka New Kings Chapel kahi i koe o kekahi hoʻomaha nā aliʻi o ke kūlanakauhale. ʻO ka moʻokūʻauhau ʻo Trastamara.

Monastery o San Juan de los Reyes

Ua kūkulu ʻia ka hale mōneka o San Juan de los Reyes ma ke noi a nā mōʻī Katolika ma 1476 a ua manaʻo ʻia ʻo ia ke kumu hoʻohālikelike ʻoi loa o ke ʻano ʻElisabethan Gothic. He nani ka helehelena ʻākau akā ʻo ka mea ʻoi loa i loko: ʻo kāna hale ʻelua hale piha me nā kiʻi kālai a me nā mea hoʻonaninani e hoʻohui i nā kaila Gothic a me Mudejar. Ma ka papahele o luna, kūpono ke ʻōlelo kūikawā i ke kaupaku nani i uhi ʻia a i loko o ka hale pule i ke kuahu kiʻekiʻe o ke Keʻa Hemolele.

ʻO Alcazar o Toledo

Kiʻi | Pixabay

Ma kahi kiʻekiʻe loa o ke kūlanakauhale, kū i waho kahi hale i kēlā me kēia panorama o Toledo: kona Alcázar. Manaʻo ʻia ma kēia wahi he mau ʻano hale paʻa like ʻole mai ka wā Roma mai, i ʻike ʻia ka ʻike maikaʻi ʻia o ka ʻāina mai kēia wahi.

Ma hope, ua hoʻihoʻi ka Emepela Carlos V a me kāna keikikāne ʻo Felipe II iā ia i nā makahiki 1540. ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ua loaʻa ka mea lanakila ʻO Hernán Cortés e Carlos I ma ke Alcázar ma hope o ka lanakila ʻana i ka mōʻī Aztec. Kenekulia ma hope, i ka wā o ke Kaua Kivila Sepania, ua hoʻopau loa ʻia ka Alcázar o Toledo a pono e kūkulu hou ʻia. I kēia manawa ʻo ia ke keʻena nui o ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike Koa no laila e ʻike i kona kūloko e kūʻai ʻoe i kahi likiki.

Eia nō naʻe, ke komo nei i ka Waihona Puke o Castilla-La Mancha, ma ka papahele luna o ka Alcázar de Toledo, manuahi a he ʻike kupaianaha ko ke kūlanakauhale.

Saint Mary the White

I ka hapaha Iudaio kahiko o Toledo kahi hale hālāwai i hoʻohuli ʻia i hale pule me ka inoa ʻo Santa María la Blanca. He hale Mudejar i kūkulu ʻia ma 1180 no ka hoʻomana Iudaio e kū ana i waho o ka austere kūlike me ka nani o loko o nā hoaka lio, nā kia octagonal a me nā paia keʻokeʻo.

ʻO kekahi hale hālāwai ʻē aʻe e pono ke kipa ʻia ʻo ia ka hale pule Tránsito o ke kenekulia XNUMX, kahi hale o ka hale hōʻikeʻike Sephardic i loko a he hale hoʻokiwikā lāʻau coffered kūpono e ʻike ai

Uapo Alcantara

Kiʻi | Pixabay

ʻO ke ala maʻamau e hiki ai i ke kūlanakauhale pā o Toledo inā hōʻea ʻoe ma ke kaʻa ʻōhua a kaʻaahi paha e hele i ke alahaka Roman o Alcántara. Ua kūkulu ʻia ma ka muliwai ʻo Tagus ma 98 AD a aneane 200 mika ka lōʻihi a 58 mika ke kiʻekiʻe. Ua hoʻolaʻa ʻia kona kiko waena i ka mōʻī Trajan a me nā poʻe e pili ana i hana pū i kāna hana.

Inā makemake ʻoe i nā alahaka ma Toledo pono ʻoe e ʻike i ke alahaka ʻo San Martín mai nā wā medieval, kahi e hele aʻe i ka muliwai ʻo Tagus akā aia ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe o ke kūlanakauhale.

Kaha Zocodover

ʻO Plaza de Zocodover, ke kikowaena nerve a me ka square nui no nā kenekulia he nui, kahi o nā wahi me ka lewa nui e ʻike ai ma Toledo. He square square ia i hoʻopuni ʻia e nā hale o Castilian kuhikuhipuʻuone kahi e mālama ʻia ai nā mākeke, nā bipi kauō, nā parade ... ʻalalā. Eia hou, eia kekahi o nā hale kūʻai e kūʻai aku ana i ka marzipan ʻoi loa ma Castilla-La Mancha. ʻAʻole hiki iā ʻoe ke haʻalele me ka hoʻāʻo ʻole ʻana.

Ka Halepule o Santo Tomé

I loko o kēia hale pule kekahi o nā hana i makemake nui ʻia ʻo El Greco: "The Burial of the Count of Orgaz." No ka ʻike ʻana iā ʻoe pono ʻoe e uku i kahi likiki i hiki ai ke komo i loko. Ua hana ʻia kēia pena e hoʻohanohano ai i kēia aliʻi hanohano he mea kōkua nui ia ma Toledo a kū i waho no kāna mau hana manawaleʻa, e kōkua ana i ke kūkulu hou ʻia ʻana o nā halepule parish e like me kēia.

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