ʻAikupita: ka muliwai Nile, ke aniau a me nā kamaʻāina

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E ʻōlelo no ʻAigupita e ʻōlelo ʻia awāwa muliwai nile. Hānau ʻia kēia kahawai i ka ʻāina nui o ka Great Africa Lakes, e hele ana ma mua o 6000 mau kilomita ma mua o ka ninini ʻana i kāna wai i ke kai Mediterranean. Ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻia kona ipu i nā ʻāpana ʻelua: ʻo kekahi o nā papa kiʻekiʻe a waena o ka muliwai a ʻo kekahi o ka muliwai o ka Nile. ʻO nā papa kiʻekiʻe a waena hoʻi i ʻokoʻa i ka latitude mai Khartoum, ke kapikala o Sudan. , ke hele nei i loko o kahi pākeke e hāmama ana i ka ʻākau. Kona aniau ʻO ia kahi ʻano o ʻApelika Komohana a me Saharan, no ka mea, he wao nahele, steppe a me nā wahi sabana. ʻO ka ʻaoʻao haʻahaʻa o ka muliwai a i ʻole i ʻike ʻia ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻākau, kūlike ia me ʻAigupita.

Ma ʻAigupita, ka muliwai ma hope o ka hala ʻana o 6 Kahawai Nile waena a ua hoʻonui i kona kahe me ka hāʻawi o nā wai o ka nui o ʻAitiopa, hāʻawi ia i kahi kaha o 2 a 25 km ākea e lilo i oasis a hiki i ka Delta. ʻO ka Waiwai hiki iā mākou ke loaʻa iā lākou i uka: aia ka mea mua ma Aswan a ʻo ka lua ma Wadi Haifa. I kāna huakaʻi ma waena o ʻAigupita, hiki ke hoʻokele piha i ka muliwai.

Hoʻokaʻawale ka Nile i ka ʻāina i ʻAigupita Lalo, waena a me ʻAigupita Lalo. ʻO nā pae mua mai ka palena me Nubia a i ka latitude o Hermopolis, ma kahi o kahi e hoʻomaka ai ʻo ʻAigupita waena. Ma aneʻi, e kahe kahi lima o ka muliwai, i ke komohana, i loko o Lake Moeris, aia ma ka lalo o ke kaumaha o El Fayum, 400 mau mika ma lalo o ka pae kai. Ua hoʻēmi kēia loko i kona hoʻolōʻihi a hiki i ke kūlanakauhale kahiko o Cocodrilópolis, aia ma kahakai, i kēia lā aia ma kahi o 20 km mai iā ia. Pili like ʻo ʻAigupita Lalo i ka Delta.

Ma ʻAigupita, holo ākea ka Nile, lohi a maʻa mau, akā, haki kēia hana mau i hoʻokahi manawa i ka makahiki ke mahuahua nui ia ma muli o ka ua e hāule ma ka nui o ʻAitiopa i ke kauwela. Hāpai ka wai i nā alluvium basaltic i hoʻokumu ʻia i ka silt momona momona momona, e hoʻohui i nā pōmaikaʻi i nā mea i hāʻawi ʻia e ke kahawai. Hoʻomaka kēia i Iune, hiki i kona palena kiʻekiʻe i Kepakemapa a kū i ka waena o ʻOkakopa. Mai laila mai ke wā e iho hou ai ka wai, a hōʻea i ko lākou pae haʻahaʻa i nā mahina o Pepeluali a me Malaki. He mea nui kēia ʻike i ka wā e hoʻoholo ana i nā lā o kā mākou huakaʻi i ʻAigupita.

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Ka aniau ma ʻAigupita

He neoneo ke aniau me ka ua nui o ka makahiki ma lalo o 250 mm (ma Kairo, 30 mm wale nō). Hoʻomaopopo nui kēia ʻano maloʻo i ka mālama maikaʻi loa o nā kia hoʻomanaʻo kahiko a me nā mummies hoʻi.

E like me ke ʻano o kēia aniau, ʻo ka oscillation mehana mai ke ao a ka pō e haʻi nui ai. ʻO ka akahai nā hoʻoilo a me ka kauwela, wela loa, hoʻoliʻiliʻi iki ʻia i ka ʻākau e ka makani e hele mai ana mai ke Kaiwaenahonua, i ʻume ʻia e ka palena haʻahaʻa o ka loko mahana.

Noho ka wao nahele i ka 97% o ko ʻAigupita ʻāina i kēia manawa. Eia nō naʻe, pono e hoʻokaʻawale i waena o nā wahi wao nahele e hoʻonui ana i ka hikina a me ke komohana o ka Nile. I ke komohana, hoʻonui ka nui Libyan erg, ma kahi pā calcareous, me kekahi o nā aila.

ʻO nā kamaʻāina a me kā lākou ʻōlelo

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Ke noʻonoʻo nei ʻo Egyptology Classical i ka heluna o ko ʻAigupita ma ke ʻano he kumu ʻApelika, no ka hui ʻōlelo Camitian, nona ka poʻe e noho ana mai Somalia a Libya. Haʻalele paha ia i nā panalāʻau e like me ka loaʻa ʻana o ka wao nahele iā lākou e noho hope ai i ke awāwa momona o ka muliwai Nile (kahi i lawa nui ai ka lawaiʻa ʻana a me ka lawaiʻa ʻana).

Ua hoʻohui ʻia ka heluna kanaka ma mua o ka manawa, Semites mai ʻAsia ma o Sinai, a me Nubians mai ka hema. No kēia kumu kēlā pili ka ʻōlelo ʻAigupita i ka pilina me ka hui Semitik komohana.

I kēia manawa ua ʻike ʻoe i ke kūlana ʻāina o ʻAigupita a me kona aniau i loko o ka makahiki, ua mākaukau ʻoe e koho i ka lā maikaʻi loa no kāu huakaʻi. Mai poina e kipa aku i nā piramida kaulana loa o ka ʻāina: Pyramid Nui ʻo Giza, nā hale kupapaʻu a i ʻole nā ​​cenotaphs o nā pharaohs Cheops, Khafre a me Menkaure, etc. A ʻo ʻoe, aia iā ʻoe ʻo ʻAigupita ma kāu papa inoa o nā ʻāina e huakaʻi i?

Makemake ʻoe e puke i kahi alakaʻi?

Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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