Horn o ʻApelika

kahakai djibouti

Inā he ʻāina hanohano, ʻo ʻApelika ia. Noble, me ka nui o ka waiwai a me ka nui o ka mōʻaukala, a ma ka manawa like, poina loa. Ua paʻi mau ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o ʻApelika iā mākou a ʻaʻohe mea e manaʻo e pili ana i ka loaʻa ʻana o kahi hopena paʻa.

ʻOiaʻiʻo, ka mea i kapa ʻia Horn o ʻApelika ʻo ia kekahi o nā ʻāina ʻilihune loa o ka honua. Make ka poʻe i ka pōloli, ma ʻaneʻi kahi i ʻike ai ke kanaka i ke ola he mau kaukani a mau tausani makahiki aku nei.

ka pepeiaohao o Aferika

ʻApelika

ʻO ia ka ʻāina Aia ia ma ka nuku o ke Kaiʻula ma ka Moana Inia., ma waho o ka Peninsula Arabian. He peninsula nui ia i kēia lā i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia i ka geopolitically i ʻehā mau ʻāina: ʻAitiopa, Eritrea, Djibouti a me Somalia. Ua bapetizo ʻia me ka inoa ʻo "horn" no ka mea he ʻano triangular kona.

ʻO ka moʻolelo kālai'āina o kēia ʻāpana o ka ʻāina he hectic loa, ʻaʻohe aupuni paʻa politika a i ʻole hoʻokele waiwai a ma muli o ka noho ʻana o nā mana ʻē, ma mua a i kēia lā. i keia la, no ka mea He ʻāpana ia o ke ala holo moku aila. Pōmaikaʻi a hōʻino paha.

Puntland

Akā me ka nānā ʻole i nā paio a kona wahi ʻāina nui e lawe mai ai iā ia ma ka palapala honua, ʻo ia ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻaʻole kōkua ka lewa a he mau maloʻo nui e hoʻopilikia maikaʻi ʻole i ke ola o nā 130 miliona kanaka noho i ka Horn o ʻApelika.

Nā ʻāina ʻApelika

Hōʻike ka mōʻaukala iā mākou i kēlā ma kēia ʻāpana o ka ʻāina ʻApelika i hoʻokumu ʻia ke Aupuni ʻo Aksum ma waena o ka XNUMXst a me XNUMXth century AD. Ua ʻike ʻo ia i ka mālama ʻana i nā kālepa kalepa me India a me ke Kaiwaenahonua a ma kekahi ʻano he wahi hālāwai ia ma waena o nā Roma a me ka ʻāina nui a waiwai nui o India. Ma hope mai, me ka hāʻule ʻana o ke aupuni Roma a me ka laha ʻana o ka Islam, ua hoʻomaka ke aupuni i hoʻohuli ʻia i ka hoʻomana Karistiano.

ʻO nā pilikia a me nā pilikia he kālā maʻamau maʻaneʻi. He mea maʻamau ke kamaʻilio mau ʻO Etiopia ke kuhikuhi ʻia i ka Horn of Africa a no ka mea ʻoi aku ma mua o 80% o ka heluna kanaka e noho nei ma kēia ʻāina. ʻO ia ka lua o ka mokuʻāina nui loa ma ʻApelika, ma hope o Nigeria, a aia mau nā pilikia politika i pau i ke kaua ma mua o hoʻokahi manawa. A ua hoʻohui ʻia i nā pōʻino kūlohelohe maʻamau o ka ʻāina.

ʻO Etiopia

Ma nā ʻōlelo hoʻokele waiwai, ua hoʻolaʻa ʻia ʻo ʻAitiopia i ka mahi ʻana i ka kofe a hāʻule ka 80% o kāna mau hoʻoiho ma kēia kumuwaiwai. ʻO Eritrea kahi ʻāina i hoʻolaʻa ʻia i ka mahiʻai a me nā holoholona; Hoʻopuka ʻo Somalia i ka maiʻa a me nā pipi a ʻo Djibouti kahi ʻoihana lawelawe.

I kēia makahiki, 2022, ke kakau ia nei ma ka Horn of Africa ʻo ka maloʻo ʻino loa i nā makahiki ʻehā i hala. Hoʻopilikia ia ma mua o 15 miliona mau kānaka ma kekahi mau ʻāina. ʻAʻohe o lākou wai ma hope o ʻehā mau kau ua maikaʻi ʻole, a inā e hoʻomau ke kūlana ʻaʻole paha he 15 akā 20 miliona mau kānaka e hoʻopilikia ʻia e ke kūlana.

ʻO ka mākaʻikaʻi ma ka Horn of Africa

kahakai somalia

ʻO ke kipa ʻana i ka Horn of Africa he mea hiki a aia nā huakaʻi i ʻAitiopa, Somalia, Somaliland a me Djibouti. Ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ʻo Somalia no ʻelua mau makahiki ma muli o kona kūlana politika nui, akā ua ʻae ʻia e hoʻonohonoho i nā hui huakaʻi liʻiliʻi i ke kapikala. He ʻāina ʻo Somaliland i ʻike ʻole ʻia e ke koena o ka honua, ʻoiai ʻo ia ka mea i mālama i ke kūʻokoʻa de facto no 29 mau makahiki. Ua ʻike ʻoe iā ia?

Ma kekahiʻaoʻao, ʻO Djibouti kekahi o nā ʻāina liʻiliʻi a ʻike ʻole ʻia ma ʻApelika, me nā lua pele moe, nā loko nani a me nā ululāʻau. Liʻiliʻi akā nani, hiki iā mākou ke ʻōlelo. Aia ʻo Somaliland a me Djibouti ma ka ʻaoʻao o ka ʻāina ʻo ʻApelika, kahi kiola pōhaku mai ke kahakai ʻo Red Sea.

ʻO Djibouti saline lake

No laila e kamaʻilio kākou e pili ana i nā koho huakaʻi. ʻO kekahi e hele i kahi huakaʻi mākaʻikaʻi e hoʻomaka ana ma Dibuti e ike i ka nani o Lake Abbe, kahi e hoʻomoe ai ka poʻe mākaʻikaʻi ma kahakai o kēia loko paʻakai nona ka wai e hoʻololi i ka waihoʻoluʻu, a ua hoʻopuni ʻia e nā pōhaku nunui a nani. Mai laila aku ka huakaʻi hele Lac Assal, ka lae haahaa loa maluna o ka ili kai ma Aferika, kahi e ohi ai ka paakai. A mai laila, hoʻomau ka huakaʻi e ʻike i ka Noho ʻo Ottoman o Tadjourah ma kahakai.

Ma hope iho, hoʻomau ka huakaʻi ma waena o ka wao nahele a hiki i nā ʻāina kupaianaha a nani o ʻO Somaliland, he ʻāina ʻokoʻa loa mai Somalia e pili ana. Inā makemake ʻoe i ke kiʻi ana, e puhi ana ʻo Las Geel i kou manaʻo. Kakaʻikahi ka mea i ʻike ʻia ma ka honua a he nani. E kipa pū i nā hale mōʻaukala o ke Kaiʻula, ma ka awa berbera. He aloha ka heluna kanaka o kēia ʻāina, i ka puka ākea, no laila hiki i ka poʻe huakaʻi ke ʻimi i nā mākeke o Hargeisa, nā mauna Sheikh…

kiʻi pōhaku ma ʻApelika

Aia ʻo Somaliland i kona ʻano ponoʻī, ʻāhiu, home no nā kaiaulu nomadic a ua loli iki i nā kenekulia. He ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻaʻole ia no nā mea a pau, akā inā he mea hoihoi ʻoe i ʻApelika, he huakaʻi hiki ʻole ke hala i kāu ala. He mea kūpono ke ʻōlelo ʻia he koho balota manuahi i kēlā me kēia ʻelima makahiki.

Mogadishu

No kāna ʻaoʻao, ʻo ka huakaʻi i Somalia ke kau nei i ka hoʻolilo ʻana i kekahi mau lā ma Mogadishu, ke kapikala a me ke kūlanakauhale nui loa ma ka ʻāina. I kekahi manawa, ma waena o nā '70s a me' 80s, ma mua o ke kaua kīwila i hoʻomaka i ka makahiki 1991, ua manaʻo ʻia ke kūlanakauhale ʻo ia kekahi o nā kūlanakauhale maikaʻi loa o ka honua, me kāna papa hana kahiko, kona mau kahakai nani, kona awa, kahi hui ma waena o ʻApelika a me ʻAsia… Ua kapa ʻia ʻo ia ʻo ka Momi Keʻokeʻo o ka Moana Inia a hiki iā ʻoe ke kipa aku i ka hale pelekikena, ka hale kupapaʻu ʻo Jubek a kamaʻilio pū me nā haumāna kulanui mai ke Kulanui o Juba.

Puntland

Hiki ke hele hou aku Puntland, he mokuʻāina kūʻokoʻa i kūkala ʻia o Somalia aia ma ka hikina akau o ka Repubalika o Somaliland i hoolaha ia aku nei a makou i kamailio mua ai. Puntland a i ʻole Puntland he ʻāpana o Italia Somalia i ka wā colonial, akā i ka makahiki 1998, ua hoʻoholo ʻo ia e kūʻokoʻa. ʻOiaʻiʻo ke kūʻē ke kūlana, akā inā makemake ʻoe i ka huakaʻi hiki iā ʻoe ke hele. He kahakai lōʻihi a nani, he ʻoluʻolu mehana a me nā kahakai nani. Loaʻa iā ia ke kahawai ʻo Aden a me ka Moana Inia a nani ke holo akā… aia nā pōā.

na aina o ka pepeiaohao o Aferika

A pehea ʻO Etiopia? Ma kēia ʻāina nani, hiki i nā malihini ke hui Harar, he kahua hoʻoilina honua, me na hyena ahiu a me na alanui kahiko, ka Makeke Dire Dawa e hana ana iloko o kekahi kulanakauhale kahiko i paa i ka pa, a he oiaio. ke kapikala ʻo Addis Ababa. 

ʻO kaʻoiaʻiʻoʻo ia i kēia lā hiki iā ʻoe ke kipa i ka Horn of Africa, hana mākaʻikaʻi, hele mau i ka huakaʻi a akahele. He mau hana palekana nā huakaʻi alakaʻi a manaʻo wau ʻaʻole hiki iā ʻoe ke noʻonoʻo i kahi ala ʻē aʻe e ʻike ai i kēia ʻāpana o ʻApelika.

Makemake ʻoe e puke i kahi alakaʻi?

Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

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