Nā Temepela o ʻAigupita

Inā makemake ʻoe i ka mōʻaukala, nā kamaʻāina kahiko a me nā mea pohihihi, pono ʻo ʻAigupita ma kāu ala huakaʻi huakaʻi. I hoʻokahi manawa i kou ola e hele ʻoe i ʻAigupita a ʻike i nā mea kupaianaha ma ka lima mua.

ka luakini o ʻOʻAigupita Kupaianaha lākou a hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike iā lākou i nā kiʻi he nui a me ke kīwī, akā ʻo ka ʻike ʻana iā lākou e ola a kuhikuhi pololei kekahi mea waiwai ʻole. E haʻo ana ʻoe iā lākou? Maʻaneʻi mākou e waiho iā ʻoe i kahi papa inoa o nā luakini maikaʻi loa ma ʻAigupita, kēlā mau mea āu e ʻike ai ʻAe a ʻae paha.

Nā Temepela o ʻAigupita

ʻO kēia mau kūkulu he mau kaukani makahiki o lākou a me ke kanalua ʻole he mea hoʻonani lākou. ʻO ka huakaʻi mua i ʻAigupita e pīhoihoi i nā huakaʻi a pau, akā inā laki ʻoe e hele i nā manawa he nui ʻaʻole e pau ke kahaha a maikaʻi loa ia.

ʻAʻohe kanalua ʻo ʻAigupita nā luakini nui loa o ka honua a ma nā laina laulā mai ka makahiki ʻehā BC. He ʻoiaʻiʻo he kaulana o ka hapanui o lākou, akā aia kekahi e nani a ʻaʻohe nui o ka paʻi.

Ma ʻAigupita nā mea āpau āpau, ma kēlā me kēia wahi kahi ʻanuʻu he mau wahi wāwahi kahiko a mau luakini paha. Mai Cairo a Luxor, e ukali ana i ka Nile a i Aswan, ʻaʻole hiki ʻole ke ʻike i kekahi o kēia mau hana maikaʻi.

ʻO ka mea mua e kapa i ka Luakini ʻo Karnak i kūkulu ʻia ma waena o 2055 BC a me 100 AD Hoʻolaʻa ʻia ia no ʻekolu mau akua, Amun-Ra, Mut a me Montu, a pono e ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo kona luakini nui ia ʻo ia ka pūnaewele hoʻomana nui loa i kūkulu ʻia.

ʻO kahi kihi kupaianaha ka Hypostyle Hall, kahi pūnaewele i uhi ʻia me ke kōkua o nā kolonehe i maʻa mau ma ʻAigupita akā hiki ke aʻo maikaʻi ʻia ma kēia pūnaewele. Nui ʻino kēia lumi, me nā kolamu 134 a me nā lālani 16. Maʻaneʻi he maʻalahi ke hana i ka huakaʻi me kahi alakaʻi a hoʻolohe pono i nā kikoʻī.

El Luakini ʻo Abu Simbel Kūkulu ʻia ia ma ka ʻāina haʻahaʻa o ka Nile, akā Me ke kūkulu ʻia ʻana o ka dam Aswan, pono e hoʻoneʻe ʻia i loko o kahi hana hana ʻenehana hou. Ua hana ʻia i nā makahiki 60 a ua waiho ka paepae kūkulu paʻa ma lalo o ka Lake Nassar.

I kēia lā palekana ka luakini ʻo Abu Simbl: Aia he 20 mau kiʻi o Ramses II a ua kūkulu ʻia ma kahi o 1265 BC, akā ʻo kēlā mau colossi i kahi kūlana maikaʻi loa. ʻO ka hana maʻamau ka hoʻolimalima huakaʻi mai Luxor a hiki i Aswan a maikaʻi ke hele i nā mile 280 ma waena o kēlā mau helu ʻelua. ʻO kahi ala ʻē aʻe e lawe i ka holoholo Nile i Aswan a noho i kahi mau lā ma laila.

Ua hoʻolaʻa ʻia ka Luakini o Medinet Habu iā Ramses III a paʻa kekahi o kāna mau kolamu i kā lākou mau kiʻi pena. Aia ia ma ke kapa komohana o Luxor a ʻO ia ka lua o nā luakini kahiko loa ma ʻAigupita.

He luakini i kāhāhā mau iaʻu, no ka mea, ʻae ka hana hou i ka wehe ʻana i puka aniani i ka wā i hala ʻO Mortur Temple o Hatshepsut. He mōʻī wahine ʻo Hatshepsut i make i ka makahiki 1458 BC a me kona lua kupapaʻu a hanohano hoʻi kokoke ia i ke awāwa o nā Mōʻī, ma ke kapa komohana o ka Nile, ʻo ka mōʻī wahine kekahi o nā wahine koʻikoʻi o kona wā a ʻo kekahi o nā pharaoh i ʻoi loa, e noho aliʻi ana no 21 mau makahiki.

Ka luakini kūkulu ʻia ma ka ʻaoʻao o ka pali nuiʻEkolu ona pae i hele i loko o ka wao akua a ʻōlelo ka poʻe kāhuna i ko lākou wā he nui nā mea kanu o kēia mau ʻāina, ʻoiai he wao nahele nui lākou i kēia manawa. E nalowale ana paha nā mea kanu, akā he kahua hoʻohanohano nō ia. Nui nā huakaʻi alakaʻi o ke awāwa o nā mōʻī i ka nui.

El Luakini o Ramses II pono ʻoe e ʻike ia. Ma hope o nā mea āpau, ʻo Ramses II kekahi o nā pharaoh kaulana a kaulana hoʻi. ʻO ia mua a luakini hale make like loa me ko Medinet Habu, no kāna kiʻi nui i hoʻolaʻa ʻia no ka mōʻī.

El Luakiniʻo Luxor Kaulana ia honua. Aia ka luakini i ke kūlanakauhale ponoʻī, ma kapa o ka Nile a he mea kupaianaha loa ia, keu hoʻi i ka pō ke hoʻomālamalama ko lākou mau kukui a hiki iā ʻoe ke paʻi kiʻi. ʻO ka luakini ka mea ma mua o Thebes, a ua kūkulu ʻia ma lalo o ka XNUMX a me ka XNUMX mau aliʻi. Hoʻohanohano i ke akua ʻo Amun-Ra a he mau kihi ʻokoʻa kona mai nā manawa like ʻole.

Mālama maikaʻi ʻia ka hale a he nui kona mau hale, keu hoʻi ka colonnade e hoʻopili ana i nā pā ʻelua. A ʻo ke keʻena kapu kahi i hoʻohanohano ʻia ai ʻo ʻAmona aia nō kekahi o kāna mau tile maoli. ʻIke nō, ʻo ia ka Hoʻoilina o ka Honua.

El Luakini ʻo Kom Ombo Aia ia ma ka Nile a hoʻolaʻa ʻia i nā akua ʻokoʻa ʻelua, ʻO Horus lāua ʻo Sobek. He luakini māhoe ia me nā hale ʻelua i kūkulu ʻia i ke aniani. ʻAʻole kahiko ia e like me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe no ka mea ua kūkulu ʻia ia ma lalo o ka moʻokūʻauhau ptolemaic (no Helene mai a ma hope o Alexander ʻo Nui). Ma hope, ma lalo o ka mana o Roma, hana ʻia kekahi mau hoʻolōʻihi. Ma aneʻi ua loaʻa lākou, no ka laʻana, 300 mumm crocodile a i kēia lā ua hōʻike ʻia lākou i ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻo Crocodile hiki iā ʻoe ke kipa.

El Luakini ʻo Edfu Aia ma ke kapa komohana o ka Nile a ʻo ia kekahi o nā mālama maikaʻi loa ma ka ʻāina. Ua hoʻomaka ka hana ʻana i ka makahiki 237 BC a ua pau i ka 57 AD, e ka lima o ko Cleopatra makuakāne, ʻo Ptolemy XII. Loaʻa iā ia kona hale no laila hāʻawi ia i kahi manaʻo hou, kokoke i ka manawa.

El Luakini o Seti I aia ma Abydos a loaʻa kahi kākau XNUMX Dynasty i kapa ʻia ʻo ka Papa Inoa o na'lii o Abydos, kahi papa manawa me nā cartridges o nā pharaohs o kēlā me kēia ʻohana Egypt mai Menes a Seti I makuakāne, ʻo Ramses I. Aia ka luakini ma luna o ka Nile.

Hiki iā mākou ke inoa i ka luakini hale make o ke Awawa o na Moi, ʻoiai ʻaʻole like lākou me ka flashy a kupaianaha paha e like me nā mea ʻē aʻe. Maʻaneʻi hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike i ka ʻO ka luakini o Ramses IV, ʻo Merneptah a ʻo Ramses VI. He mau lumi ea nui ko lākou, nā pena pena hōʻike i nā hiʻohiʻona mai ka puke o ka poʻe make ... ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ma hope o ka ʻike ʻana i nā pōhaku olohelohe, nā waihoʻoluʻu ʻōlinolino, kahi a me ka manaʻo o ka maluhia i kēia mau wahi he mea kupanaha. ʻAʻohe sarcophagi a mea like paha, ua hele a pau i nā hale hōʻikeʻike a me nā ʻaihue, akā he pūnaewele ia e kipa ʻia.

ʻO ka hope, nā ʻO Colossi o Memnon, kūkulu 'ia ma kahi o 1350 BC He mau kolossi lāua kēlā pani iā ​​Paraʻo ʻAmenotep III i kahi kūlana noho. Ua kiaʻi lākou i ka puka o ka luakini make o kēlā pharaoh. ʻO ka luakini kahi o lākou i aneane e nalowale a ua hōʻino loa ʻia ka colossi, akā pono ʻoe e kipa iā lākou.

I kēia mau luakini hoʻohui ʻo ia i nā pō i ka wao nahele, nā ʻauinalā ma ka bazaar, hele ma waena o Cairo, ke kipa ʻana i nā Pyramids a ʻo ka huakaʻi o ka Archaeological Museum of Cairo. ʻO ia, ʻaʻole hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻopoina iā ʻAigupita.

Makemake ʻoe e puke i kahi alakaʻi?

Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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